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Explanation and References to the Patent Perpetual Stream Pump, invented by

B. Smythe, Vauxhall-Road, Liverpool. A the crank or handle, by which the can have any length of stroke that whole is put in motion. It may be may be required, and the same numfixed upon any of the ends a a a a, and ber of cranks may be made to work any another crank or handle upon the op- number of pumps, with no other addiposite side or end of the same crank. tional machinery, hut lengthening and bbbb are the open parts of the con- supporting

the connecting rods, and necting rods, wherein the sheaves or putting an additional spear and sheave small wheels on the top of each spear för each pump. The great superiority traverse backward and forward, during of those pumps, is in the almost uneach revolution of the cranks. cccc limited length of stroke, and number are the open parts of the four spears, of pumps that may be worked by the each of which is furnished with two same machinery, with the least exsheaves, the one on the top, as before- pense of power.' The length of stroke mentioned, and the other in this open in a pump, has been so little attended part, through which, and the sides of to by the generality of mechanics, that the pump-frame, the bolt d passes, in this property of the pump may not be order to keep each spear in a direct particularly noticed : it is therefore perpendicular position, during the necessary to state, that every time the whole of each revolution. By means clapper or valve of a pump-box falls, of the above-mentioned sheaves in the it carries back with it a quantity of connecting rods, and spear of each water equal to the diameter of the pump, the perpetual Stream Pumps valve; therefore, if we can have a





Price of the Bible. -Character of our Lord, &c. 158 twelve-inch stroke, with the same ease

THE CHARACTER OF OUR LORD. as a six-inch stroke, we save a valve full of water at each stroke, and so on

The character of our blessed Lord, in proportion to the length of the taken from a book, entitled Les Préstroke. And since this Patent Pump jugés detruits, –“ Prejudices destroycan have any length of stroke, without ed.”—by J. M. Lequinia, Member of any additional friction, it must raise the National Convention of France, more water than any other pump, and a professed Atheist. with greater ease. This peculiar pro

Chap. 26. Of Jesus Christ. perty of these pumps has been so

“ He called himself the Son of God: clearly demonstrated on board of the vessels that have hitherto used them, Who among mortals dare to say the as to astonish every person who has was not? He always displayed virtue; beheld them at work, on seeing the he always spoke according to the dicincredible weight of water raised by tates of reason; he always preached up the strength of two men.

wisdom; he sincerely loved all men, and wished to do good even to his persecutors; he developed all the principles of moral equality, and of the purest patriotism; he met danger undismayed;

he described the hard-heartedness of SIR, ublin, April 5, 1819.

the rich; he attacked the pride of Should the two following Articles kings; he dared to resist, even in the be judged proper to fill a place in your face of tyrants; he despised glory and Magazine, they are at your service. fortune; he was sober; he solaced


the indigent; he taught the unfortunate Melancthon records a very dreadful how to suffer ; he sustained weakness; example of God's righteous judgment he fortified decay; he consoled misforupon a company of profane wretches, tune ; he knew how to shed tears with who, in a tragedy, intended to repre- those that wept; he taught men to subsent the Death of Christ upon the jugate their passions, to think, to reCross. In this blasphemous exhibi- flect, to love one another, and to live tion, he that acted the soldier's part, happily together; he was hated by the instead of piercing with his spear a powerful, whom he offended by his bladder full of blood, concealed under teaching; and persecuted by the wickthe garment of the man who personated ed, whom he unmasked; and he died Christ, wounded him to death. The under the indignation of that blind dying man, in falling down, killed an- and deceived multitude, for whose other, who, in disguise, acted the part good he had always lived.” of the woman that stood wailing under the Cross. The brother of him who was first slain, slew the murderer who acted the soldier's part; and, for slaying him, he was hanged, by order of MAY we not safely conclude, from the justice.

names of various measures now in use, that such measures were originally

correspondent to sizes much larger than THE PRICE OF A BIBLE IN 1274.

our own? In the year 1274, the price of a smalt For example: an inch is expressed Bible, neatly written, was £30; which in most European languages by a word sum, no doubt, was equal to £200 of signifying a thumb; and consequently our money. A good Bible may now informs us, of the common breadth of be had for two or three shillings. It an ancient thumb; as, de pede Hercuis said that the building of two arches lem: thus we may say, de pollice Gerof London Bridge cost only £25; manicum. A palm expresses the standwhich is £5 less than a copy of the ard measure of six inches. Hence we Bible, many years afterwards. Of may suppose, that a palm of the ancient what incalculable value is the art of Germans was generally speaking, about Printing! We have the pleasure of an inch and a half broader than most seeing its beneficial effects more widely of the modern. The smaller ell, (which extended than ever, by Sunday Schools, seems to be a contraction of EllenBible Societies, and Christian Mis- bagen, that is, an elbow,) is equal to sionaries.

a cubit; and describes an extent from


the joint of the elbow, to the top of the flect on the choice of a profession. To middle finger; equal to twenty-seven him, at this time, nothing appeared inches, and consequently exceeding, by more honourable or more laudable, several inches, the present size of arms than that of a minister. He accordand hands. We shall not find one foot ingly passed through his ecclesiastical in twenty of our modern feet, that will studies, obtained every legal qualifimeasure 12 inches in length. Three of cation, and began to preach. It was these make a yard; but a yard is equi- not long, however, that he continued valent to about four of our diminished in this employment. He soon turned feet; so that we have lost about two his attention to medicine, and became inches in the article of feet.

a physician. Unfortunately, this also, A pace is the measure of five feet. after a season, ceased to charm, and, If we may suppose, without slipping like divinity, was thrown aside. He over the bounds of probability, this then became a lawyer, in which prodistance was but a step for our ances-fession he continued through life. tors, we must allow that they generally A friend of his, who had noticed outstepped us; for there are not many this strange versatility of temper, took persons now, that can step with ease an occasion one day, to inquire into beyond three feet. Perhaps this dis- the reasons of his instability. To this proportion may appear incredible; but inquiry, he received the following we are to remember, that the length of reply. “ When I chose divinity, I a step is in general correspondent with did it because I thought the soul of the size of the person; and also that more importance than the body; but I in the day to which we refer, the action soon found, that men were in general of the femoral muscles was not imped- more concerned about their bodies ed by those vile ligatures, called gar- than their souls, and this discovery inters; that the feet were not cramped duced me to turn physician. Continuwith shoes; and that the toes were spread ing to make my observations, it was like the claws of some animals. We not long before I learned, that, whatmay also suppose, that the Germans ever importance might be attached walked like the Indians, with a spring; either to soul or body, people were and not as we contracted moderns, more intent upon the gratification of who move our legs like the two limbs of their wicked tempers, than they were a compass; the left not venturing to to provide for either. This consideraleave one spot, until the right has tion led me to prefer my last occupataken full possession of another. At tion, that of a lawyer. And I can every step they fell upon the heel, assure you, Sir, that so far from being pressed forward upon the extreme deceived in my calculation, I do not condyles of the phalanx pedis, and think I shall ever change my professprang away by the help of strong and sion again.” elastic toes. If, therefore, we take into consideration the almost gigantic size, the habitual strength of hips, thigh,

PIOUS BARBARITY. leg, and foot, their uninjured con- Ir appears from the history of the struction, their unfettered uses, and Inquisition, by Lorentes, that the nup. the peculiarity of gait, the distance tials of Charles II. and the niece of of five feet will not appear beyond their Lewis XIV. were solemnized by an usual exertions. Race-horses have Auto-de-; in which the shrieks and been known to clear 10 or 12 yards at groans of 118 human beings ascended a bound. It would scarcely be more to heaven, in clouds of smoke, from a extravagant for a Welsh Pony or Gen- bed of fire lighted on the altar of intleman-Nag to doubt the truth of this humanity. This was an offering of fact, by measuring the distance by pious gratitude; and was considered their own paces, than for us to suspect an infallible method to cause the God our ancestors incapable of the exploit, of mercy and love to smile propitiously because it exceeds our utmost at- on the marriage. But as no progeny tempts.

appeared to bless the public hopes, multitudes were at a loss to conceive, how an union commencing under such

pious and auspicious presages, could A CERTAIN youth, after having ac- be rendered unfruitful.

The cause, quired a good education, began to re-Jhowever, was soon discovered. The



Rabinical Anecdote.-On Love to Man, c.



Juggernaut of Europe was again hun- general scramble between the sexes gry; the fires of the holy Inquisition took place; but the ladies being more were again lighted; and another Auto-active and more successful than their de-was celebrated: and, to pre- competitors, picked up nine of them, pare the people for a disappointment, which they instantly secured, and they which even the Inquisitors suspected have carefully transmitted the contents they should not be able to avert, they to their female posterity. were amused with strange calculations on the wrath of the Almighty; and taught to infer, how dreadfully they

ON LOVE TO MAN.-FROM LAVATER. must have incurred the divine displea- Love, what art thou? 0 Love! who,

To this barbarous farce, the of all mortals, has ever pronounced thy deluded devotees were the more easily glory divine? To give and to teach, to reconciled, from an assurance, that if gladden, to comfort, and to warm, - is these inhuman sacrifices had not been this the whole compase of Love? Or is offered, some unheard-of judgments it the province of Love to forgive and might have been expected to overtake relieve our foes? to supplicate blessings the nation.

with tears for those who wish evil to But these impious contrivances have us? Or is it the duty of Love, to waste been found insufficient to stifle the our fortune for friends, to die in their voice of nature, in those parts of the service, unknown to them; to grasp world where its accents can be ex- the misery of nations; to carry the pressed and heard. The wary execu- burden of ages; to soar up to heaven; tioners of this detestable tribunal to plunge into the bottomless chasms, have taken the hint; and their un- for groaning mankind's relief; to be happy victims, instead of pouring out entranced with the happy; to groan their groans in flames before the mul- with the hapless, in the darkness of titude, have been doomed to die in night; to be all for all; to live but in dungeons, where the shrieks of agoniz- others, as the heart's blood lives in ing nature can only be heard by those every limb;-is this the standard of whose interest it is to conceal them. love? Speak! answer

me, Love! The last person who publicly perished Thou smilest, art silent! Thy smile, in the flames, was a woman. She was what tells it me, heaven-born Love? burned at Seville, Nov. 7th, 1783. “I am all in all,-unspeakable, like

Lorentes calculates, that the Inqui- Him! unfathomable, like Him!” sition alone, in the Spanish Peninsula, under the uninterrupted dominion of 45 Grand Inquisitors, has sacrificed

AUXILIARY BIBLE SOCIETY, LIVER241,000 individuals. Every condemnation is accompanied with a confisca- On Wednesday the 21st instant, purtion of property, and with the dissuant to public notice, a honour of the whole family of him who of people, amounting, by estimation, suffers. By the late emperor of France, to about 1500, met in the Music Hall, this iniquitous tribunal was suppress- to celebrate another anniversary of ed; but by the king of Spain its power this philanthropic institution. The has been restored.

chair was taken at twelve o'clock, by General Dirom, who opened the busi

ness of the day in a judicious and The celebrated Buxtorf, in his He- becoming manner. An exceedingly brew Lexicon, chap. 9. page 228, says, well written Report was then read, that the name of Eve is derived from which gave, in ample detail, a perspia word which signifies “ to talk.” On cuous account of the various objects this derivation, and the import of the connected with the parent institution; term, the Rabinical writers have found- occasionally referring to past successes, ed the following fable.-On a certain and also to future anticipations. The occasion, there fell from heaven twelve Ladies' Report was excellently arranlarge baskets, filled in a manner some-ged, and its sentiments were well exwhat like Pandora's box, but with very pressed. different materials. They did not con

The Rev. Mr. Burn, of Birmingham, tain bodily diseases, but an affliction of who represented one of the absent another species.

