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and of personal liberty, in which edu- ers; and much benefit has visibly recation enchained me. I abjure your sulted from their exertions. As many church and its errors for ever.” other places are, no doubt, exposed

The priest, on hearing this, attempt to similar nuisances, this hint may ed to retrace his steps, by making the direct the peaceable and insulted inhamost abject concessions. The lady, bitants how to proceed, in ridding their however, retained her inflexibility, and streets of these pests of society. he was dismissed, never more to have an opportunity of insulting her with

seleCTIONS FROM TABLE TALK, imaginary power.

SELDEN, AN EMINENT SCHOLAR, WHO

LIVED ABOUT TWO CENTURIES AGO. BALLAD SINGING.

Articles. It is a notorious fact, that in many The nine-and-thirty Articles are much towns throughout this kingdom, the another thing in Latin, (in which tongue streets are frequently infested with ballad singers, who exhibit their pro-lated into English: they were made at

they were made) than they are, transfane and indecent compositions, to the three several convocations, and congreat moral injury of the thoughtless firmed by Act of Parliament six or and inconsiderate, and to the equally

seven times after. There is a secret great annoyance of the virtuous and well-disposed. The magistrates in all have subscribed to all of them ; but by

concerning them: Of late, ministers places, no doubt, have it in their power Act of Parliament that confirmed them, to remove this fertile source of demoralization; but in most cases, from they ought only to subscribe to those their retired habits of life, they rarely and the doctrine of the sacraments, as

articles which contain matters of faith, visit the haunts in which these impurities solicit attention; and, conse

appears by the first subscriptions. But quently, unless they are informed by held in king James's days) began it,

Bishop Bancroft (in the convocation some friend of public morals, it may that ministers should subscribe to three fairly be inferred, that they are not things; to the king's supremacy, to the acquainted with these shameful pro- common prayer, and to the thirty-nine ductions. The streets of Manchester articles: many of them do not contain were not long since in the condition

matter of faith. we have described; and so grossly

Scripture. were the ears of delicacy insulted, that on the 12th of April last the following is the best translation in the world,

The English translation of the Bible Petition, containing the signatures of and renders the sense of the original from twenty to thirty respectable inha- best; taking in for the English transbitants of Oldham-street, was pre-lation, the Bishop's bible, as well as sented to the Magistrates by Mr. Hol- king James's. The translation in king land Hoole.

James's time took an excellent way. “ To the Worshipful the Sitting That part of the Bible was given to Magistrate.

him who was most excellent in such a “ We the undersigned Inhabitants tongue, (as the Apocrypha to Andrew of Oldham-street, Manchester,

re- Downs,) and then they met together, spectfully present this Memorial to and one read the translation, the rest your Worship;- That we are every day holding in their hands some Bible, (except Sundays) troubled with the either of the learned tongues, or pestilent and grievous nuisance of pro- French, Spanish, Italian, &c.: if they fane and debauched ballad-singing, by found any fault, they spoke; if not, men and women, to the corrupting of he read on. the minds and morals of the public in Henry the Eighth made a law, that general, and our own children and all men might read the Scripture, exservants in particular. We therefore cept servants; but no woman, except most humbly request, that you will use ladies and gentlewomen, who had leithe power committed to you, in re

sure, and might ask somebody the moving this evil immediately; and we meaning. The law was repealed in will ever acknowledge the benefit.”

Edward the Sixth's days. Since the above Petition was pre- In interpreting the Scripture, many sented, the police officers have been do as if a man should see one have ten particularly active in detecting offend-) pounds, which he reckoned by one,

225
Selections from Selden.--Epitaph.

226 two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, all in imitation of church-works, emnine, ten: meaning four was but four blems of martyrdom. Our tansies at units, and five, five units, &c. and that Easter have reference to the bitter he had in all but ten pounds; the other herbs; though at the same time it was that sees him, takes not the figures always the fashion for a man to have a together as he doth, but picks here and gammon of bacon, to shew himself to there, and thereupon reports, that he be no Jew. hath five pounds in one bag, and six

Churches. pounds in another bag, and nine pounds The way coming into our great in another bag, &c. when as in truth churches was anciently at the west he hath but ten pounds in all. So we door, that men might see the altar pick out a text here and there, to make and all the church before them. The it serve our turn; whereas if we take other doors were but posterns. it all together, and consider what went

House of Commons. before, and what followed after, we There be but two erroneous opinions should find it meant no such thing. in the House of Commons; that the

