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LETTER FROM A MEXICAN CHIEF.

stood whatever the ruling party please | angry. He feigned sickness; and sent to say: and by heresy, a differing from to desire the inquisitorial judge to visit it. The chief point is, that the Bishop him. He waited on him. As soon as of Rome, who is the centre of unity, he arrived, the count ordered him to is infallible. The church hath declar- sit down, and write a confession that ed this an article of faith. This is he was a Jew. The holy father revery prudent; for if this be granted, fused. The count rung for a servant, the rest follows of course. To doubt and, on his appearing, ordered him to this, is heresy; and heretics are call sufficient help to take a red hot monsters. They may very properly be helmet, then in the fire, and put it called, traitors to God: they are upon the head of the father inquisitor. antichrist, the Apocalyptical beast, His reverence, hearing this resolute who come up to attack the Saints. order, flew like lightning to the escriWho would think it! The Jewish toir, took the pen, wrote the confeschurch was a type of the Catholic sion, and signed a solemn declaration church of Christ; and Tyre and Sidon, that he was a Jew. The count then and all the enemies of the Jews men- reproached him with his injustice and tioned by Joel, and Zechariah, and barbarity. “My physician,” said he, Jeremiah, and all other prophets, “ hath confessed himself a Jew, as you were types of heretics. Heretics were have; with this difference, pain forced prefigured by Samson's 300 foxes, the confession from him: it was nothing which is exactly the number of heretics. but the fear of it that extorted it from The qualities of both are the same: yoy.” the fox is fair and fraudful; so are heretics: the fox deceives with his tail; heretics do the same with their tongues: the fox loves poultry, and chickens

[Concluled from col. 435.] are in imminent danger when they SOME years ago, the ladies supported wander from the hen, as laymen are the dress by means of the shoulder; when they wander from their mother, and straps, which ran over them, conthe Church. Heretics are Gog and nected the dress before and behind. Magog; the number of them is as the This practice was then abolished, nor sand of the sea; they go out by the has it been since resumed ; and their instigation of the Devil, to deceive clothes are now entirely maintained by the nations in the four quarters of the the mere force of lateral adhesion. earth, and gather together to battle Whether their robes are attached to a against the camp of the Saints. What plaister, which is made to adhere need many words? Heretics and schis- firmly to the sides and back, I cannot matics are worse than Pagans and with certainty say; but I have every Jews, and the soldiers that killed reason to suppose they are, for they Christ: all which is clear to a demon- have certainly all the appearance of it; stration from the words of Solomon, nor is it easy to conceive, what other the wisest of men, who denominates plan could produce a similar effect. heathens dogs, and heretics lions; and By this alteration, the ladies are says, a living dog is better than a now exposed nearly from the waist updead lion."

wards; and they seem to enjoy themselves in this condition with a singular complacency and satisfaction. I must add, too, that when they cut such an

unblushing portion from the top of the A certain Nobleman in Portugal had dress, a corresponding part fell syma physician who was put into the pathetically from below; so that naked Inquisition, under suspicion of Juda- and pristine simplicity, inconsistent ism. Hearing this, he wrote to one of people that they are) seems now the the inquisitors, to inform him, that the order of the day. Doctor was a good Christian; and he This is the only fashion of any condesired that he might be set at liberty. siderable permanency, and I know not The inquisitors returned a polite an- what cause to assign for this singular swer, that they could not oblige his instance of fidelity; for, I imagine loidship, for the prisoner had been that the mere love of change was not tortured, and had confessed he was a the motive which induced them to Jew. The count was excessively adopt it, as I find that whatever they

FEAR OF PUNISHMENT UNFRIENDLY

TO TRUTH.

son.

adopt from the love of change, they as possible, and they now coerce and renounce as quickly for the same rea- restrict their bodies in such laced and

Whether it is owing to an adven- tight garments, as I have commonly titious infirmity of the shoulder, which seen their madmen confined in, to precannot support such a suspended vent mischief; so that, in coming out weight; or to an increase in the attrac- of a mad-house into the streets, a strantion of cohesion, which makes shoul- ger is at first induced to think, that der-straps unnecessary; or whether derangement has become epidemic, they have been prompted by an econo- and made a nation of victims. mic spirit, or an unusual climal warmth It were endless to recount the varihas recommended the change; I am at ous and trifling matters in which their present at a loss to know, and I believe ingenuity contrives to make continued it is not assignable to any of these changes. The mode of cutting the causes; for all the physicians agree, hair, the form of the beard, or the way in pronouncing the shoulder-blade to be of pairing the nails, each must receive as strong this century, as it was the its due and periodical alteration. The last; and the best philosophers declare, size, too, of the hat, the length of the that the attraction of cohesion has coat, the form of tying this, and of remained unaltered. Nor can it be buttoning that, every matter of similar imputed to economy, or an increase of importance, and every visible part of climal warmth ; for it is universally the dress, must be frequently newagreed, that prodigality and Northern modelled and altered. At present, icebergs have advanced apace.

