« ForrigeFortsæt »
WHOLESALE.-L. pool, Nov. 22, 1819. SUGAR, pcwt.
&. $. Muscovado, dry brown 54 a 60
middling 63 70
72 82 fine ........ 68 91 Refined, Dble.Loavs 6.a 71.130 140
Single do. 10-1411). 100 110
Canary do. 24-281b. 100 110
Leewards, common : 1 2 2 BRANDY, Cognac.... 4 O
4 3 GENEVA....
3 0 COFFEE, cwt.
$. S. West India, ordinary.. 108 a 112
middling ..120 126
fine........130 136 MAHOGANY, V foot,
8. d. Honduras
1 0 a 1 3 St Domingo
1 6 19 Cuba
13 16 COTTON, PIb Sea Isl.
25 3 6
1 2 New Orleans
1 04 15 Pernambucco ...... 131 16 Maraulam
13 14 Barbadoes ... 11 West Indies
10 1 14 Surat
0 71 1 1 Bengal
0 71 09 DYE WOODS, ton, £. s. £. s. Fustic, Cuba..
90 a 10 10 Porto Rico.... 6 0 7 0
Jamaica ...... 7 0 60 Logwood, Campeachy 7 0 7 5
Jamaica.... 60 6 10
Honduras,.. 6 10 6 15 Nicaragua Wood,
22 10 large solid.. small
90 12 0 TOBACCO, tb. $. d. s. d. James River. 0 34 a 08
stemnied.. 05% 08 Raprabanock 0 34 0 5
stemined... 0 34 06 Kentucky
0 31 0 51 ASHES, Ucwt.
s. d. 8. d. ist, Pot, fresh, U. S. 40 0 a 41 0
Montreal ......34 0 36 0
American, Ist, Pearl 40 0 41 0 TAR, V barrl. Stockholin 20 0
Archangel 22 0 23 0
0 RICE, V cwt. American,?
338. a 36s. duty paid, East India...
12 15 HIDES, Y ib. Buenos Ayres 6d. a 9d.
West India 5 6 BRIMSTONE, ton, £. s. f. s. rough
.24 0 a 24 10 SHUMAC, Pcwt. $. d. s. d. Sicily
...210 a 23 0 HEMP, ton,
£. $. £. $. Peter-burg clean 46 0 a
Riga Rhine ......48 0 490 TLAX, ton,
£. $. £. $. St Petersbury 12-head 73 0 a HOPS, Kent, pock, new 4 0 5 0 bags, do. 4 0
4 10 Worcester,
do. 4 0
50 Yearling, Kent or
3 16 4 4 Worce ter, in ps.) PINE TIMBER, cub it. s. d. $. d. American
16 al 8 Baltic
25 2 6 SALT PETRE, V cwt. 34 0 37 0 GRAIN,
s. d. 8. d.
0a 5 6 Irish & Loreign 4 0 4 9 Beans, Engl. p qr...44 0 48 0
foreign .... 29 0 40 0 Flour, ¥ barrel, American, sweet 38 0 42 0
sour..31 0 33 0 Oats, Engl. ¥ 45lb. 3 4 3 6
new .... 3 10 4 0 Irish & Foreign 2 10 3 0 Wheat, Engl. 47011.10 0 10 9
Irish...... 8 0 90
6 10 3 TALLOW, 11215. $. d. d.
8. d. $. d. SUNDRIES.- Liverpool, 22d Nor. Beef new, y tierce 95 Oa 1100
HAY, old, 2015. ......0s.lod.als.id barrel 650 72 0
0409 Butter, y cwt.
STRAW, Wheat, 2015.03 04 Cork dry 3rds, new
POTATOES, new, 21th.o 5 06 pickled new ads. 88 0 90 0
OATMEAL, sack 240th 360 Belfast dry new...... 920 94 0
FLOUR, best, 'sk.2401b.50 0 Neury, do....... 88 0 90 0
seconds........44 0 45 0 Pork, Irish, brl. 87 0 900
FRESH BUTIER, 1602...... 1 ! Cheese, old, 1201b 64 0 68 0 new...
53 0 57 0 LEATHER, ib.
Average Prices of Number of BankButts, 40 15 ..1 10
Sugar. Gazette. rupts in Gazette. Dressing, 20 a 21tb....19 1 10 Oct. 27 ..358.9 d. Oct. 26..........11 Calf, doz. 40 a 501b..27
Nov. 3..35 24 -30...........19 Do. 30 a 35 ..2 2 2 4
10 ..34 83
Nov. 2........... 15 Horse, lb. ....16 17
17 ..35 91
9...... .17 Prices of Sundries.- New York,Oct. 18.
