« ForrigeFortsæt »
to be well attested; nor has any doubt “ It is the fate,” says Dr. Johnson, been entertained of its authenticity by “ of those who toil at the lower employthe Lady's friends.
ments of life, to be rather driven by There can scarcely be any question, the fear of evil, than attracted by the that the man, who had concealed him- prospect of good; to be exposed to self behind the thorn fence, had a censure, without hope of praise; to be design to terrify the lady, and perhaps disgraced by miscarriage, or punished to rob, if not to murder, her. The for neglect, where success would have place was well adapted for his pur- been without applause, and diligence pose, as no dwelling was near the without reward. spot. It is also more than probable, Among these unhappy mortals is that the dog first began to grow sullen the writer of dictionaries; whom manwhen the man was perceived to be on kind have considered, not as the pupil, the other side of the fence, and that but as the slave of science, the pioneer they walked side by side until they of literature, doomed only to remove reached the aperture, where, with a rubbish and clear obstructions from knife in his hand, he was seized by the the paths through which Learning and courageous animal.
Genius press forward to conquest and Can the friendly interposition of this glory, without bestowing a smile on dog be accounted for on those princi- the humble drudge that facilitates their ples which we generally denominate progress. Every other author may instinctive? This is hard to be con- aspire to praise; the lexicographer ceived. The Lady, it seems, had no can only hope to escape reproach, and knowledge of the animal before. It even tắis negative recompense has came unsolicited, and accompanied been yet granted to very few.” – Preher in direct opposition to her efforts face to Dictionary. to drive it away: and after having as- In the prefatory parts of this work, sociated with her during the day, and we have the sounds and accents of letguarded her from danger when return- ters distinctly marked, as they stand ing in the evening, disappeared, to be in their varied combinations in the seen by her no more. These pheno- formation of words. A compendium mena must have arisen either from of Grammaris also introduced, accominstinct, or a particular providence; panied with a table, showing the faand we shall find more difficulty in mily compact between verbs, nouns, resolving all into the former, than in adnouns, and adverbs, and also the allowing the latter to be a branch of manner in which they have been dethe moral economy of God.
rived, and how, by their varied terminations, they constitute these distinct
parts of speech. . Nothing, however, Review.—The Youth's Spelling, Pro
is contained in this analysis, that apnouncing, and Explanatory, Theologi- mand either reprehension or praise.
pears of sufficient importance to decal Dictionary of the New Testament, &c. &c. 8vo. pp. 409. price 78. Long- of one syllable, arranged in alphabeti
The work itself begins with Verbs man, &c. London, 1818.
cal order, accompanied with their reThere is scarcely any department of spective definitions, and occasionally Literature, in which an author can with a short dissertation on the sense, employ his pen, where the hazard of which, in various parts of the sacred disgrace so far outweighs the proba- writings, they are intended to convey. bility of applause, as in the writing or From these, the author passes to verbs the compilation of a Dictionary. His of two, of three, and finally to those orthography, his accentuation, his of four syllables, defining and explaindefinitions, and, on some occasions, his ing each in a similar manner, and classification of terms, are destined to giving to some words, as he proceeds, undergo the rigours of critical exami- such an additional orthography, as nation. Should he escape censure on accords with the actual pronunciation one occasion, he can scarcely hope to of them. be equally successful on all; and it Having finished verbs, he next inrarely happens, that the errors of a troduces Nouns, preserving the same lexicographer can be so concealed as alphabetical arrangement and manner, to elude detection, or, when discover and comprising, in distinct classes, all ed, that they are treated with mercy, words from one to six syllables.
Adnouns or Adjectives follow nouns. ments of learning, every facility should These proceed in the same order, be- be afforded; but we have our fears, ginning with words of one syllable, that the repetition of the alphabet and ending with those of five.
twenty-four times, independently of the Adverbs are treated in a similar Index, which must compel the learner way; but of the other parts of speech, to turn to a distinct department of the no notice is taken in this arrange- book for every word of which he wishes ment.
to know the meaning, merely that he The preceding list is followed by may find how many syllables it consome fer
nouns, which terminate in tains, will not greatly accelerate his er, or, and ess.