Some their bodies are so coerced by the men, indeed have insinuated, that it tightness of their dress, and their heads is from a vain desire of displaying their so immoveable by means of neck colforms, and giving pleasure to the spec- lars, that a turn, or a local motion, is tators by the exhibition of their beau- effected with the utmost difficulty. ties; adding, that it is a religious Besides, owing to the same swathing maxim with them, not to put their and constricture, and a difficulty of candle under a bushel, as they figura- respiration, which is the consequence tively express it. But I imagine this of it, they cannot advance forward conjecture is quite erroneous. I know with any rapidity, or for any considerit has in general an effect quite con- able time; so that I understand music trary to that of giving pleasure; for stools, which revolve horizontally, are we are offended at their protruding on to be used in future for local, and acour attention, what concealment and celerators for progressive motion. modesty only can make an object of These alterations, as I have before love. Besides, the half of the females, hinted, must be adopted by the entire by their projecting bones and defective nation. The penalty of non-conforskin and make, are altogether unqua- mity is the most rigorous which the lified for such an exhibition; and these civil policy allows. It is not pecuonly excite our contempt by that excess niary, nor are the delinquents impriof vanity, which makes them conceive soned, or thrown into chains, or stripa charm to dwell there, where there ed: no, it is not corporeal; it is is the utmost impotency to give the inflicted on the feelings, and the passmallest pleasure.

sions are put to the torture. The But fickle as are the fair in this re- offender becomes the common topic for gion of caprice, the men, (I blush for scorn and detraction: the butt and the the fallen dignity of my sex,) the men mark for malice. Were you to see are egregiously more culpable. That him enter into public, you would find part of the human creation, which, in every nose curl with disdain at his apour country, is addicted to noble pur- proach; every eye looking oblique consuits, and manly and becoming exer- tempt; every finger pointed at him, in cises, is here sunk into all the excesses derision; and every tongue aimed of softness and sensuality; of effemi- with calumny to wound. You would nate weakness and childish mutability. find every outward sense and inward As the dress of the men admits not of faculty conspiring to degrade him ; and that general variety in which the women reproach and contempt pursuing him are so happy, they are much more with the most irritated violence. Thus minute and finical in their alterations. do these people invert the natural orThe general design seems to be, to der of punishments. If a man tak deviate from the rules of nature as far away another's property, and kr

him down, to compensate him for the to pray, &c. for all occupying civil staloss,-and sometimes, if he commit tions, that the advantage may remurder, they send the offender out dound to ourselves, through the exerseven years to see the world, hoping, cise of such dispositions as necessarily no doubt, that his travels will open attend supplication, prayer, &c. Hence and enlarge his mind with a certain a man of intercession for kings and noble knowledge, which will teach him magistrates will be a man of loyalty to disdain a base action, and make and subjection. him for the future a worthy and a loyal In the 3d verse, a motive is given subject. This is the punishment, or for supplication, prayer, &c. it being rather the reward, for robbery, and good and acceptable in the sight of God sometimes for murder. For adultery, our Saviour. That this is the meaning they impose a fine; but if the hair of is evident, from what is said in the the offender has not been legally cut, if 4th verse: for prayer must be good and the length of his coat is an inch below acceptable with God, when he himself the lawful standard, they persecute wills that for which we are exhorted to him with the most relentless severity; pray. If God does not will that all be for what wounds, my worthy Phraar, saved, it would have been absurd for: what wounds are so smarting, as those Paul to exhort Timothy to pray for all of the feelings; or what punishment men. In the 4th verse, Paul gives a so galling, as that inflicted by shame? glorious view of the character of God; Thus you see these people are induced which is a counterpart to John's deto commit the most heinous crimes, by scription, when he says, “ God is love." the hope of acquiring extensive know- Paul gives us in this place, as in many ledge; and obliged to engage in follies, others, the will of God for our motive, by the penalties annexed to a neglect and his conduct for our imitation. of them.