13... FLOUR, superfine, v brl...dol. 6 a 61 Pricis of Coal 16..... 44 COTTON, Georgia Upl. tb. cts. 18 a 20 Ton of 2240th 20..........21 Bengal.
......8 10 Wigan....158.6d.
Total.. 156 Exchange on London..... .102
Philadelphia, October 18. FLOUR, superf. brl ......dol. 61 a
Prices of Bullion. Liverpool. COTTON, Upland, y lb...cts. 17 18
Foreign Gold, in Bars ......£3 180
....3 15 6 New Dollars...
.....0 50 From West India and Bri
Silver, in Bars, Standard......0 5 % tish Settlements in 26 27 North America
sins East India and Africa i
Rates of Insurance. L. pool.. Lord.
To West Indies cent. 358 40s
..10 10 United States ........ 7
U. States of America 40
British America 148 133
90 Europe and all
C.of Africa & back..126 21st Oct. to 22d Nov. Total 235
30 249 Mediterranean.....
40 Total Toonage ........35126
France and Holland 40 80 36217
25 Liverpool Exports of British Manufac- Ireland West Coast 40 tures, from 22d Oct. to 22d Nov.
East Coast.. 30
Prices of Stock, London, Nov. 20. 4232
2410 Linen Cloth..
4 Cent Consols. Bianketing 311 pairs, 33514
5 v Cent Navy Annuities ..103 Hats, 208 doz.-Hose, 10590 doz. pairs.
Bank Long Annuities 17 9-16 Hardware, 433).--Nails, 2165 cwts.
...dis. Copper, 1486.-Glass, 2493 cwl-338 crts
Consols for Acct.
674 Bar and Bolt Iron, &c....... 869 tons. IRISH FUNDS.--November 19. Lead, 205 tons.- l'inplates,..296 boxes. Bank Stock Earthenware
..2708 crates, &c. Government Debentures,31 cent, 75 Refined Surxar ... 611 cuts
5 cent, 104 White Salt to Foreign Parts ..5467 tons. Government Stock, 3! cent.... 77 Ireland..
5 cent...... 104 Rock Salt to Foreign Parts.. 1388 Grand Canal loan, 4 cent........ 46 Ireland 3078
Barley, End Y607.4
Russia Y Candle 56 0 a
.57 0 58 0 IRON, Eug. bar ..11 10
Foreve in bond 17 0 17 10 OILS, 4 tun, Oli'e.... £79 0 a 81 0
36 0 38 0 Cod ......37 0 38 0 Greenland Whale....36 0
40 0 Linseed, y gall... 38. 6d. a 0$. Od.
3 9 4 2 Turpentiue, cwt.62 0
AMERICAN PUNDS.-Nov. 20.
New 6 Cents
..100 - 1014
(The above with Div. from October.) Liverpool Imports, from the 22d Oct. U.S. Bank Shares ... to the 22d November.
Manchester, Nov. 17. Sugar, B. P. 1149 hhds. 22 brls. 18 bxs. Reeled Yarn, Mule No. 40........4d. Foreign, 59 cases.--Coffee, B. P. 69 cks.
Beans. 41810d 378 od 248 od 45s 9d 508 7d
vuls: 30. Leghorn, 483. Genoa, 14.
24 3 Average Prices of Grain for the 12 Districts.
24 2 Madrid, 35. effect. Cadiz, 354.
Venice, Itallan Liv. 22. Malta, 43.Naples, 384.Palermo,
PRINTED BY H. FISHER, LIVERPOOL, PRINTER IN ORDINARY TO HIS MAJESTY.
OR, COMPENDIUM OF RELIGIOUS, MORAL, & PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE.
THE VALUE OF A BOOK IS TO BE ESTIMATED BY ITS use.”
