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That sav'd and shelter'd it, there grew one flow'r quently the result of a combination of
Beneath the night-shade of this rugged breast !..- both éagitiousness and imbecility. To
That flow'r, hath wither'd in its brightest bloom, attempt to hold up as objects of generous
Nipp'd by the blasting of a cruel frost !---
Life is a leafless desart now !---a waste,

compassion those who have involved them-
With all its burst of feeling unemploy'd !--- selves, by reprehensible means, in use-
Farewell! thou fire-ey'd soul of enterprise, less disasters—which they have neither
That canopied beneath my glittering Hag,
Turn'd even danger to delight!-

the wit to evade, por the fortitude to bear

Farewell!... The link that bound me to thy hope, is rent !--

-is to rob real misfortune of its rights, (Looking passionately on Medora.) and to encroach

upon the prerogative of Farewell !---Farewell...

virtuous wo. The least we can demand -Silent and dark I go,

of such, is, that they should summon the And go alone !--

(Esril.)" manliness to endure that wretchedness, We shall leave our readers to pronounce voke. There is, indeed, a due allowance

which they have had the audacity to prowhat praise is due to Mr. Holand for his to be made for human weakness, and it is labours. In our opinion, it was injudicious not requisite

that one should be perfectly in him, to undertake to alter what he was innocent, nor wholly amiable, to be the unable to improve. He seems indeed more closely to have copied the faults, when overtaken by calamity. AH who

subject of the warmest commiseration, than to have imitated the beauties of his have felt the force of temptation, can exprototype. For instance, Lord Byron tenuate the guilt of those who have sunk has the following prosaic couplet

beneath it;—but to discover a predilecThus with himself communion held he-till tion for the base, to court occasions of He reach'd the summit of his tower-crown'd hill. turpitude, to exhibit ignoble daring, to

challenge fate, and to set justice at defiMr. Holland did not suffer a fancied ance, is to forfeit every claim to either felicity of this kind to escape him—though charity or condolence, in the hour of renot tempted to the commission of it, even tribution. Yet we can believe that those by the exigency of rhyme. Thus we have, who have perpetrated the greatest atrociin the very first scene

ties, have not always been those who were Where is our Chief? We bring him tidings that naturally most prone to vice. On the conMust make our groetings short

trary, malicious dispositions are common

ly associated with a mean capacity-and Immediately afterwards is a reiteration they who are continually imagining evil, of this happy use of the conjunctive

are least competent to compass splendid

mischiefs. There have, unhappily, been On Juan-on-inform our Chieftain, that too many great minds that, in the salience We bring him tidings he must quickly hear

of indignation, under the real or fancied An approximation to the same forcible injuries of the world, have style of versification may, again, be found

Leap'd at the stars, and landed in the mud. in the following lines

Over the aberrations of these, we sigh; For I am as a fragment shivered from

-regret for the perversion of talents, is The rock, that storms have shattered

mingled with mourning for the exasperaWe shall dismiss the melo-drama here; tion which produced it. We even form -but as we have not, heretofore, bad an

some inadequate idea of the dreadful conopportunity of treating of the poem of the fict, waged by contending emotions, in the Corsair, we will devote a few moments to bosoms of honourable men, ere wicked the consideration of the character of Con- counsels triumphed. We see them bufrad, as delineated by Lord Byron.

feting the torrent of adversity, We bave often objected to his lordship's

With lusty sinews, throwing it aside, taste in the selection of his heroes. He

And stemming it with hearts of controversy. bas generally endeavoured, and sometimes too successfully, to engage our We see them, at last, borne down by sympathies in behalf of those who were the unremitting vigour of the stream, fill unworthy of our regard, -not only from they are forced to the precipice, and make the character of the sufferers, but from the desperate plunge. the nature of their distresses. The mise Conrad is described as one in whone ries on which he has most pathetically ex- the milk of human kindness had been patiated, have, usually, been either the curdled by the acerbity of his experience. merited rewards of crime, or the inevita. Disappointment had corroded his better ble consequences of folly,--and not upfro- feelings, and oppression and deceit had

