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who took the chair; W. Wilberforce, At this meeting, it was stated by Esq. M. P. Lord Gambier, Rev. Lewis the Rev. Lewis Way, that “ Associa Way, Rev. Legh Richmond, Rey. J. tions are daily increasing in support Owen, Rev. D. Wilson, Rev. C. Si- of this society; and that in Ireland meon, and the Rev. W. Marsh. Christians seem to be peculiarly sen

It appears from the Report which sible of its importance. They have a was read, that, among the children Christian feeling for the benighted for whose instruction the society had Israelites; and are as anxious about made provision, the prospects of doing the soul of a Jew, as of a Gentile." good seemed favourable. In the boys' In this kingdom, also, the same beneschool, they had 42; and in the girls', volent disposition has been powerfully 38: eight boys and ten girls had been excited towards the Jews. This has admitted during the preceding year; been incontestably proved by the libeand four boys had been bound appren- ral contributions which have been tices to different trades. At Bethnal made in their behalf. And though Green, a school-room had been erected Israel be not gathered, yet we cannot for the boys; and £750 had been sub- doubt that such services, springing scribed towards the building of an- from Christian benevolence, are pleasother for the girls. It also appeared, ing and acceptable in the sight of God. that the New Testament, in Hebrew, To extend the influence of this benehad been stereotyped, and that 10,000 volent institution, and to excite an copies were now in the press ; that increased attention in a Christian pub1000 copies of the Hebrew Testament, lic to the condition of the Jews, the and several thousand tracts in German Rev. Mr. Simeon, of Cambridge, and and other languages, had, during the the Rev. W. Marsh, from Colchester, last year, been in circulation on the have lately visited Liverpool; and in Continent; and that the Rev. B. N. several churches in this town and its Solomon had been appointed to preach vicinity, so effectually have they pleadto his Polish brethren, under the speed the cause of these descendants of cial protection of the Emperor Alex- Abraham, as to call forth an affectionander. During the preceding year, ate feeling for this long neglected race. the collections, donations, and sub- On Thursday the 9th instant, a pubscriptions, amounted to £9,287. 158. 2d. lic meeting was held in the Musicand the disbursements to £9,910. 48. 9d. Hall, which was numerously and re

The Report being read, the children spectably attended. At this meeting, made their appearance, and afforded a variety of important and interesting much gratification to the auditors, by documents, respecting the Jews, was the neatness of their dress, the pro- produced. These related partially to priety of their behaviour, and the such as inhabit this country; but pleasing harmony of their voices, in principally to those who reside on the singing a hymn before they retired. Continent, which these gentlemen has

Alluding to the moral condition of lately visited, for the express purpose the Jews, and the difficulty of induc- of ascertaining the state of their moral ing them to believe the Gospel, Mr. character, and their prevailing dispoLegh Richmond made the following sitions towards the principles and docobservations.—“ If they are so dege-trines of the Gospel. nerate, our care should be the greater These documents, among other artifor their recovery, and it should act as cles, consisted of an Edict, which the a stimulus to our exertions. We have king of the Netherlands had lately seen what the ever-to-be-revered How- issued, to encourage and promote the ard has done by his perseverance; and literary, moral, and religious improvewhat that good woman, Mrs. Fry, is ment of the Jews, within his dominions. doing ; and her scholars are none of They also contained a Protocol, the most virtuous. The baser the cha- similar in its tendency and effect, signracter, the more her attention is ed by the representatives of all the drawn towards them. Trifles deter her Allied Sovereigns, lately assembled at not in the prosecution of her work; but Aix la Chapelle. These documents, she presses forward, and her efforts in conjunction with other communicahave been crowned with remarkable tions, which state, that a spirit of insuccess. Let us also persevere, and in quiry has lately been awakened among due season we shall see a glorious har- the Jews, furnished some pleasing prevest springing from our lahours.” sages of future good, and produced,

