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181 Interesting Account of the Rev. Samuel Lee. 182 sion at one time. Having purchased fers but little from the Hebrew, except one, and read it, this was sold; and, in the variation of character, he found with a litile addition, the sum enabled few obstacles to his reading it.
In him to procure another ; which, in its this, however, he was compelled to 'turn, was disposed of in a similar confine hinıself to such quotations as manner. : Such was the progress of books supplied; as works in that lanMr. Lee's mind, and such were his guage did not lie within his reach. acquirements during his apprentice- During the whole of this astonishship.
ing career, Mr. Lee was naided by On being liberated from his inden- any instructor, uncheered by any liteture, he formed a determination to rary companion, and uninfluenced by make himself acquainted with the the hope either of p:ofit or of praise. Greek. He accordingly purchased a
The difficulties which he had to surWestminster Greek Grammar; and mount, arising from his situation in not long afterwards a Greek Testa- life, were more than sufficient to dement; which, with the assistance of press any spirit less active and enerSchrevelius' Lexicon, he was soon getic than his own. But in addition able to read. Having made this pro- to these, his incessant application to ficiency, he next procured 'Hunting- study, brought on an inflammation ford's Greek Exercises,” which he in his eyes, with which, at times, he wrote throughout; and then, agreeably was severely afflicted ; and this into the plan recommended in these Ex- duced those with whom he was surercises, read Xenophon's Cyropædia, rounded, to use every effort to dissuade and, shortly afterwards, Plato's Dia- him from his pursuits, and to oppose logues. Some parts of the Iliad and his progress with every discourageOdyssey of Homer, the Golden Verses ment in their power. These circumof Pythagoras, with the Commentary stances united, presented to his view of Hierocles, Lu.ian's Dialogues of an accumulation of opposition, the asthe Dead, some of the Poetæ Mino- pect of which was truly formidable. res, and the Antigone of Sophocles, But habit, and a fixed determination soon followed, to mark the career of to proceed, had now made study his intellect, and to augment his stock of principal solace ; so that when the knowledge. Having surmounted these business of the day was finished, he difficulties, Mr. Lee next thought he renewed his application, and found it would attempt the Hebrew; and, with rather a source of rest from manual this design, he procured Bythner's labour, than a mental exertion which Grammar, with his Lyra Prophetica, augniented his bodily toils. And by the help of which, he was enabled alihough, in his prosecution of these in a short time to read the Hebrew arduous studies, he suffered many priPsalter, a copy of which he procured. vations ; yet the solitary satisfaction Advancing in the study of this lan- which he derived from his successful guage, he next purchased Buxtorf's efforts, imparted a recompense, which Grammar and Lexicon, together with a mind actuated by similar principles a Hebrew Bible, with which he soon alone could feel. made himself acquainted.
But while Mr. Lee made these rapid It was much about this time, that a advances in the acquirement of lankind of accident threw in his way the guages, he was not inattentive to the Targum of Onkelas, which, with the business upon which his livelihood assistance of a Chaldee Grammar he depended. In the purchase of books, already possessed in Bythner's Lyra, he had expended much money; but and Schindler's Lexicon, he was soon he had also procured a chest of tools, able to read. His next step was to
worth about to 25, by the time he undertake the Syriae, in which also had attained his twenty-fifth year. bis efforts were crowned with success. Considering his trade as his only supBy the assistance which he derived port, and receiving some intimations from Otho's Synopsis and Schindler's and promises of a favourable nature Lexicon, he was soon enabled to read in the line of his occupation; his some of Gattir's Testament. He prospects in life, now fully engrossed next turned his attention to the Sama- his attention; and under these views ritan, in which he found less difficulty he married. The changes which had than in several of his former attempts. thus taken place, soon induced him For as the Samaritan Pentateuch dif- to think, thai, how pleasing soever i
acquisitions might appear, they were embarrassment, the Rev. Archdeacon entirely useless in the situation that Corbett, having heard of his singular seemed to be allotted him; and under attachment to study, and of his being these impressions, he thought it pru- at that time in Langnor, requested an dent to relinquish the study of lan- interview ; that he might learn from guages altogether. His books were his own statement, the genuine partiaccordingly sold, and new resolutions culars of a report, in which, from its were formed, that coincided with his singularity, he hesitated to place imstation, if they were not conformable plicit confidence. A little conversato his inclination.
tion soon convinced him, that, on this But the issues of human life fre- occasion, the trumpet of fame had not quently depend upon incidents, which sounded a delusive blast; and an inwe can neither anticipate nor com- quiry into his mode of life, soon led to mand. Mr. Lee, prior to these latter a development of his present calaresolutions, had been sent into Wor- mities. cestershire, to superintend, under his Pleased with having such an oppormaster, Mr. John Lee, the repairing tunity of fostering genius, of relieving of a large house, belonging to the Rev. distress, and of rewarding applicaMr. Cookes. While in this situation, tion, this worthy gentleman soon he was awakened from his dream of adopted measures, through which Mr. life, by a melancholy accident, that Lee was appointed to the superintendin one instant totally disarranged his ence of a charity-school in Shrewsplans, and reduced him and his wife bury, and, at the same time, introto a state of the most severe distress. tuced to the notice of Dr. Jonathan A fire broke out in the house which Scott, who had been Persian secretary they had been repairing, which con- to Mr. Hastings in India, and who is sumed all his tools, together with his well known and highly respected as an hopes and prospects, in one devouring Oriental scholar. It was with this genblaze. In consequence of this cala- tleman, that Mr. Lee had, for the first mity, he was now cast upon the world, time in his life, either an opportunity without a friend, without a shilling, or the pleasure of conversing upon and without even the means of sub- those arduous studies in which he had sistence. On his own account, as he been so long engaged; but which, had long been accustomed to misfor- under all the disadvantages arising tune, these calamities were but slightly from solitude and poverty, he had felt; but the partner of his life, being prosecuted with so much success. involved in the same common afflic- Astonished at Mr. Lee's acquisitions, tion, her distress gave to his sufferings and finding him possessed of almost a degree of acuteness, which virtuous unexampled facilities for the acquiresympathy alone can comprehend. ment of language, Dr. Scott put into
Affairs, however, had now reached his hands some books, through the asan important crisis. What was lost sistance of which he has made himself could not be recovered ; and Mr. Lee acquainted with the Arabic, Persian, began seriously to think of adopting and Hindostanee languages. The loan some new course, in which he might of these books, and some instruction derive advantages from his former in pronunciation, included all that Mr. studies. At this time, nothing appear- Lee required from foreign aid. His ed so eligible to him, as that of becom
own mind furnished every other reing a country schoolmaster; and to source.
And such was his progress in qualify himself more fully for this these hitherto untrodden paths, that, office, he applied with assiduity to the in the course of a few months, he was
Murray's English Exer- not only able to read and translate cises,” and to the improvement of his from any Arabic or Persian manuscipt, knowledge in the rules of arithmetic. but to compose in these languages. But against this scheme there was one To his friend and patron Dr. Scott, Mr. formidable objection. He had no Lee sent Arabic and Persian translamoney on which to begin; and knew tions of several Oriental apologues, not any friend, who, under existing taken from Dr Johnson's Rambler
; circumstances, would be disposed to and also Addison's Vision of Mizra, lend him the sum he wanted.
in the Spectator. These translations, Providentially, while he was in this in the opinion of Dr. Scott, were state of depression, solicitude, and “ wonderfully well done ;" and his tes
Interesting Account of the Rev. Samuel Lee.
timony is confirmed by the decided tendance on two other seminaries as approbation which Mr. James Ander- teacher of Arithmetic, constituted his son, whose abilities as an Oriental employment, during his residence at scholar needs no encomium, has been Shrewsbury ; and from the proficiency pleased to express.
made by his pupils, it may be fairly Mr. Lee's talents are not wholly inferred, that his talent of conveying confined to the dead and Eastern lan- knowledge to others, corresponded guages. He has also made a consi- with the facility with which he makes derable proficiency in French, German, his personal acquisitions. and Italian. With this amazing fa- But the period was at hand, in culty of mind, he has also associated which, through the order of an overa taste for elegant composition ; and ruling Providence, Mr. Lee was to be his poetical talents are highly respect-transplanted to a region more congeable. Of this taste, and of these nial to his natural feelings, and the talents, he has furnished several speci- bent of his genius. His acquaintance mens in English and Latin. He has with Dr. Scott, which knew no interalso given a parody of Gray's Ode to ruption, was soon matured into a seAdversity, in Greek Sapphic verse, rious friendship; and this, in conjuncwhich is considered, by competent tion with his constantly accumulating judges, as a surprising effort of self- attainments, led to his connection with instructed genius.
