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Rates of Insurance. L.pool.. Lond.
U. States of America 25 - 27
...... 30 33 East Indies
....... 63 63 Coast of Africa...... 42 12 Gibraltar
20 20 Mediterranean...... 30
30 France and Holland 15 9 786d15 Baltic
20 - 15 9 London
15 9 Ireland West Coast 15 9 15 9
East Coast.. 15 9 15 9
Average Prices of | Number of Bank
Sugar. Gazelte. rupts in Gazette. 230 June 378.5d June 22... .....15 30th 39 31 - 26.. .... 24 6th July 43 34
9 13th 42 51 July 3....
. 19 20th 41
10.......... 29 Prices of Coal 13..........14
Ton of 22401b. 17..........16
COTTON: Pib Sea Isl.}
Prices of Bullion. Lond... L.pool.
76 6 New Dollars...
50 5 0 Silver, in Bars, Standard 5 2 5 2
WHOLESALE.-L.pool, July 21, 1819. TALLOW, yub. 8. d. 8. d.
Russia Y. Candle 67 0 a 68 0
0 70 0 Muscovado, dry brown 56 a 64 middling
OILS, Y tun, Olive.... £80 0 a 82 o 65 72
Seal...... 32 0 36 0 good
80 85 fine ......... 86
Cod ......36 0 S8 0 90
Greenland Whale....35 0 36 0
Palm.... 45 0 46 0
Linseed, ¥ gall... 38. 60. a 3s. 8d.
Rape ............ 3 0 4 0
Prices of Sundries at the following
places. GENEVA. 3 4 3 6
New York, 23d June. COFFEE, cwt.
$. S. FLOUR, Wheat, superf. brl, dol. 63 West India
Archangel, 12th June. ordinary
100 110 TALLOW, 150 rub. with dut, ? middling
and charges on bd. Yton, £53 17 o
..32 5 0 MAHOGANY, V foot, s. d. s. d.
LINSEED, 30 rubles..........46 6 0 Honduras 1 4 a 1 6
St. Petersburg, 22d June.
1 5 2 2
IRON, Old Sable ordinary to middling 19 2 2
.58 a 6
WHEAT. Bowed, Georgia.... 011 1 1
Exchange on London...... rub. 10 d
1 4 1 6 Marauham
1 3 1 4 SUNDRIES.- Liverpool, 21st July. Bahia ............. 1 34
HAY, old, 201b. ......os.100.a 1s.2d Domingo 011 1 1
0 7 o 10 Barbadoes
1 1 1 2
STRAW, Wheat, u 2015. 091 011 West Indies
1 0 1 12 POTATOES, new, 2110.1 4 16 Surat
06 0 10
FLOUR, best, 'sk. 240fb.52 0 55 DYE WOODS, V ton, £. s. £. s.
seconds........44 0 48 Barwood, Angola 7 0 8 0
FRESH BUTTER, 16oz... 150. a od.
Porto Rico.... 7 0 90 List of Vessels Arrived. Cleared
for sea. Logwood, Campeachy 7 0 7 10
tish Settlements in 60 54
East India and Africa 1 3
8 large solid..)
..133 TOBACCO, y lb.
Europe and all
80 Rappahanock ..
0 6 07 22 Kentucky ..... 03
06 ASHES, y cwt.
8. d. 8. d.
........53054 47468 1st, Pot, fresh, U. S. 39 0 a 40 0
Montreal ........36 0 390 American, 1st, Pearl 43 0 45 0
of British ManufacTAR, barrl.Stockholin 160 17 0 tures, from 22d
Archangel 17 0 18 0 Cotton Stuffs 226289 pcs.& 656663 yards.
13692 RICE, y cwt. American,
Worsted do... 20980
40s, a 43s.
144506 HIDES, lb. Buenos Ayres 6d. a 8d. Kerseymere.. 2655
619 West India 5 6 Carpeting....
24355 BRIMSTONE, y ton, £. s.
Blanketing.. 1005 pairs, 238767 rough
.24 0 a 25 0 Hose........ 19928 dozen pairs, SHUMAC, y cwt.
$. d. s. d.
Hardware, 11218.-Nails, 1140 cwts.
..20 0 a 22 0 Copper, 1739.-Glass, 2428 cwts. HEMP, ton,
£. 8. £. s. Bar and Bolt Iron, &ć.......1060 tons. Petersburg clean 45 0 a
Lead, 233.-Lead 'Ore, 31 tons. Riga Rhine ......490
779 bxs. FLAX, ton, £. s. £. s. Earthenware.