The Scripture may have more senses Lords sit only for themselves, when the besides the literal, because God under truth is, they sit as well for the Comstands all things at once; but a man's monwealth. The Knights and Burwriting has but one true sense, which gesses sit for themselves and others ; is that which the author meant when some for more, some for fewer: and he writ it.

what is the reason ? Because the room Books.

will not hold all: the Lords being few, In answering a book, it is best to be they all come: Now imagine the room short, otherwise he that I write against able to hold all the Commons of Engwill suspect I intend to weary him, land; then the Lords and Burgesses not to satisfy him. Besides, in being would sit no otherwise than the Lords long, I shall give my adversary a huge do. The second error is, that the advantage: somewhere or other he will House of Commons are to begin to pick a hole.

give subsidies, yet if the Lords dissent It is good to have translations, be they can give no money. cause they serve as a comment, so far The form of a charge runs thus,-I as the judgment of the man goes. accuse in the name of all the Commons of

In quoting of books, quote such au- | England: how then can any man be as thors as are usually read: others you a witness, when every man is made may read for your own satisfaction, the accuser? but not name them.

To quote a modern Dutchman when I may use a classic author, is as if I were to justify my reputation, and From a Tombstone, in the yard beneglect all persons of note and quality called Windleshire Abbey, in the

longing to the ruins of an old Church, that know me, and bring the testimonial of the scullion in the kitchen.

parish of Windle, near St. Helen's,

Lancashire.
Changing sides.

IH S
It is the trial of a man, to see if he

Here will change his side; and if he be so

Lieth the Remains weak as to change once, he will change

of again. You country fellows have a

John Bapt. Franc. Giraux de la Bruyere. way to try if a man be weak in the

He was the first hams, by coming behind him, and giv

who brought to perfection ing him a blow unawares: if he bend A work of very considerable magnitude once, he will bend again.

And importance
Christmas.

To the commercial Interests of the British Our meats and our sports (much of

Nation; them) have relation to church-works.

The Cast-plate Glass manufactory. The coffin of our Christmas pies, in

In memory of the Distinguished Abilities

of so deserving a man, shape long, is in imitation of the

These lines are cratch: our choosing kings and queens

inscribed. on Twelfth-night, hath reference to the

He was born at St. Gaubain in Picardie three kings. So likewise our eating of

in France. fritters, whipping of tops, roasting of He died at Ravenhead, Dec. 5th, 1787, herrings, Jack of Lent, &c. they were In thc 48ih year of bis Age. No. 3.-VOL. I.

Q

AN EPITAPH

or

EPITAPH ON AN ALCHYMIST. is chiefly inhabited by Rajepoots and Here lies, to digest, macerate,

Kettees, there is another tribe called And amalgamate with Clay,

Bhats, who are supposed to be investThe Residuum,

ed with a kind of sacred character; Terra damnata, and Caput mortuum, to support which, they occasionally of

offer their children in Traga, or sacriBG

fice. Their office in the community is, Chymist & Medicine Doctor.

to become personal securities between A Man

other individuals, that their various Who on this earthly ball Pursued various Processes

bargains may be punctually fulfilled. To obtain the Arcanum Vitæ,

But in case the contracting parties

should fail in the ratification of their Art of getting rather

promises, they have recourse to a most Than making G OLD.

dreadful expedient, of which the folAlchymist-like,

lowing is an illustrative example.All his labour and projection, as Mercury In the year 1806, a Bhat of Vewin the fire,

ingaum, named Kunna, had become Evaporated in fumo.

security on the part of Dossajee, the When he dissolved to his first principles chieftain of Mallia, for a sum of money, He departed as poor as the last drops of an

payable to the Guicawar government. Alembic.

When the time specified for payment For riches Are not poured on the adepts of this world.— arrived, Dossajee refused to fulfil his Tho' fond of News,

engagement. On this refusal, governhe carefully avoided

ment applied to Kunna, the Bhat, as The Fermentation, Effervescence,

the responsible security; who, after And Decrepitation

several fruitless attempts to perof this Life:

suade Dossajee to redeem his word, Full 70 Years

returned to his house to adopt more Was his exalted Essence hermetically sealed decisive measures. Having spent In its Terrene Matrass :

some time in prayer, he assembled his But the radicul Moisture being exhausted,

family, and, with all the deliberation The Elixir Vitæ spent,

of an idolatrous fanatic, desired his And exsiccated to a Cuticle,

wife to prepare one of their daughters He could not suspend longer in this Vehicle,

for Traga. The innocent child was at

this time about seven years of age; But precipitated Gradatim Per Campanam,

but she had been taught from her inTo his original Dust.

