« ForrigeFortsæt »
ber, I beg leave to state, that your tiers of the Turkish Servia, he had correspondent has been mistaken in been tormented by a Vampyre, but attributing that_tale, in its present had found a way to rid himself of the form, to Lord Byron. The fact is, evil, by eating some of the earth out that though the groundwork is cer- of the Vampyre's grave, and rubbing tainly Lord Byron's, its development himself with his blood. This precauis mine ; produced at the request of a tion, however, did not prevent him young lady, who denied the possi- from becoming a Vampyre, (the unibility of any thing being drawn from versal belief being, that a person the materials, which Lord Byron had sucked by a Vampyre, becomes a said he intended to have employed in Vampyre himself;) for, about twenty the formation of his Ghost story. or thirty days after his death and bu“ I am, &c.
rial, many persons complained of hav“ JOHN W. POLIDORI." ing been tormented by him; and a of the popular belief in the reality deposition was made, that four persons of human beings becoming Vampyres had been deprived of life by his atafter death, on which the tale is found tacks. To prevent further mischief, ed, the following account has been the inhabitants, having consulted their published.
Hadagni, (chief bailiff,) took up the “The superstition upon which this body, and found it (as is supposed to tale is founded is very general in the be usual in cases of Vampyrism) fresh, East. Among the Arabians it appears and entirely free from corruption, and to be common: it did not, however, emitting at the mouth, nose, and ears, extend itself to the Greeks until after pure and florid blood. Proof having the cstablishment of Christianity; and been thus obtained, they resorted to it has only assumed its present form the accustomed remedy. A stake was since the division of the Latin and driven entirely through the heart and Greek churches; at which time, the body of Arnold Paul, at which he is idea becoming prevalent, that a Latin reported to have cried out as dreadfully body could not corrupt if buried in as if he had been alive.
This done, their territory, it gradually increased, they cut off his head, burned his body, and formed the subject of many won- and threw the ashes into his grave. derful stories, still extant, of the dead The same measures were adopted with rising from their graves, and feeding the corses of those persons who had upon the blood of the young and previously died from Vampyrism, lest beautiful. In the West it spread, they should, in their turn, become with some slight variation, all over agents upon others who survived Hungary, Poland, Austria, and Lor-them. raine, where the belief existed, that “ We have related this monstrous Vampyres nightly imbibed a certain rodomontade, because it seems better portion of the blood of their victims, adapted to illustrate the subject of the who became emaciated, lost their present observations, than any other strength, and speedily died of con- instance we could adduce. In many sumptions; while these human blood-parts of Greece, it is considered as a suckers fattened, and their veins be- sort of punishment after death, for came distended to such a state of some heinous crime committed whilst repletion, as to cause the blood to flow in existence, that the deceased is from all the passages of their bodies, doomed to Vampyrise ; but be comand even from the very pores of their pelled to confine his infernal visitaskins.
tions solely to those beings he loved “In the London Journal of March, most while upon earth-those to whom 1732, is a curious, and of course cre- he was bound by ties of kindred and dible account of a particular case of affection. This supposition is, we Vampyrism, which is stated to have imagine, alluded to in the following occurred at Madreyga, in Hungary. fearfully sublime and prophetic curse, It appears, that upon an examination from the “ Giaour.” of the commander in chief and magis
“But first on earth, as Vampyre, sent, trates of the place, they positively
Thy corse shall from its tomb be rent; and unanimously affirmed, that about
Then ghastly haunt thy native place, five years before, a certain Heyduke,
And suck the blood of all thy race: named Arnold Paul, had been heard There, from thy daughter, sister, wife, to say, that, at Cassovia, on the fron- At midnight drain the stream of lise ;
Yet loathe the banquet, which perforce Natural History. The body of the Must feed thy livid living corse.