CURIOUS AND INTERESTING EXPERI-
doubts of the correctness of the worthy Traveller's inference, that the porousness of the glass was the cause of the
phænomena which he records; your SIR,-IN the Rev. Jolin Campbell's present correspondent felt some desire Travels in South Africa, a singular ex- to have the experiment repeated by periment is related to have been made different persons, and in other circumby the author, in his voyage home to stances. For, were it admitted, that England, which he describes in the fol- glass would become pervious to water, lowing words :-“ We drove a cork when subjected to a high degree of very tight into an empty bottle: the pressure; yet surely no one will imagine cork large, that more than half that it would become a sieve, and an of it could not be driven into the neck ordinary sized wine bottle admit a of the bottle. We then tied a cord quart of water to rush through its sides round the cork, which we also fastened in an instant ; for then must it run in round the neck of the bottle, to pre- streams, through pores, at least as vent the cork sinking down, and put a large as straws, instead of those of incoat of pitch over the whole. By describable minuteness, which it is obmeans of lead we sunk it in the water. vious the pores of glass must be, if it When it was let down to about the has any at all, and to pass through depth of fifty fathoms, the captain said which must require time in proportion he was sure that the bottle had instan- to their diminutive capacity; and no taneously filled ; on which he drew it velocity that is at all credible, would up, when we found the cork driven allow a quart to pass through an exdown into the inside, and of course the tent of surface, which a bottle affords, bottle was full of water. We pre- in any thing like a period that could pared a second bottle exactly in the be denominated sudden, or instantasame way, only with the addition of a neous; nothing short of hours, or days, sail-needle being passed through the or weeks, could be calculated upon upper part of the cork, which rested for such a process, by any of the on the mouth of the bottle, and all smallest degree of reflection. completely pitched over. When about But, it is not only stated, that the fifty fathoms down, the captain called rush of water into the bottle was sudout as before, that he felt by the sud- den, but that it filled the bottle : what den increase of weight, that the bottle then had become of the air, with which was filled; on which it was drawn up. it was previously filled ? If the bottle We were not a little surprised to find was full of water, the air could not rethe cork in the same position, and no main there in a state of compression; part of the pitch broken, yet the bottle and that it passed through the pores as was full of water. None of us could the water entered, seems to be contraconjecture how the water got in. There dicted by experiment, which has frewas no part of the pitch open that quently compressed air in glass vessels, would admit the point of a needle. without its ever being known to escape, Supposing the pitch and cork both but by the destruction of the vessel. porous, it does not appear easy to ac- At any rate, it could not pass without count for a quart of water passing so a most extraordinary degree of cominstantaneously through so small a pression ; and if this were the case, space ;-the porousness of the glass how is it that it did not make its way seems to be the only consideration by out by forcing up the cork? For it is which we can account for the fact.”- to be observed, that no power was emCampbell's Travels, 362.
ployed to prevent the expulsion of the This singular account having excited cork, all that was attempted was to some little notice, and created many prevent its being thrust downwards No. 11.--VOL. I.
so that a very small degree of force one with a ground stopper, which was on the inside, much less than that proved to be air-tight, having been afforded by highly compressed air, used for the containing of gasses. would have been abundantly sufficient The experiments of this friend have to have expelled the cork, and have just come to hand, and are as follows. given free admission to the surround- “ The first set of experiments with ing waters; but nothing of this being the bottles, was made during a perfect apparent, it is demonstrable the air calm. The common bottle was corked, could not have been highly compress- leathered, and sealed; and, besides ed, and therefore could not have passed these precautions, a stick was put into through the pores of the glass; and, the inside to prevent the cork from dethen it is equally clear, that the water scending: the bottles were then lowercould not have passed through those ed about 100 fathoms at least, and pores.
when drawn up, the cork was found When these reflections at first oc- thrust into the bottle, and the bottle of curred, an intelligent friend, about to course full; but the one hermetically sail for America, was requested to sealed, came up quite empty. The repeat the experiment; which he has last time the experiment was tried, done, and kindly communicated the was just before we made the island of following:
Ceylon; we then let down a common Experiment 1.-Took an empty bottle well corked and sealed, a bottle wine bottle, and simply corked it tight, hermetically sealed, and one with a and sunk it 120 fathoms. It came up ground stopper. As before, the cork full of water, the cork being forced was thrust into the common bottle, the down the neck of the bottle.
bottle hermetically sealed had a flaw “Experiment2.–Lowered an empty in it, for upon its being drawn up, the bottle closely corked, tied under and water burst out through a very small over together, with a piece of sail hole, and continued to do so till the cloth over all, to prevent its being water was completely out; the bottle forced either in or out of the bottle. with the ground stopper came up It filled at 80 fathoms; the cork appear- empty. The experiments therefore ed to be unmoved.
