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force the ship through it to the north, | the ice, some individuals of an Esquiwhere it partially opened; but the maux tribe were discovered on the channel was so much obstructed by shore, in lat. 75o. It subsequently apheavy pieces, that our utmost efforts peared, that these natives are so comwere ineffectual: the floes closed in pletely isolated from the other various upon us, and at noon we felt their divisions of that humble class of manpressure most severely. A floe on one kind, and even from the rest of the side of the Isabella appeared to be world, that they conceived themselves fixed, while another, with a circular to be the only occupants of the unimotion, was passing rapidly along. verse. The peculiar characteristics The pressure continuing to increase, it and habits of this singular people, disbecame a trial of strength between the tinguish them so much from the more ship and the ice: every support threat known tribes of their fellows of the same ened to give way; the beams in the original stock, that we shall no doubt hold began to bend, and the iron tanks gratify our readers by presenting them settled together. At this moment, with a summary of their peculiarities. when it seemed impossible for the ship And here we cannot but offer a small to sustain the accumulating pressure tribute of respect to the memory of that much longer, she rose several feet; intelligent and useful man, John Sackwhile the ice, which was more than six heuse*; through whose means we obfeet thick, broke against her sides, tained almost all the information we curling back on itself. The great have respecting this strange nation. stress now fell upon her bow, and after It appears to us, that the most valuabeing again lifted up, she was carried ble and interesting part of this man's with great violence towards the Alex- conduct has not only not been made as ander, which ship had hitherto been in prominent as it deserves, but has been a great measure defended by the Isa- thrown in the back ground of neglect. bella. Every effort to avoid getting Capt. Ross has recorded a fact respectfoul of each other failed; the ice- | ing him which excites at once feelings anchors and cables broke one after of astonishment and pleasure. another, and the sterns of the two ships informed me,” says Capt. Ross, “ that came so violently into contact, as to he had, through the Missionaries, been crush to pieces a boat that could not be converted to Christianity; and the removed in time. The collision was strong desire he had to see the country tremendous; the chain-plates being these good men came from, had inbroken, and nothing less expected duced him to desert his own; but that than the loss of the masts ; but, at this it was always his intention to return, eventful instant, by the interposition of when he had learnt the Scriptures and Providence, the force of the ice seemed the art of drawing. He related traexhausted: the two fields suddenly re- ditions, current in his country, respect. ceded, and we passed the Alexander ing a race of people who were supposed with comparatively little damage.” to inhabit the North; adding, that it was
Several instances of the great refrac- for the purpose of communicating with tive power of the atmosphere in this them, and converting them to Chrispart of the globe, are to be found in tianity, that he had volunteered for our Capt. Ross's account. One in particu- expedition.” This is an extraordinary lar, of irregular operation, deserves instance of genuine philanthropy and notice. "A remarkable appearance pure benevolence, exhibited in a mind of unequal refraction was observed uncultivated by the forms of civilizahere, in the ships near us, and at a tion, and unpolished by the refinedistance. Some whalers, within two ments of literature. But, perhaps, on or three miles, seemed extended to a these accounts there was the greater monstrous size; while those at double room for the proper display of exalted the distance appeared to be drawn out feeling, and true beneficence. in a horizontal direction.” With the Aug. 9. The ships had made very assistance of this strong refraction, the little progress, when we were surprised opposite side of the Strait, a distance by the appearance of several men on of about 200 miles, can be distinctly the ice, who were hallooing, as we seen in clear weather.
imagined, to the ships. The first imPursuing the course of the voyage pression was, that they were shipup the east side of Baffin's Bay, as the * For some account of this man, see Impe centre was completely blocked up by rial Magazinc, p. 174.
