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QUEM tu, Melpomene, semel
Nascentem placido lumine videris, Illum non labor Isthmius
Clarabit pugilem; non equus impiger Curru ducet Achaico
Victorem; neque res bellica Deliis Ornatum foliis ducem,
Quod regum tumidas contuderit minas, Ostendet Capitolio:
Sed quae Tibur aquae fertile praefluunt, Et spissae nemorum comae,
Fingent Aeolio carmine nobilem.
Romae principis urbium
Dignatur suboles inter amabiles
Vatum ponere me choros;
Et jam dente minus mordeor invido.
O testudinis aureae
Dulcem quae strepitum, Pieri, temperas !
O mutis quoque piscibus
Donatura cycni, si libeat, sonum!
Totum muneris hoc tui est,
Quod monstror digito praetereuntium
Romanae fidicen lyrae:
Quod spiro, et placeo (si placeo) tuum est.
In B.c. 15 the Vindelici, inhabitants of a district lying between the Danube and the Lake of Constance, and their southern neighbours, the Rhaeti, commenced a series of predatory incursions into Cisalpine Gaul. Augustus, who together with his stepson Tiberius was at that time in Transalpine Gaul, having gone there to oppose the Sicambri, ordered Drusus, younger brother of Tiberius, to proceed against them from Rome, where he was serving the office of Quaestor. Drusus signally defeated the Vindelici, but Augustus nevertheless found it necessary to send Tiberius with more troops to his brother's assistance, and the two together completely subdued the offending tribes, whose territories thereupon became the Roman provinces of Rhaetia Prima and Secunda. In honour of these achievements Horace composed this Ode, and also the 14th of the 4th Book, the one more particularly in praise of Drusus, the other in that of Tiberius.
LIKE as the levin's wingèd minister
(To whom, found faithful with fair Ganymed,
The kingdom of the roving birds conveyed)
Armed with young tooth that her death-warrant is :
IV. DRUSI LAUDES.
QUALEM ministrum fulminis alitem (Cui rex deorum regnum in aves vagas Permisit, expertus fidelem
Juppiter in Ganymede flavo)
Olim juventas et patrius vigor
Egit amor dapis atque pugnae :
So did the Rhaeti and Vindelici
See Drusus 'neath their Alpine boundaries
In the right hand: all things to know were sin.
What fruit, the youthful Neros tutoring,
Brave men are gendered by the good and brave :
The courage of the sire: fierce eagles have
Yet do all natures strengthening culture crave,
Witness is Metro's stream, and Asdrubal
When, as the flame through pine-forest, or through
The Roman youth advanced: temples anew,
Videre Raetis bella sub Alpibus
Tempus Amazonia securi
Consiliis juvenis revictae,
Sensere, quid mens rite, quid indoles
In pueros animus Nerones.
Progenerant aquilae columbam. Doctrina sed vim promovet insitam, Rectique cultus pectora roborant: Utcunque defecere mores,
Indecorant bene nata culpae. Quid debeas, o Roma, Neronibus, Testis Metaurum flumen, et Hasdrubal Devictus, et pulcher fugatis
Ille dies Latio tenebris,
Qui primus alma risit adorea,
Dirus per urbes Afer ut Italas,
Ceu flamma per taedas, vel Eurus
Per Siculas equitavit undas. Post hoc secundis usque laboribus Romana pubes crevit, et impio