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1057 On the Earth's Inclination to the Plane of its Orbit. 1058
I therefore infer that this relative, from Lapland to Bencoolen; and the peculiar, and friendly position of the swarthy emigrant from his polar Elyearth to the sun in its orbit, by which sium would experience a vicissitude it leans to embrace the lucid rays, is in the reverse, equally sudden and from some preponderating masses of alarming. The former, suffering exmatter locally fixed during the prime- pansion from excess of temperature, val arrangement of its strata, either would swelter and expire under the laterally situated, or encircling the scorching rays of a vertical sun; while earth in the direction of one of its poles, the latter, losing his animal excitability, and which poise the buoyant globe would fall asleep, and perish from cold. towards the level of its track.
Whether the present hypothesis be Having examined what we have rea- | built upon the Newtonian system, or son to think is the real state of things, the mechanical philosophy of Sir R. I now proceed to consider the reverse. Phillips, the result is equally clear and Were the earth an equally homogene- satisfactory. That the carth is from ous sphere, every atom of which it is some cause thrown out of its due level, composed would tend to one common or, in other words, that its long diamecentre, and in that point would centre ter does not lie parallel or fat, but the principle of gravity according to ascend and descend from the plane of Newton, or the rotatory centripitation its orbit, is an admitted fact. That an of Phillips.
effect so constant and regular in its If under the circumstances I have operations, and of such vast impornow stated it were possible for the tance to the whole circle of created beearth to have a long diameter, the whirl- ings, is made to continue without some ing rotations would preserve it in one proximate and efficient cause, no one direction, with its poles either fat to will deny; and should we not expect to the level of its orbit ; or, its axis being find the origin of that cause in the priperpendicular to the centre of the sun, mary arrangement of the most ponderas in the months of March and Septem- ous compounds, which, under the superber, days and nights would then be intending wisdom of God, were made equal from north to south, and the to accumulate in greatest abundance in healthful vicissitudes we now experi- the direction of one of its poles? If ence, would be unknown. On the the weighty strata of matter so locally contrary, were the axis of the earth accumulated, whether laterally situatalways horizontal to the centre of the ed or encircling the whole diameter, sun, and moving onwards with the be in the direction of one of the poles; poles in the same direction, neither and if, as we may reasonably suppose, ascending nor descending through its the ponderous matter about the north orbicular circuit; one of the poles pole is composed of metallic laminæ, of would be in continual night, and the iron ore, loadstone, &c. we then not other, opposed to, or facing the sun, only account for the earth's inclination would receive his burning lustre in one to the level of its orbit, on scientific eternal day; while the lateral parts of and rational principles, but we also the earth would never come in contact account for the hitherto mysterious with any direct emanations from the disposition, or directive force, of the orb of light, but crossing obliguely magnet, and of its influential effect over, would involve the equatorial in- upon the metallic needle when it is habitants in the dreary gloom of end- said to traverse, and also why its poles less twilight. Their brightest days will not lie parallel or flat, the north would be no better than the glimmer being depressed, and the south elevaof distant meteors; and the greatest ted above the horizon. part of our terrestrial abode might The dipping of the magnetic neethen be called a “howling wilder- dle, and its wavering about, increasness,”
“ dim obscurity, "_“ the ing the nearer it is made to approach shroud of nature, and return of chaos.” | the north pole, argues most forcibly that
The inhabitants of either region a spectator placed at no great distance would know of no medium between from that north pole, would have the great extremes of heat and cold. In attracting body or centre of gravity of pursuit of a warmer clime, the forlorn Newton, or of centripitation of Philtraveller who left his abode upon the lips, in an almost vertical direction equator, would feel in his journey a beneath his feet. transition as sudden and fatal as that By the dipping of the needle we are No. 11.-VOL. I.
