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Remarks on 1 Tim. ii. 1-6.


because God, the object of imitation, tion with God's will for their salvation, wills that for wbich we are exhorted to and the ransom made by Christ for pray. “ Love your enemies, bless them, to some of all ranks. It is true them that cdrse you, do good to them we are exhorted in the second verse to that hate you, and pray for them which pray, &c. “ for kings, and all that are despitefully use you and persecute you; in authority;" but, in the first verse, that ye may be the children of your we are exhorted to pray for all men. Father which is in heaven: for he It is more consistent with just critimaketh his sun to rise on the evil and cism, to apply the general, and not the on the good, and sendeth rain on the particular meaning, to the word all, just and unjust.” Matt. v. 44, 45. connected as above. If the particular

2nd. That none are excluded from meaning is to be adopted, because we a share of God's tender compassion. are exhorted to pray for kings, and all

Despisest thou the riches of his good that are in authority, then, according, ness, and forbearance, and long suffer- to another part of our opponents' ing; not knowing that the goodness of creed, all kings and all in authority will God leadeth thee to repentance.”Rom. ii. be saved, and none but they. They 4:—“The Lord is not slack concerning defend such conduct upon the decephis promise, as some men count slack- tious principle, of “ maintaining conness; but is long-suffering to us-ward, sistency with the analogy of faith ;or, not willing that any should perish, but in other words, making Scripture subthat all should come to repentance.”- mit to a system of human contrivance. “And account that the long-suffering Dubious parts of Holy Writ ought to of our Lord, is salvation ; even as our be explained by the obvious; and not beloved brother Paul also, according the obvious by the dubious. Violence to the wisdom given unto him, hath must never be done to the plain meanwritten unto you; as also in all his ing arising out of the context, making Epistles, speaking in them of these a consistent part of a complete whole. things.” 2 Peter iii. 9, 15, 16.

“ Have

The Socinians triumphantly quote I any pleasure at all that the wicked the fifth verse, while they neglect the should die? saith the Lord God; and sixth. They say, there is but one God: not that he should return from his ways so do Trinitarians. In order to shew and live?” Ezek. xviii. 23, “ As I that Jesus Christ was a MAN, they live, saith the Lord God, I have no write the word Man in capitals. Tripleasure in the death of the wicked ; nitarians do not deny that Jesus was a but that the wicked turn from his way man: but while, with Paul, they beand live: turn ye, turn ye, from your lieve that Jesus Christ “was the seed evil ways; for why will ye die?” Ezek. of David, according to the flesh,they xxxiii. 11. “ For God so loved the also believe, with him, that he was the world, that he gave his only-begotten “Son of God." The question which Son, that whosoever believeth in him stopped the mouths of the Jews, and should not perish, but have everlasting must for ever stop the mouths of Socilife. For God sent not his Son into nians, how the Christ could be David's the world, to condemn the world; but son and Lord? is easily answered by that the world through him might be Trinitarians. With John, they believe saved.John iii. 16, 17.

that the “ Word was made flesh ;” and 3rd. That all are ransomed by Christ. that “ Christ is come in the flesh :” but Because we thus judge, that if one why “ Antichrist” should deny that the died for all, then were all dead: and mere man Jesus " was not come in the he died for all, that they which live flesh," they leave to Socinians to unshould not henceforth live unto them- ravel. The Socinians dwell much selves, but unto him that died for upon the words “ one God,” but they them, and rose again.” 2 Corinth. v. pass over the words “ one Mediator. 14, 15. “ That he by the grace of God Paul informs us, that Moses was a should taste death for every man.” Heb. Mediator: Gal. iii. 19. And in this

“And he is the propitiation for chapter, he exhorts Timothy, and all our sins; and not for ours only, but Christians, to be mediators or intercesalso for the sins of the whole world.sors. Thus, there are many mediators: 1 John ii. 2.

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therefore, Christ, who is styled the Concluding Remarks.

one Mediator between God and men,” How reprehensible is the conduct of must be a mediator superior to all the such as limit the word all, in connec- rest. Paul tells us, in the sixth vers.

ii. 9.

that he «



gave himself a redemption- | subsiding into a state of tranquillity, it price for all men:” consequently, is pleasing to a contemplative mind, to Christ's mediatorship is founded on an behold those energies, which had long equivalent being paid, in order to effect spread desolation throughout the world, a reconciliation. 2 Corinth. v. 19. engaged in extending the empire of Aberdeen, July 7th, 1819. Z.

science, and enlarging the sphere of civilization. Since the termination of

hostilities, the enterprising genius of To find the Square and Cube Number. the British nation has been turned to

wards the Arctic regions, for the pur

pose of exploring those oceans which TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

surround the Pole, to discover, if pos

sible, a new passage into the Indian Newtown Half-way Houses, Sir, Portsea, 4th July, 1819.