529 Polar Expedition.-Scriptural Inconsistencies reconciled. 530 wrecked sailors, probably belonging to was brought home at the appointed some vessel that had followed us, and time. Having surveyed it with raphad been crushed in the late gale; we ture, she placed it on a sofa in her therefore tacked, hoisted our colours, dressing-room, and went out to invite and stood in for the shore. On ap- some of her female companions to surproaching the ice, we discovered them vey her ornaments, and partake of her to be natives, drawn on rudely-fashion-joy. During her absence, a tradesed sledges by dogs, which they con- man, to whom she was indebted, came tinued to drive backwards and for- with his bill. He had at different wards with wonderful rapidity. When times, during the last twelve months, we arrived within hail, Sackheuse call-called repeatedly on the same errand; ed out to them in his own language: and had been invariably put off withsome words were heard in return, to out his money. On finding her absent, which a reply was again made in Eski- he inquired for her husband, and on maux; but neither party appeared to being introduced, communicated to be in the least degree intelligible to the him his business. Being a man of other. For some time they continued some humour, but actuated by printo regard us in silence; but on the ciples of honesty, he took the tradesships tacking, they set up a simulta- man into his wife's apartment, and neous shout, accompanied with many shewing him the ornaments which she strange gesticulations, and went off in had provided for the masquerade, adtheir sledges, with amazing velocity, to- dressed him as follows:-" I have no wards the land. Having attained the money by me at present, but take this distance of a mile, or more, they halted fool's coat: you will at this time sell it for about two hours. As soon as this for more than will pay your bill.” The was observed, the ship tacked, and a tradesman walked off highly pleased. boat was sent to place an observation The Lady on returning, being informed stool on the ice, on which various pre- whạt was done, was so completely sents, consisting of knives and articles mortified, that she was taken ill with of clothing, were left. Either, however, vexation, and carried to bed. This they did not see it, or it did not attract circumstance laid an embargo on her their attention: a second boat was masquerading expedition. therefore sent, with directions to leave one of the Eskimaux dogs, with some strings of blue beads around his neck, Apparent Inconsistencies of Scripture near the same place. It being neces
reconciled. sary to examine if there was a passage in this place, we took the opportunity of their absence to stand towards the
SIR, bead of the pool, which was about HAVING some time ago seen an atfour miles off, trusting that in the mean tempt in a note on Luke ii. 32,—“ Imtime they would return to the same proved Version of the New Testament," spot; to which also it was our intention to discredit the two accounts of our to come back. After examining into Lord's infancy, given by Matthew and the chance of a passage northward, no Luke, and, consequently, to remove an opening was however found ; we there- insuperable barrier to the degrading fore returned, after an absence of ten views of the Son of God, held by Socihours. The dog was found sleeping nians, I set about solving the diffion the spot where we had left him; the culty, by drawing up the following presents remained untouched. A sin- Harmony. If you think my observagle sledge was shortly afterwards ob- tions worthy of a place in your Magaserved at a great distance, but it imme- zine, I shall be happy to see them diately drove off with much rapidity.” inserted. I shall also be glad to sec (To be continued.)
some further remarks on this point, either by yourself or any of your intel
ligent correspondents. ANECDote of A MASQUERADING
Aberdeen, July 9th, 1819.
Z. A Lady, some time since, who, in the
ON THE FLIGHT INTO EGYPT, &c. language of fashionable dissipation, is called “ å woman of spirit,” ordered Matthew and Luke differ in several an elegant masquerade habit, which circumstances consistently. Luke reNo.6.-VOL. I.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL
lates the message of the angel to Mary; quently used in the Scripture as synoand Matthew, that to Joseph. Luke nymous with the word after; Matth. xxi. gives our Lord's genealogy from David 23. Luke v. 19, &c. If we substitute by his mother Mary, which confirms the after, in the room of when, in Matt. prophecy concerning the Messiah's ii. 13, and Luke ii. 39, (which the parorigin, as it respects David individu- ticiple in the one case, and the adverb ally; and Matthew, by his reputed in the other, authorize us to do,) the father Joseph, which confirms the pro- difficulty arising from chronology will phecy as it respects legal genealogical be diminished; for, two circumstances descent. Luke gives an account of the may be properly enough connected by visit of the shepherds; and Matthew, the word after, although intervening of that of the Magians. Luke gives circumstances are omitted. an account of the ceremonies which
Harmony. the Jewish economy required in behalf of Jesus, as being made under Luke, ti. 4.
Joseph and Mary dwelt at Nazareth; the law: Matthew, of the ambition
They go to Bethlehem ; ibid. and cruelty of Herod, and of the flight
Jesus is born in Bethlehem; Matth. into Egypt, being intimately connect- ii. 1. Luke ii. 6. ed with the visit of the wise men.
On the morning of Jesus's birth, Luke remarks the constant attendance of Joseph and Mary at the feast of the shepherds, directed by an angel
Jesus while lying in a manger; Luke Passover, and Jesus's disputation with
ii. 7. the Doctors of the Jewish church, on one
Jesus is circumcised at the end of of these occasions; but Matthew omits
eight days; ver. 21. the whole account, even as he had for
Wise men from the East are directmerly omitted all circumstances re
ed by a star to Jerusalem, and thence specting the Jewish ceremonies.
to Bethlehem by the scribes; Matth. ii. Reasons in behalf of several of the 1-11. above differences.
They are warned of God, in a dream, Luke's omission of the visit of the to return a different way; ver. 12. wise men, of the cruelty of Herod, and Mary proceed to Jerusalem, that they
At the end of forty days, Joseph and of the flight into Egypt, is no more an objection to the truth of these circum- might present Jesus to the Lord, being stances, than Matthew's omission of Mary's first-born; Luke ii. 22—24; see
Levit. xii. 2-4. the circumcision of Jesus, and of his
Simeon's song of praise, &c.; Luke being presented to the Lord at the end
ii. 25-35. of forty days, which the law absolutely
Anna's ditto; ver. 36–38. required, is an objection to these facts.
