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They become excessively fat at certain Abernethy, assistant-surgeon, who had times of the year, and it is then that escaped many dangers, on service in they are said to be the most delicious. the Duke of Wellington's army, lost The French who reside in the Isle of his life by a cause apparently more inBourbon, boil them in their bouillon, significant. While dissecting a subto give it a relish! In New Caledonia, ject at Chelsea, that had died of a the natives use the hair of these ani- liver complaint, he accidentally made a mals in the making of ropes, and in slight puncture that was scarcely perthe tassels of their clubs; interweav- ceptible in the skin of one of his fingers. ing it with the threads of Cyperus To this he paid little or no attention, squarrosus.

not having the least apprehension of From this natural history of the any serious consequences. His friends, Vampyre, there is nothing astonishing had begun to fail, and fearing what

however, perceiving that his strength in the supposition, that among a barbarous people, in an unenlightened might happen, wrote to his father

, who age, an artificial one should be rais- hastened to his assistance. The paed. And, from facts which are well tient, however, being anxious to reknown, respecting the prevalent belief, of wine, and attempted to walk across

move his father's alarm, took a glass that spirits walked abroad,” that “ witches had power to charm," and the room. In making this exertion, he that elves and fairies held a kind of

fell down; and being taken up, was inregular intercourse with mankind, no

stantly put to bed : but in twelve hours

he was no more. great stretch of imagination was required to embody the power of the

A gentleman of Colchester, who was Vampyre, and to give it a human celebrated for his skill in Anatomy, form.

suffered the point of his knife to make Without entering far into the re

a trifling incision in his hand, while gions of fancy, we may easily disco-lecturing to a large audience in Lonver individuals of the human species, the wound, but confident in the remedy

Conscious of his danger from who seem to be animated with those he could apply, he continued for some pernicious energies, and actuated by that malignant spirit, by which the time to expatiate on the nature of the

accident; real Vampyre is apparently distin

and then pointed out the guished. By their artful insinuations,

means of cure, which consisted in anguarded innocence has, in too many in which a few drops of spirits of salts

washing the wounded part with water, instances, become their prey ; and, once seduced from the paths of vir

were to be infused. Unhappily, the tue, the unhappy victim has also be affected part had imbibed the morbid come a Vampyre, and augmented the matter, and the lecturer lost his life. miseries of mankind. The aggregate

The Rev. Mr. Peckwell, chaplain of loss of virtue constitutes the demoral- Bethesda, was fond of studying Anaization of the world.

tomy; this gentleman, by a wound he received while dissecting a young lady, who died of a consumption, was taken ill, and in seven days lost his life.

Mr. Macklin, late surgeon-general, THE 220 February, 1819, Surgeon was for a year in a dangerous state, by Dease, Professor of Aratomy, in the an inflamed arm, which arose from Royal College of Surgeons, Dublin, cutting his finger while dissecting. He died of a mortification in his blood, oc- recovered by the most violent remecasioned by a slight puncture in one of dies, having his arm scarified for sevehis fingers, which he gave himself ral months. when in the act of dissecting on the There can be little doubt, that all 15th. Erysipetalous inflammation was who wish to make themselves acthereby produced, which terminated quainted with Anatomy, should minutein gangrene.

ly examine the human body in all its A young gentleman, a student, is parts. But from the frequent recurdangerously ill from the same cause : rence of accidents, such as those stated amputation has been proposed, but it above, and the injuries which the conis considered either as unnecessary, or stitutions of many young men sustain, ineffectual.

by being compelled to breathe the puBut such cases are not novel. Mr. I trid exhalations of a dissecting room,

MARTYRS TO SCIENCE.

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Self-taught Genius.--Review: Prescience of God.

246

EXTRAORDINARY INSTANCE OF SELF

TAUGHT GENIUS.

