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which derive dignity from their age of the heathen deities, and the ignoand office; but while their imagi- | rance of his readers, than to the force nary natures partake of finite defecti- of his arguments, or the brilliancy of bility, we gain nothing by resorting to his wit. The tendency of his inclinathe pantheon for assistance, but a fa- tion, and the bent of his disposition, vourable opportunity of betraying our are fully shewn; and in the same proown weakness. That the Author was portion as these can supply his defieither not properly acquainted with ciency of mental energy, his friends the subject on which he presumed to may congratulate him on his harmless write, or that he has grossly misrepre- attempt. To all such as are disposed sented what he knew, he has given to assail the Trinity, in language which some indubitable proofs, of which the seems formidable, because nearly desfollowing is a striking instance. In titute of meaning; who are incapable this Dialogue, Hecate is introduced, as of forming radical discriminations beaddressing herself to Luna and Diana, tween the most obvious propositions ; in the following language:-“ But who are at once incapable of advancthou art Hecate, and thou art Heca'e, ing arguments themselves, and of and ye are both Hecate, without my comprehending those which are urged being less Hecate than yourselves.” by others,—we would strongly recomAnd lest the application of this intend- mend the jargon of this Dialogue. The ed sarcasm should not be distinctly man who shall learn to repeat the understood, it is added, in the next whole, may stand as a prodigy of expression, that “ those say it who learning among the ignorant and the must know, the mythologists." wicked; and finally imitate Proser

Of the Author's intention in these pine, when she bade her companions passages, we have but little reason to good night, and retired to the mandoubt; but for his success in giving sion of her gloomy husband. point to the ridicule at which he aimed, he has no right to exact a tribute of approbation. We are not acquainted

Review.— A brief Account of the Rise “mythologists,” as they are

and Progress of the Local Preachers, denominated, by whom the doctrine

and of Local Preaching, among the of the Trinity is thus stated; or from

Methodists; with their ability for the whose writings this inference can be

work, and general usefulness: together fairly drawn. A unity of essence, and

with a few Thoughts, addressed to a distinction in personality, subsisting

those who are about to engage, or who in the Divine nature, they readily al

have lately engaged, in that important low: but this doctrine can never justify

work. By William Hatton. Baines,

Leeds. the indiscriminate application of the

pp. 72, 12mo., price 1s. terms; nor imply that confusion of There is something in a long titleideas, with which the comparison is page to a little book, which is geneintended to reproach it. Luna may rally displeasing to a Reviewer; and be Hecate, or both may be Diana, or when, having copied it, he finds no they may lose or retain their identity, date at the conclusion, he grows anjust as this writer may be pleased to gry, and sometimes both the author assert; but he must examine many and the printer are in danger of sufpages of the Christian mythologists, fering from his vengeance. It so hapbefore he can find any passage, assert- pens, on the present occasion, that ing, that, in the divine persons of the these causes of irritation combine; Trinity, whose names would be pol- but as the writer, at the end of his luted by the association necessary to dedication, has inserted “ 1817," we mark the incongruity, the first was the shall be content to leave the year of second, the second the third, and that its being printed in a state of uncerboth were the first, while the first re- tainty, pleasing ourselves with this tained his own essential identity. assurance, that it was not sent into the

To any thing that looks like pro- world during the last century. found reasoning, there is not a sen- The Local Preachers, of whom Mr. tence in this Dialogue which can make H. takes notice, are divided by him the least pretension. It is an ineffec- into two classes ; namely, those of tual effort to treat the Trinity with con- good, and those of tolerable abilities: tempt: and if the Author has succeed- but to such as

answer any other ed, he is more indebted to the names description, he does not carry his

with any

513 Local Preaching. - Heresy and Orthodoxy. 514 observations. To these two classes, he, ed in so many places, and by such men, assigns distinct but appropriate cha- must and doth spring up, and produce racteristics, and argues with much an ample crop unto eternal life, propriety, that, in the order of the “ The number of persons to whom divine economy, their talents are they preach, is at least a presumptive adapted to the stations which they re- proof of their usefulness.

And only spectively fill.

allowing the very low calculation of It appears, from some calculations 50 to every sermon, though in some which Mr. H. has made, that the ag- places from 100 to 1000 may be allowgregate of places in which the Metho- ed, they publish the Word of God to dists have preaching on Sundays, not less than 200,000 persons every amounts to 4200; that the Travelling Lord's Day, in England only." p. 52. Preachers are somewhat less than 700; His two concluding chapters conand that, allowing each of them to tain advice, addressed, first, to those occupy one chapel and one by-place who wish to become Local Preachers; each Sabbath, there must be left two-and, secondly, to such as have lately thirds of the places to be supplied by engaged in the work in that capacity. the Local Preachers.