Joseph, while in Jerusalem, is warnAlthough each Evangelist omits circumstances observed by the other, yet Matth. ii. 13—15.
ed to flee into Egypt, because of Herod; all the circumstances, when taken to
Herod's cruel edict; ver. 16. gether, are consistent. There is not
Joseph's return from Egypt; ver. 19– only consistency between the two accounts of our Lord's infancy, &c. by
He goes to Nazareth, and dwells Matthew and Luke, but order in each account separately; two things which there ; ver. 23. Luke ii. 39. strongly corroborate the'truth of their Reasons in favour of the above Harstatements. If Matthew had omitted,
mony. and Luke mentioned, the flight into 1. If we suppose the arrival of the Egypt, there would have been consist- wise men to have been a few days beency, but not order. Matthew's ac- fore Joseph went to Jerusalem, then count would have been incomplete with- Joseph's dream might have happened out the sequel; and Luke's incorrect in Jerusalem, after all things had been without the preceding circumstances. performed according to the law, very If Matthew had mentioned and Luke consistently with what Matthew says, omitted the circumstance of Simeon ch. ii. v. 13. and “when (or after) they and Anna, there would have been con- (the wise men) were departed,” &c. sistency, but not order. Matthew's 2. Seeing that Luke omits the flight account would liave been incomplete, into Egypt, which, according to the as wanting the circumstance of the above Harmony, took place immedipresentation. The word when, is fre- | ately after all things had been perform,
On the Impropriety of many common Expressions.
ed at Jerusalem, it is not improper to repetition of a foolish and ludicrous
“And when (or after) they had phrase. Permit me to add something performed all things,” &c. Luke ii. 39, similar; which I give, not merely for since the return to Nazareth was the amusement, but to correct, if posnext circumstance that followed the sible, a practice in some persons, flight into Egypt, the intervening cir- equally ludicrous. My cars are daily cumstance omitted by Luke.
and constantly, assailed with this 3. Joseph's dream could not have phrase, “ You know-you know-you been in Bethle m, unless he had re- know.” While these persons are returned to it from Jerusalem, which lating to me some circumstance, or would still increase the difficulty. piece of intelligence, of which I had
4. It is not probable, that the dream heard or known nothing before, they was given in Nazareth after their re- repeat the words “ you know,” perhaps turn from Jerusalem, as it would ap- forty or fifty times in ten or twelve pear by Luke's account; for this would minutes: and, though I tell them I make two returns to Nazareth, one know nothing of the matter, yet, in from Jerusalem, and the other from a few seconds, they repeat it again. Egypt. If we suppose this, the return Such is the force of habit!-and so from Egypt was subsequent to that many words used which are totally from Nazareth; but the return from superfluous and ridiculous. I would Egypt seems, by Matthew's account, therefore give boys the liberty to use, to have been the first visit from the as a kind of watch-word, “You know, birth of the child. “That it might be you know, you know,” when they hear fulfilled which was spoken by the pro- persons repeating it. Some persons phets, He shall be called a Nazarene.” introduce the practice even into the But as the whole affair was under the pulpit; and thereby excite a sarcastic direction of a special Providence, and smile in the audience, when they ought as the dream happened before Herod to be serious. Ridicule (as Horace had determined on the massacre, (“ for observes) has often a more forcible Herod will seek the young child to de- effect than even a severe or serious restroy him,”) it is highly probable, that proof: and persons who could sit the dream had been made in Jerusa- unmoved under a pathetic sermon, lem, “after all things had been per- cannot bear when a laugh is raised formed according to the law," and not against them. Therefore, perhaps, in Bethlehem, before these Mosaic there is no better way of curing some ceremonies had been performed; nor persons of their faulty habits, than by in Nazareth, which lay at a greater turning them into ridicule. distance from Egypt.
In addition to the observations made in my late communication respecting
the English language, which you have On the Impropriety of many common
inserted, I shall mention a phrase Expressions.
which has become very common of late years. In the agricultural accounts,
and even in the discussions in ParliaSIR,
ment on the subject of tiilage, farming, I much approve of your interspersing &c. this phrase often occurs, sometimes an anecdote among the grows such a quantity of corn :" or, graver subjects of your Miscellany; · He grows corn:” or, for some of your readers may require &c. If our language be correctly spoa little relaxation, after attending ken any where, it ought to be in the closely to the deep and weightier mat- Parliament House. Now, though I ters. The fibres of their brain might wish to pay our legislators all due become too tense, and produce serious deference and respect, and would be consequences : therefore it is useful to very far from encroaching on what afford them an opportunity to slacken may be deemed their proper privileges, the string. Horace, when inviting his yet I beg leave to remind them of what friend Virgil to dine with him, and to was said of Augustus Cæsar, that, unbend the mind a little, says,
'“ Dulce however great his power as an empeest desipere in loco.”
ror was, he had no authority to change In your number for June, you give the meaning of one word in the lanus an anecdote of a boy, who mimick-guage.