66

it is to be regretted, that some expe- and sent as presents to the Royal dient has not been found, to render the Family. practice of dissection less frequently To his other endowments, he added necessary.

an accurate knowledge of drawing and “ The heads of Colleges,” says our engraving, and, in both these arts, procorrespondent, from whom we received duced specimens of the highest excelthis article,“ may remedy this evil, by lence. For upwards of 50 years he supplying a well-arranged system of quitted his bed only three times, and the vessels of every class filled with on these occasions his house was either coloured wax, and accompanied with inundated with water, or threatened large coloured drawings, as the proper with danger from fire. study for the noviciate, who being well His curiosity, which was unbounded, grounded in his knowledge of all prompted him to hatch different kinds parts of the body, will, by a finishing of birds' eggs by the natural warmth course on a real subject, acquire more of his body, and he afterwards reared useful information in a single dissec- the motley broods with all the tendertion, than he could obtain in several, ness of a parent; so that on visiting without that previous instruction.” him it was no unusual thing to see va

rious singing birds, to which he may be said to have given birth, perched on his head, and warbling the artifi

cial notes he had taught them. On the 3d of April, 1819, died at Alyth, Naturally possessed of a good conin Perthshire, James Sandy, generally stitution, and an active, cheerful turn distinguished by this appellation - of mind, his house was the general the celebrated mechanic of Alyth.” coffee-room of the village, where the

The originality of genius and eccen- affairs both of church and state were tricity of character which distinguish- discussed with the utmost freedom. In ed this remarkable person, were per- consequence of long confinement, his haps never surpassed. Deprived, at countenance had rather a sickly cast, an early period of life, of the use of but it was remarkably expressive, and his legs, he contrived, by dint of in- would have afforded a fine subject for genuity, not only to pass his time the pencil of Wilkie, particularly when agreeably, but to render himself a use- he was surrounded by his country ful member of society. He soon dis- friends. This singular man had acplayed a taste for mechanical pursuits, quired, by his ingenuity and industry, and contrived, as a workshop for his an honourable independence, and he operations, a sort of circular bed, the died possessed of considerable prosides of which being raised about 18 perty. He was married only about inches above the clothes, were employ- three weeks before his death. ed as a platform for turning lathes, tables, vices, and cases of tools, of all

Review, &c.—PRESCIENCE OF GOD. kinds. His genius for practical mechanics was universal. He was skilled

[Continued from Col. 112.] in all kinds of turning, and constructed As no attribute of the Almighty, can several very curious lathes, as well as be dependent for its perfection upon clocks, and musical instruments of any extrinsic cause, action, or event ; every description, no less admired for so neither can its perfection depend the sweetness of their tone, than the upon the manner in which it is exerelegance of their execution. He ex- cised. For if its perfection, in any celled, too, in the construction of opti-degree, were derived, either from the cal instruments; and made some re- mode of its being exercised, or the flecting telescopes, the specula of which nature of its object, in the same prowere not inferior to those finished by portion as it is either dependent or dethe most eminent London artists. He rived, it must be destitute of inherent suggested some important improve- perfection. But the perfection of infiments in the machinery for spinning nite discernment, is precisely the same,

and we believe he was the first in all the modes of its exercise ; and who made the wooden-jointed snuff-whether its object be fixed or continboxes, generally called Lawrencekirk gent, it has nothing of intrinsic excelboxes, some of which, fabricated by lence to acquire; and no modification this self-taught artist, were purchased, of action or event, is within the reach

fax ;

of possibility, by which it can be di- may be admitted to coexist, without minished. The knowledge of God creating any confusion in our ideas. must always include certainty in its Although it were admitted, that God own nature, whether the action or foresees how every event or action event be considered as contingent or will happen, it does not thence follow, necessary.

that he foresees how it must happen; But the questions which have been because the same infinite discernment agitated, do not terminate with the that perceives how it will happen, still simple inquiry, whether the certainty of perceives with equal clearness, that it the divine knowledge, necessarily im- may happen otherwise. The possibility plies certainty in the action or event, of its happening otherwise, is not which is known to infinite discernment. therefore destroyed, even by the supWe are told, that “ Arminianism re- position that he discerns it will not quires some effort, either to get rid of otherwise happen. And consequently, foreknowledge, or to show that it does although the divine knowledge always not involve all the consequences of includes certainty in its own nature, Calvinistic decrees.” (Evan. Mag. this does not necessarily imply cerp. 49.) Such is the task assigned to tainty in the event. Certainty of knowall, who hesitate to adopt the conclu- ledge, is therefore perfectly consistent sions which are presumed to flow from with uncertainty in the ultimate issue an admission of the foreknowledge of of all contingent actions. God.