.3653crates St. Petersburg 12-head 750 a
958 cwts HOPS, in bys. Kent, new 6 0 6 10 White Salt to Foreign Parts 17059 tons. Sussex .. 5 0 6 0
414 In pockets, Kent.. 5 15 7 0 Rock Salt to Foreign Parts 2140 Sussex 5 5 6 15
2198 PINE TIMBER,Y cub ft. s. d. s. d. Coals to Foreign Parts ....
989 chal. American 19 al 11
21 01 Baitic
2 4 2 6 SALT PETRE, y cwt. 30 0 34 0 GRAIN,
s. d. s. d.
Liverpool Imports, from the 22d June Barley, Engl ¥' 60lb. 4 6 a 60
to the 21st July. Irish & Foreign 4 0 5 3 Sugar, B.P. 7075 hhds.--1281 tces.Beans, Engl. qr...44 0 45 0 462 bris.-192 boxes. -Foreign, 952 foreign ....40 0 50
0 boxes.- 494 cases.--71 brls.-13cks. Flour, ¥ barrel,
Coffee, B.P.553 cks.-121 tces.--70 bris.
-3022 bags.--Foreign,781 hhds.--187
csks.-264 tces.—178 bris.-9095 ba.s. Oats, Engl. 451b. 3 6 4 Cotton, W. India, 39 bags.--1256 bales. Irish & Foreign 3 2 3 9
- American, 1966 bags.--22755 bales. Wheat, Engl. y 7015.10 9 11 9 -- Brazils, $215 bags.-460 bales.Irish........10 4 10 8
411 serons. Dantzig ..., 10 6 11 Corn, Wheat, 10441.--Barley, 1006.PROVISIONS.
8. d. 8. d. Oats, 8621.--Beans, 1477.-Rye, 24. Beef new, y tierce 90 oa 105
-Malt, 5078 qrs. barrel 60 65 Rum, 913 punch.-81 bhds.Wine, Butter, y cwt.
Government Stock, scene...3621
Exports June to 21st July,
5ų cent......9615 Grand Canal, 4 pcent.. 6 cent.
76 AMERICAN FUNDS.- July 19. 3' Cents
.60 New 6 ° Cents
98 (The above with Div. from 1st July.) U.S. Bank Shares...
.95 LIVERPOOL DOCKS. 103 for 100, July 4, at 5 cent, interest, payable in Lond. or L. pool half yearly.
COTTON TWIST - Manchester,
July 20. Mule, 1st quality, No. 40. 28. 4d. a os.od 2d quality, No.40. 1 10
47 9 Beans. Peas.
47 11 Leghorn, 491. Genoa,
49 1 25 8 4, 50. Naples, 40. Palermo,
39 9 Wheat., Rye. barley. Vats.
Ports closed for Wheat, Rye, and Beans
Course of Exchange, in London, July 20.
effect: Barcelona, 35 GIO' Malta. 2. La effect. Cadiz, 37.
287 hhds.--173 pipes.--46 cks.-97bts.
90 Cork dry 3rds. new
Tobacco, 863 hhds.--33 bales. pickled new 2nds. 98
Rice, 57 casks,-696 tces.-115 brls. Belfast dry new......104
Flour, 4600 bris.Butter, 12751 firkins, Newry do.... ..104
282 kegs, &c.- Fustic, 295 tons. Pork, Irish, pbrl. 80 90 0 Logwood, 334 tons.--Tar, 4208 brls.
July.. 10th3d 17th 118.
O 0 O
PRINTED BY H. FISHER, LIVERPOOL, PRINTER IN ORDINARY TO HIS MAJESTY.
OR, COMPENDIUM OF RELIGIOUS, MORAL, & PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE.
THE VALUE OF A BOOK IS TO BE ESTIMATED BY ITS USE."
dreds, once took shelter from the atJOURNAL OF A VOYAGE TO THE
tack of a M‘Leod, of Skye ; who had HEBRIDES.
invaded the island in revenge for some [Continued from col. 407.]