Of every expedition that is fitted out Diophantine problems are those that for discovery, the issue is always inrelate to the finding of square and cube volved in much uncertainty. But, on numbers, and in this way no man has the late occasion, although the hazards ever extended the limits of the analy- attendant on so perilous a voyage, were tic art further than Diophantus, who fully anticipated, it was also perceived, flourished in or about the third cen- that the enterprise would probably retury. He is the first writer on Algebra sult in some commercial and scientific we meet with among the ancients.. I advantages. And even if no new presume the solving of the following channels for national traffic were openproblem, will exercise the abilities of ed, discoveries might be made, which the mathematician, as I have not seen would tend to enlarge the social interany of Diophantus's that extend so course of mankind, and furnish us far. If you think it worthy the notice with an opportunity of giving a new of your numerous readers, it is at your direction to the sacred stream of Chrisservice.

tianity, through which we might soften To divide a given number, (40) the rigours, and supply the deficiencies, consisting of four known square num- of our fellow-creatures. To be the

16 484 bers, 4, 16,

almoners of Divine Providence, and & into four other 25 25

to carry the blessings of spiritual light square numbers whose sum shall be 40. to those who sit in darkness, more pal

5776 4 15376 1444 pable and more permanent than that Answer: + +

which involves the polar regions during 289 289 841 841

the inclemencies of winter, is an ho=40. Sir,

nour that will add lustre to the British Yours, respectfully,

diadem; and the call is imperious on WILLIAM CURRIE.

us, to make this dignified sacrifice at the shrine of humanity.

Since the trade of the eastern hemi

sphere had become a general privilege, INTERESTING particulars, extracted

it was considered more important than from a work, entitled “ A Voyage of

in former ages, to find the shortest way Discovery, made under the orders of to that vast mart of wealth and enterthe Admiralty, in H. M. ships Isabella prise. If, therefore, it could be ascerand Alexander, for the purpose of ex

tained, that any passage thither by the ploring Baffin's Bay, and inquiring be available to navigation, the dis

north existed, and this passage could into the probability of a North-west passage. By John Ross, K. S. Capt. amply repay the trouble and expense

covery, it was plainly foreseen, would R. N.” London, Murray, 1819. pp. necessary to the determination of so 435. 31. 13s. bds. With Observations on them; and occasional references to this respect the expedition has proved

important a point. And although in Sabine's account of the Esquimaux.

unsuccessful, yet observations have

been made, which will prove highly The clamours of war having ceased beneficial to the interests of Geography. to rouse the ferocious passions of hu- This has been effected by the gentleman nature, and the animosities which men who embarked in the enterprize, subsisted between contending nations by ascertaining the true position of

I am,



Polar Expedition.


several headlands, where a consider- | with which they were supplied, one of able branch of commerce has long Earnshaw's construction was proved to been established.

have gained only one second per day, By the superior excellence of the up to May 21 ; and, on a comparison instruments, with which Mr. John with the lunar and other observations Ross, who commanded the expedition, throughout the voyage, this excellent was liberally furnished by the Admi- instrument was found to point out the ralty, he has clearly ascertained the true time so nearly, that it might be shores of Davis's Straits, to be no pretty safely relied upon, in determinless than ten degrees nearer to each ing the vessel's longitudinal situation, other, than has hitherto been laid in the absence of opportunities for cedown in the maps. Cumberland strait lestial observations. he has also fixed two degrees south of Land, south of Coquin's Sound, was its generally received position. These made on the 1st of June; and at the unquestionably important facts respect- mouth of Davis' Strait, (and freing the geography of these parts, quently during the voyage) a copper will fill up, in the eyes of discerning cylinder was committed to the waters, men, no contemptible portion of space containing an account of the proceedin that general blank of disappoint- ings up to that time, for the double ment, which, what has been called the purpose of ascertaining the course of failure of this undertaking, has occa- the current, if any, and of communisioned.

cating information respecting the pro The Isabella, commanded by Capt. gress of the expedition.-June 9th. Ross, and the Alexander, by Lieut. Disco, the only island worth the name Parry, sailed from the Thames on the in the whole bay, was seen, and was 25th of April, 1818, with instructions passed on the 16th. to proceed through Baffin's Bay; and, To us who inhabit these southern if found practicable, round the north- regions, it seems somewhat anomalous ern extremity of America, through to read, “ the weather here (lat. 700) Behring's Straits to Kamtschatka, there was hot and sultry;" while the navigato deliver the journal of the voyage to tors were tugging and squeezing through the Russian governor of that place, to shoals of ice five or six feet thick, and be forwarded overland to England; encircled by piles of accumulated conthen to refit, and obtain supplies at gelation, which mixed their burnished one of the Sandwich, or other islands summits with the clouds, and met each of the South Sea.