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vile ;

driven him to indiscriminate retaliation. derness eradicated from the bosom of The poet pourtrays his heart and temper Conrad. His love for Medora, was arat the time we are brought acquainted dent, delicate, exclusive. To her he was with him—but pursues,

all gentleness. Before her he stifled

every pang that racked his thoughts, and 6 Yet was not Conrad thus by Nature sent

even assuined a cheerfulness foreign to To lead the guilty---guilt's worst instrument--His soul was changed, before his deeds had his nature. The intensity of his affecdriven

tion for her, was proportionate to his de Him forth to war with man and forfeit heaven. testation of the mass of mankind; and Warped by the world in Disappointment's school, such as phlegmatic philanthropists cannot In words too wise, in conduct there a fool; comprehend. It is this single trait-his Too firm to yield, and far too proud to stoop, Dooin'd by his very virtues for a dupe,

sensibility to female loveliness, his fideli: He cursed those virtues as the cause of ill,

ty, his devotedness, to her whose faith be And not the traitors who betrayed him still; had received, that redeems him from the Nor deemed that gifts bestowed on better men Had left him joy, and means to give again. Fear'd---shunn d---belied---ere youth had lost " He left a Corsair's name to other times, her force,

Link'd with one virtue, and a thousand crimes." He hated man too much to seel remorse, And thought the voice of wrath a sacred call, To pay the injuries of some on all.

Whether one so steeped in guilt, so imHe knew himself a villain---but he deemed brued in blood, as Conrad, could retain The rest no better than the thing he seemed; such fervor and purity of passion, con. And scorned the best as hypocrites who hid Those deeds the bolder spirit plainly did.

joined with such scrupulousness of respect He knew himself detested, but he knew

and deference for the one object of his The hearts that loathed him, crouched and devotion, may, indeed, be doubted ;--yet dreaded too.

ý it were so, it cannot be denied that lie Lone, wild, and strange, he stood alike exempt is, in one regard, entitled to our reverence From all affection and from all contempt:

and admiration. We do not the less esHis name could sadden, and his acts surprise ; But they that feared him dared not to despise :

teem the solitary flower that blows on the Man spurns the worm, but pouses ere he wako barren waste, for the sterility that surThe slumbering venom of the folded snake." rounds it,—we probably prize it dearer

than if it bloomed in the audy parterre. Still was not every sentiment of ten

E.

Art. 3. A Sketch of the Botany of South-Carolina and Georgia. By STEPÄEN EL

LIOTT, Esq. ft. &c. Charleston. 1817. 5 Numbers, 8vo. each of 100 pages, with some plates ; to be continued.

TNDER the above unassuming title, that the remainder, which is in forwardrate works, ever published in the United ment rather than otherwise. States, on Natural Sciences, is making its We had perceived with pleasure some appearance : being at the same time the late attempts to convey the botanical first botanical work, written in our coun- knowledge of our plants, in the English try, in which, original, accurate and coin- language: in Pursh's Flora of North Ameplete descriptions of our indigenous plants, rica, and in the translation of the Flora are given in our vernacular language and of Louisiana, although the generic and on scientific principles. The modesty of specific characters are given in Latin, the its author can only be equalled by his ta- old classical language of Botany, yet the lents; and the multiplicity of his disco- occasional descriptions and observations veries and researches, by the happy man are in English ; while in Bigelow's Floper in which he conveys to us the know. rula of Boston, and in the Manual of the ledge of their results. We have not often Botany of the Northern States, the whole the opportunity to witness such a worthy is in that language; but in this last work, association; and we feel proud in this in- short definitions only are given, and in stance to have it in our power to delineate the former, mere short and often impersome of its features. We, therefore, avail fect descriptions. The work before us ourselves of it at an early period, and be- has not only entire and complete English fore the completion of the work, since the descriptions, but also generic and specific parts before us afford a fair specimen of definitions in both languages: uniting, the whole; and we entertain no doubt therefore, the advantages derived from

both modes. Local Floras, be written, with great po may always mac; such as, Zamia, Chamerops, Dio