insult offered to his men. So well was Tuesday, July 5th. — Early in the their retreat concealed, that the chiefmorning we left Tober Morey, with tain, after remaining in search for a little wind, and a misty rain, which considerable time, was about to quit entirely concealed the neighbouring the island, when unfortunately one of lands. At eight, however, it began to the party, leaving his asylum, ascendclear up, and gave us a view of the ed the bill to watch the motions of the rocky extremity of Ardnamurchan, (or enemy. He was perceived from the the height of the boisterous sea,) finely boats, and traced to the cave by the varied, broken, and indented. A cas- snow which had recently fallen. The cade poured down the opposite side of inhuman barbarian immediately causthe Mull, while the entrance of the ed a fire to be made at its mouth, and sound we had left was obscured hy by this means stifled the whole party. mists and clouds; amongst which might Their skeletons, we were informed, are be faintly traced the outlines of the yet to be seen, lying in the positions nearer mountains. The effect was which they had taken to elude the grand; it gave the idea of an unknown noxious fumes. unexplored region, and left the imagi- The island of Rum is extremely nation at full liberty to indulge itself mountainous, and apparently barren; in romantic speculation on the objects its coast bold and craggy, and affordwhich lay concealed in the gloom. ing only a single harbour on the eastern Two vessels, just emerging, consider- side. It had, however, variety sufably tended to heighten the effect. ficient to make it in some degree an
Before us, stretched the low island interesting object. of Col; and, on our right, soon ap- Towards evening the wind increased peared the flat-topped Canna, the steep to a gale, and became still more concoasts of the islands of Rum and Egg, trary ; the night was spent in fruitless the small island of Muck, and, beyond efforts to beat against it and the heavy all, the mountains of Skye, magnifi- swell of the Western Ocean. The latcently arrayed in clouds.
ter had tossed us during the whole day, We had intended to sail for Icolm- long before the gale arrived; a circuinkill, but the wind being unfavourable, stance, it seems, not infrequent.
stood away for Canna: it soon, At o'clock of the morning of the however, changed to the northward, 6th, we were compelled to bear away and compelled us to beat against it for before it, under a double-reefed mainthe remainder of the day.
sail; and about four, we once more The island of Egg, which, from our came to anchor in Tober Morey bay, numerous tacks, we had sufficient op- | having spent near twenty-four hours in portunity of observing, has a singular our successless attempt. appearance: the summit is crowned Here many of the vessels which had with a range of upright rocks, which, sailed at the same time, again joined us, at a distance, give it the effect of an The weather continued wet and temimmense fortification. This extends pestuous during the day: we, however, the whole length of the island, and at went on shore, and, from one of the the south end appears to overhang its hills, obtained a view of part of the base.
interior of the island, which in general On this island is a cave, large with displayed only a mixture of heath and in, but the entrance so small, as scarcely pasture, that afforded no pleasing vato admit a person on his hands and riety; where the cottages were thinly knees; in which the inhabitants of this scattered, and where everything island, to the amount of some hun- seemed to express that degree of No. 6.-VOL. I.
penury and want, which is the lot of Mr. M'Lean, on the opposite side of its inhabitants.
the Morvern, and experienced all that We could not, however, help admir- kindness and attention which so pecuing the efforts of a Highland Society; liarly distinguishes the inhabitants of an institution which seems to deserve the Highlands. our highest eulogium, though, from Friday, 8th.-In the morning, the various causes, which probably may weather being still unfavourable, we subside in the course of a few years, went to see the remains of another of their endeavours do not seem to have those numerous forts, which tradition been crowned with that success which has attributed to the Danes. It is they so greatly merit.
situated on a rocky eminence, partly A new road from the town to the precipitous, and partly approachable interior parts of the island was form- by a peat moss, over which a causeway ing, and the advantages arising from of oak had formerly been made: the it will doubtless soon be felt. It is the remains of it were discovered a few first and greatest step towards the im- years since, buried about six feet beprovement of a country: the inter- neath the present surface. course of the inhabitants is promoted The contrary winds had formed a thereby; the superfluities become ob- little fleet in the harbour, which, like jects of barter, and the first rude limits ourselves, were awaiting their change. of commerce are drawn. The Romans On board one of these, we had the were well acquainted with the advan- pleasure of meeting with Mr. Cametages of a ready communication; and ron, of Fassefern, and his family, their first care, in a newly-acquired whose society did away with every country, was directed to the formation particle of regret for our detention. of roads. Nor do we want a proof of Captain Campbell, late of the 42d their great utility in modern times; Regiment, accompanied them; and since the military roads, through the from this gentleman I learned several Highlands of Scotland, may be con- particulars relative to the authenticity sidered as the primary cause of that of the Poems of Ossian. His thodegree of order and civilization which rough knowledge of the Gaelic, not now generally prevails.