These are accompa- progress. nied with about forty active participles, As a school Dictionary, however, in which are occasionally used as nouns. places where Religion and Morality After these, we have some additional are prominent branches of the learning verbs, which precede some additional that is taught, this book will not be nouns, that seem to have been pre- without its use. Many words are acviously forgotten; and, finally, the companied with their religious import, whole is accompanied with a very as well as their philological definitions ; copious index, referring to all the and no man who is pleased with the words which had been classified ac- judicious observations of the celebratcording to their parts of speech. These ed Cruden, will be offended at seeing are now arranged in a general alpha- his sentiments transcribed. The varibetical order. Such is the general ous senses in which the same word is outline of the work before us.
used in the sacred Scriptures, will be It is obvious, from these classifica- insensibly impressed upon the reader's tions and arrangements, that the author mind; and his acquaintance with the has spared no pains in preparing his inspired writings will increase by his work for publication; but whether the being so constantly referred to pasbenefit which his readers will probably sages in which these varied senses of derive from this branch of his labours, the same word distinctly occur. The may correspond with his industrious following examples will illustrate the application, may perhaps admit of truth of these remarks. some considerable doubts. We should Bless, (v.) to prosper, or make be exceedingly sorry to throw any happy; which, properly, is the act of obstacle in the way of an author, who God alone, the author and giver of has for his object the welfare of the ris- every temporal and spiritual blessing. ing generation; and particularly those “ God blesses, especially, by the who are indebted for their instruction rich provision which he has made in to the bounties of benevolence. We his glorious plan of redemption, to cannot, however, perceive the advan- recover man from the effects of the fall; tages which a Dictionary is likely to in the supplies of his grace, and by derive from this singular classification. the gifts of his Holy Spirit, whereby
“ The following Dictionary,” says man is enabled to serve him acceptably the author, “ being chiefly designed in this world, and to receive a meetfor the use of young persons, the words ness for that eternal inheritance in are arranged under their respective heaven, where he will be perfectly parts of speech, and classed in alpha- happy in the enjoyment of God for betical order, according to the number ever. of syllables, for the purpose of exer
“ This word is often used in an infecising the mind of the learner. After rior sense; and man is said to bless a little practice in ascertaining the God, when, with a grateful heart, he parts of speech, and distinguishing the praises him for benefits received, and number of syllables contained in any lives to his glory. He may be said to word, of which the explanation may bless his fellow-creatures, when he be required, the reference to the Dic- wishes them every good, and uses his tionary will become pleasant and easy. best endeavours to promote their hapTo such as may not be disposed to take piness.” that trouble, the Index at the end of Blow, (v.) blo, to move forcibly, the book will be found useful.”-Intro. or to be put in quick motion, as the
wind in a brisk gale, which moves To children, and adults like chil- freely and acts powerfully; its force dren, who are acquiring the first rudi- | being felt, and iij cifects evident,
the manner cannot be fully under- by observing his providences, and by stood: to which our Saviour has com- praying for his Spirit, to enlighten, pared that spiritual charge which is instruct, and guide the soul.” wrought in the soul of the believer by The specimens thus given can hardly the operation of God's Holy Spirit.” fail to serve two occasions; namely, to
“ BURN, (v.) to consume or destroy exhibit the author's manner of proby fire; to scorch with heat; to be in- ceeding in his work, and the pious disflamed with unlawful desires, 1 Cor. position by which he has been actuvii. 9; to be filled with a holy zeal for ated. Those who are not disposed to the glory of God, and the good of question his sincerity in the preceding others.”
examples, will not hesitate to give him Faith, (n.) fath, a dependence on credit for his motives, which, in the the credit of another for the truth of concluding paragraph of his Introducan assertion, or the performance of a tion, he thus states : promise. Hence a person is said to “ As it is the intention of the author keep his faith inviolate, when he per- to submit this work to the inspection forms the promise which another relied of the public, he hopes that it will be
Divine faith, is a firm assent of found useful to those well-disposed the mind to things, upon the authority persons, who are every where maniof Divine revelation. It is thus we festing a pious zeal to remove ignoare persuaded to believe all those rance, the parent of vice, from the truths relating to God, which he has minds of young persons, to impart revealed to us in the Scriptures. Jus- religious instruction, and to inculcate tifying or saving faith, is a saving good moral habits. And he trusts grace wrought in the soul by the Spirit that it will, in some measure, prove an of God, whereby we receive Christ as instrument in the hand of God to prohe is revealed in the Gospel, to be a mote his glory; by directing the attenProphet, Priest, and King ; trust in tion of youth to a more serious perusal him, and rely upon him and his righ- of the oracles of divine truth, and teousness alone, for justification and thereby diffuse more extensively relisalvation. This faith begets a sincere gious knowledge, make the principles obedience in life and conversation. of the Christian religion better underFaith which worketh by love, Gal. v. 6. stood, and its precepts more carefully is not an idle, inactive, inoperative practised. With this end in view, and grace; but shews itself by producing in to add a mite to that stock of knowus, love to God, and to our neighbour. ledge which forms the only sure basis It is put for the belief and profession of national virtue and individual hapof the Gospel; Rom. i. 8.”