to understand the direction, if free to a host of adversaries, will fall with the move, it would naturally pursue to honours of a hero. The philosopher is what we call the magnetic centre; anxious that his theory shall meet the and we have reason to suppose a mag- coldest feelings of doubt and sceptinetic needle suspended in a vertical cism, (in this he is gratified,) and he plane at the equator, would, if free to has expressed himself in a parenthesis move, and the strata of the earth pre- which every lover of truth and candour sented no mechanical impediment, pe- must admire. It does equal honour to netrate the globe in a diagonal line to the enlightened mind and feelings of the north pole, with as much precision its intelligent author, and the cause as if projected or made to fly in that of truth he so earnestly wishes to serve. direction by any adequate mechanical Although I differ from Sir Richard force. The dip of the needle therefore Phillips in some particulars, and corroborates the supposition I have which may soon appear,) as an admibefore made, and it affords an addi- rer of the temper and candour he has tional testimony by which a theory continually evinced in his long and which was before possible, is now made arduous enterprise, it extorts this trito appear probable; and by which we bute of respect from one, who to also gain an important step towards him is entirely unknown, and is wont the discovery of the rationale of that play to say to the champion of physical of matter which draw or repel, or seem philosophy, Proceed, and may invincito draw or repel, the different points ble demonstration attend your march. of the magnet to, or from each other.
The time, we hope, is not far dis- We regret much that the valuable tant, when the gallant Lieutenant MS. by G. M-N, on the “ Earth's InParry will return with an absolute de- clination,” which appeared in our Mamonstration of what I now conjecture. gazine for last month, should have been
It should seem that the goodness of penned in so fashionable a manner of Almighty God, which dealeth out his writing; since we learn from a letter blessings equally to the evil as the with which he has favoured us, that good, has wisely instituted the cause
it has been the cause of some imporof which I have been speaking, to be tant omissions, and several verbal productive of a double advantage to mistakes, as will appear by the folhis creatures. By one, we are sup- lowing errata. plied with light and heat, which elicit Scientific subjects, and their abin their turn, from the otherwise bar- struse terms, require to be written in ren desert, fertility and abundance for a plain hand. The document before the comfort and support of animal us is an original production, and life; by the other, a rallying point, G. M-N, we are persuaded, is fully which affords 'to man an unerring competent to his subject. Some of guide, and is as a lantern to his path, his original ideas, and among them in traversing from pole to pole the those omitted in the Sketches, we earth he inhabits.
trust will soon appear connected with Why magnetized iron attracts iron, some other subject to which they may is a question distinct from the present be equally applied. inquiry; an explanation of which, in- In expresing our wishes for a contivolves the doctrine of innate attrac- nuance of his valuable communication, of Newton, and mechanical pro- tions, we beg that they may appear in a trusion of Phillips, in the issue. The hand-writing less liable to be mistaday of discussion is at hand, and we
ken by the compositor. look to it with the greatest solicitude. ERRATA.-Col. 919. line 22, for
Mechanical philosophy has certainly structed," read and obstructed.-c. 921. I. 47. advanced with a firmness which bids de- “ aggressions,” read eggressions.--c. 922. /. 15. fiance to opposition. It challenges to For what we can denominate,” read, for what combat the combined energies of its op
we now denominate.--I. 22. for “ atomic forponents, with a confidence and self-sa- ces,” read, atomic forms.--1. 33. for “ formed a tisfaction peculiar to itself; and it meets contact,” read came in contact.—I. 36. for “ alits gigantic abettors with that dignified pathetic," read synthetic.--c. 923. 1. 8. for • di
terations,” read atıractions.-). 37. for " sympropriety, which will merit respect vine efficiency," read the divine efficiency.and admiration, although it should not 1. 19. for “alliance," read alliances.-c. 924. ensure victory. The champion, if at last 1. 9. for “combination of elements," read freak vanquished, who so bravely encounters of elements.
MEMOIR OF LORD TEIGNMOUTH,
(With a Portrait.)