other in fearful concussion, making the The first iceberg seen by the voy- surrounding seas to tremble. Other agers, was in lat. 58° 36' N. long. 51° accounts state the climate in the sumW. May 26th.

mer season to be mild and comfort"A monument: where every flake that falls,

able; the thermometer sometimes Gives adamantine firmness to the walls.

reaching 80° in the sun. This will not The Sun beholds no mirror in his race, appear strange, when it is considered That shews a brighter image of his face: that the Sun pours his uninterrupted The Stars in their nocturnal vigils rest,

warmth on these inhospitable regions Like signal fires, on its illumin'd crest: during a great part of the long polar The gliding Moon around the ramparts wheels, day of about 1900 hours. And all its magic lights and shades reveals : The course of our adventurers through Beneath, the ride with idle sury raves, the drifting ice was sometimes attendTo undermine it thro' a thousand caves.”

ed with great peril; while, from the Montgomery's Greenland.

novelty and wild grandeur of the sceAbout two degrees further north, nery, mingled with the hopes and they were cheered by one of the few fears excited by the probable success advantages of high latitudes; for or failure of their enterprise, these " there was so little darkness during rugged passages must be to every one any part of this night, that the fea- exceedingly interesting. At one time, tures of the people on the forecastle they were brought into a very dangerwere distinctly visible from the quar- ous situation. After describing the ter deck ;” but whether this light arose tracking of the vessels through the bayfrom the Sun, or his gladdening north- ice, Capt. Ross says,

“ At half-past ern auxiliary, the aurora borealis, we six, the ice began to move, and the are not informed.

wind increasing to a gale, the only Among the several chronometers chance left for us was, to endeavour to force the ship through it to the north, the ice, some individuals of an Esquiwhere it partially opened; but the maux tribe were discovered on the channel was so much obstructed by shore, in lat. 75o. It subsequently apheavy pieces, that our utmost efforts peared, that these natives are so comwere ineffectual: the floes closed in pletely isolated from the other various upon us, and at noon we felt their divisions of that humble class of manpressure most severely. A floe on one kind, and even from the rest of the side of the Isabella appeared to be world, that they conceived themselves fixed, while another, with a circular to be the only occupants of the unimotion, was passing rapidly along. verse. The peculiar characteristics The pressure continuing to increase, it and habits of this singular people, disbecame a trial of strength between the tinguish them so much from the more ship and the ice: every support threat- known tribes of their fellows of the same ened to give way; the beams in the original stock, that we shall no doubt hold began to bend, and the iron tanks gratify our readers by presenting them settled together. At this moment, with a summary of their peculiarities. when it seemed impossible for the ship And here we cannot but offer a small to sustain the accumulating pressure tribute of respect to the memory of that much longer, she rose several feet; | intelligent and useful man, John Sackwhile the ice, which was more than six heuse*; through whose means we obfeet thick, broke against her sides, tained almost all the information we curling back on itself. The great have respecting this strange nation. stress now fell upon her bow, and after It appears to us, that the most valuabeing again lifted up, she was carried ble and interesting part of this man's with great violence towards the Alex- conduct has not only not been made as ander, which ship had hitherto been in prominent as it deserves, but has been a great measure defended by the Isa- thrown in the back ground of neglect. bella. Every effort to avoid getting Capt. Ross has recorded a fact respectfoul of each other failed; the ice- | ing him which excites at once feelings anchors and cables broke one after of astonishment and pleasure. “ He another, and the sterns of the two ships informed me,” says Capt. Ross, “ that came so violently into contact, as to he had, through the Missionaries, been crush to pieces a boat that could not be converted to Christianity; and the removed in time. The collision was strong desire he had to see the country tremendous; the chain-plates being these good men came from, had inbroken, and nothing less expected duced him to desert his own; but that than the loss of the masts; but, at this it was always his intention to return, eventful instant, by the interposition of when he had learnt the Scriptures and Providence, the force of the ice seemed the art of drawing. He related traexhausted: the two fields suddenly re- ditions, current in his country, respectceded, and we passed the Alexander ing a race of people who were supposed with comparatively little damage." to inhabit the North; adding, that it was

Several instances of the great refrac- for the purpose of communicating with tive power of the atmosphere in this them, and converting them to Chrispart of the globe, are to be found in tianity, that he had volunteered for our Capt. Ross's account. One in particu- expedition.” This is an extraordinary lar, of irregular operation, deserves instance of genuine philanthropy and notice. A remarkable appearance pure benevolence, exhibited in a mind of unequal refraction was observed uncultivated by the forms of civilizahere, in the ships near us, and at a tion, and unpolished by the refinedistance. Some whalers, within two ments of literature. But, perhaps, on or three miles, seemed extended to a these accounts there was the greater monstrous size; while those at double room for the proper display of exalted the distance appeared to be drawn out feeling, and true beneficence. in a horizontal direction.” With the Aug. 9. The ships had made very assistance of this strong refraction, the little progress, when we were surprised opposite side of the Strait, a distance by the appearance of several men on of about 200 miles, can be distinctly the ice, who were hallooing, as we seen in clear weather.

imagined, to the ships. The first imPursuing the course of the voyage pression was, that they were shipup the east side of Baffin's Bay, as the * For some account of this man, see Impe* centre was completely blocked up by rial Magazinc, p. 174.


529 Polar Expedition.Scriptural Inconsistencies reconciled. 530 Wrecked sailors, probably belonging to I was brought home at the appointed some vessel that had followed us, and time. Having surveyed it with raphad been crushed in the late gale; we ture, she placed it on a sofa in her therefore tacked, hoisted our colours, dressing-room, and went out to invite and stood in for the shore. On ap- some of her female companions to surproaching the ice, we discovered them vey her ornaments, and partake of her to be natives, drawn on rudely-fashion-joy. During her absence, a tradesed sledges by dogs, which they con- man, to whom she was indebted, came inued to drive backwards and for- with his bill. He had at different wards with wonderful rapidity. When times, during the last twelve months, we arrived within hail, Sackheuse call-called repeatedly on the same errand; ed out to them in his own language: and had been invariably put off withsome words were heard in return, to out his money. On finding her absent, which a reply was again made in Eski- he inquired for her husband, and on maux; but neither party appeared to being introduced, communicated to be in the least degree intelligible to the him his business. Being a man of other. For some time they continued some humour, but actuated by printo regard us in silence; but on the ciples of honesty, he took the tradesships tacking, they set up a simulta- man into his wife's apartment, and neous shout, accompanied with many shewing him the ornaments which she strange gesticulations, and went off in had provided for the masquerade, adtheir sledges, with amazing velocity, to- dressed him as follows :—" I have no wards the land. Having attained the money by me at present, but take this distance of a mile, or more, they halted fool's coat: you will at this time sell it for about two hours. As soon as this for more than will pay your bill.” The was observed, the ship tacked, and a tradesman walked off highly pleased. boat was sent to place an observation The Lady on returning, being informed stool on the ice, on which various pre- what was done, was so completely sents, consisting of knives and articles mortified, that she was taken ill with of clothing, were left. Either, however, vexation, and carried to bed. This they did not see it, or it did not attract circumstance laid an embargo on her their attention: a second boat was masquerading expedition. therefore sent, with directions to leave one of the Eskimaux dogs, with some strings of blue beads around his neck, Apparent Inconsistencies of Scripture near the same place. It being neces

reconciled. sary to examine if there was a passage in this place, we took the opportunity of their absence to stand towards the

Sir, bead of the pool, which was about HAVING some time ago seen an atfour miles off, trusting that in the mean tempt in a note on Luke ii. 32,—“ Imtime they would return to the same proved Version ofthe New Testament,spot; to which also it was our intention to discredit the two accounts of our to come back. After examining into Lord's infancy, given by Matthew and the chance of a passage northward, no Luke, and, consequently, to remove an opening was however found ; we there- insuperable barrier to the degrading fore returned, after an absence of ten views of the Son of God, held by Socihours. The dog was found sleeping nians, I set about solving the diffion the spot where we had left him; the culty, by drawing up the following presents remained untouched. A sin- Harmony. If you think my observagle sledge was shortly afterwards ob- tions worthy of a place in your Magaserved at a great distance, but it imme- zine, I shall be happy to see them diately drove off with much rapidity.” inserted. I shall also be glad to sec (To be continued.)

some further remarks on this point, either by yourself or any of your intel

ligent correspondents. ANECDOTE OF A MASQUERADING

Aberdeen, July 9th, 1819.

Z. A Lady, some time since, who, in the language of fashionable dissipation, is


a woman of spirit,” ordered Matthew and Luke differ in several an elegant masquerade habit, which circumstances consistently. Luke reN0.6.-VOL. I.

2 M




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