did not prove unsatisfactory. There Experiment3.—Lowered an empty was an advantage attending the bottle bottle, the cork being tied under and hermetically scaled, having this very over as before, and covered all over small hole, as it points out the degree with a thick coat of sealing-wax. The of pressure sustained by the bottles at bottle filled at about the same depth, the depth of 90 fathoms, for it was but the cork was forced about half an too small to suffer the air to escape, and inch down the neck of the bottle, and the water could only enter by comthe string by which it was tied broken. pressing the air. The bottle was three
Experiment 4.—To prevent the quarters full of water, so that the prescork being pressed down the neck of sure was such as to force air of the the bottle, I placed in it a piece of density of the atmosphere, into one wood, which reached within an inch of quarter of its bulk. the top of the neck, then corked it “ In a conversation I had with a down as tight and close as possible, gentleman in this island, he stated that and waxed it over. The bottle filled he had made the experiment with a as before, but the wax appeared to be common wine decanter, or something a little cracked. The bottle each time similar, and that the water penetrated; seemed to fill instantaneously. The but I feel confident, that there must experiments upon the whole were unsa- have been some flaw in the bottle or tisfactory; and the only way, it ap- the stopper.” This is my friend's depears to me, to demonstrate whether cision, to which, it is presumed, most glass is sufficiently porous to admit so persons will be inclined to subscribe; much water in so short a time, would though the case is still attended with be to make the experiment with a singular phænomena. bottle having a ground glass stopper, It may be necessary just to remark, or one hermetically sealed.”
that some oversight must have induced The remarks of this gentleman were the observations of my very intelligent adopted; and another friend going to friend, respecting the flaw in one of the island of Ceylon, was provided the bottles, being too small for the with bottles hermetically sealed, and escape of the air ; because it is inti
1013 Perpetual Misery.-Reply to a Query. 1014 mated, that when drawn up a small successfully imposed upon superficial hole was observed, through which the minds; but let us examine the present, water was seen to burst forth; and if so, and see whether it will obtain in the undoubtedly there must have been a face of truth and reason. passage quite sufficient for the extri- It is admitted that God is the aucation of the internal air. Nor does thor of conversion, that in this great it appear at all probable, that the air work, he gives the will its right direcshould have been compressed into one tion, and sustains the religion which quarter of its bulk, without bursting he first produced; but all the consea cracked bottle to atoms. The point quences of CALVINISM are not involved of advantage obtained by the flaw in unless “ Neuter” can successfully conthis bottle, appears to be this, that trovert the following statements.with all the assistance of this flaw, the God sustains the religion which he water could not enter with sufficient first produces, in various degrees. It velocity to fill the bottle, but when is acknowledged by all judicious Caldrawn up, was found to be one-fourth vinists, that the AVOIDABLE neglect of empty.
the means of grace, especially that of Should the substance of this paper prayer, will supersede to the extent that be thought sufficiently interesting, for it is indulged in, the active energy of the readers of your Magazine, its in- Divine communications. If a Chrissertion will be regarded with esteem, tian, on the contrary, lives up to the by, Sir, your obedient and obliged careful observance of all the minutiæ servant,
N. R. of duty, and does not err at the same Stoke Newington, Nov. 18, 1819. tiine, in his understanding respecting
the various relations he sustains to
God, upon the score of humility, knowOn Perpetual Misery.
ledge, or experience, one may conMR. Editor,
clude, his felicity will comprehend Your correspondent Tyro asks, col. sical condition will admit of: the sa
every portion of good which his phy762, “What equitable proportion there tisfaction of every believer is the will is between finite offence, and infinite of God. Now if it be inquired, whepunishment? Certainly none. But
ther all this depends upon the dilithere is the same proportion in the reward as in the punishment; namely, ply, Viewing things as they actually
gence of the individual? I simply rebetwixt finite good works, and infinite or eternal happiness, in joys incon- the word of God, that in regard to the
exist, and as they are represented in ceivable. The justice of God is therefore made manifest, as well as the de- sovereignty of the Divine character, it testable nature of sin, unrepented of, the believer ; but in regard to the eco
does not depend upon the conduct of which can draw down punishment so
nomy which God has instituted in the tremendous as everlasting misery.
comprehensive exercise of his compassion and condescension, it certainly does; otherwise the scripture is a sealed book, even to believers.
I will presume that in the course of [Inserted col. 763.]
one fortnight, in a proper degree of diLondon, Nov. 2, 1819. ligence to the duty of prayer, I am Mr. Editor,
preserved from a variety of evils of a In your Magazine for October, col. spiritual nature, some of which 763, the following Query is proposed should probably have experienced in by Neuter.