1062 Under the article Heraldry, in the
Encyclopædia Londinensis, the followIn the cighth number of the Imperial ing account is given of this Nobleman Magazine, we gave a Plate of the and his family, which we the more Right Honourable Lord Teignmouth, readily transcribe, because it marks which is now prefixed to this article. with precision the principal events of On two accounts this nobleman has an his public life, and states with exactimperious claim to some biographical ness the distinct periods of those apnotice, among the public characters of pointments and honours, with which, the present age, independently of those as a citizen of the British Empire, his private virtues which ennoble the most name is now associated. exalted stations, and give to title a Shore, (John) Baron Teignmouth, dignity which neither birth nor princes and a Baronet, a Commissioner for the can confer. As Governor of India, Affairs of India, and a Privy Counselhis lordship's name is enrolled in the lor in England; born Oct. 8, 1751, temple of fame, and as President of married Feb. 14, 1786, Charlotte, only the British and Foreign Bible Society, daughter of James Cornish, Esq. of it is engraven on the hearts of thou- Teignmouth; and has issue Charles sands, and consigned to immortality. John, heir-apparent, born Jan. 13,
In the Bigraphical Dictionary of 1796, and several other children. His living authors, the character of this Lordship is descended from the family Nobleman is thus pourtrayed.
of Shore, of Heathcote in Derbyshire. “ TEIGNMOUTH, Right Honourable He was appointed in 1786, a Member Sir John Shore, Baron of the king- of the Supreme Council at Fort Wildom of Ireland. This nobleman liam in Bengal; and in 1792 elected was born in Devonshire, in 1751, to succeed Lord Cornwallis as Goverand early in life went to India in nor General of India, which situation the civil service. He there con- he continued to fill until March 1798. tracted an intimacy with Mr. Hastings, He was created a Baronet of England and filled several important offices. in 1792, and elevated to the Peerage In 1786, he married the only daughter of Ireland, Oct. 24, 1797, by the title of Mr. Cornish, a respectable medical of Baron Teignmouth; appointed a practitioner at Teignmouth; and in Commissioner for the Affairs of India, 1793, he was appointed Governor Ge- April 4, 1807, and sworn one of thé neral of Bengal, at which time he was Privy Council
, April 8, following. created a Baronet. He was the bo- -Motto : Perimus licitis, “ Death in a som friend of Sir William Jones, and good cause.” succeeded him in the presidentship of Having thus connected together the the Asiatic Society, in which capacity testimonies of Biography and Hehe delivered a handsome eulogy on his raldry, as already given in the public predecessor, which was printed toge- prints, we now proceed to draw from ther with some other well-written a private source of information, some essays of his composition, in the tran- facts not generally known, which cansactions of that learned body. Lord not but place his Lordship's character Teignmouth, in 1803, instituted the in an amiable point of view. With British and Foreign Bible Society, this information we have chiefly been the cause of which he has advocated, favoured by a highly respected gentleas its president, with great ability. man, whose communication we deem He is at present one of the Commis- it an honour to have received. This sioners for managing the Affairs of gentleman, who held a staff situation India, and the author of, Memoirs of in India, during the whole period of the Life, Writings, and Correspond- his Lordship’s government, was intience, of Sir William Jones, 4to. 1804. | mately acquainted with him: and havThe Works of Sir William Jones, with ing retired from camps and garrisons, the life of the Author, 13 vols. 8vo. 1807. he now cultivates in private life, those A Letter to the Rev. Christopher Christian graces, by which the congeWordsworth, D. D. on the subject of nial spirit of Lord Teignmouth is disthe Bible Society, 8vo. 1810. Consi- tinguished ; and which will continue derations on communicating to the In- to flourish when empires shall be forhabitants of India, the Knowledge of gotten, and the connection between Christianity, 8vo. 1811.”
India and England shall be dissolve: Biog. Dic. of Living Authors. We have only to observe, that as so