piness, he offers up his ardent wishes, “ GRACE, (n.) favour, or mercy. and most fervent prayers, for a blessDivine grace, is the free and unde- ing upon his labours, to the Father of served love and favour of God, which Lights, from whom proceedeth every is the spring and source of all the be- good and perfect gift; to whom, the nefits which we receive from him, only wise God, our Saviour, be glory especially redemption through Jesus and majesty, dominion and power, Christ; Rom. xi. 6. Grace is taken for both now and ever. Amen,' a lively sense of this favour, or the “ Egleston.”
“ E. D." love and fear of God dwelling in the Who the author of this compilation heart; 2 Cor. i. 12: for the doctrine of is, we do not profess to know. It apthe Gospel, which proceeds from the pears before the world as an anonygrace of God; 1 Pet. v. 12.”
mous production, and the initials, &c. “ Will, (n.) that faculty of the soul, with which the introduction is conor operation of the mind, whereby a cluded, are insufficient to satisfy the man freely chooses or refuses things. demands of inquiring curiosity. But Scripturally, to will any thing is of neither the concealment nor the comnature; but to will what is good, is of munication of the author's name can grace ; Psal. cx. 3; John viii. 36, – either diminish the merit of his work, xv. 5; Phil. ii. 13. The will of God is or augment its excellence. It is pretaken for his absolute will, purpose, sented to the public as a Dictionary for or decree; Rom. ix. 19; Eph. i. 11 : Youth, to give directions in spelling for his laws and commandments; Matt. and pronouncing such words as frevii. 21; Rom. xii. 2. The will of God quently occur in the sacred writings; may be known by reading his word, and, as the specimens we have given
evince, to elucidate the various doc- that inquiry with the more general histrines which many terms import. To tory of the British nations, something such as these, we have no doubt that of that kind was drawn up, by way of this work will be found highly service- introduction, which was afterwards able; especially if they have no other considerably enlarged.” books of reference that are more am- The work in its present form, as it plified in their details.
appears before the public, is divided To critical discriminations the author | into three departments; and although makes no pretensions ; and the price each of these may, in some respects, of his book plainly shews, that profit be considered distinct and separate, was not his primary aim. His lan- yet each Part seems necessary, to form guage is plain and unadorned ; equally a complete view of our national antiremoved from pedantry and meanness, quities. Thus, in pursuing the history but calculated to communicate the of the British churches, under the ideas which he aims to impress upon Roman government, it is desirable to the reader's mind. We therefore con- be made acquainted with the situation cur with him in opinion, that “ the of the different tribes, and their superwork will be found very useful to all stitions; their laws, customs, and lanthose who undertake the education of guage, previous to the Roman conquest the rising generation in the national, of the island; and to trace the remote parochial, or Sunday schools, where origin of the primordial Britons, and the children are taught to read only the period of the first population of the Word of God. It is likewise well the Queen of Isles. These topics are adapted for the use of young persons attended to in the first and second in general, as it will give them clear Parts, making up the first volume. notions of the most important doc- In the second volume, both the natrines of the Christian religion, and of tional and religious history of ancient their duty towards God, towards their Britain are treated of, from the first neighbour, and towards themselves.” establishment of the Roman Govern
ment, until the final settlement of the
Saxons in this country. Our accounts Analysis and Review of a recent publi- as to the first introduction of the Goscation, entitled " Hora Britannica, pel into this island are investigated; or Studies in Ancient British History, its progress is then traced throughout containing various Disquisitions on the the ages which succeeded. The rise National and Religious Antiquities of and spread of Pelagianism are treated Great Britain.". London, 1918-19, of; and the history of Pelagius, who 2 vols. 8vo. Blanchard, Ogles, Hat
was a Cambro-Briton, is given from chard, &c.
the best authorities. The wars beThe design of the present volumes is tween the Britons and Saxons, and to supply the desideratum of a com- | the consequent distress; the coming pendious work on the historical anti-over of Augustine from Rome to evanquities of our native Isle. In the pre- gelize the heathen English, and the sent age, when Britain maintains so result of his labours, in conjunction conspicuous a station in the world, it with his disciples; with an account of is of some interest to the curious, to the Culdees of Iona, and their exerlook back and trace the state of the tions in Northumberland ;-these form primary population, the customs, pur- the concluding topics of the second suits, and various superstitions, of our volume. ancestors previous to the Christian era; An Appendix is given to each as well as the circumstances attending volume.
