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389

Benevolent Institutions.

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who took the chair; W. Wilberforce, At this meeting, it was stated by Esq. M. P. Lord Gambier, Rev. Lewis the Rev. Lewis Way, that “ Associa Way, Rev. Legh Richmond, Rev. J. tions are daily increasing in support Owen, Rev. D. Wilson, Rev. C. Si- of this society; and that in Ireland meon, and the Rev. W. Marsh. Christians seem to be peculiarly sen

It appears from the Report which sible of its importance. They have a was read, that, among the children Christian feeling for the benighted for whose instruction the society had Israelites; and are as anxious about made provision, the prospects of doing the soul of a Jew, as of a Gentile.” good seemed favourable. In the boys' In this kingdom, also, the same beneschool, they had 42; and in the girls', volent disposition has been powerfully 38 : eight boys and ten girls had been excited towards the Jews. This has admitted during the preceding year; been incontestably proved by the libeand four boys had been bound appren- ral contributions which have been tices to different trades. At Bethnal made in their behalf. And though Green, a school-room had been erected Israel be not gathered, yet we cannot for the boys; and £750 had been sub- doubt that such services, springing scribed towards the building of an- from Christian benevolence, are pleasother for the girls. It also appeared, ing and acceptable in the sight of God. that the New Testament, in Hebrew, To extend the influence of this benehad been stereotyped, and that 10,000 volent institution, and to excite an copies were now in the press ; that increased attention in a Christian pub1000 copies of the Hebrew Testament, lic to the condition of the Jews, the and several thousand tracts in German Rev. Mr. Simeon, of Cambridge, and and other languages, had, during the the Rev. W. Marsh, from Colchester, last year, been in circulation on the have lately visited Liverpool; and in Continent; and that the Rev. B. N. several churches in this town and its Solomon had been appointed to preach vicinity, so effectually have they pleadto his Polish brethren, under the speed the cause of these descendants of cial protection of the Emperor Alex- Abraham, as to call forth an affectionander. During the preceding year, ate feeling for this long neglected race. the collections, donations, and sub- On Thursday the 9th instant, a pubscriptions, amounted to £9,287. 15s. 2d. lic meeting was held in the Musicand the dishursements to £9,910. 4s. 9d. | Hall, which was numerously and re

The Report being read, the children spectably attended. At this meeting, made their appearance, and afforded a variety of important and interesting much gratification to the auditors, by documents, respecting the Jews, was the neatness of their dress, the pro- produced. These related partially to priety of their behaviour, and the such as inhabit this country; but pleasing harmony of their voices, in principally to those who reside on the singing a hymn before they retired. Continent, which these gentlemen has

Alluding to the moral condition of lately visited, for the express purpose the Jews, and the difficulty of induc- of ascertaining the state of their moral ing them to believe the Gospel, Mr. character, and their prevailing dispoLegh Richmond made the following sitions towards the principles and docobservations. — “ If they are so dege-trines of the Gospel. nerate, our care should be the greater These documents, among other artifor their recovery, and it should act as cles, consisted of an Epict, which the a stimulus to our exertions. We have king of the Netherlands had lately seen what the ever-to-be-revered How- issued, to encourage and promote the ard has done by his perseverance ; and literary, moral, and religious improvewhat that good woman, Mrs. Fry, is ment of the Jews, within his dominions. doing; and her scholars are none of They also contained a Protocol, the most virtuous. The baser the cha- similar in its tendency and effect, signracter, the more her attention is ed by the representatives of all the drawn towards them. Trifles deter her Allied Sovereigns, lately assembled at not in the prosecution of her work ; but Aix la Chapelle. These documents, she presses forward, and her efforts in conjunction with other communicahave been crowned with remarkable tions, which state, that a spirit of insuccess. Let us also persevere, and in quiry has lately been awakened among due season we shall see a glorious har- the Jews, furnished some pleasing prevest springing from our lahours.” sages of future good, and produced,

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SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRIS

TIANITY AMONG THE JEWS.

ed, from March, 1818, to March, 1819, siderations, a few years since, induced to £23,000. But, during the same several benevolent individuals to reperiod, the disbursements extended to flect on the moral condition of the £28,658; thus leaving a considerable Jews, and on the practicability of esdebt for active benevolence to dis- tablishing an institution among them, charge.