only gave him frequent opportunities Thursday, 7th. —The wind still con- of hearing them in their native purity, tinuing strong and contrary, induced but also of judging of the comparative us to land in the morning, with a view merit of the translation. He informed of examining a cascade, which fell us, that in his youth he had frequently into the upper part of the bay. After attended at a kind of assembly, which a walk of some miles, we at length, met regularly for the purpose of recitwith great difficulty, arrived at it; ing these poems. I understand that passing, for a considerable time, this gentleman has himself published through a trackless underwood, over something on this head, in a work enrocks and swampy ground. The upper titled “ Travels in America, in the fall, however, repaid us for the trou- year 1791." ble we had taken. Though small in Saturday, 9th.—A favourable wind comparison with others in the High- coming on in the morning, our little lands, it was yet sufficient to form a fleet was soon dispersed. Most of the grand scene; tumbling, at one noble vessels sailed carly, but it was ten gush, upon a broken rocky mass of o'clock when we weighed anchor. fragments, which had been torn from After beating round the point of Ardthe heights above; and finely adorned namurchan, we stood away for the with the trees and shrubs which clothed sound of Hyle Rhea, between Isle of the base, and fringed the sides and Skye and the main. summit of the precipitous rock.
As we proceed, the back of ArdnaAt a little distance further, we found murchan opens upon us, agrecably vaa small lake; seeming, from the diffi- ried in its outline, but composed entirely culty of the approach, to be entirely of a mass of rugged and wild rocks, sequestered: the surrounding sides on which the sea, even in the too calm were thickly covered with wood, and state in which we saw it, breaks with the upper end was terminated by an considerable violence. In a hard gale abrupt mass of rocks, something simi- from the westward, a dreadful surf lar to those at the fall.
breaks on these craggy precipices, In the afternoon, we made a visit to (from whence it derives its name); and
502 the dangers of the rocks of Ardnamur-' Near this place, in the rebellion of chan, are ranked by mariners with the 1715, part of the crew of an English turbulent seas of the Mulls of Gallo- frigate landed, with a view of destroyway and Cantyre.
ing the house of M‘Donald, Lord of Further on, we open the entrance of the Isles. They had accomplished Loch Moydart, the place where the their purpose, and were returning, Pretender landed: à scene equally when a party of the natives, having barren with those in its neighbourhood, gained information of the injury done and such as seemed calculated to in- to their chieftain, intercepted their spire only ideas of disappointment and retreat, and slew them all to a man; despair, and to have prepared him for their unburied bones were seen, within the catastrophe that awaited him. these few years, near the sea coast.
By the evening, we were opposite to About a mile from Armisdale stands the southern point of Egg; in that the small kirk of Slate, which contains most disagreeable state at sea, a per- a mural monument to the memory of fect calm, and a long swell.
the late Sir James Macdonald, who The mountains of Cullen, or Cuchul- died at Rome in the year 1766. lin, in Skye, now appeared extremely The epitaph, elegantly expressive of beautiful, and were finely illuminated the amiable qualities of this excellent by the splendour of the setting sun, young man, was written by Lord Lytwhich blended with a sweet delicacy tleton. In him, his country lost a its roseate hues with the purple tints warm and an active friend; all his of the hills, while a rich gleam rested views and schemes were directed to its on the rocks of Moydart, and some welfare and prosperity ; but death cultivated land in the vicinity, and was closed his prospects and the hopes of forcibly contrasted by the dark grey his friends at an early age. His mesummits of the mountains above, which mory is yet cherished, and his loss were never wholly enveloped in the regretted, with the sincerest affection. shade of mists and clouds. The ro- Proceeding further, we passed the mantic isles of Rum and Egg, and the ruins of the castle of Knock, seated on more distant and comparatively low a rocky knoll, which the sea has nearly island of Canna, completed a scene undermined; its situation and extent uncommonly magnificent.
has, no doubt, heretofore rendered it Sunday, 10th.--A faint but contrary an object of respectability. breeze sprung up on the preceding On the opposite coast, we were much evening, which compelled us to beat pleased with the view of Loch Hourne, up the channel during the night. In the Lake of Hell, which now became the morning, we found ourselves within open and beautifully varied, from parsight of our last night's station, abreast tial gleams and flying clouds, which of a low flat part of Skye, the district sometimes fully illuminated some bold of Slate, which forms the southern rocky mountain with all the beauty of extremity of the island.