among the auditors, a full conviction, | denomination. In support of this inthat it is the duty of Christians to use stitution, no public collections are every effort for their moral and spiri- made. Its resources arise from annual tual advantage. Under these impres- contributions, of two pounds each, sions, the formation of a kindred asso- from established congregations in Engciation to that which had been esta- land; and one pound from the congreblished in London, was proposed, gations of Wales. entitled, “The Liverpool Auxiliary The liberal spirit and superior abiJews' Society;" which being approved, lity with which its proceedings have Vice-Admiral Murray was called to been conducted, have raised it to a the chair, when various resolutions considerable degree of respectability were moved and adopted. The asso- in the metropolis. And although the ciation thus formed unites itself with committee, when their annual meetthe London Society, for promoting ings are about to take place, do not Christianity among the Jews. To- announce it to the Public by adverwards its support, upwards of £170 tisements, the day is always known, have been already collected; and many and a vast concourse of people rarely highly respectable names were given fail to attend. It happened this year at the meeting, as annual subscribers. that the annual meeting of this associThe management of these institutions ation, and that of the British and Fois now wholly conducted by members reign School Society, took place on of the Establishment. But it is the the same day. This was a subject of earnest desire of the present managers, regret to many, who anxiously wished that Christians of every denomination to attend both; but it did not prevent will render all the assistance in their the ample room from being crowded, at power to so benevolent a cause. To an early hour, by persons of high rethese they make their appeal with the spectability, of considerable influence, greater confidence, since one primary and of extensive information. object which they have in view, is, the In 1817, the chair was filled by Alinstruction of Jewish children, and the derman Wood, then Lord Mayor of circulation of the Hebrew New Testa- London. In 1818, it was honoured by ment among them.

his Royal Highness the Duke of SusIn Manchester, also, through the sex; and, on this occasion, by Sir exertions of Mr. Simeon and Mr. James Mackintosh, M. P., a gentleMarsh, an interest has been excited, man distinguished for his superior tasimilar to that which has been awaken- lents, domestic virtues, and literary ed in Liverpool. A public meeting was attainments. At this meeting, the held in the Exchange Dining-room on speakers were not numerous; but the Monday the 14th instant, at which topics of discussion, and the abilities a vast concourse of people attended. with which they were introduced, forThe collections in that town amounted bade all who were present to complain to about £120; and so far as appear- that a greater variety was wanting to ances, evincing a sympathetic feeling, render the day more interesting: In can furnish any criterion, the spiritual addition to the eloquence of the Chairwolfare of the Jews is evidently gain- man, that of John Wilks, Esq. of ing interest among the inhabitants. Alderman Wood, of the Rev. Dr.

Bogue, and of the Rev. Mr. James, arPROTESTANT SOCIETY FOR THE PRO- drew from them such bursts of ap

rested the attention of all present, and

plause as are very rarely expressed on The anniversary meeting of this soci- such occasions. ety was held on May 15th, at the From the statement given by Mr. Albion Tavern, Aldersgate-street, Lon- Wilks, of domestic tyranny, of local don. The object of this association is, oppression, of illegal decisions, and to protect civil and religious liberty; of acts of injustice, the necessity of by preventing those laws which have this association was rendered most conbeen made by the Legislature of our spicuously apparent. The facts adcountry, from being infringed by legal duced had occurred in various parts of artifice or domestic oppression. In its the kingdom. In some of these, where principles it is not confined to any sect power had invaded the dominion of or party, but invites to a general union, right, the interference of the society Dissenters and Methodists of every had prevented the usurper from being


seated on the throne, by instructing | progression of high rents there is no the ignorant how to proceed in resist- check but the present. ing oppression, and by furnishing the 4th. The end of all this is, that as defenceless with the means of assert- the rents generally become higher, ing their legal rights.

the corn and cattle must be dearer; Of the speeches delivered at this and then the consumer must obtain meeting, the facts to which the speak- a higher value for his manufacture; ers adverted, the eloquence displayed, and when the alteration pervades all and the resolutions that were formed, classes, the landlord will discover, that an interesting account has been pub- his expenditure has increased in exact lished in a supplementary number of ratio with his rental; for the manufacthe Philanthropic Gazette, for May turer can have no pretensions to a 26th, 1819; to which paper the reader foreign market. is referred, for further information on But these are narrow and secondary this important and interesting subject. considerations, in the view, that Eng

lish power, wealth, and prosperity, ALTHOUGH we have devoted several are derived from her commercial interpages of this number to the Benevolent course with all the world. For though Institutions of our country, we find it the landlord who raises his rent, can impossible to notice all with which it is purchase the manufacture which he honoured, even in the compendious has forced up to a comparative price, way which we have adopted. The the landlord of another country has churches of the Moravian Brethren in no such inducement, and the foreign particular, in connection with several middle ranks still less, and they will other important establishments that cease to purchase British manufacture, cannot fail to prove interesting to every from the necessity of the case. This friend of humanity and virtue, have consequence once firmly in position, an imperious claim upon our atten- British power, wealth, and prosperity, tion. Of these, we hope to give a suc- are sacrificed to that idiotism of Bricinct account in our ensuing number. tish landlords, which produces them

no good, and can only have the colour of a plausible temptation, by the sup

position of a selfish being, that the bad Several petitions lie on the table of consequences of it will not be so much the House of Commons, from agricul- visited upon himself, as upon the setural districts, praying, that, as the cond and third generations. empire is sufficient to produce corn for On the other hand, the cry of “ No its own population, a law to prohibit Corn Bill,” would produce the bankthe importation of Foreign Corn may ruptcy of all those farmers whose landbe enacted. Supposing, for a moment, lords would not reduce the rent of their that the prayer of these petitions were leases; and after the ruin of many granted, it may be useful to consider, families, this revolution might probably what are the probable consequences. in another generation, place the Bri