On these points, his remarks perfeotly From the labours of these men, Mr. correspond with those already given; H. proceeds to state their usefulness. and the sober friends of Methodism, This he considers in a two-fold light: we have no doubt, will be glad to find first, in relation to pecuniary concerns; his hints universally adopted. and, secondly, in reference to religion. By the few extracts we have taken On the former of these points, after from this pamphlet, and the observahaving calculated that £84,000 annu- tions accompanying them, we have ally is necessary to support the Travel- furnished every reader with an opporling Preachers, he argues as follows: tunity of knowing the Author's design,

"From the above statements of the and of forming some judgment of his monies necessary to carry on the work manner in the execution of his work. of Methodism, and the impossibility He seems to be well acquainted with of raising that sum by the regular sub- his subject; and to such as know but scriptions, the usefulness of the Local little of the Methodist Local PreachPreachers again most forcibly appears. ers, he has communicated much inforFor the Travelling Preachers requir- mation; while to those who belong to ing £84,000 annually, for their sup- that class of local ministers, he has port, were the Local Preachers to be given some wholesome advice. The dormant, (who do two-thirds of the principal merit of this work, consists public work,) 2100 Travelling Preach- in plain calculation, and admonitory ers would be required; of course, caution. £250,000, or three times the above sum, would be necessary. If, there

Heresy and Orthodoxy. fore, one-third of that sum cannot be raised without the assistance of the Local Preachers, of course two-thirds of the work of Methodism must stand

Dear Sir, still; and, were there no other cause, The following articles I transcribed two-thirds, or 1400 chapels, would be about twenty years ago, from a work unoccupied on the Lord's Day, toge- comparatively little known. Should ther with 1400 places, not chapels; you think them suited to the genius of though it is probable that a reduction your publication, they are very much in the present number of the Travelling at your service. It is needless to rePreachers would be necessary for the mark, that they have a direct bearing want of support; and, of course, a against bigotry and superstition; two greater number of chapels than the monsters, which I should be exceedabove would be unoccupied.” p. 45.

ingly glad to see hunted to death. In a religious point of view, Mr. H. I am, respectfully, yours, reasons in the following manner:

ABEDNEGO. “The numerous places at which they Professor Rochmer's Remarks on preach every Lord's Day, and which Heresy and Orthodoxy. are already calculated at 3150, hold “ The atrociousness of heresy is forth very flattering prospects of useful- proved by various descriptions of the ness. The sced of eternal life, scatter- crime. By orthodoxy, is to be underNo. 6,--VOL. I.

2 L

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

MAGAZINE.

LETTER FROM A MEXICAN CHIEF,

stood whatever the ruling party please | angry. He feigned sickness; and sent to say: and by heresy, a differing from to desire the inquisitorial judge to visit it. The chief point is, that the Bishop him. He waited on him. As soon as of Rome, who is the centre of unity, he arrived, the count ordered him to is infallible. The church hath declar- sit down, and write a confession that ed this an article of faith. This is he was a Jew. The holy father revery prudent; for if this be granted, fused. The count rung for a servant, the rest follows of course. To doubt and, on his appearing, ordered him to this, is heresy; and heretics are call sufficient help to take a red hot monsters. They may very properly be helmet, then in the fire, and put it called, traitors to God: they are upon the head of the father inquisitor. antichrist, the Apocalyptical beast, His reverence, hearing this resolute who come up to attack the Saints. order, flew like lightning to the escriWho would think it! The Jewish toir, took the pen, wrote the confeschurch was a type of the Catholic sion, and signed a solemn declaration church of Christ; and Tyre and Sidon, that he was a Jew. The count then and all the enemies of the Jews men- reproached him with his injustice and tioned by Joel, and Zechariah, and barbarity. “My physician,” said he, Jeremiah, and all other prophets, “ hath confessed himself a Jew, as you were types of heretics. Heretics were have; with this difference, pain forced prefigured by Samson's 300 foxes, the confession from him: it was nothing which is exactly the number of heretics. but the fear of it that extorted it from The qualities of both are the same: you.” the fox is fair and fraudful; so are heretics: the fox deceives with his tail; heretics do the same with their tongues: the fox loves poultry, and chickens