That of the first is upon the first introduction and consequent the following articles :—The worship progress of Christianity among the of Rocks and rude Stone Monuments, Britons,
with reference to some remarkable In the preface to the first volume, it Cromlechs. 2. Sacred Caverns and is observed, that, “ when the first Grottos. 3, 4. Thoughts on Language. draught of the work was sketched out, 5. The Origin of Letters. 6. Thoughts the design was merely to afford a sum- on Ossian. 7. Taliesin. mary view of the history of religion The Appendix of the second volume among the ancient inhabitants of Great relates to,-1. The Antiquities of St. Britain ; but as this could not be done Alban's. 2. Glastonbury. 3. Caerwith satisfaction, without connecting ! leon. 4. Lantwit, in "Glamorgan. 5. No. 5.--VOL. I.
The Cornish Cathedral. 6. Whithern. | Rev. Mr. Kidd, Rev. G. D. Mudie, and 7. The Easter Controversy. 8. Splen- Mr. Alderman Wood. dour of the Saxon Churches. 9. The The Report began by stating, that Last Days of Venerable Bede. 10. the Committee were happy that the The Welsh and Breton languages. past year had furnished them with so
The disquisitions on the state of many opportunities of extending the Britain, the manners and super- sphere of their exertions, and of colstitions of our ancestors, and the pe- lecting so much information upon the culiarities of the Druids and Bards, subject. They noticed, first, the state are interesting to those who have any of education abroad. From France, taste for studies of this nature ; but their Committee have for two years the second volume, on the Antiquities received the most pleasing informaof the British Churches, promises to tion; the great work of instruction have a fairer claim on the especial still continues to go forward, and its attention of the religious public. The salutary effects are already manifest. Author has observed in his preface, About 1200 children are now educatthat—" While the present age is so ing on the new system, and the Minislaudably engaged in zealous exertions ter of the Interior has signified his to diffuse Christianity among the Hea- intention of extending its benefit to then, and in particular among the wor- all the corps under his direction; the shippers of Brahma and Budhu; the Committee sincerely rejoice in the cohistory of the first introduction and operation of the French Society, and consequent progress of our divine cordially adopt the language of the religion among our once heathen an- French minister, who says, "" that the cestors, cannot fail to prove highly union of zeaļous persons of the two interesting. The Gospel travelled of nations may produce the most beneold from Asia to the West of Europe: ficial results, and tend to extinguish and as, from the Isles of Western that rivalship which has led to the Europe, it has shone with bright beams shedding of so much human blood.”on the Transatlantic world; so, now, | From Spain, the Committee have heard the sons of Britain are conveying it that the School founded in the preceding back to Asia, and, in particular, to year at Madrid still continues, though continental and insular India.”-On they regret that no measures have yet this work, it is our intention to publish been taken to propagate the system a critique in a future number.
through the country. From Russia, the Committee had reason to expect encouraging success, and they have not been disappointed. His Imperial
Majesty still continues to spread On the 15th of May, 1819, the thir- schools through his vast dominions, and teenth anniversary of this society was a large school was opened last year at held at Freemasons' Hall, London; the Petersburgh, under his immediate auDuke of Kent in the chair. His Royal spices. At Florence, a School Society Highness, on this occasion, was sup- has been established under the patronported by his Serene Highness the age of the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Prince of Hesse Philipstall, and Prince Mr. Allen, who has visited Sweden, Ernest, his brother. The company Denmark, and Russia, has lost no was large, and highly respectable; and opportunity of gaining information, so completely was the hall thronged, and suggesting means for the improvethat many were unable to gain admit- ment of schools in various parts: he tance. The principal speakers among speaks of the assistance afforded him the numerous gentlemen who attended, in the warmest terms; and he is now were the following :–His R. H. the gone to the southern part of the RusDuke of Kent, Mr. Foster, (who read sian empire. At Brussels, the Comthe Report,) Rev. Dr. Schwabe, Rev. mittee have corresponded with seveG. Hamilton, Right Hon. Lord Eb-ral persons of the highest authorington, Hon. and Rev. Gerard Noel, rity, and hope soon to have the Hon. G. Bennet, M. P., Rev. Charles pleasure of hearing of a school estaAnderson, W. Wilberforce, Esq. M.P., blished in that city. In North AmeRev. J. Townsend, G. Phillips, Esq. rica, the system spreads extensively. M. P., Mr. Sigismund Billing, (a mem- At New York, several schools have ber of the French Legion of Honour,) been new-organized, and new schools
BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL