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THE

PRE FACE

W

E cannot but think ourselves under

the Obligation of acknowledging, first, the Good-will of our Friends in particular, and next, the Cle

mency of the Publick in general, for the kind Encouragement they have given to our first Publication, and hope we fhall equally merit their Favour in this, and the two others that are to follow with as much Dispatch as can be conveniently made.

In our first Volume we traced the CARDINAL from his Birth, through his Education, Advancement in Learning and first Preferments, to his Entrance and growing in Favour at Court. In this we have attended him, from his first Rise at Court, through the various Steps of Dignity that conveyed him to be Archbishop, Lord High Chancellor, Cardinal, and Legate a Latere, all which he enjoyed at once ; but how well he acquitted himself in those high Trusts, we shall leave our READERS to fee for themselves, which, wę hope, they will not be discouraged from the Pursuit of, notwithstanding a Reverend Gentleman's jejune, trite, and ungenerous Summary of his Life, (in bis Lives and Characters, accompanying the Heads * of Eighty Illustrious Persons of Great Britain) which is so far from answering the Title, or the grand Picture of the Cardinal, that he has rather made him a fitter Companion for a Nero or a CALIGULA, than

from

any thing that can be called truly Illustrious.

One thing more may not be amiss to mention, that it has occasionally fell in our Way to touch on the Pedigree or Descent of a great Number of our noble, antient, and worthy Families, both of Great Britain and Ireland, apprehending that they could not be of any Disservice, if of no real Advantage to many of their present Successors. And we must here observe, that we have omitted to relate that the Right Hon. Sir William Yonge is descended from the elder Brother of Dr. Yonge, who was Master of the Rolls in Henry the VIIIth’s Time, and a great Favourite of the Cardinal's. See Fol. 331, of this Volume.

Engraved by the ingenious Mef. HOUBRAKEN, and VERTUE.

THE

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E concluded our First Vo- Hen.ŅIII
lume of this History with the afcends the

Ibrone.
Death of Henry the VIIth.
W

1509.
who was succeeded in the
Throne by his only Son, Henry the
VIIIth, then about Eighteen Years of

Age, April the 22d. Great Care had been taken of this King's His EdiúEducation, by instructing him in all Parts of cation. Learning necessary for a Prince design'd for an Ecclesiastick, if his Brother Prince Arthur liad lived: Having in his Youth, as Lord Herbert afferts, applied himself much to Learning, fo that he made a good Vot: 11.

B

Pro

Progress in the Sciences; and herein he was greatly forwarded by Mr. Wolsey, Dean of Lincoln ; insomuch, that, as Hiftorians agree, for several Years in the beginning of his Reign, no Affairs diverted him from conversing with learned Men, and encouraging Learning, which seems to appear by the Choice of his Counsellors.

The Day the King ascended the Lord Stafford ar.

Throne, the Lord Stafford, Brother to rested, but foon the Duke of Buckingham, was comdischarged. mitted to the Tower, but was soon

after discharged. Lord Herbert seems to think there was no Colour for his Commitment, because he was immediately created Earl of Wiltshire, made one of the Knights of the Garter, and continued to his Death in great Favour with his Majesty, which happened about fourteen Years after his Confinement, when he died without Issue.

His Majesty early took Care to settle His Majesty set- his Privy Council, the Chief of which tles his Privy Council.

were,

1. William Warham, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Lord High Chancellor.

2. Richard Fox, Bishop of Winchester, and Lord Privy Seal.

3. Thomas Howard, Earl of Surry, Lord High Treasurer.

4. George Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord High Steward of the King's Houshold.

5. Thomas Ruthal, soon after made Bishop of Durham.

6. Lord Herbert, of Gower, &c. Lord Chamberlain.

7. Sir Edward Poynings, Knight of the most no ble Order of the Garter, Comptroller of the King's Houshold.

8. Sir Thomas Lorell, Master of the Wards, and Constable of the Tower.

Dean

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