Vampyre Bat is in general about a Thy victims, ere they yet expire,
foot long, and the spreading of its Shall know the demon for their sire;
wings nearly four feet; but it is someAs cursing thee, thou cursing them,
times found much larger, and some Thy flowers are withered on the stem. But one that for thy crime must fall,
specimens have been seen of six feet
in extent. The youngest, best beloved of all,
Its general colour is a Shall bless thee with a father's name
deep reddish brown. The head is That word shall wrap thy heart in flame! shaped like that of a fox; the nose is Yet thou must end thy task, and mark sharp and black; and the tongue Her cheek's last tinge—her eye's last spark; pointed, and terminated by sharp And the last glassy glance must view prickles. The ears are naked, blackWhich freezes o'er its lifeless blue;
ish, and pointed; and the wings simiThen with unhallow'd hand shall tear lar in colour to those of the common The tresses of her yellow hair,
bat. Of which, in life a lock when shorn,
These animals are found in several Affection's fondest pledge was worn
parts of the East Indies, and in all But now is borne away by thee
the Indian islands ; in New Holland, Memorial of thine agony ! Yet with thine own best blood shall drip
the Friendly Isles, New Caledonia, Thy gnashing tooth, and haggard lip;
and South America. They fly from Then stalking to thy sullen grave,
sun-set to sun-rise, and reside during Go--and with Gouls and Afrits rave,
the day in hollow trees. They are not Till these in horror shrink away
carnivorous, but live principally on From spectre more accurs'd than they." fruit; and are so fond of the juice of
“Mr. Southey has also introduced, the palm-tree, that they will intoxicate in his wild but beautiful poem of Tha- themselves with it, till they fall senselaba, the Vampyre corse of the Ara- less to the ground. They skim the bian maid Oneiza, who is represented water with perfect ease in their sporas having returned from the grave, for tive moods, and frequently dip into it, the purpose of tormenting him she to wash themselves." Mr. Forster, best loved whilst in existence. But several other writers, inform us, that this cannot be supposed to have re- they swarm like bees, hanging near sulted from the sinfulness of her life, one another in vast clusters. At least she being pourtrayed, throughout the five hundred were seen by this gentlewhole of the tale, as a complete type man, hanging, some by their fore, and of purity and innocence. The vera- others by their hinder legs, in a large cious Tournefort gives a long account, tree, in one of the Friendly Islands.in his Travels, of several astonishing
(Forster's Observations on Cook's cases of Vampyrism, to which he pre
Second Voyage, 189.) tends to have been an eye-witness ;
Finch says, that“ they hang by the and Calmet, in his great work upon
claws to the boughs of trees, near this subject, besides a variety of anec- Surat, in such vast clusters, as would dotes and traditionary narratives illus- surprise a man to see; and that the trative of its effects, has put forth noise and squealing they make is so some learned dissertations, ter ing to intolerable, that it would be a good prove it to be a classical, as well as deed to bring two or three pieces of barbarian, error.”
ordnance, and scour the trees, that Having thus given the fictitious his- the country might be rid of such a tory of the Vampyre, we now proceed plague as they are to it.” (Finch's to lay before our readers that which is Travels into the East.)—In real, as it has been communicated by island, (one of the Philippines,) Damone of our correspondents.
pier tells us, that he saw an incredible
number of bats, so large that none of TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL
his company could reach from tip to MAGAZINE,
tip of their wings, with their arms exSIR,
tended to the utmost. The wings were If you judge the following curious de- of a mouse colour; and on the joints scription of the Vampyre Bat, worthy were sharp crooked claws. of a place in your valuable Miscel- evening, as soon as the sun was set, lany, it is at your service.
he says these animals used to take I am, your's, respectfully, their flight in swarms, like bees, to a
P. G. neighbouring island, and they
seen to continue, in immense numbers, fact, I shall extract it, in the language till darkness rendered them no longer of his own narrative. visible. The whole of the time, from “I cannot here (says he) forbear day-break in the morning till sun-rise, relating a singular circumstance rethey occupied in returning to their specting myself, viz. that on waking former place; and this course they about four o'clock one morning, in constantly pursued, all the time the my hammock, I was extremely alarmship remained stationed off that island. ed at finding myself weltering in con(Dampier.)
gealed blood, and without feeling any At Rosé Hill, near Port Jackson, pain whatever. Having started up, in New Holland, it is supposed, that and rung for the surgeon, with a firemore than twenty thousand of these ani- brand in my hand, and all over bemals were seen within the space of a smeared with gore; to which, if added mile. (Hunter.)—Some that were taken my pale face, short hair, and tattered alive in New Holland, would, almost apparel, he might well ask the quesimmediately after, eat boiled rice and tion,other food from the hand; and, in a few • Be thou a spirit of health, or goblin damn'd?' days, they became as domesticated The mystery, however, was, that I had as if they had been entirely bred in been bitten by the Vampyre, or Spectre the house. Governor Phillip had one, of Guiana; which is called the Flying which would hang by one leg a whole Dog of New Spain; and, by the Spaday, without changing its position; niards, Perro-volador. This is no other ard, in that pendent situation, with than a Bat, of a monstrous size, that its breast neatly covered with one of sucks the blood from men and cattle its wings, it would eat whatever was while they are fast asleep, even someoffered to it, lapping from the hand times till they die; and as the manner like a cat.