1st. The average quantity of corn tish manufacturer in a more advantahitherto imported, must be grown geous position with the foreign, so as, upon land in the empire, which was on a general view, to compensate the heretofore depastured.

country for her temporary suffering; 2d. The quantity of pasture being and even the farmer's expenditure, in less, the animal food must be dearer, the purchase of manufactures, would and placed out of the reach of a nearly balance, in advantages, the regreater proportion of the people than duction of his corn. hitherto.

The peace has produced a partial 3d. The price of corn having no revolution of this sort, notwithstandcheck but the rivalship of sellers, whose ing the present Corn Bill. To reduce lowest price arises only from the low- corn considerably at once, may be too ness of rent, and the pressure of sale great a shock; and to arrive at it altofrom necessity, the landlord obtains gether, even gradually, may be a an easy rivalship in bidders for the dubious advantage. If corn enter vacant farms, over the rents of neigh- England so cheap, as to make the bouring farms, in the proportion of the land not worth the labour of sowing new lease being longer than the par- for sale, like much of the land on tially-expired old leases; and to this Continent, industry will be paral


ease and idleness then succeeding, the 1 -The time when this happened, the population will increase, till the demon season of the year, and the probable of war tempts the young men to escape causes which have produced the from their peaceful ennui, by rushing change, are required ? into those iscenes of hardihood and 2. One of the Stephens' is said to death, in which the abounding popu- have put the New Testament into verses lation is consumed. The population while on a journey. What is meant of France, if more employed in com- by,“ on a journey?" By these verses, merce and colonies, would probably the sacred volume is undoubtedly more find a vent for their energies, less de- easy for reference; but, in many structive to the neighbouring nations, places, the sense has been materially than what they have for some centuries injured by this accommodation. I have called the “ love of glory.

an octavo Greek Testament, CamIt may be argued, that to have no bridge, 1632, which secures the referCorn Bill, might infallibly ruin Eng- ence, without injuring the sense. The land, unless public granaries were figures are placed in the margin, by always supplied with two years' corn. the side of the passages, while the But if the superior fertility of southern text remains unbroken. Is there any countries supplied corn, so as to occa- English edition printed in this mansion us to discontinue home-sowing ner? It might be an improvement to for sale, a war, which cut off this sup- retain the paragraphs into which the ply, would only revive English agri- sacred books are divided. culture so, as to produce a supply of 3. In a list of the late Dr. Burney's wheat towards the end of the second Works, is one, entitled, Appendix year, if there were a sufficient portion in Lexicon Græco-Latinum a Joan: of seed to spare from the granaries for Scapulâ, constructum a Burneio, Lond. that purpose, when the lands were 1789.” Will some one of your correrestored, by a due preparation, to re- spondents favour me with a plan of this ceive it.

work through the Imperial Magazine? The standard price of the Corn Bill, for opening the ports, should then be fixed so low, as to leave each noble

STEAM VESSEL FROM AMERICA. man and' landholder the rental they The Steam ship Savannah, Captain had about thirty years ago; affording Rogers, a essel of 350 tons, built the farmer a clear third-part of the upon the most beautiful model, arrivproduce of his land for himself, one ed at Liverpool on Sunday, 20th of third for his landlord, and one third June, 1819, from Sayannah. Her desfor tithe, taxes, labourers, and ex- tination is to St. Petersburg ; but, in penses. This price would be nearer consequence of her wanting fuel

, she 50 than 80 shillings; but if it were put in here. During the first 18 days fixed at 60s. by an amendment of the of her passage from Savannah, the present Act, great general advantage people on board made use of the steam must follow, and the independence of engine only, to propel the vessel. She England on foreign supply remain un- made land in 21 days. She is fitted shaken.