It may be objected, that if the word Let them then, my valued Phraar, let all be taken in an unlimited sense, then them commit those crimes, and engage all must be saved, for it is said, he in those follies, unheeded and unimi- will have all men to be saved.” The tated: let them pursue, too, these passage may be rendered more literally trifling employments; let them follow thus : “ who willeth that all men be those arts, which, in our eyes, make saved." It still may be objected, that men contemptible, and degrade them if God willeth that all men be saved; beneath their destination. May we all men must be saved, else, God is not long remain uninfected by their refine- able to accomplish his will. Hence, ments : may we long continue in the the Universalists believe, that all exercise of those martial exploits, those shall be brought to heaven; and the heroic and manly pursuits, which mark Calvinists, that the word all is restrictthe wisdom, and degrade not the dig- ed to the number of the elect. The nity, of man: and may we never sink point then is, whether are we to receive into those trivial follies, and fantastic the declaration of the Word of God, arts, the result (as they say) of national (which, in numerous other places, rerefinement, but, in my mind, the symp- esents God's will as not being accomtom of human littleness, and national plished); or to be guided by a conjecand mental degradation.

tured law of the Divine nature. God willeth the salvation of men, not abso

lutely, but conditionally; for “whoREMARKS ON 1 Tim. ii. 1-6.

soever believeth shall be saved.Paul, in the first verse, exhorts Timo- In the 5th and 6th verses, Paul mainthy, and, through him, all Christians, tains his position, that God is not to supplicate, pray, intercede, and averse to the salvation of all men, begive thanks, for all men : not all ranks cause a Mediator between God and and degrees of men, as some say, for offending men, without limitation, has this is done in the second verse; but been appointed; and that this Mediator for all men individually, having a spe- exercises his functions in behalf of all, cial regard for their souls, as is evi- because he gave himself a ransom for dent from verses 4th and 5th, in which all. the word salvation is connected with a Let us, with hearts of gratitude and knowledge of the truth, and the ransom praise, briefly review the subject. Christ has given.

1st. Prayer for all, producing a spirit In the second verse, we are exhorted I of universal philanthropy, is enjoined,

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because God, the object of imitation, / tion with God's will for their salvation, wills that for which we are exhorted to and the ransom made by Christ for pray. “ Love your enemies, bless them, to some of all ranks. It is true them that corse you, do good to them we are exhorted in the second verse to that hate you, and pray for them which pray, &c. “ for kings, and all that are despitefully use you and persecute you; in authority;" but, in the first verse, that ye may be the children of your we are exhorted to pray for all men. Father which is in heaven: for he It is more consistent with just critimaketh his sun to rise on the evil and cism, to apply the general, and not the on the good, and sendeth rain on the particular meaning, to the word all, just and unjust.” Matt. v. 44, 45. connected as above. If the particular

2nd. That none are excluded from meaning is to be adopted, because we a share of God's tender compassion. are exhorted to pray for kings, and all

Despisest thou the riches of his good that are in authority, then, according ness, and forbearance, and long suffer- to another part of our opponents' ing; not knowing that the goodness of creed, all kings and all in authority will God leadeth thee to repentance.”Rom. ii. be saved, and none but they. They 4.-" The Lord is not slack concerning defend such conduct upon the decephis promise, as some men count slack- tious principle, of“ maintaining conness; but is long-suffering to us-ward, sistency with the analogy of faith ;or, not willing that any should perish, but in other words, making Scripture subthat all should come to repentance." mit to a system of human contrivance. * And account that the long-suffering Dubious parts of Holy Writ ought to of our Lord, is salvation ; even as our be explained by the obvious; and not beloved brother Paul also, according the obvious by the dubious. Violence to the wisdom given unto him, hath must never be done to the plain meanwritten unto you; as also in all his ing arising out of the context, making Epistles, speaking in them of these a consistent part of a complete whole. things.” 2 Peter iii. 9, 15, 16. “Have The Socinians triumphantly quote I any pleasure at all that the wicked the fifth verse, while they neglect the should die ? saith the Lord God; and sixth. They say, there is but one God: not that he should return from his ways so do Trinitarians. In order to shew and live?Ezek. xviii. 23. " As I that Jesus Christ was a MAN, they live, saith the Lord God, I have no write the word Man in capitals. Tripleasure in the death of the wicked; nitarians do not deny that Jesus was a but that the wicked turn from his way man: but while, with Paul, they beand live: turn ye, turn ye, from your lieve that Jesus Christ " was the seed evil ways; for why will ye die?” Ezek. of David, according to the flesh,they xxxiii. 11. “ For God so loved the also believe, with him, that he was the world, that he gave his only-begotten “ Son of God.” The question which Son, that whosoever believeth in him stopped the mouths of the Jews, and should not perish, but have everlasting must for ever stop the mouths of Socilife. For God sent not his Son into nians, how the Christ could be David's the world, to condemn the world; but son and Lord? is easily answered by that the world through him might be Trinitarians. With John, they believe saved.John iii. 16, 17.

that the “ Word was made flesh ;” and 3rd. That all are ransomed by Christ. that“ Christ is come in the flesh :" but Because we thus judge, that if one why “ Antichrist” should deny that the died for all, then were all dead: and mere man Jesus “ was not come in the he died for all, that they which live flesh,” they leave to Socinians to unshould not henceforth live unto them- ravel. The Socinians dwell much selves, but unto him that died for upon the words “ one God,” but they them, and rose again.” 2 Corinth. v. pass over the words one Mediator.. 14, 15. “ That he by the grace of God Paul informs us, that Moses was a should taste death for every man.” Heb. Mediator: Gal. iii. 19. And in this

“And he is the propitiation for chapter, he exhorts Timothy, and all our sins; and not for ours only, but Christians, to be mediators or intercesalso for the sins of the whole world.sors. Thus, there are many mediators: 1 John ii. 2.

therefore, Christ, who is styled the Concluding Remarks.

one Mediator between God and men,' How reprehensible is the conduct of must be a mediator superior to all the such as limit the word all, in connec- rest. Paul tells us, in the sixth verse,

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ii. 9.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

MAGAZINE.

seas.

that he «

gave himself a redemption- subsiding into a state of tranquillity, it price for all men:” consequently, is pleasing to a contemplative mind, to Christ's mediatorship is founded on an behold those energies, which had long equivalent being paid, in order to effect spread desolation throughout the world, a reconciliation. 2 Corinth. v. 19. engaged in extending the empire of Aberdeen, July 7th, 1819. Z.

science, and enlarging the sphere of civilization. Since the termination of

hostilities, the enterprising genius of To find the Square and Cube Number. the British nation has been turned to

wards the Arctic regions, for the purpose of exploring those oceans which

surround the Pole, to discover, if posNewtown Half-way Houses,

sible, a new passage into the Indian Sir, Portsea, 4th July, 1819.

Of every expedition that is fitted out Diophantine problems are those that for discovery, the issue is always inrelate to the finding of square and cube volved in much uncertainty. But, on numbers, and in this way no man has the late occasion, although the hazards ever extended the limits of the analy- attendant on so perilous a voyage, were tic art further than Diophantus, who fully anticipated, it was also perceived, flourished in or about the third cen- that the enterprise would probably retury. He is the first writer on Algebra sult in some commercial and scientific we meet with among the ancients. I advantages. And even if no new presume the solving of the following channels for national traffic were openproblem, will exercise the abilities of ed, discoveries might be mado, which the mathematician, as I have not seen would tend to enlarge the social interany of Diophantus's that extend so

course of mankind, and furnish us far. If you think it worthy the notice with an opportunity of giving a new of your numerous readers, it is at your direction to the sacred stream of Chrisservice.

tianity, through which we might soften To divide a given number, (40) the rigours, and supply the deficiencies, consisting of four known square num- of our fellow-creatures. To be the

16 484 bers, 4, 16,

& into four other almoners of Divine Providence, and 25 25

to carry the blessings of spiritual light square numbers whose sum shall be 40. to those who sit in darkness, more pal

5776 4 15376 Answer:

1444 pable and more permanent than that + +

which involves the polar regions during 289

841 841 =40.

the inclemencies of winter, is an hoI am, Sir,

nour that will add lustre to the British Yours, respectfully,

diadem; and the call is imperious on WILLIAM CURRIE.

us, to make this dignified sacrifice at the shrine of humanity.

Since the trade of the eastern hemiPOLAR EXPEDITION.

sphere had become a general privilege, INTERESTING particulars, extracted

it was considered more important than from a work, entitled “ A Voyage of

in former ages, to find the shortest way Discovery, made under the orders of to that vast mart of wealth and enterthe Admiralty, in H. M. ships Isabella prise. If, therefore, it could be ascerand Alexander, for the purpose of ex- north existed, and this passage could

tained, that any passage thither by the ploring Baffin's Bay, and inquiring be available to navigation, the disinto the probability of a North-west passage. By John Ross, K. S. Capt. amply repay the trouble and expense

covery, it was plainly foreseen, would R. N.” London, Murray, 1819. pp: necessary to the determination of so 435. 31. 138. bds. With Observations important a point. And although in on them; and occasional references to this respect the expedition has proved Sabine's aecount of the Esquimaux.

unsuccessful, yet observations have

been made, which will prove highly The clamours of war having ceased beneficial to the interests of Geography. to rouse the ferocious passions of hu- This has been effected by the gentleman nature, and the animosities which men who embarked in the enterprize, subsisted between contending nations by ascertaining the true position of

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