The verb to grow, is neuiei ed a learned Doctor in his frequent | but in the mouths of many, of late
TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL
66 The grower,
made active and transitive. The term O'er Britain's isle they spread their wings, grow belongs to the corn; not to the And shades of death dismay the land; farmer. The corn grows; but the far
November wide his mantle flings, mer does not grow the corn. Our lan- And lifting high his vengeful hand, guage, indeed, is here rather defective. Horls down the dæmon spleen; with pow'rs
combin'd I believe the verb most proper, . as applicable to the farmer, is to raise: To check the springs of life, and crush th' en
feeblid mind. so we say, a man raised such and such plants, and various kinds of vege
Thus drear dominion be maintains, tables, from seed sown. This vulgar
Beneath a cold inclement sky; phrase also often occurs,
While noxious fogs and drizzling rains
He learned the boy his lesson.”
No: the boy The op’ning rose of youth untimely fades,
On Nature's sick’ning bosom lie: learns; but the master teaches.
And hope's fair friendly light beanis dimly I grant that Madam Custom can, by
through the sbades. her gradual and assiduous manoeuvres, effect what a Roman emperor could
Now prowls abroad the ghastly fiend, not. I have long marked her move
Fell Suicide," whom Phrenzy bore;
His brows with writhing serpents twin'd, ments; and though she is very dictatorial, yet I am a little jealous of her, The livid flames around his eye-balls play,
His mantle steept in human gore : and cannot immediately submit to her Stern Horror stalks before, and Death pursues commands. I am not, however, so strait-laced, as to be unwilling to change some antique forms or modes;
Hark! is not that the fatal stroke?
See, where the bleeding victim lies ! yet I pause a little, and inquire into
The bonds of social feeling broke, the reason of the change. But most commonly no reason can be assigned ; Creation starts, and shrinking Nature views,
Dismay'd, the frantic spirit flies : therefore I must leave this Lady and Appalld, the blow which Heaven's first right her votaries to act according to their
subdues. own caprice; for, I fear, nothing I can say will have any effect upon them.
Behold, the weight of woes combin'd
A “woman" has the power to scorn; I am, Sir, yours,
Her infant race to shame consign’d,
A name disgrac'd, a fortune torn,
Supports alone the ills a “coward" durst not THE PROGRESS OF NOVEMBER.
On languor, luxury, and pride, [Taken from the Rev. Charles Moore's Treatise The subtle fiend employs his spell; on Suicide.]
Where selfish sordid passions bide,
Where weak impatient spirits dwell,
Where thought oppressive from itself would fly, Now yellow Autumn's leafy ruins lie And seek relief from time, in dark eternity.
In faded splendour on the desart plain; Far from the noise of madd’ning crowds I fly
Far from the scenes of guilty death To wake in solitude the mystic strain :
My wearied spirit seeks to rest ;A theme of import high I dare to sing,
Why sudden stops my struggling breath? While fate impels my hand to strike the trem- Hark! sounds of horror sweep the troubld
Why thrubs so strong my aching breast? bling string.
glade, Bright on my harp the meteors gleam,
Far, on a whirlwind borne, the fatal month is As glancing through the night they shine;
fled, Now the winds howl, the ravens scream, And yelling ghosts the chorus join :
I watch'd his flight, and saw him bear Chimeras dire, from Fancy's deepest hell,
To Saturn's orb the sullen band; Fly o'er yon ballow'd tower, and toll the pass
There winter cheers the ling’ring year,
And gloom eternal shades the land: Nóvember hears the dismal sound,*
On a lone rock, far in a stormy main, As, slow advancing from the pole,
In cheerless prison pent, I heard the ghosts He leads the months their wintry round:
complain. The black’ning clouds attendant roll, Some pow'r unseen denies my verse Where frowns a giant-band, the sons of care, The hallow'd veil of fate to rend: Dark thoughts, presages fell, and comfortless Now sudden blasts the sounds disperse, despair.
And Fancy's inspirations end:
BY A LADY.
While rushing winds in wild discordance jar, become fashionable in every month of the year.
And Winter calls the storms around his icy car.
* Alas! Suicide is not confined to November; it is now