which should have for its primary object, the offer of salvation through that Saviour whom their forefathers slew, and hanged on a tree. To ac

complish a purpose so desirable, two Ir may perhaps be justly doubted, if things were deemed essentially necesthe history of any nation hitherto re- sary; namely, the putting of the New corded in the annals of mankind, has Testament into their hands, and an presented to the eye of observation a explanation of that Gospel, which, people more remarkable for incident, from their earliest infancy, they had obstinacy, and suffering, than the been taught to despise. These circumJews. For many ages, they seem to stances called into existence “ The have been considered as a particular Society for Promoting Christianity branch of the human family, existing among the Jews.” as monuments of the divine displea- No sooner was this intention ansure, and as being preserved through nounced to the Public, than the hand a succession of centuries to exhibit a of compassion was opened towards living comment on the trnth of pro- them; considerable subscriptions were phecy; as a race, whom every one had raised in their behalf; and, from that a kind of inherent right to persecute, period to the present, no methods have and to whom even benevolence itself been left untried, which appeared calcould not, with propriety, extend its culated to promote the conversion of friendly hand.

the Jews to Christianity. But alNor was this display of systematic though much zeal and prudence, under persecution, merely confined to indivi- the guidance of pious motives, have dual caprice, and hereditary preju- been exercised, the successes which dice; nations have engaged in the have hitherto crowned these laudable common exercise of inhumanity and exertions, have fallen short of those injustice. On the Continent, this expectations which the means employaflicted people have suffered severely ed very naturally excited. Among the from the tyranny of oppressive edicts; adult Jews, the prejudices and obstiand even Britain can claim no exemp- nacy, by which their ancestors were tion from the general charge. During distinguished, still remain visible. The the reign of Edward I. in the year numbers who have been induced to 1290, the property of all the Jews in the hear, are not very considerable; and kingdom was confiscated to the crown; among these, there are not many who and 280 of this afflicted race were have given evidence of a' saving achanged in one day, being charged quaintance with God. with adulterating the coin of the realm. This general character, however, is In this reign, which these deeds ren- not without some pleasing exceptions, der disgraceful to posterity, upwards which cherish the hopes, and stimulate of 15,000 were plundered of all their the exertions, of those who have enwealth, and shamefully banished the gaged in the benevolent design. The kingdom.

conversion of the soul, whether of Jew Happily, however, for the honour or Gentile, is the work of God. Man of human nature, the malignant spirit is only an instrument in his hands. of those vindictive periods of our bis- But it is his duty to use the means tory has been succeeded, in modern prescribed, and to leave the event to days, by more enlightened views, ac omnipotent power. companied with actions less inconsist- Influenced by this principle, many ent with the belief of Christianity, benevolent individuals met together in that “the Lord will have mercy upon Freemasons' Hall, London, on Friday, Jacob, and will yet choose Israel, and May 7th, to hold the annual meeting set them in their own land ;” and that for Promoting Christianity among 'the Almighty, in his ordinary dealings the Jews.” On this occasion, the prinwith mankind, works through the in- cipal speakers were the following: strumentality of means. These con- | Sir Thomas Baring, Bart. president,

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389

Benevolent Institutions.

390

who took the chair; W. Wilberforce, At this meeting, it was stated by Esq. M. P. Lord Gambier, Rev. Lewis the Rev. Lewis Way, that “ Associa Way, Rev. Legh Richmond, Rev. J. tions are daily increasing in support Owen, Rey. D. Wilson, Rev. C. Si- of this society; and that in Ireland meon, and the Rev. W. Marsh. Christians seem to be peculiarly sen

It appears from the Report which sible of its importance. They have a was read, that, among the children Christian feeling for the benighted for whose instruction the society had Israelites; and are as anxious about made provision, the prospects of doing the soul of a Jew, as of a Gentile." good seemed favourable. In the boys' In this kingdom, also, the same beneschool, they had 42; and in the girls', volent disposition has been powerfully 38: eight boys and ten girls had been excited towards the Jews. This has admitted during the preceding year; been incontestably proved by the libeand four boys had been bound appren- ral contributions which have been tices to different trades. At Bethnal made in their behalf. And though Green, a school-room had been erected Israel be not gathered, yet we cannot for the boys; and £750 had been sub- doubt that such services, springing scribed towards the building of an- from Christian benevolence, are pleasother for the girls. It also appeared, ing and acceptable in the sight of God. that the New Testament, in Hebrew, To extend the influence of this benehad been stereotyped, and that 10,000 volent institution, and to excite an copies were now in the press ; that increased attention in a Christian pub1000 copies of the Hebrew Testament, lic to the condition of the Jews, the and several thousand tracts in German Rev. Mr. Simeon, of Cambridge, and and other languages, had, during the the Rev. W. Marsh, from Colchester, last

year, been in circulation on the have lately visited Liverpool; and in Continent; and that the Rev. B. N. several churches in this town and its Solomon had been appointed to preach vicinity, so effectually have they pleadto his Polish brethren, under the speed the cause of these descendants of cial protection of the Emperor Alex- Abraham, as to call forth an affectionander. During the preceding year, ate feeling for this long neglected race. the collections, donations, and sub- On Thursday the 9th instant, a pubscriptions, amounted to £9,287. 158. 22. lic meeting was held in the Musicand the dishursements to £9,910. 4s. 9d. Hall, which was numerously and re

The Report being read, the children spectably attended. At this meeting, made their appearance, and afforded a variety of important and interesting much gratification to the auditors, by documents, respecting the Jews, was the neatness of their dress, the pro- produced. These related partially to priety of their behaviour, and the such as inhabit this country; but pleasing harmony of their voices, in principally to those who reside on the singing a hymn before they retired. Continent, which these gentlemen has

Alluding to the moral condition of lately visited, for the express purpose the Jews, and the difficulty of induc-of ascertaining the state of their moral ing them to believe the Gospel, Mr. character, and their prevailing dispoLegh Richmond made the following sitions towards the principles and docobservations.—“ If they are so dege- trines of the Gospel. nerate, our care should be the greater These documents, among other artifor their recovery, and it should act as cles, consisted of an Edict, which the a stimulus to our exertions. We have king of the Netherlands had lately seen what the ever-to-be-revered How- issued, to encourage and promote the ard has done by his perseverance; and literary, moral, and religious improvewhat that good woman, Mrs. Fry, is ment of the Jews, within his dominions. doing; and her scholars are none of They also contained a Protocol, the most virtuous. The baser the cha- similar in its tendency and effect, signracter, the more her attention is ed by the representatives of all the drawn towards them. Trifles deter her Allied Sovereigns, lately assembled at not in the prosecution of her work; but Aix la Chapelle. These documents, she presses forward, and her efforts in conjunction with other communicahave been crowned with remarkable tions, which state, that a spirit of insuccess. Let us also persevere, and in quiry has lately been awakened among due season we shall see a glorious har- the Jews, furnished some pleasing prevest springing from our lahours.” sages of future good, and produc

among the auditors, a full conviction, | denomination. In support of this inthat it is the duty of Christians to use stitution, no public collections are every effort for their moral and spiri- made. Its resources arise from annual tual advantage. Under these impres- contributions, of two pounds each, sions, the formation of a kindred asso- from established congregations in Engciation to that which had been esta- land; and one pound from the congreblished in London, was proposed, gations of Wales. entitled, “The Liverpool Auxiliary The liberal spirit and superior abiJews' Society;" which being approved, lity with which its proceedings have Vice-Admiral Murray' was called to been conducted, have raised it to a the chair, when various resolutions considerable degree of respectability were moved and adopted. The asso- in the metropolis. And although the ciation thus formed unites itself with committee, when their annual meetthe London Society, for promoting ings are about to take place, do not Christianity among the Jews. To- announce it to the Public by adverwards its support, upwards of £170 tisements, the day is always known, have been already collected; and many and a vast concourse of people rarely highly respectable names were given fail to attend. It happened this year at the meeting, as annual subscribers. that the annual meeting of this associThe management of these institutions ation, and that of the British and Fois now wholly conducted by members reign School Society, took place on of the Establishment. But it is the the same day. This was a subject of carnest desire of the present managers, regret to many, who anxiously wished that Christians of every denomination to attend both; but it did not prevent will render all the assistance in their the ample room from being crowded, at power to so benevolent a cause. To an early hour, by persons of high rethese they make their appeal with the spectability, of considerable influence, greater confidence, since one primary and of extensive information. object which they have in view, is, the In 1817, the chair was filled by Alinstruction of Jewish children, and the derman Wood, then Lord Mayor of circulation of the Hebrew New Testa- London. In 1818, it was honoured by ment among them.

his Royal Highness the Duke of SusIn Manchester, also, through the sex; and, on this occasion, by Sir exertions of Mr. Simeon and Mr. James Mackintosh, M. P., a gentleMarsh, an interest has been excited, man distinguished for his superior tasimilar to that which has been awaken- lents, domestic virtues, and literary ed in Liverpool. A public meeting was attainments. At this meeting, the held in the Exchange Dining-room on speakers were not numerous ; but the Monday the 14th instant, at which topics of discussion, and the abilities a vast concourse of people attended. with which they were introduced, forThe collections in that town amounted bade all who were present to complain to about £120; and so far as appear-that a greater variety was wanting to ances, evincing a sympathetic feeling, render the day more interesting. In can furnish any criterion, the spiritual addition to the eloquence of the Chairwolfare of the Jews is evidently gain- man, that of John Wilks, Esq. of ing interest among the inhabitants. Alderman Wood, of the Rev. Dr.

Bogue, and of the Rev. Mr. James, ar

rested the attention of all present, and PROTESTANT SOCIETY FOR THE PRO- drew from them such bursts of ap

plause as are very rarely expressed on The anniversary meeting of this soci- such occasions. ety was held on May 15th, at the From the statement given by Mr. Albion Tavern, Aldersgate-street, Lon- Wilks, of domestic tyranny, of local don. The object of this association is, oppression, of illegal decisions, and to protect civil and religious liberty; of acts of injustice, the necessity of by preventing those laws which have this association was rendered most conbeen made by the Legislature of our spicuously apparent. The facts adcountry, from being infringed by legal duced had occurred in various parts of artifice or domestic oppression. In its the kingdom. In some of these, where principles it is not confined to any sect power had invaded the dominion of or party, but invites to a general union, right, the interference of the society Dissenters and Methodists of cvery had prevented the usurper from being

TECTION OF RELIGIOUS LIBERTY.

893

Observations on the Corn Bill.

394

seated on the throne, by instructing progression of high rents there is no the ignorant how to proceed in resist- check but the present. ing oppression, and by furnishing the 4th. The end of all this is, that as defenceless with the means of assert- the rents generally become higher, ing their legal rights.

the corn and cattle must be dearer; Of the speeches delivered at this and then the consumer must obtain meeting, the facts to which the speak- a higher value for his manufacture; ers adverted, the eloquence displayed, and when the alteration pervades all and the resolutions that were formed, classes, the landlord will discover, that an interesting account has been pub- his expenditure has increased in exact lished in a supplementary number of ratio with his rental; for the manufacthe Philanthropic Gazette, for May | turer can have no pretensions to a 26th, 1819; to which paper the reader foreign market. is referred, for further information on But these are narrow and secondary this important and interesting subject. considerations, in the view, that Eng

lish power, wealth, and prosperity, ALTHOUGH we have devoted several are derived from her commercial interpages of this number to the Benevolent course with all the world. For though Institutions of our country, we find it the landlord who raises his rent, can impossible to notice all with which it is purchase the manufacture which he honoured, even in the compendious has forced up to a comparative price, way which we have adopted. The the landlord of another country has churches of the Moravian Brethren in no such inducement, and the foreign particular, in connection with several middle ranks still less, and they will other important establishments that cease to purchase British manufacture, cannot fail to prove interesting to every from the necessity of the case. This friend of humanity and virtue, have consequence once firmly in position, an imperious claim upon our atten- British power, wealth, and prosperity, tion. Of these, we hope to give a suc- are sacrificed to that idiotism of Bricinct account in our ensuing number. tish landlords, which produces them

no good, and can only have the colour

of a plausible temptation, by the supOBSERVATIONS ON THE CORN BILL.

position of a selfish being, that the bad Several petitions lie on the table of consequences of it will not be so much the House of Commons, from agricul- visited upon himself, as upon the setural districts, praying, that, as the cond and third generations. empire is sufficient to produce corn for On the other hand, the cry of “No its own population, a law to prohibit Corn Bill,” would produce the bankthe importation of Foreign Corn may ruptcy of all those farmers whose landbe enacted. Supposing, for a moment, lords would not reduce the rent of their that the prayer of these petitions were leases; and after the ruin of many granted, it may be useful to consider, families, this revolution might probably what are the probable consequences. in another generation, place the Bri

1st. The average quantity of corn tish manufacturer in a more advantahitherto imported, mu be grown geous position with the foreign, so as, upon land in the empire, which was on a general view, to compensate the heretofore depastured.

country for her temporary suffering; 2d. The quantity of pasture being and even the farmer's expenditure, in less, the animal food must be dearer, the purchase of manufactures, would and placed out of the reach of a nearly balance, in advantages, the regreater proportion of the people than duction of his corn. hitherto.

The peace has produced a partial 3d. The price of corn having no revolution of this sort, notwithstandcheck but the rivalship of sellers, whose ing the present Corn Bill. To reduce lowest price arises only from the low- corn considerably at once, may be too ness of rent, and the pressure of sale great a shock; and to arrive at it altofrom necessity, the landlord obtains gether, even gradually, may be a an easy rivalship in bidders for the dubious advantage.

If corn

enter vacant farms, over the rents of neigh- England so cheap, as to make the bouring farms, in the proportion of the land not worth the labour of sowing new lease being longer than the par- for sale, like much of the land on + tially-expired old leases; and to this Continent, industry will be parali

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