in which they proceed is truly wonderLinnæus has given to this Bat the ful, I shall endeavour to give a disspecific denomination of Vampyrus, tinct account of it. Knowing, by from his conjecturing it to be the spe- instinct, that the person or animal cies that draws blood from people they intend to attack is in a sound during their sleep; but there is reason slumber, they generally alight near the to imagine, that this thirst of blood is feet, where, when a person is attacked, not confined to a single species, but is while the creature continues fanning common to most of the Bat tribe. We with its enormous wings, which keeps are informed, that the Bats of Java one cool, it bites a piece out of the tip seldom fail to attack those persons of the great toe, so very small indeed, who lie with their extremities unco- that the head of a pin could scarcely vered, whenever they can get access be received into the wound; which, to them. Persons thus attacked, have consequently, is not painful. Yet sometimes been near passing from a through this orifice it continues to sound sleep into eternity. The Bat suck the blood, until it is obliged to is so dexterous a bleeder, as to insi- disgorge. It then begins again; and nuate its aculeated tongue into a vein thus continues sucking and disgorging without being perceived, and then till it is scarcely able to fly; and the suck the blood till it is satiated, all sufferer has often been known to sleep the while fanning with its wings, and from time into eternity. Cattle they agitating the air, in that hot climate, generally bite in the ear; but always in so pleasing a manner as to throw in places where the blood flows sponthe sufferer into a still sounder sleep. taneously. Having applied tobacco These animals do not, however, con- ashes as the best remedy, and washed fine themselves to human blood; for the gore from myself and my hamCondamine, in his voyage to South mock, I observed upon the ground America, says, that in his time they several heaps of congealed blood, all had, in certain parts, destroyed all round the place where I had lain: on the great cattle introduced there by examining which, the surgeon judged the Missionaries.
that I had lost at least twelve or fourCaptain Stedman, whilst at Suri- teen ounces during the night.”. nam, was attacked during his sleep The smell of these creatures is by a Vampyre' Bat; and as his ac- stronger and more rank than that of count of this incident is somewhat a fox; yet the Indians eat them, and singular, and tends to elucidate the declare their flesh to be excellent food No. 3.-Vol. I,
They become excessively fat at certain Abernethy, assistant-surgeon, who had times of the year, and it is then that escaped many dangers, on service in they are said to be the most delicious. the Duke of Wellington's army, lost The French who reside in the Isle of his life by a cause apparently more inBourbon, boil them in their bouillon, significant. While dissecting a subto give it a relish! In New Caledonia, ject at Chelsea, that had died of a the natives use the hair of these ani- liver complaint, he accidentally made a mals in the making of ropes, and in slight puncture that was scarcely perthe tassels of their clubs; interweav- ceptible in the skin of one of his fingers. ing it with the threads of Cyperus To this he paid little or no attention, squarrosus.
not having the least apprehension of From this natural history of the any serious consequences. His friends, Vampyre, there is nothing astonishing had begun to fail, and fearing what
however, perceiving that his strength in the supposition, that among a barbarous people, in an unenlightened
might happen, wrote to his father, who age, an artificial one should be rais- hastened to his assistance. The paed. And, from facts which are well tient, however, being anxious to reknown, respecting the prevalent belief, move his father's alarm, took a glass spirits walked abroad,” that
of wine, and attempted to walk across “witches had power to charm," and the room. In making this exertion, he that elves and fairies held a kind of fell down; and being taken up, was inregular intercourse with mankind, no
stantly put to bed : but in twelve hours
he was no more. great stretch of imagination was required to embody the power of the
A gentleman of Colchester, who was Vampyre, and to give it a human celebrated for his skill in 'Anatomy, form.
suffered the point of his knife to make Without entering far into the re
a trifling incision in his hand, while gions of fancy, we may easily disco-lecturing to a large audience in Lonver individuals of the human species, the wound, but confident in the remedy
Conscious of his danger from who seem to be animated with those he could apply, he continued for some pernicious energies, and actuated by that malignant spirit, by which the time to expatiate on the nature of the real Vampyre is apparently distin
accident; and then pointed out the guished. By their artful insinuations,
means of cure, which consisted in unguarded innocence has, in too many in which a few drops of spirits of salts
washing the wounded part with water, instances, become their prey; and,
were to be infused. Unhappily, the once seduced from the paths of virtue, the unhappy victim has also be affected part had imbibed the morbid come a Vampyre, and augmented the matter, and the lecturer lost his life. miseries of mankind. The aggregate
The Rev. Mr. Peckwell, chaplain of loss of virtue constitutes the demoral- Bethesda, was fond of studying Anaization of the world.
tomy; this gentleman, by a wound he received while dissecting a young lady, who died of a consumption, was taken ill, and in seven days lost his life.