There is no mode of reasoning with Among the methods which have which we are acquainted, that will been adopted, to identify, in their enable us to perceive, how must happen, effects and consequences, the decrees can be inferred from will happen. Will and foreknowledge of God, there is happen, always leaves the possibility of scarcely one which assumes a more an action or event happening otherplausible or imposing aspect, than the wise, within the reach of possibility; following. It has frequently been as- and while this latter possibility reserted, that “if the Almighty God fore- mains, we are at a loss to conceive

an event or action, then that how must happen can ever make its apevent or action must happen in the pearance with any degree of consistmanner, time, and place, in which it is ency. God sees all actions and events foreseen; otherwise his foreknowledge, as they really are. If, therefore, as by being contradicted by fact, will be we have already attempted to prove, found to be erroneous.'

.To this asser- he has made some actions and events tion we would reply, that with regard contingent, he must view them as to contingent actions or events, no ne- such; and consequently, while these cessity appears that this must be the actions and events retain their con

If God had foreseen that any tingent nature, no knowledge how action or event must thus happen, then they will terminate, can render it abthe conclusion would have been inevit-solutely impossible for them to termiable ; but this is not included in the nato otherwise. To derive must happen, proposition. The divine discernment from will happen, is to attempt an inperceives how an event or action will ference which the premises will not happen; but how it can be inferred support. It is to introduce a species from hence, that therefore it must so of certainty, which the premises do happen, is founded upon a connection not include, and to preclude the simbetween will and must, which we have ple possibility, that an event or action yet to learn.

may happen agreeably to the essence The same Almighty Being, who per- of its own nature. Hence, as the preceives how an event or action will hap- science of God does not necessarily pen, foresees it, with respect to all presuppose the certainty of all these contingencies, under the possibility actions and events which are disthat it may not so happen; and his dis- cerned, this prescience is perfectly cernment of this possibility, that it may consistent with the volitions of moral not thus happen, is not less certain, agents, even upon the supposition that than his discernment that it will hap- human actions are contingent. pen as he foresees it. The discern- The critic in the Evangelical Magament how it will happen, and how it zine, p. 49, assuming this fact, which may happen, are equally clear in the we have dared to question, has made eye of infinite knowledge; and both the following observation. “ If God

sees

case.

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Review.-Prescience of God.

250

foresees every thought, temper, word; | Verax is but little more than a single or action of men, from all eternity, step by which we ascend an eminence, then all things are certain, and no de- from whence we are led to take a surcree can make them more so.' On vey of one of the most important and what principle this conclusion is interesting objects, that can offer itself founded, we confess ourselves at a to the mind of man.” It was not our loss to determine, unless it be that intention however, to lose sight altowhich we have presumed to contro-gether of the pamphlet which first exvert, and which, if our arguments are cited our attention. Many of the conclusive, we have proved to be fal- subjects to which we have adverted, lacious. Why a conclusion of so are introduced and discussed by the much moment as that which we have author, in whose pages they appear in just quoted, namely, “ then all things varied lights. But as this article is are certain, and no decree can make already extended to a length, which them more so," should be permitted nothing but the momentous nature of to rest on nothing but bare assertion, the realities brought under examinawe can scarcely conceive. It seems tion, can justify, we shall forbear to to add confirmation to the truth of our select from his pamphlet any passages previous observations, respecting the for animadversion; and for such quocertainty of knowledge, and the certain- tations the reason will be less impety and uncertainty of events.

rious, since the price, being no more It is by blending together the cer- than two shillings and sixpence, tainty of every event and action, with places it within the reach of most perthe certainty of the divine foreknow- sons who feel an interest in the conledge of them, that so many difficul- troversy. ties appear to have been generated, Of its aggregate importance, it will respecting this interesting and mo- be sufficient to observe; that in the mentous question. But these dis- Evangelical Magazine, it has undertinct certainties, have no necessary gone an examination in the pages of connection with each other. Let us two successive numbers; which we now suppose, that some actions and scarcely suppose would have been the events are certain, and that others are case, if the writer of the article had equally uncertain. There can be no- not thought it someway deserving his thing contradictory in admitting that notice. Being written in favour of God could give existence to beings, Dr. Clarke's sentiments, and avowedly capable of actions which should issue in opposition to the animadversions in such events ; nor in allowing that his which appeared on those sentiments infinite discernment should foresee the in the Evangelical Magazine, it is not result of both. Under these circum- to be expected, that Verax should stances, nothing can be more evident, have found in its pages the most hosthan that God must see all as they ac- pitable treatment. To the argumentatually are; namely, some as certain, tive parts of his pamphlet, the writer and others as uncertain. But his seems to have paid a scrupulous atknowledge neither gives certainty to tention; but it is highly probable, the former, nor uncertainty to the that many besides Verax, will think latter.

