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465
Hughes's Horæ Britannicæ.

466. evince, to elucidate the various doc- that inquiry with the more general histrines which many terms import. To tory of the British nations, something such as these, we have no doubt that of that kind was drawn up, by way of this work will be found highly service- introduction, which was afterwards able; especially if they have no other considerably enlarged.” books of reference that are more am- The work in its present form, as it plified in their details.

appears before the public, is divided To critical discriminations the author into three departments; and although makes no pretensions; and the price each of these may, in some respects, of his book plainly shews, that profit be considered distinct and separate, was not his primary aim. His lan- yet each Part seems necessary, to form guage is plain and unadorned; equally a complete view of our national antiremoved from pedantry and meanness, quities. Thus, in pursuing the history but calculated to communicate the of the British churches, under the ideas which he aims to impress upon Roman government, it is desirable to the reader's mind. We therefore con- be made acquainted with the situation cur with him in opinion, that “the of the different tribes, and their superwork will be found very useful to all stitions ; their laws, customs, and lanthose who undertake the education of guage, previous to the Roman conquest the rising generation in the national, of the island; and to trace the remote parochial

, or Sunday schools, where origin of the primordial Britons, and the children are taught to read only the period of the first population of the Word of God. It is likewise well the Queen of Isles. These topics are adapted for the use of young persons attended to in the first and second in general, as it will give them clear Parts, making up the first volume. notions of the most important doc- In the second volume, both the natrines of the Christian religion, and of tional and religious history of ancient their duty towards God, towards their Britain are treated of, from the first neighbour, and towards themselves.” establishment of the Roman Govern

ment, until the final settlement of the

Saxons in this country. Our accounts Analysis and Review of a recent publi- as to the first introduction of the Goscation, entitled " Hore Britannica, pel into this island are investigated; or Studies in Ancient British History, its progress is then traced throughout containing various Disquisitions on the the ages which succeeded. The rise National and Religious Antiquities of and spread of Pelagianism are treated Great Britain.". London, 1918-19, of; and the history of Pelagius, who 2 vols. 8vo. Blanchard, Ogles, Hat

was a Cambro-Briton, is given from chard, fc.

the best authorities. The wars beThe design of the present volumes is tween the Britons and Saxons, and to supply the desideratum of a com- | the consequent distress; the coming pendious work on the historical anti-over of Augustine from Rome to evanquities of our native Isle. In the pre- gelize the heathen English, and the sent age, when Britain maintains so result of his labours, in conjunction conspicuous a station in the world, it with his disciples; with an account of is of some interest to the curious, to the Culdees of Iona, and their exerlook back and trace the state of the tions in Northumberland ;—these form primary population, the customs, pur- the concluding topics of the second suits, and various superstitions, of our volume. ancestors previous to the Christian era; An Appendix is given to each as well as the circumstances attending volume.

That of the first is upon the first introduction and consequent the following articles :—The worship progress of Christianity among the of Rocks and rude Stone Monuments, Britons.

with reference to some remarkable In the preface to the first volume, it Cromlechs. 2. Sacred Caverns and is observed, that, “ when the first Grottos. 3,4. Thoughts on Language. draught of the work was sketched out, 5. The Origin of Letters. 6. Thoughts the design was merely to afford a sum- on Ossian. 7. Taliesin. mary view of the history of religion The Appendix of the second volume among the ancient inhabitants of Great relates to,--1. The Antiquities of St. Britain; but as this could not be done Alban's. 2. Glastonbury. 3. Caerwith satisfaction, without connecting | leon. 4. Lantwit, in "Glamorgan. 5 No. 5.--VOL.I.

2 H

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The Cornish Cathedral. 6. Whithern. | Rev. Mr. Kidd, Rev. G. D. Mudie, and
7. The Easter Controversy. 8. Splen- Mr. Alderman Wood.
dour of the Saxon Churches. 9. The The Report began by stating, that
Last Days of Venerable Bede. 10. the Committee were happy that the
The Welsh and Breton languages. past year had furnished them with so