fancy to regard the dignity, the sacred May that light which is brighter

character, and divine honour, of her Than Bolonian Phosphorus.

family, as an object to which all other Preserve him from

considerations should be rendered subThe Altramore,

servient. Under these impressions, Empyreumatical,

being persuaded that there existed a And reverberatory Furnace of the other World! real necessity for the sacrifice, Depurate him from the Fæces & Scoriæ

compulsory measures were necessary of this,

to induce her to walk in the painful Highly Rectify and Volatilize His Ethereal Spirit,

path, by which the honour of her Cast

was to be preserved. Having bathed, Bring it over the Helm of the Retort of this globe;

and dressed herself in her best attire, Place it in a proper Recipient

and taken leave of the family, she or Crystalline Orb

knelt before her father, resting her head Among the Elect flowers of Benjamin; upon his knee; and, holding aside her Never to be saturated, till

long hair, resigned herself without The general Resurrection, Deflagration, a struggle to the sword of this unnatuCalcination, and Sublimation, ral barbarian. The child being immoof

lated, some of its blood was sprinkled All Things !

on the gate of Dossajee, which produced an instantaneous payment of

the money. The blood of a Bhat being BARBAROUS CUSTOM IN INDIA.

on his possessions, was considered as AMONG the inhabitants of that part of portentous of some dreadful disaster; India, which is generally known as to avert which, he also readily gave the peninsula of Guzerat, and which presents of land to the father, and

no

229

Remarks on Sir Richard Phillips's Essay.

230

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

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caused a mausoleum to be erected to after thine!-No; Sir Richard will be the memory of the daughter.

second to none: he cannot brook the idea so contradictory in nature, that a less light should shine in the presence

of a greater: hence, his first display MAGAZINE.

is to hide the splendour of Newton,

and to make the abettors of his system Sir, Bristol, May 2, 1819.

“ ashamed of the philosophy which it Enclosed I send you some observa- adopts.” It is somewhat strange, that tions, which the perusal of a treatise

none of the keen-eyed critics could, by Sir Richard Phillips has suggested. till now, discover, that Newton had In this work, Sir Richard attempts to served us up with a stale philosophy. controvert some branches of the New- However, as it respects the fall of tonian Philosophy; but with what suc- bodies, and the return of projectiles cess, the following paper will declare to the earth, let not even the vulgar my opinion.

and credulous be led to suppose that The tract to which I allude is enti- the causes,” whatever they are, tled, “ Essays on the Proximate Me- determined by Sir Isaac Newton.” chanical Causes of the General Phe- No: in preceding ages, the term nomena of the Universe.” By Sir Attraction, as an

inherent or innate Richard Phillips. London. 35. 6d. property of matter,” had been empp. 96. 12mo. - By inserting the fol- ployed “ to designate at once the phelowing remarks in the Imperial Maga- nomena and the cause of bodies rushzine, you will oblige yours, &c.

ing together, or falling to the earth.” Thos. Exley.

Besides,“ in a folio volume of Cos“In regard to the mechanical cause mography, printed in the reign of of gravitation, (says the author,) there James the First, the mutual attrachave been many hypotheses; but all tions of the Earth and Moon, and the have failed, either in probability, or supposed influence of the latter on in agreement with the law of force.” the tides of the sea, are explained, as The immense labours of deep and received truths.” And more: “ the extensive research, of patient and law, that the force and density of emaunwearied investigation, of continued nations from a centre diminish in the observations and experiments, and of inverse ratio of the square of the disthe conjoined efforts of genius, have tance, was also recognized in hunfailed, or had failed, till Sir Richard dreds of treatises on philosophy, Phillips arose to illuminate the philo- printed in England and on the Contisophical world. The“ combined” revo- nent through the sixteenth and sevenlutions of remote systems have, doubt-teenth centuries.” After such evidence less, contributed to bring this lumi- | as this, let the man blush who shall nary above our horizon: we might venture to name these as the discoveprobably have been obliged to grope ries of Newton. Yet, some tribute is without the benefit of his lucid emana- due to the illustrious philosopher, since tions, “ if the philosophy of Aristotle it is admitted that he invented the prohad not superseded that of the priests jectile force, and annihilated the meand magicians, which had previously dium of space. subsisted for a thousand years; and if The truth is, that Newton, whose the physics of Newton, and the meta-glory will never be eclipsed, did not physics of Locke, had not superseded invent the projectile force, nor annihithe dogmas of Aristotle, after they late the medium of space; and he had borne down all opposition for never professed to have discovered the nearly two thousand years.”

cause of gravitation, though he careBefore this eventful period, we all fully inquired into that cause.