nea, Brunnichia, Eriogonum, Boerhavid, Hernacular language of the country for Pistia, Epidendrum, Tillandsia, Thalia, which they aj intended; while general Elytraria, Callicarpa, Stillingia, Bejaria, Flyraş, i written in such languages, ought Gordonia, &c. and many more. to have the characters of at least all Notwithstanding the exuberant luxurinew genera and species, in both lan- ancy of vegetation, in Carolina, which apguages, Latin and vernacular, as Mr. El. peared to invite the attention of European liott has given them; or have a separate travellers and settlers at an early period, Latin synopsis, after the manner of that we find that its vegetable treasures have for Decandolle's valuable French Flora ; not begun to be collected and investigaalthough the French language is, next to ted, until long after those of the more Latin, a classical one in Europe. These northern states; which may partly be acadditions are required in order that the counted for, by the later settlement of the works may be read by all the botanists country, and the unhealthy state of the and men of science, of different nations, climate. Catesby appears to be the first spreading thereby with rapidity individual who, nearly a century ago, began to exdiscoveries. But if the Latin language plore that state for natural productions, may be dispensed with in many instances, and he has figured many trees and shrubs, it is not so with Latin binarian names, together with some plants, in his great which are the real botanical names, com work on the birds and animals of Carolina, mon to all pations of European origin: &c.; but the imperfect state of natural every work neglecting them must be sciences in his time, render his unmeandeemed unclassical and unworthy of no- ing descriptions, obsolete names, and intice.

accurate figures, of little use at present, The soathern states are richer in vege- except as historical references. Garden table productions than the northern, since and Bartram visited that country after they approach nearer to the tropical cli- him; but few of their discoveries were mates, where are the seats of luxuriant published, and a long period elapsed bevegetation, and they enjoy a lengthened fore Walter, who had resided a long time period of warın temperature, fit for the in Carolina, published, in London, his support of vegetable life. We find, ac Flora of that state. His work was in Lacordingly, that they afford a numberless tin, and in the Linnæan style, containing variety of brilliant flowers and conspicu- a vast number of new plants, most of ous plants, which have attracted, at all which were, however, so concisely chaperiods, the notice of botanists and gar- racterised, that they could hardly be disdeners, most of which are peculiar to tinguished from their congenera; tho extheir climate, and unknown to the north- istence of many was even doubted; but ern states, disappearing gradually as they Mr. Elliott has since had the honour to advance toward the pole. There are two confirm nearly all Walter's discoveries. principal nucleus in the botany of the At- Walter had also many new genera which lantic states, one exists in the chain of were fully characterised; but for which the Alleghiany mountains, from which the he had not the ability to frame names: plants springing therefrom, extend on ushering them under the the term of anoeach side to the northward, while many Dyma. The consequence has been that are confined to the mountains towards they have been named by other botanists, the south: the second is to be traced who have reaped all the honour, since the on the Atlantic shore, and possessed name of the author of a new genus, is features of the most peculiar character. only affixed to it, when it is introduced Its range, wider in the south, becomes into the nomenclature by receiving a bonarrow towards the north, and in the New tanical name, and a good one. Michaux England states, it is confined to the mar- resided likewise, at different times, in Cagin of the sea-shore. An investigation of rolina, and has published his discoveries this subject would perhaps be interesting, in his General Flora of the United States. but might lead us into remote discussions. Many other travellers, such as, Fraser, It may, however, be safely inferred, that Lyon, Enslen, Kin, Nuttall, &c. have out of 3000 species, growing in Carolina visited South-Carolina and Georgia, and and Georgia, only 1000 are also found their discoveries lave been partly pubnorth of Maryland, while the remainder lished by Lamark, Sims, and Pursh. This arc peculiar to those states, except a very last author having never visited those few common to Virginia and Maryland. states, is very deficient and inaccurate in Many genera are peculiar to the southern the enumeration of southern plants, inregion, and unknown Dorth of Vie Poto- cluded in his Flora of North America, Vol. 111, -No. m,

13

which renders still more valuable the ad. time, at wbie

'cated from the bosom of ditions which Mr. Elliott has been able to add about 25 leve for Medora, was ar. make to our knowledge of southern bota new species, to the