H. up with accommodations for 60 cabin

passengers. This steam-vessel, which is the first that ever crossed the Atlan

tic, was built at New York, for the SIR, June 10, 1819.

purpose of conveying passengers to

and from the old world. Prior to her By inserting the following queries, to undertaking this perilous voyage, a which I shall be exceedingly glad if trial was made from New York to Sasome of your ingenious correspond- vannah; and such was her expedition, ents will give replies, you will greatly that she went to Staten Harbour, and oblige your's, most respectfully, returned, in one hour and fifty mi

nutes. She is calculated to bear twenty 1. Every one must have noticed the inches of steam, and is said to excel weak vegetation of the Lime Tree. It every other vessel of this description is said, that, a few years since, they hitherto built. She is fitted out and were blasted throughout England in furnished in a most elegant manner. one night, and that they have never There are thirty-two state rooms. Her since recovered their primitive vigour. cabins are on an entire new plan; the




accommodation for the ladies being | as that in which they are about to enwholly distinct from those of the gen- gage. The making and the repairing tlemen. Captain Rogers, by whom of public roads, the levelling of hills, she is commanded, is considered as the draining of morasses, and the cul one of the first engineers in the United tivation of waste lands, would furnish States.

ample means of subsistence, if due

encouragement were given. EMIGRATION TO SOUTH AMERICA. A great number of volunteers, to the amount of nearly 300, are now in Li- Take half a pound of the heads of the verpool, ready to embark for South large white poppy, without any of the America, to join the Independents. seeds, the heads just ripe, and modeThey are waiting for orders of embark- rately dried; put them into three ation, and are to act under General quarts of boiling water; let them boil Devereux. With the exception of a gently till the liquor is reduced to one few non-commissioned officers, none quart; squeeze the poppies well in among them have uniforms. It is, a cloth, to drain out the liquor; boil however, presumed, that every thing the liquor again slowly, to one pint, is prepared, and that, as soon as they and strain it; then add to it a pint leave this harbour, they will appear in of white wine vinegar, and one pound their proper regimentals.

of raw sugar; let them boil gently In Ireland, on Saturday the 12th to the consistence of a syrup; then instant, upwards of 140 volunteered add thereto spirit or elixir of vitin Colonel Eyre's regiment, to serve riol, to make it gratefully acid. The in the same independent cause. These dose for adults is, one or two teamarched from Dublin to Warren Point, spoonsful, but never exceeding three, to prepare for embarkation. Their on going to bed. If the cough conuniform is green.

tinues violent, two more may be taken It is a melancholy consideration, the following morning. One dose that so many fine athletic men should sometimes cures, two generally, and be compelled thus to leave their coun- it is never necessary to employ it more try through want of employment, or than thrice. For young children, one that they should be placed in such a tea-spoonful is sufficient.—Many persituation as should tempt them to em- sons have been cured of coughs and bark on such a desperate adventure, colds by the above syrup.

COMMERCIAL RETROSPECT FOR JUNE, 1819. The Committee of Finance having now closed their labours, and the long-agitated question respecting the resumption of cash payments being now settled by Parliament, we had formed hopes, that our trade and commerce would have felt some of the beneficial effects resulting from the confidence which has already invigorated the public funds. As yet, such has not been the case: the manufacturing districts, have, in many instances, had great numbers of workmen partially or wholly thrown out of employ; and the depreciation of many staple articles has been greater than during any period of the late war. It is to be hoped, ihese disastrous circumstances may not long continue, and the unemployed workmen will find a subsistence in the labours of the harvest; against the close of which, we trust, a revival may take place, as, by the last accounts from the Continent, a considerable demand for colonial articles had arisen ; and when the interior of Germany begins to provide itself for the ensuing winter, we may reckon on a fartlier improvement in the demand for colonial produce and twist. This will eventually have a beneficial influence on our own manufactures ; and it is worthy of remark, that the quantity of cotton taken weekly out of our market, has been as great as usual : the quantity on hand is now 180,000 bales, of which 70,000 are East Indian. Prices are fully Zd. per Ib. lower than in the preceding month. Sugars are also a shade lower : this remark will equally apply to every article of colonial produce. The new Act for the consolidation of the Customs has given a temporary impulse to some dry-saltery articles, which are subjected to higher rate of duty ; such as shumac and madders. The Corn Market has not recovered from its languor, although advices respecting crops, both at home and abroad, are not so favourable, as respects some species of grain. Ships have declined in value, and freights are barely paying owners; several vessels have been chartered to carry troops from this port, to join the Spanish Patriots : the vessels clear out for some of our West India Islands, such as I'rinidad, &c. The emigration from this port to the United States and to British America is on a larger than ever known before.

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