He thought that Sir Isaac Newton's the found certain terms, as Attraction, ory of gravitation was established Weight, Gravity, Repulsion, Projecbeyond controversy; not adverting to tile Force, &c. in frequent use among the most common phenomenon, that philosophers, and did not see it nethe Sun itself rises to set again. cessary to discard these terms; but But surely, Newton, thy glory cannot freely employed them under certain be híd! He who shall discover the restrictions, which he cautiously and cause of gravitation, shall have the wisely laid before his readers. The honour to see his name enrolled next term Attraction is doubtless liable to

as

abuse; but against this we are suf-mena, which before were totally inexficiently guarded. It had long been plicable. 12, He bequeathed to us a the custom to call that force, whatever variety of exquisitely fine and imporit is, which gives motion to a body, tant theorems relating to physics, or alters its motion, either by a change which have been exceedingly useful of velocity or direction; and this term to philosophers, and will be so álso he very properly retained. long as the world stands. These are

We may now ask, of what has New- the legitimate claims of Sir Isaac ton to boast, since “ the PROXIMATE Newton, as it respects the theory of Cause of attraction and gravitation universal gravitation. These are truths continues as little known in our days, in philosophy, which the exalted mind as in any period of antiquity ?” It of that great man first disclosed, and was not necessary for Sir Richard to which were not to be developed but resolve this question: the learned, who by powers of more than common exrequire no answer, will excuse a word cellence. By these discoveries philoor two in reply, for the sake of the less sophy is abundantly enriched, and her informed. Let such examine the sub- empire vastly extended.

The conject, and they will find, that, 1, Sir tinued investigations of illustrious Isaac Newton proved, what had been observers and inquirers into the phebefore surmised, viz. that all the Pla- nomena of nature, have completely nets are acted on, or continually de-established these celebrated concluflected from the line of their direction, sions: every new discovery relating to by a force tending toward the Sun. the subject furnishes additional evi2, He proved, what had hitherto dence, if that were required, and not been hidden in the arcana of nature, a single discordant phenomenon has viz. that the intensity of that force yet been detected in all the variety of varies inversely, as the square of the material existence. Thus has Newton distance. 3, He demonstrated, that found an universal cement, and built the same kind of force, whatever it is, a grand series of steps, by which we actuates all the primary Planets. 4, ascend to regions till then unknown, He shewed us, that the secondary and explore the beauties of the uniPlanets are subject to the same kind verse with delight otherwise forbidof force directed both to the primary den. and to the Sun.' 5, From him we But though he discovered the celearn, also, that the Sun is itself un- ment, and many of its wonderful proder the influence of a like force, in a perties and effects, yet he could not direction toward each of the Planets, ascertain its essence. This is doubtprimary and secondary. 6, That each less a subject worthy of inquiry; but primary Planet, having secondaries, is shall we abstain from fruit which is affected also by a similar force, direct- pleasant and wholesome, and preed to its secondaries. 7, That all the sented to us, because we are not Planets are acted on by this all-per- informed what is its intimate essence? vading force, each one towards all the Of the essential nature of this universal others. 8, He clearly proved, that the force, or the cause of universal graviforce, whatever it is, which causes tation, Newton professes to know bodies to descend toward the Earth, nothing. Whether the tendency of or, as we properly say, which causes bodies to bodies be occasioned by the gravitation of terrestrial bodies, is some unknown action of a rare ethethe very same kind of force which ope- real medium; or by a stream of fluid, rates throughout the whole system. some way moving towards all bodies; 9, That the action of this force is pro- or by an inherent or innate power, portional to the quantity of matter; contained in the nature of some or all and therefore affects every material portions of matter; or by the agency portion of bodies. 10, He invented, of some peculiar unknown substance ; or and applied in these researches, a by the continued efforts of ministering sublime calculus; which invention spirits; or by the immediate hand of alone would have raised any man to Deity,-let those discover who can; the immortal honour in the circle of sci-illustrious Newton never pretended to,

11, From these established or claimed the honour of having deterfacts, by him ascertained to be such, mined this point. assisted by the new calculus, he But “ he spoke and treated of ATelearly explained numerous pheno- TRACTIon and GRAVITATION as inherent

ence.

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