“ As Mr. Wesley pro- a partial use of my privilege: although fessed to admit that God was the au- my praying has secured me from many thor of conversion, that he gave the evils, these acts have not merited that will its right direction, and sustained security; the security itself partook of the religion which he first produced ; that common act of sovereign goodwhen this admission is pursued to all ness, from which all the blessings of its consequences, I would beg leave the gospel have proceeded. It is certo ask, whether this does not prove tainly not myself, but God, who has all that Calvinism requires ?” Un- kept me. We do not sufficiently bear doubtedly not: similar representations in mind the harmony of that character to the one before us, have been too which God sustains in his gospel,
REPLY TO A QUERY ON THE WESLEYAN
and the harmony of that which he sus- did ercelled; Virtue does exalts. But tains apart from the gospel. As His how can such expressions be adopted creatures, we shall in every condition by one, who has learnt to conjugate a and under all circumstances eternally verb, according to the pattern given by sustain a relation to the Divine Being, Mr. S. (page 65. &c.)? in each of these views of his charac- The observations on auxiliaries in ters. Respecting the principles ad- the following paragraphs of this Rule mitted by judicious Calvinists, that are useful and important; but they the volitions of believers influence Di- have no more connection with the first vine communications, the scriptures paragraph, than with the first verse represent to us that the evil incident in the Bible. to this principle may go so far, that Page 141. “Adverbs which denote the remains of piety may be ready to qualities, and degrees of comparison, die, and that the exertion of the indivi- govern the same cases as the adjecdual, independent of all merit, is ne tives from which they are derived; as, cessary to prevent that apostatical • He conducted himself agreeably to lapse which lies exposed to the eternal his instructions; and behaved more wrath of God. I have examined, Sir, prudently than all his opponents.' the reply to the Query in the most ob- Here the adverb agreeably governs the vious and tangible mode which it is whole phrase to his instructions; and capable of assuming.
the adverb prudently governs the whole I am, Sir, very respectfully, phrase, than all his opponents, by caus
Z. ing them to be in the accusative case.'
How it can be said that a whole Review of “ A Grammar of the Eng, know not; it is an expression not con
phrase is in the accusative case, we lish Language, by the Rev. Joseph veying any clear or distinct ideas. Sutcliffe.” London, 1815.
Instructions is the objective case, go[Concluded from col. 949.]
verned not by the adverb agreeably, Page 132. “ The participle to be but by the preposition to. Than all his mended or repaired.” To be mended is opponents, Mr. S. says, is in the accusanot a participle; but the present infi- tive case; now opponents is not the acnitive passive, of the verb to mend. cusative case, but the nominative, being
Page 133. “ The auxiliary in the joined to the former nominative he by third person singular of the present the conjunction than, and being nomiand perfect tense of the indicative native to the verb behaved understood; mood, governs the principal verb, by as evidently appears, when the ellipsis requiring it to be of the plural number; is supplied, thus, he behaved more pruas · Henry did excel ; · Virtue does dently than all his opponents (behaved). exalt a character.' Whereas were the Mr. Murray does not say absolutely auxiliary removed, the verb would be (as Mr. Sutcliffe represents) that “adsingular; as ‘Henry excelled;' Vir- verbs have no government.” His words tue exalts,” &c.
are: (Rule XV.) “ Adverbs, though This Rule, we must confess, appears they have no government of case, tense, to us not only useless, but altogether &c., require an appropriate situation ridiculous. In the sentence Henry did in the sentence.”
Whatever governexcel, Mr. S. tells us the auxiliary did ment adverbs may bave, we are fully is third person singular, and the verb persuaded with Mr. M. that they have excel is plural; so that here is a sin- no government of case, tense, fc. and we gular nominative connected with a think Mr. S. has completely failed in plural verb, in direct violation of the his attempts to prove the reverse. All first rule of Syntax. Virtue does exalt ; that the subsequent paragraphs of Mr. here also we are told, does is singular, S.'s rule, quoted above, tend to prove, and exalt plural, where the same breach is just what Mr. M. asserts, viz. that of rule recurs. But is it not absurd “ adverbs-require an appropriate sithus to separate the auxiliary from its tuation in the sentence.” principal, to give them different con- Page 142.“ Instead of saying, “I structions, and those of such a nature would have come, but bad weather as to overturn the established laws of hindered me,” we must say, “ I would Grammar? The only end which this have come, but hindered me bad weaRule can answer, is to prevent learners ther." from using such expressions as, Henry We cannot see the smallest con