To her he wamf ny. These additions, exclusive of the American botany, rathe. :

ar he stiflere many restored plants of Walter, amount added by the Flora of Pursin, ta guich to more than we could have anticipated, this work is superior in almost every and will certainly claim the best attention point of view. Among the new species of all the botanists, not only at home, but described in these five numbers, 14 bad in Europe likewise.

been already named by Muhlenberg in Mr. Elliott appears to have received his Catalogue ; 8 have been discovered considerable aid from many gentlemen by Dr. Baldwin ; 4 by Mr. Laconte; residing in South-Carolina and Georgia: some by Dr. Macbride and Mr. Lyon ; we were not aware that there existed so while nearly 100 have been discovered, many zealous botanists and amateurs in determined, described and named by Mr. those states; we bail the intelligence with Elliott himself. These new species belong high gratification ; and feel a pleasure in to the following genera: Gratiola 3, N. Sp. the expectation, that this work is likely Lindernia 1, Micranthemum 1, Utricularia to extend the taste for the blooming ob- 4, Lycopus 2, Salvia 2, Collinsonia 2, Erijects of botanical science; a science anthus 2, Xyris 2, Rhynchospora 4, Cya which is continually unfolding the secret perus 4, Mariscus 1, Scirpus 9, Dichrostores of divine wisdom; which nurses mena 1, Paspalum 3, Panicum 20, Agrosthe best sentiments of the heart, and is tis 3, Poa 6, Aristida 3, Andropogon 5, constantly sapplying means to increase Aira 2, Uniola 1, Eleusine 1, Houstonia our comforts and relieve our wants. 1, Ludwigia 4, Villarsia 1, Hottonia 1,

Among these generous contributors, we Phlox 1, Lysimachia 1, Ophiorhiza 1, ought to notice particularly Mr. Laconte, Sabbattia 2, Viola 1, Asclepias 3, Hydroone of our allest botanists, who has visit- lea 1, Eryngium 2, Hydrocotyle 2, Ammi ed all the Atlantic states, and whose la. 1, Sium 2, Drosera 1, Tillandsia 1, Ponboars and discoveries will soon be pub- tederia 1, Allium 1, Juneus 3, Rumex 1, lished in a Botanical Synopsis, upon the Tofidda 1, Trillium 2, Rhexia 1, Polygoconstruction of wbich he has been en num 1, Baptisia 1, Cassia 1, Andromeda 1. gaged for many years : Dr. Baldwin, who Besides the above material addition of has studied with attention the plants of new species, we find that many genera Georgia: the late Drs. Brickell and contain the descriptions of a great numMacbride, whose extensive acquirements ber of species, becoming almost complete Have thrown much light on many natural monographies of said genera; among those subjects; (this latter gentleman particu- we shall mention the following genera : larly, bas communicated many valuable Panicum, which contains 45 species ! notices on the medical properties of some Gratiola 8, Utricularia 9, Collinsonia 7, plants :) Lewis de Schweinitz of North- Cyperus 24, Scirpus 31, Paspalumn 11, Carolina, and many other gentlemen of Andropogon 12, Poa 19, Ludwigia 15, South-Carolina and Georgia, such as Phlox 17, Asclepias 18, Trillium 9, AnMessrs. Herbemont, Jackson, Oemler, dromeda 16, &c. Pinkney, Moulins, Bennet, Green, Ha The new genera will deserve our pabersban, &c. Mr. Elliott had also kept ticular attention, since they become the up a regular correspondence with the types of the most important collective ar. late R. D. Henry Mublenberg of Lan- gregate of individuals, which derive their caster, and has acquired, by a communica name and characteristic features from tion of specimens with him, a perfect them. They are scattered in the followknowledge of the resalts of his unpub- ing order. Ashed labours, many of which appear now,

Lachnanthes. Mr. Elliott gives this for the first time, in this work, although new name to the Heritiera of Gmelin and they had been enumerated in Muhlen- Michaux, or Dilalris of Persoon and derg's Catalogue, but not described. Pursh, which he proves to be distinct