[Concluded from col. 435.] are in imminent danger when they some years ago, the ladies supported wander from the hen, as laymen are the dress by means of the shoulder; when they wander from their mother, and straps, which ran over them, conthe Church. Heretics are Gog and nected the dress before and behind. Magog; the number of them is as the This practice was then abolished, nor sand of the sea; they go out by the has it been since resumed; and their instigation of the Devil, to deceive clothes are now entirely maintained by the nations in the four quarters of the the mere force of lateral adhesion. earth, and gather together to battle Whether their robes are attached to a against the camp of the Saints. What plaister, which is made to adhere need many words? Heretics and schis- firmly to the sides and back, I cannot matics are worse than Pagans and with certainty say; but I have every Jews, and the soldiers that killed reason to suppose they are, for they Christ: all which is clear to a demon- have certainly all the appearance of it; stration from the words of Solomon, nor is it easy to conceive, what other the wisest of men, who denominates plan could produce a similar effect. heathens dogs, and heretics lions; and By this alteration, the ladies are says, a living dog is better than a

now exposed nearly from the waist updead lion.”

wards; and they seem to enjoy themselves in this condition with a singular complacency and satisfaction. I must add, too, that when they cut such an

unblushing portion from the top of the A certain Nobleman in Portugal had dress, a corresponding part fell syma physician who was put into the pathetically from below; so that naked Inquisition, under suspicion of Juda- and pristine simplicity, inconsistent ism. Hearing this, he wrote to one of people that they are) seems now the the inquisitors, to inform him, that the order of the day. Doctor was a good Christian; and he This is the only fashion of any condesired that he might be set at liberty. siderable permanency, and I know not The inquisitors returned a polite an- what cause to assign for this singular swer, that they could not oblige his instance of fidelity; for, I imagine lordship, for the prisoner had been that the mere love of change was not tortured, and had confessed he was a the motive which induced them to Jew. The count was excessively | adopt it, as I find that whatever they

FEAR OF PUNISHMENT UNFRIENDLY

TO TRUTH.

517

Letter of a Mexican Chief

518

son.

adopt from the love of change, they as possible, and they now coerce and renounce as quickly for the same rea- restrict their bodies in such laced and

Whether it is owing to an adven- tight garments, as I have commonly titious infirmity of the shoulder, which seen their madmen confined in, to precannot support such a suspended vent mischief; so that, in coming out weight; or to an increase in the attrac- of a mad-house into the streets, a strantion of cohesion, which makes shoul- ger is at first induced to think, that der-straps unnecessary; or whether derangement has become epidemic, they have been prompted by an econo- and made a nation of victims. mic spirit, or an unusual climal warmth It were endless to recount the varihas recommended the change ; I am at ous and trifling matters in which their present at a loss to know, and I believe ingenuity contrives to make continued it is not assignable to any of these changes. The mode of cutting the causes ; for all the physicians agree, hair, the form of the beard, or the way in pronouncing the shoulder-blade to be of pairing the nails, each must receive as strong this century, as it was the its due and periodical alteration. The last; and the best philosophers declare, size, too, of the hat, the length of the that the attraction of cohesion has coat, the form of tying this, and of remained unaltered. Nor can it be buttoning that, every matter of similar imputed to economy, or an increase of importance, and every visible part of climal warmth ; for it is universally the dress, must be frequently newagreed, that prodigality and Northern modelled and altered.

At present, icebergs have advanced apace. Some their bodies are so coerced by the men, indeed have insinuated, that it tightness of their dress, and their heads is from a vain desire of displaying their so immoveable by means of neck colforms, and giving pleasure to the spec- lars, that a turn, or a local motion, is tators by the exhibition of their beau- effected with the utmost difficulty. ties; adding, that it is a religious Besides, owing to the same swathing maxim with them, not to put their and constricture, and a difficulty of candle under a bushel, as they figura- respiration, which is the consequence tively express it. But I imagine this of it, they cannot advance forward conjecture is quite erroneous. I know with any rapidity, or for any considerit has in general an effect quite con- able time; so that I understand music trary to that of giving pleasure; for stools, which revolve horizontally, are we are offended at their protruding on to be used in future for local, and acour attention, wbat concealment and celerators for progressive motion. modesty only can make an object of These alterations, as I have before love. Besides, the half of the females, hinted, must be adopted by the entire by their projecting bones and defective nation. The penalty of non-conforskin and make, are altogether unqua- mity is the most rigorous which the lified for such an exhibition; and these civil policy allows. It is not pecuonly excite our contempt by that excess niary, nor are the delinquents impriof vanity, which makes them conceive soned, or thrown into chains, or stripa charm to dwell there, where there ed: no, it is not corporeal; it is is the utmost impotency to give the inflicted on the feelings, and the passmallest pleasure.

sions are put to the torture. The But fickle as are the fair in this re- offender becomes the common topic for gion of caprice, the men, (I blush for scorn and detraction: the butt and the the fallen dignity of my sex,) the men mark for malice.