They were filled Secretaries, and the Rev. Mr. Hughes, with chit-chat. On their descent, a one of the Secretaries of the Parent No. 2.-Voi, I.







Society, then spoke at some length. I ten on the subject of Slavery, the inThese were followed by several Minis- terest of the master is the only protecters, some belonging to the Establish- tion of the slave. ment, and others of different denomi- To palliate the traffic, it has some-nations, which continued the meeting times been asserted, that, although until nearly five o'clock. A general slavery still prevails in the United spirit of benevolence seemed to breathe States, the condition of the negroes throughout the whole assembly, with is far more comfortable than that of the out being tarnished by party insinu- peasantry in England. In some cases, ation's, or sullied by unmeaning com- this statement may be correct; but of pliment or foolish adulation. À com- slavery in the abstract, it may be said, mon wish for the circulation of the “Let men paint and disguise thee Bible among heathen nations, appear- however they will, they cannot alter ed to be the grand principle by which thy nature ; thou art slavery still.” all were actuated, independently of Towards many of these miserable caplocal prejudices or of party distinctives, the cruelties, on which this systions, which always prove detrimental tem of inhumanity is founded, still to harmonious co-operation. A col- prevail in all their rigour. The slave, lection was made at the doors, which, unable to claim any protection from we understand, was handsome. law, finds himself exposed to all the

wanton sallies, and unfeeling caprices, of the petty tyrant, without being able to obtain any redress. To inflict tor

ture on a slave, is too frequently viewA native of some learning having been ed with an eye of indifference; and questioned on the cause of thunder, those who, from their cradles, have been replied with all the confidence of con- in the habit of witnessing scenes of viction, in the following manner: barbarity, which, as they advanced in

“We know very well that it is an years, they have been accustomed to angel, but so small in stature, that he augment, appear insensible to the finer cannot be seen in the air. He has, emotions of the heart, which display however, the power of conducting the one of the brightest ornaments of huclouds of the Mediterranean into Abys- man nature. By any one who gives sinia; and when the wickedness of credit to the following instance of cru: men is at its height, he makes his elty, these reflections cannot be thought voice to be heard, which is a voice of to partake of severity. It is extracted menace and reproach. And, as a from Fearon's Narrative of a Journey proof that he has also the disposal of through North America; recently made, punishment, he opens a little way the and printed during the last year. gate of heaven, whence darts out the A few minutes before dinner, my lightning. But as the clemency of attention was excited by the piteous God is infinite, his wrath is never car- cries of a human voice, accompanied ried further in Upper Egypt.” with the loud cracking of a whip:

Following the sound, I found that it issued from a log-barn, the door of

which was fastened. Peeping through A more unnatural association can the logs, I perceived the bar-keeper of hardly be imagined, than an American the inn, to which this barn belonged, presents to the world, when, with one together with a stout man, more than hand, he signs the Act of Independence, six feet high, who was a colonel, and and with the other, brandishes the whip a negro boy, about fourteen years of over his terrified slaves. The former age. The boy, being stripped naked, has frequently been held forth in all the was receiving the lashes of these monsglowing colours which language could ters, who relieved each other in the impart, to excite the admiration of use of the horsewhip. The poor boy Europe ; while the latter has, with fell down several times on his knees; equal care, been concealed from obser- | begging and praying that they would vation. truly pitiable; and, perhaps, there is he would do any thing they would aptoo much truth in the concession of point: but this produced no cessation Bryan Edwards, Esq. ; namely, that in their exercise. after all which has been said and writ- Lawes, the innkeeper, reached the


At length, Mr.

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