Mr. Macklin, late surgeon-general, The 22d February, 1819, Surgeon was for a year in a dangerous state, by Dease, Professor of Anatomy, in the an inflamed arm, which arose from Royal College of Surgeons, Dublin, cutting his finger while dissecting. He died of a mortification in his blood, oc- recovered by the most violent remecasioned by a slight puncture in one of dies, having his arm scarified for sevehis fingers, which he gave himself ral months. when in the act of dissecting on the There can be little doubt, that all 15th. Erysipetalous inflammation was who wish to make themselves acthereby produced, which terminated quainted with Anatomy, should minutein gangrene.
ly examine the human body in all its A young gentleman, a student, is parts. But from the frequent recurdangerously ill from the same cause: rence of accidents, such as those stated amputation has been proposed, but it above, and the injuries which the conis considered either as unnecessary, or stitutions of many young men sustain, ineffectual.
by being compelled to breathe the puBut such cases are not novel. Mr. I trid exhalations of a dissecting room,
MARTYRS TO SCIENCE,
EXTRAORDINARY INSTANCE OF SELF
it is to be regretted, that some expe- and sent as presents to the Royal dient has not been found, to render the Family. practice of dissection less frequently To his other endowments, he added necessary:
an accurate knowledge of drawing and “ The heads of Colleges,” says our engraving, and, in both these arts, procorrespondent, from whom we received duced specimens of the highest excelthis article,“ may remedy this evil, by lence. For upwards of 50 years he supplying a well-arranged system of quitted his bed only three times, and the vessels of every class filled with on these occasions his house was either coloured wax, and accompanied with inundated with water, or threatened large coloured drawings, as the proper with danger from fire. study for the noviciate, who being well His curiosity, which was unbounded, grounded in his knowledge of all prompted him to hatch different kinds parts of the body, will, by a finishing of birds' eggs by the natural warmth course on a real subject, acquire more of his body, and he afterwards reared useful information in a single dissec- the motley broods with all the tendertion, than he could obtain in several, ness of a parent; so that on visiting without that previous instruction." him it was no unusual thing to see va
rious singing birds, to which he may be said to have given birth, perched on his head, and warbling the artifi
cial notes he had taught them. On the 3d of April, 1819, died at Alyth, Naturally possessed of a good conin Perthshire, James Sandy, generally stitution, and an active, cheerful turn distinguished by this appellation, of mind, his house was the general " the celebrated mechanic of Alyth." coffee-room of the village, where the
The originality of genius and eccen- affairs both of church and state were tricity of character which distinguish- discussed with the utmost freedom. In ed this remarkable person, were per- consequence of long confinement, his haps never surpassed. Deprived, at countenance had rather a sickly cast, an early period of life, of the use of but it was remarkably expressive, and his legs, he contrived, by dint of in- would have afforded a fine subject for genuity, not only to pass his time the pencil of Wilkie, particularly when agreeably, but to render himself a use- he was surrounded by his country ful member of society. He soon dis- friends.
This singular man had acplayed a taste for mechanical pursuits, quired, by his ingenuity and industry, and contrived, as a workshop for his an honourable independence, and he operations, a sort of circular bed, the died possessed of considerable prosides of which being raised about 18 perty. He was married only about inches above the clothes, were employ-three weeks before his death. ed as a platform for turning lathes, tables, vices, and cases of tools, of all
Review, &c.-PRESCIENCE OF GOD. kinds. His genius for practical mechanics was universal. He was skilled
[Continued from Col. 112.] in all kinds of turning, and constructed As no attribute of the Almighty, can several very curious lathes, as well as be dependent for its perfection upon clocks, and musical instruments of any extrinsic cause, action, or event; every description, no less admired for so neither can its perfection depend the sweetness of their tone, than the upon the manner in which it is exerelegance of their execution.-He ex- cised. For if its perfection, in any celled, too, in the construction of opti- degree, were derived, either from the cal instruments; and made some re- mode of its being exercised, or the flecting telescopes, the specula of which nature of its object, in the same prowere not inferior to those finished by portion as it is either dependent or dethe most eminent London artists. He rived, it must be destitute of inherent suggested some important improve- perfection. But the perfection of infiments in the machinery for spinning nite discernment, is precisely the same,
and we believe he was the first in all the modes of its exercise ; and who made the wooden-jointed snuff-whether its object be fixed or continboxes, generally called Lawrencekirk gent, it has nothing of intrinsic excelboxes, some of which, fabricated by lence to acquire ; and no modification this self-taught artist, were purchased, ) of action or event, is within the reach