Were you to see are egregiously more culpable. That him enter into public, you would find part of the human creation, which, in every nose curl with disdain at his apour country, is addicted to noble pur- proach; every eye looking oblique consuits, and manly and becoming exer- tempt; every finger pointed at him, in cises, is here sunk into all the excesses derision; and every tongue aimed of softness and sensuality; of effemi- with calumny to wound. You would nate weakness and childish mutability. find every outward sense and inward As the dress of the men admits not of faculty conspiring to degrade him ; and that general variety in which the women reproach and contempt pursuing him are so happy, they are much more with the most irritated violence. Thus minute and finical in their alterations. do these people invert the natural orThe general design seems to be, to der of punishments. If a man take deviate from the rules of nature as far away another's property, and knock

him down, to compensate him for the to pray, &c. for all occupying civil staloss,—and sometimes, if he commit tions, that the advantage may remurder,—they send the offender out dound to ourselves, through the exerseven years to see the world, hoping, cise of such dispositions as hecessarily no doubt, that his travels will open attend supplication, prayer, &c. Hence and enlarge his mind with a certain a man of intercession for kings and noble knowledge, which will teach him magistrates will be a man of loyalty to disdain a base action, and make and subjection. him for the future a worthy and a loyal In the 3d verse, a motive is given subject. This is the punishment, or for supplication, prayer, &c. it being rather the reward, for robbery, and good and acceptable in the sight of God sometimes for murder. For adultery, our Saviour. That this is the meaning they impose a fine; but if the hair of is evident, from what is said in the the offender has not been legally cut, if 4th verse: for prayer must be good and the length of his coat is an inch below acceptable with God, when he himself the lawful standard, they persecute wills that for which we are exhorted to him with the most relentless severity; pray. If God does not will that all be for what wounds, my worthy Phraar, saved, it would have been absurd for: what wounds are so smarting, as those Paul to exhort Timothy to pray for all of the feelings; or what punishment men. In the 4th verse, Paul gives a so galling, as that inflicted by shame? glorious view of the character of God; Thus you see these people are induced which is a counterpart to John's deto commit the most heinous crimes, by scription, when he says,

“ God is love.” the hope of acquiring extensive know- Paul gives us in this place, as in many ledge; and obliged to engage in follies, others, the will of God for our motive, by the penalties annexed to a neglect and his conduct for our imitation. of them.

It may be objected, that if the word Let them then, my valued Phraar, let all be taken in an unlimited sense, then them commit those crimes, and engage all must be saved, for it is said, he in those follies, unheeded and unimi- " will have all men to be saved.” The tated : let them pursue, too, these passage may be rendered more literally trifling employments; let them follow thus : “ who willeth that all men be those arts, which, in our eyes, make saved.It still may be objected, that men contemptible, and degrade them if God willeth that all men be saved; beneath their destination. May we all men must be saved, else, God is not long remain uninfected by their refine- able to accomplish his will. Hence, ments : may we long continue in the the Universalists believe, that all exercise of those martial exploits, those shall be brought to heaven; and the heroic and manly pursuits, which mark Calvinists, that the word all is restrictthe wisdom, and degrade not the dig- ed to the number of the elect. The nity, of man: and may we never sink point then is, whether are we to receive into those trivial follies, and fantastic the declaration of the Word of God, arts, the result (as they say) of national (which, in numerous other places, rerefinement, but, in my mind, the symp- presents God's will as not being accomtom of human littleness, and national plished); or to be guided by a conjecand mental degradation.

tured law of the Divine nature. God willeth the salvation of men, not abso

lutely, but conditionally; for “whoREMARKS ON 1 Tim. ii. 1-6.

soever believeth shall be saved." Paul, in the first verse, exhorts Timo- In the 5th and 6th verses, Paul mainthy, and, through him, all Christians, tains his position, that God is not to supplicate, pray, intercede, and averse to the salvation of all men, begive thanks, for all men: not all ranks cause a Mediator between God and and degrees of men, as some say, for offending men, without limitation, has this is done in the second verse; but been appointed; and that this Mediator for all men individually, having a spe- exercises his functions in behalf of all

, cial regard for their souls, as is evi- because he gave himself a ransom for dent from verses 4th and 5th, in which all. the word salvation is connected with a Let us, with hearts of gratitude and knowledge of the truth, and the ransom praise, briefly review the subject. Christ has given.

1st. Prayer for all, producing a spirit In the second verse, we are exhorted of universal philanthropy, is enjoined,

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