the Church Missionary Society; to his “When I first had the pleasure of admission at Queen's College, Camconversing with Mr. Lee upon books,” bridge; and to his ordination as says Archdeacon Corbett, “ I found Minister of the Established Church. he had read the Latin poets usually But his admission at the University, introduced into schools, as Ovid, Vir- unfolds another feature in the astongil, Horace, &c.; that he had read ishing character of his genius, which part of the Odyssey, as well as the justice forbids us to pass by in silence. İliad, of Homer; some of the Greek “ When he entered at Cambridge," minor poets, and some of the plays of says Archdeacon Corbett, “ he was Sophocles. Before we parted, I lent unacquainted with the mathematics. him the memoirs of that interesting But in one fortnight he had qualified and extraordinary young man, Mr. himself to attend a class, which had Kirk White, then lately printed. Mr. gone through several books of Euclid; Lee returned it to me very shortly, and he soon after discovered an error, with a Latin poem in praise of Kirk not indeed in Euclid, but in a treatise White ; a dialogue in Greek, on the on Spherical Trigonometry, usually Christian religion ; and pious effu- bound up with Simpson's Euclid, the sion in Hebrew ; all compiled by him- 14th proposition of which Mr. Lee self, when, as I believe, he had not disproved. Now, as Simpson's ediany accession to books, for he was, tion of Euclid may be looked upon as during the time, upon permanent duty a text-book at either University, and as at Ludlow, as a member of the South it is the one usually put into the hands Local Militia for this county. And I of students, and to which the lectures believe, the first prose composition of of the tutors apply, it is most wonderful, any length Mr. Lee turned his atten- if a mistake should have been pointed tion to, was the History of the Syrian out in such a work, and for the first Churches in India ;-a memoir which time, it should seem, by a student of would do credit to the pen of any his- not many weeks' standing in that scitorian.”
And as the highest honours are From the knowledge which Mr. Lee given at Cambridge to mathematical had obtained of the Oriental lan- | learners, Mr. Lee must have anticiguages, through his acquaintance with pated a safe and easy road to those Dr. Scott, he was introduced into a honours. But he considered this point, few private houses, as instructor in as he considers all others, with that Persic and Hindostanee, to the sons sobriety of mind with which he is so of gentlemen, who were expecting ap- eminently gifted; and he contented pointments either in the civil or mili- himself with a competent knowledge tary department of the Honourable of mathematics, lest further attention East India Company's service. This to that seducing science, should interengagement, the superintendence of fere with those studies in which the his own school, and his occasional at- highest interests of mankind are con
cerned. This decision speaks volumes 5. A Malay tract, for the London as to Mr. Lee's theological views. of Missionary Society, and some tracts Mr. Lee it may be said, that if he has | in Hindostanee, for the Society for ambition, it is to know the word of instructing the Lascars. God himself, and to impart that word 6. A tract in Arabic, on the new to others; though whether he shall be system of education, written by Dr. honoured upon earth, as the instru- Bell, and first translated by Michael ment of the good he has done, or may Sabag, for Baron de Sacy, Oriental do, is, I believe, with him, a very interpreter to the king of France. inferior consideration; or, rather, no 7. Dr. Scott having translated the consideration at all."
Service for Christmas Day from the In referring to the convertibility of Prayer-book of the Church of EngMr. Lee's genius, notwithstanding his land into Persic, Mr. Lee has added retired and unassuming manners, and to it the rest of the Liturgy. also to the sincerity with which he 8. Mr. Lee has in hand a took upon him the sacred office of a translation of the Old Testament into minister of Jesus Christ, the following Persian, in conjunction with Mirza circumstance ought not to be omitted. Khaleel. No sooner was he in holy orders, than 9. Mr. Lee is printing an Hindostahe received invitations to preach to nee New Testament. some of the largest congregations. 10. He is preparing for an Ethiopic Many of these he accepted. On these Bible, and some other works. occasions he ascended the pulpits with
11. Mr. Lee has also made a new all the ease and self-possession of one fount of letter, for Hindostanee and long accustomed to the station; and Persian printing; and a new fount, he delivered his discourses with a for an edition of the Syriac Old Tesfreedom and an eloquence, equal to tament; and for which he has collated that of the best practical preacher. nine ancient manuscripts, and one
The languages with which this as- ancient coinmentary. Some of these tonishing man has made himself ac- were collated for the London Polyquainted, including his native tongue, glot; but Mr. Lee looks upon these are eighteen in number; which are collations both as incorrect and defias follows. - 1. En sh. 2. Latin. cient.
He hopes to restore many 3. Greek. 4. Hebrew. 5. Chaldee. omissions, both in the London and 6. Syriac. 7. Samaritan. 8. Arabic. Paris Polyglots. 9. Persie. 10. Hindostanee. 11. French. Happily for the honour of the Bri12. German. 13. Italian. 14. Ethi- tish nation, these talents have not opic. 15. Coptic. 16. Malay. 17. been suffered either to remain in obSanserit. 18. Bengalee. -- This is about scurity, or to languish under that one third more than the much cele- adversity where they had their birth. brated Mr. Crichton ever attained. At a Congregation, held on the 10th
Of his literary labours, the follow- of March, 1819, the Rev. SAMUEL ing articles appear to grace the list.- Lee, of Queen's College, was admit
1. The Syriac New Testament, edit- ted Master of Arts by Royal Mandate, ed by Mr. Lee, and published, is not and was afterwards elected PROPESa continuation of Dr. Buchanan's, but SOR OF ARABIC, on the resignation of an entire new work; for which Mr. Lee the Rev. John Palmer, B. D. of St. collated three Syriac manuscripts, the John's College. Such are the honours Syrian commentary of Syrius, and the which Mr. Lee has already attained, texts of Ridley, Jones, and Wetstein. through the exercise of his extraordi
2. An edition of the Malay New nary talents in the cause of virtue Testament, from the Dutch edition of and religion. The dignity and exalt1733; and the Old Testament, is now ation which yet await him, we prein the press.