local colouring, and involved the rest On the shore of Inverness, (the op- in a fine blue obscurity, with which posite side,) soon appeared the en- some light fleecy clouds were delicately trance of Loch Nevish, surrounded by blending. a pleasing group of hills, which, from The sides of this loch are extremely mists and rain, continued but a short abrupt, and their appearance wild; time visible. Loch Nevish, signifies the small traces of vegetation appear at Lake of Heaven; but from what cir- the bottom, which soon die away into cumstance it has derived so sublime a the sterile soil: the grandeur of its name is uncertain; probably, as the parts, however, aided by the perpeneighbouring inlet is termed the Lake tually varying light and shade, in some of Hell, this might, for the sake of oppo- measure compensated for every other sition, have obtained its present name. deficiency. During our walk, we stop
When abreast of Armisdale, we left ped at the cottage of a Highlander: it the vessel, to walk along the coast of was built, like most we saw on this Skye. The country on this side ap- side of the island, of sods, with a peared hilly, though capable of afford- small lateral opening, which served ing pasture. It was in general tame the double purpose of admitting light, and uniform, and formed a striking and giving vent to the smoke. A peat contrast with the wild boldness of the fire blazed in the centre, the condensed opposite shore.
vapour of which so completely filled
HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY.
the place, that it was some moments were instantly in arms against an opinafter our entrance ere the pupils of ion so bostile to their prejudices; and our eyes became sufficiently dilated to Philolaus was obliged to fly from Italy penetrate the obscurity.
for that protection which the laws of We found the family indolently re- his country denied him. The most disclining round the fire; a frugal meal of tinguishing tenet of the Pythagorean potatoes was preparing, which, with school, was the diurnal revolution of milk, and sometimes the diversity of the Earth, and its annual motion round limpits, whose shells were heaped the Sun; which they supposed to ocround the entrance, seems to form their cupy the centre of the planetary system. chief food. In short, every thing borc Astronomy owes but little to the phithe aspect of poverty in the extreme, losophers of the Academic sect, and but it was pleasingly blended with yet less to the Peripatetics. Plato, looks of cheerfulness, and a dispo- the founder of the former, is said, by sition to give, even of the little they Theon, of Smyrna, to have been the possessed.
inventor of epicycles, and to have At six in the evening we arrived at embraced that system which is now Loch Indaal, and found our vessel at usually ascribed to Ptolemy. Arisanchor. This harbour is formed by the totle followed him in this respect. isle of Ornsey and the coast of Skye, Aristotle, possessed of a treasure and is immediately opposite to Loch in practical Astronomy, which was Hourne.
probably inestimable, was neither ac[To be continued.]
quainted with the use of it himself, nor knew so much of its value as to induce him to use the necessary means
for its preservation to those who [Continued from col. 418.]
might. How much is it to be lamentThe brightness of the milky-way, he ed, that the Babylonic observations (Pythagoras) ascribed to the effect of did not fall into the hands of his cona great number of small stars, which temporary Eudoxus, instead of his ! are situated in that part of the heavens; Eudoxus, a Cnidian, was a scholar and he supposed the distances of the of Plato, and contemporary with ArisMoon and Planets from the Earth, to totle, though considerably older: he is be in certain harmonic proportions to called by Cicero, “the Prince of Asone another. He is said to have ex- tronomers.” He was the first who hibited the oblique course of the Sun applied geometry to the heavens. He in the ecliptic, and the position of the flourished about 360 years before the tropical circles, by means of an arti- birth of Christ. ficial sphere. He was the first who In the earlier part of his life he tratanght, that the planet Venus is both velled into Egypt, being recommended the evening and morning star; which to Nectanebo, king of Egypt, by Argesometimes rises before, and at others silaus, and by him to the priests, with sets after, the Sun; as we are informed whom he conversed for a considerable by Pliny, Nat. Hist. b. i. c. 8. where he time, and learned from them many writes thus:—“ Below the Sun there is things relating to Astronomy. After a beautiful star, called Venus, who he returned from Egypt, he taught performs her period, wandering some- Astronomy in Asia, in Italy, and other times this way, and sometimes that : parts; and had many scholars. He while she precedes the morning, and particularly insisted on the necessity rises before the Sun, she takes the of making astronomical observations ; name of Lucifer; on the other hand, and taught the manner of making them. when she shines in the West, prolong- He corrected the Grecian year, according, as it were, the day-light, she is ing to the precepts which he had recalled Vesper. These particulars re- ceived from the Egyptian priests, addlating to this star were first found out ing, as Pliny informs us, six hours to by Pythagoras, of Samos, about the the solar year of 365 days. According 420 Olympiad."
to Seneca, he brought the hypotheses The true system of the universe, of the motions of the five Planets, out which Pythagoras had taught in pri- of Egypt into Greece. Archimides vate, was publicly maintained by his observes, that Eudoxus believed the disciple Philolaus, who flourished Sun's diameter to be nine times as about the year 450, A. C. The people much as the Moon's. Hipparchus, in