The disquisitions on the state of many opportunities of extending the Britain, the manners and super- sphere of their exertions, and of colstitions of our ancestors, and the pe- lecting so much information upon the culiarities of the Druids and Bards, subject. They noticed, first, the state are interesting to those who have any of education abroad. From France, taste for studies of this nature ; but their Committee have for two years the second volume, on the Antiquities received the most pleasing informaof the British Churches, promises to tion; the great work of instruction have a fairer claim on the especial still continues to go forward, and its attention of the religious public. The salutary effects are already manifest. Author has observed in his preface, About 1200 children are now educatthat—“ While the present age is so ing on the new system, and the Minislaudably engaged in zealous exertions ter of the Interior has signified his to diffuse Christianity among the Hea- intention of extending its benefit to then, and in particular among the wor- all the corps under his direction; the shippers of Brahma and Budhu; the Committee sincerely rejoice in the cohistory of the first introduction and operation of the French Society, and consequent progress of our divine cordially adopt the language of the religion among our once heathen an- French minister, who says, " that the cestors, cannot fail to prove highly union of zeaļous persons of the two interesting. The Gospel travelled of nations may produce the most beneold from Asia to the West of Europe: ficial results, and tend to extinguish and as, from the Isles of Western that rivalship which has led to the Europe, it has shone with bright beams shedding of so much human blood.” on the Transatlantic world; so, now, From Spain, the Committee have heard the sons of Britain are conveying it that the School founded in the preceding back to Asia, and, in particular, to year at Madrid still continues, though continental and insular India.”-On they regret that no measures have yet this work, it is our intention to publish been taken to propagate the system a critique in a future number.

through the country. From Russia, the Committee had reason to expect encouraging success, and they have not been disappointed. His Imperial

Majesty still continues to spread On the 15th of May, 1819, the thir- schools through his vast dominions, and teenth anniversary of this society was a large school was opened last year at held at Freemasons' Hall, London; the Petersburgh, under his immediate auDuke of Kent in the chair. His Royal spices. At Florence, a School Society Highness, on this occasion, was sup- has been established under the patronported by his Serene Highness the age of the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Prince of Hesse Philipstall, and Prince Mr. Allen, who has visited Sweden, Ernest, bis brother. The company Denmark, and Russia, has lost nó was large, and highly respectable; and opportunity of gaining information, so completely was the hall thronged, and suggesting means for the improvethat many were unable to gain admit- ment of schools in various parts: he tance. The principal speakers among speaks of the assistance afforded him the numerous gentlemen who attended, in the warmest terms; and he is now were the following :—His R. H. the gone to the southern part of the RusDuke of Kent, Mr. Foster, (who read sian empire. At Brussels, the Comthe Report,) Rev. Dr. Schwabe, Rev. mittee have corresponded with seveG. Hamilton, Right Hon. Lord Eb- ral persons of the highest authorington, Hon. and Rev. Gerard Noel, rity, and hope soon to have the Hon. G. Bennet, M. P., Rev. Charles pleasure of hearing of a school estaAnderson, W. Wilberforce, Esq. M.P., blished in that city. In North AmeRev. J. Townsend, G. Phillips, Esq. rica, the system spreads extensively. M. P., Mr. Sigismund Billing, (a mem- At New York, several schools have ber of the French Legion of Honour,) | been new-organized, and new schools

BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL

SOCIETY.

469

British & Foreign, and Hibernian, School Societies.

470

THE HIBERNIAN SOCIETY.

founded, in which 3,600 children are observed) his Serene Highness undertaught upon the British system. At stood the English language, he did not Philadelphia, a school has been open- think himself qualified to address that ed for 1,000 girls, beside several assembly; but begged that the Rev. schools in its vicinity, and Joseph Dr. Schwabe might be permitted to Lancaster has been appointed to super- address the meeting on his behalf. intend them. At Halifax and Nova In the support of this institution, Scotia, schools continue to prosper; the sums collected in various ways, and, at the latter place, Government during the preceding year, amounted has given a spot of ground to erect a to £2313. 3s. Bd.; and the total expenschool for children. But no accounts diture to £ 2330. 188. 4d. The speeches have been more gratifying than that delivered at this meeting displayed of the establishment of a School So- much animation, and no small degree ciety at Calcutta, in September last, of eloquence. An ardent wish to imwhich proposes the improvement of part instruction to every branch of the existing schools, the establishment of human family, and to exalt the chanew ones, and to select pupils of dis- racter of the rising generation, aptinguished talents from the different peared to enliven every bosom. In schools, to receive a superior educa- this sentiment, the Royal Personages tion, to qualify them to be interpreters present seemed most heartily to conto the Missionaries, and for other im- cur; and scarcely any thing could exportant services. At Bombay, there hibit a more pleasing scene, than the is also a School Society formed. At unanimity that prevailed. The lanSierra Leone, in Africa, the schools guage of the cottage, and that of the are in a very flourishing condition. A throne, in the support of these benevoreport has just been received from lent institutions, is the same; and the thence; there are eleven schools, and happy effects which may be expected, the number of children educated above baffle all calculation. 2000. Short accounts were also read from several other stations of a very pleasing nature. At home, the Committee notice, that during the past The friends of this institution met togeyear their increase has been greater ther on Friday the 14th of May, 1819, than at any former period; and that at the City of London Tavern, when the encouraging reports received from Charles Grant, sen. Esq. took the chair. every part of the country, leave no The object of this institution is, to disdoubt that the British system is ge- seminate religious knowledge among nerally approved; and the Commit- the Irish poor, by infusing into their tee have been actively engaged in minds the blessed truths of the Holy endeavouring to supply the demand Scriptures. for schoolmasters. Very satisfactory It appeared from the Report which accounts have been received from Ire- was read, that there are now in the land; and the last report from the Gae- sister kingdom, 430 schools, which lic schools affords the most encourag- contain 46,976 children. This includes, ing prospect. The Report concluded within the last year, an addition of 88 by stating, that were the present ne- schools, and 14,460 scholars. Of these cessity of enlarging the funds of this schools, 215 are under the superintendSociety rightly understood, there is ence of Protestant Clergymen, nine no doubt that the Committee would under that of Dissenting Ministers, be able to complete their work. But 34 under that of Catholic Priests, 118 at present, in London alone, there are under the care of some Noblemen and not fewer than 40,000 children that Gentlemen in their vicinity, nine under have not the advantage of Sunday that of Ladies, while others, from the School instruction; and from all parts peculiarity of their situation, are desof the country, applications are con- titute of regular visitors. tinually made for pecuniary assistance To the Catholic Clergymen who had for the establishment of schools. engaged in this work, the Report bore

When the Report was concluded, an honourable testimony, presuming the Royal Chairman introduced his that they had done it from the best illustrious relative, his Serene High- motives, and care had been taken to ness the Prince of Hesse Philipstall, give them no just ground of jealousy. to second the Report; but though (he | The object of the Society was to put

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the Bible into the hands of the children, been taught to read “Paine's Age of and to permit them finally to judge for Reason;" that they had been observed themselves.

going to school with this book in their To promote this work, they have hands, and when asked what they did printed during the last year 40,000 with it, they replied, “We read it at Spelling Books, and nearly 3000 Tes- school, and our fathers explain it to us taments. In addition to this, they when we return at night.” have received from the British and Mr. Hamilton also stated, that on Foreign Bible Society, the liberal do- one occasion he had been called upon nation of 1000 Bibles, and 2000 Tes- to visit a criminal, who had been a taments, in English ; besides 500 Tes- most daring robber, but who then lay taments in Irish, and 100 in the Celtic under sentence of death. Before Mr. character.

Hamilton arrived, a benevolent lady In Ireland, such is the estimation in had conveyed a Bible to the culprit ; which this Society is held, that one who, as soon as Mr. H. entered, thus gentleman, after having established addressed him, with glistening eyes two schools on his estate, put them and a trembling frame, “ Oh, Sir, had under its care, without burdening the I but known this book when a child, funds with any expense. But, not- / my life would have been safe, and I withstanding these donations, and this should not now have been here.”—By assistance, and although £ 800 had the statements thus given, in these been collected in various ways through- facts, and correspondent observations, out the kingdom, the institution was the assembly composing this meeting stated to be indebted to its treasurer, were so fully satisfied of the necessity S. Mills, Esq. the sum of £ 1342. 158.2d. of supporting this institution, that

At this meeting, the principal speak- about £ 150 were contributed by them ers, in addition to the Chairman, were in aid of its funds. the following:- The Right Hon. Lord Calthorpe, Rev. G. Hamilton, Rev. Mr. Matthias, W. Wilberforce, Esq.

CITY OF LONDON NATIONAL SCHOOLS. M. P., Rev. Mr. Wynn, Mr. Sandford, On Tuesday, May 15th, 1819, the Lord Hon. and Rev. Gerard Noel, Samuel Mayor, accompanied by the Lady MayMills, Esq. Mr. Hillyard, Rev. Henry oress and several others of the Lady Foster Burder, Rev. Mr. Richings, Patronesses, together with the Bishops W. Blair, Esq. Rev. Mr. Unrick, Mr. of London and St. Asaph, the Recorder, Trueman, and Mr. Thomas Stokes. Aldermen Scholey, Rothwell, Dom

In the various speeches delivered by ville, &c. entered the room, when an these gentlemen, the deplorable con- examination of the children took place. dition of the Irish peasantry was feel- The number of the children present ingly pointed out, and the necessity amounted to 1630. These, after an of imparting instruction to them, and appropriate hymn had been sung, and particularly to their children, enforced two monitors had repeated some prayin a masterly manner. To prove the ers in a singularly impressive manner, necessity of continued exertion, it was all left the room; and being arranged stated, that on some occasions the in classes, they again entered in reg Catholic Priests were endeavouring to lar order, to undergo an examination. counteraot their benevolent efforts. The points upon which they were “A poor boy,” said Mr. Burder, “had chiefly examined were, spelling, readreceived a Bible. The priest found it ing, numeration, an acquaintance out, and persuaded the mother to give with the Catechism, and their knowit up, under the threatening that he ledge of the Holy Scriptures. In all would curse her children.” The woman these, the readiness with which they was so terrified, that she complied gave their replies to the various queswith his demand, and the poor boy tions proposed, called forth the admiwas deprived of his only comfort. In ration of a vast concourse, who had this condition he applied for another, assembled on the occasion. The girls declaring that the priest should never exhibited a variety of plain and figurget this, as he had not been happy ed needle-work, which gave much since he had lost the former.

satisfaction. Having thus undergone It was also stated by Mr. Matthias, in succession the regular examination, that, prior to the Rebellion, it was a they were again introduced together, melancholy fact, that the children had I when, on a signal being given, prayers

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473

National School Society.-Moravian Missions.

474

ex

were devoutly said; after which the there were annually sent forth into the children arose, and sung, “ God save community about 60,000 persons, inthe king.'

structed according to the principles of The children being dismissed, and the Established Church. the Ladies having retired, a select During the last year, two natives of party of the Gentlemen sat down to the Ionian Isles had been received and dinner, his Lordship in the chair. instructed, who, after making themAdverting to the object of their meet- selves masters of the system, had ing, his Lordship, after pronouncing lately returned to their native country, a warm eulogium on its design, ten- for the purpose of carrying to their dency, and beneficial effects, pro- countrymen a knowledge of the princiceeded to state, that it was a great ples upon which these schools are consatisfaction to the promoters and sup- ducted. A school also upon an extenporters of this amiable institution, to sive scale, the Report stated, was find, that among the numerous cases about to be established at Quebec; and of juvenile depravity, which he, as an addition of two had been made to chief magistrate of the city, was daily the central school in Bombay. A plan witnessing, not one case had occurred also had been formed for extending in which the culprit had been educated the system to Hindostan, but this had in this school. It was a gratifying re- not yet been carried into effect. flection for them, to think that they The total expenditure during the were in some measure the cause of year, in grants to various branches, diminishing that lamentable depra- besides other disbursements, amountvity which had lately so predominated ed to £2768. But although the subamong our youth.

scriptions and donations considerably In the course of the evening, Oliver exceeded this sum, regret was Hatch, Esq. the treasurer, laid before pressed by the Committee, that the the company a statement of the funds, receipts were not equal to their deas also the donations which had been mands. The principal speakers on received since the last anniversary; this occasion were, his Grace the several of which were connected with | Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop some very distinguished names. Be- of London, and Mr. Justice Park. fore the company separated, their sub- The meeting was very numerously scriptions were again renewed, the attended, and many persons of disaggregate of which, amounting to tinction honoured it with their pre

714. 8s. far exceeded that of any sence; among whom, besides those preceding anniversary.

already mentioned, were the Bishops of Ely and Peterborough, Mr. Wilberforce, Lord Kenyon, Sir Robert Peel,

&c.; but nothing of importance ocOn the last Thursday in May, the an-curred to render it particularly intenual general meeting of the National resting. School Society, for the education of the Poor in the principles of the Church of England, was held at the central National School, Baldwin's

BRETHREN, Gardens, Gray's Inn Lane, London.

His Grace the Archbishop of Can- The people who are known by these terbury, took the chair about one common appellations, have long been o'clock'; immediately after which, Mr. distinguished in the religious world by Walmsley, the secretary, read the their unblemished lives, their domestic Report. From this Report it appear- virtues, their individual piety, their ed, that during the preceding year the sympathetic feelings towards their felnumber of new schools received into low-creatures, and their unremitting the Union was 228, and the number of exertions to carry the Gospel to all children about 20,000. The aggre- heathen nations throughout the world. gate of the persons now deriving in- As an ancient Protestant Episcopal struction under this establishment, Church, they have been fully recogwas not less 200,000; without taking nized by the British Legislature ; to all into the account 50,000 more, that did the Christian States in Europe they not belong to the Union. From the are well known; and their simplicity central school, and its various branches, and zeal have rarely failed to commanů

NATIONAL SCHOOL SOCIETY.

LONDON ASSOCIATION IN AID OF THE
UNITED

GENERALLY
CALLED THE MORAVIANS.

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