sume not to anticipate. 3. An enlarged and corrected edi- Of his personal character, an amition of Mr. Martyn's Hindostanee able picture has been drawn by his Prayer Book, in conjunction with first venerable friend and patron, ArchMr. Corrie.
deacon Corbett, who extended to him 4. A tract, translated into Persian the hand of benevolence, whèn his and Arabie, and printed; entitled “The loss by fire had reduced him to a state Way of Truth and Life,” for the use of penury and distress. Towards Mr. of the Mahometans.
Lee, the Archdeacon has invariably
190 preserved his attachment, withholding REQUEST TO CORRESPONDENTS. no assistance that friendship, and a An intelligent correspondent, who respect for genius, could induce him signs himself Omega, has lately fato bestow. Of this kindness Mr. Lee voured us with some judicious obseris so deeply sensible, that he omits no vations, on the critical remarks of a prudent opportunity of expressing his celebrated commentator, respecting obligations, in the warm effusions of the primary production of light. This a grateful heart.
letter we should gladly have inserted “ The whole of Mr. Lee's life,” says as it has been sent us; but the objecthe Archdeacon, “has been sober, tions having the appearance of an inmoral, and consistent. He bears his dividual application, we fear that it faculties most meekly. The resources might give offence. However, that of his mind are unapparent, till called the design of the writer may not be forth. He sought not polished so- frustrated, we shall state the object ciety; but he mingled in it, when of his inquiry, without any hesitation. invited, without effort, and without It has frequently been asked, “ How embarrassment; and, without losing could Light be produced on the first any of his humility, he sustains his day, when the Sun, which is its founplace in it with ease and independ- tain, was not created until the fourth?”
Mr. Lee's learning is without To give a solution to this difficulty, any tincture of pedantry; and his various theories have been invented; religion is as far removed from enthu- but our correspondent is not satisfied siasm on the one hand, as it is from with any of the expedients to which lukewarmness on the other. Let us ingenuity and learning have hitherto bless God, then, that such talents are resorted. Under this impression he thus directed. Let us bless God, that observes, “ I should be glad to meet, they are directed in an especial man- in your Miscellany, with a satisfactory ner to the interests of the Bible So- exposition of this interesting and difciety. And, perhaps, the grandeur ficult part of the scriptures.' In this and the simplicity so apparent in the request, we most cordially unite with plan of the Bible Society, are the two the writer. We shall be glad to readjuncts, that best exemplify the mind ceive any communications on the thus devoted to its service.'
REPORT OF BRITISH TRADE AND COMMERCE.
In presenting to our readers an outline of the principal features of the operations of commerce since our last, we have to lament, that the protracted investigation carrying on by the Finance Committee, in the House of Commons, has had a baneful influence on the funds, and induced the monied interest to reserve themselves, in expectation of a loan, which it now appears will at length be wanted. Conjecture is at variance with respect to the amount, but we do not bear that it will be less than six millions.--Money having in consequence become scarce, and discount attended with much difficulty, bas had very embarrassing results to commerce; whilst the numerous failures in the Metropolis, in the manufacturing districts, and, we are sorry to add, some few in our own town, have all tended to weaken confidence, and have greatly clogged the already encuiobered wheel of commerce.---Whilst we deplore and sympathize with the individuals who have been obliged to bend to the pressure of the times, we do not anticipate those dreadful results which glooiny speculatists may predict; but hope that, as in the year 1810, Government will grant Exchequer Bills to Commissioners, to advance upon colonial produce, and other goods, by which the merchant will be relieved, and prevented froid sacrificing his goods at ruinous rates. There is in the character of the British merchant that elasticity which rebounds from pressure ; and we are sanguipe enough to hope, that a revival of commerce is not far distant. The manufacturer bas now the raw material at a cheaper rate than was generally the case in any former period, the necessaries of life are at comparatively low rates ; su that although ruin has attended the enterprises of many industrious merchants, Fet in a national point of view our manulactures will be thus enabled to cope with all others in foreign markets, and thus obtain that preference to which they are justly entitled. In prefacing our conmercial report with these few remarks, we purpose to record the present current prices of the leading insports, and to affix the rates at which similar goods were selling last year at this time.
American Produce.-The low prices of Cottons have attracted the notice of dealers--and the sales of the month are about 36,000 bags.-prices were improving, with an increasing demai