Simple discernment must his reasonings are not wholly concluleave things exactly as they would sive. have been, independently of it. It Of the spirit in which Verax apcannot alter the nature of an event, pears to have written, the critic makes much less can it furnish evidence, much complaint; and we have no that those events and actions are cer- doubt that all his judicious friends tain, which God had made contingent. would rejoice to find that the charge And consequently, even though we was unfounded.

There, are very few were to allow that “ God foresees occasions in which the caustics of every thought, temper, word, or action acrimony will not ultimately injure of men, from all eternity," it will by the cause they were intended to serve. no means follow, that“ then all things The world is too much enlightened to are certain ;” much less can it be in transfer any additional weight to arferred,

" that no decree can make gument, either from the severity of them more so.

that language in which it is delivered, We have said in the commence- or from any corrosive expletives with ment of this article, that “the letter of which it may be accompanied, Who

LIVERPOOL.

soon.

Verax is, the writer of this article and his grace. I trust he has given knows nothing: but should our pages you to know his name; but I thought meet his eye, these hints may be ser- I perceived, when I was with you, the viceable to him on some future oc- disadvantages of your situation and casion.

connections, in a place which abounds (To be concluded in our next.) with temptations, and is nearly des

titute of the means that are greatly

useful in building up a believer in his LETTER OF THE LATE REV. JOHN NEW, most holy faith. We had not then an TON, OF OLNEY, TO HIS FRIEND IN

opportunity for free conversation, and I

deferred it in hopes of seeing you soon [Never before published.]

at Olney. But I trust the Lord has As this letter was addressed to a near been your teacher, and sanctified the relative of the Lady by whom we have scenes you have passed through since been favoured with a copy, she wishes, we parted, and especially your present from motives of delicacy, that the indisposition; so that now you are name may be suppressed.

waiting with resignation and peace, “ Dear Sir,

whatever it shall be his good pleasure “ How is it that our intercourse has to appoint. been broken off? When I left Li- If this is the case, you are happy verpool, you gave me hopes that I indeed; and though we should meet should either see or hear from you no more in the present world, we shall

I continued waiting till I have a glorious meeting, when we heard you were gone to Montserrat, join the general assembly of the and I believe it was long after your redeemed before the throne. They return before I knew of your arrival. are now singing to the praise of the To be plain; from your long-continued Lamb that was slain, who loved them, silence, I was afraid you had dropped and washed them from their sins in the correspondence from choice. I his own blood. They are now admiracknowledge the sense of our past ing his sovereign grace, that he was friendship should have constrained me pleased to pluck them as brands out at all events to write ; but, then, a of the fire, and to make known to continued round of business, which them his great salvation, at a time makes it difficult to answer the letters when they were altogether careless I receive, has prevented me from time about it, and insensible of their danto time. I had a letter a few days ger. And surely you and I, if persince from Mr. alley, (I believe the mitted to join them, shall have abunonly one I have had from Liverpool dant reason to sing and to admire for a year and a half past,) in which he with them. You know what a wretch mentions you, and informs me that I was; how I trampled upon God's you are very ill. This rouses me to commands, abused his patience, and break through forms, and to write despised his gospel; yet I obtained immediately.

mercy. You, likewise, my friend, Indeed, my dear friend, I have not were once a stranger to the love of forgotten you, nor is my regard aba- Jesus, and the power of his blood. I ted. I remember with pleasure the hope you can now say, his name is agreeable conversations we have had precious, and that, in love to your together, and have often rejoiced in soul, he has cast all your sins behind the hopes that they were not unprofit- his back; and that he has given you able. Mr. Walley says, he under that peace in the paths of holiness and stands that you are comfortable with faith, which you were utterly unacrespect to the views you have of a quainted with when you walked in the better world. This is good news way of your own heart. indeed. May I soon see it confirmed I pray for the restoration of your under your own hand, if you are able health, and that you may yet live to to write. Mrs. Newton and myself visit us here again, if it is the Lord's are both anxious to hear of you ; and will. I love you too well, to think of I hope we shall both pray, that the parting with you without concern. Lord Jesus may be pleased to confirm But may we be always resigned to his you in the faith, which is his own gift, appointments. If he is pleased to and to open to you increasing and take you to himself, and to exchange transforming discoveries of his glory your present state of conflict, for a

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