We have the first five numbers of this from the last genus, while the former dework before us, which include, from the Domination has now changed its object: class Monandria to the class Decandria, the Convitylis of Pursh, or rather Lophior about one third part of the whole la- ola of Bot. Mag. is quite different from bour, and contain ncarly 1000 species, it, by the double number of stamina. whereof more than 120 are new species, Aularanthus, Triandria digynia. Flow. unnoticed by Pursh, and described for the ers in panicles. Calyx 2 valved, 1 flowfirst time in this work. Several new ge- ered; valves equal furrowed. Corolla nera are also introduced here for the first bivalve, valves nearly equal. A. Y. G.

differing from Panicum by the furrowed to Turnera and scarcely distinct from it, calyx and absence of an accessory valve. the ovary is probably free altogether and The type of it is the Phalaris villosa of covered by the base of the calyx at its Michaux, which Elliot calls A. ciliatus, base. Muhlenberg had united this genus and to which he adds a second species A. with Pyxidanthera, which was wrong, fufus.

since it has scarcely any affinity with it. Monocera. Triandria digynia. Flowers The name of Lepuropetalon is rather too lateral. Calyx 3 valved multiflore, valves long, being in the same predicament with awned below the summit. Herm. fl. Co- Symphoricarpos, Anaporlophyllum, which rolla 2 valved, unequal; the exterior valve have been shortened. This might, thereawned below the summit. Neut. il. Co-fore, be shortened into Petalepis, which rolla 2 valved unawned. This N. G. is has the same ineaning. intermediate between Eleusine and Chlo. Monotropsis. Schweinitz. Decandria ris: it is formed upon the Chloris monos monogynia. Calyx 5 Icaved, leaves uptachya of Lin. but the name is erroneous, right hooded, base unguiculate-gibbose. there being already a genus of univalve Corolla monopetal cainpavulated fleshy shells cailed by a similar same by La- quinquefid. Nectary quinquefid. Stamark, &c. It must, therefore, be changed mina 10, a pair between each angle of the into Tríatherus, meaning three bristles, nectary. Ovary 5 gone, 1 style, stigma since the calyx or glume has so many : 5 valved. This new genus, which has the specific name will be T. aromaticus. been discovered in North-Carolina, by

Lyonia. Pentandria digynia. Pollen Mr. Schweinitz, belongs to the same namasses 10 smooth pendulous. Stamineal tural family than the genera wionotropa Crown 5 leaved, the leaves flat erect and Hypopythis, notwithstanding the moStigma conical 2 cleft. Corolla 1 petal, nopetalous corolla, since the stamina are campanulate. Follicles smooth. This not inserted thereon. The name given N. G. is formed upon the Ceropegia per- by the discoverer being objectionable, lustris of Pursh, or Cynanchum angustifo- Mr. Elliott proposes to substitute therefor lium of Muhlenberg. The name happens the name of Shweintsoa, which, we trust, to be as erroneous as the above, upon two will be acceded to. It contains only one evident principles : 1. because it is almost species, S. odorata, which has the smell identical in sound with the genus Allio- of the violet, the habit of Mooiropre, ag. nia; 2. because a genus was already de gregated flowers of a whitish red colour, dicated to Mr. Lyon, in 1808, by Rati &c. nesque, in the Medical Repository, form Mr. Elliott might havc established seed of the Polygonella of Michaux, (also veral other new genera, and he has, in erroneous in name) which he has since some instances, intimated the propriety rendered exact by calling it Lyonella. of it; but a timidity, too general among This genus might therefore be dedicated the botanists of the strict Linnaan school, to the late wortby Dr. Macbride, and call- has prevented bim frorn executing what ed Macbridea : specific name M. mara he considered advisable. The following timu.

axiom ought to become a botanical rule : Acerates. Differing from Asclepias All the specics differing generically from by having no appendage in the auricles their supposed congenera, must form sopai. or crown. A similar name had been rate genera, since it flows from the evigiven previously by Persoon to a different dent botanical laws, that, a genus is a colgenus : this, therefore, which onght per- lection of consimilar species, and that consihaps to be a mere subgenus of Asclepias, milar oljects are to be united, while dissimimust receive the name of Acerolis, inean lar objects are to be divided. The multiing auricles without horns: the A. viri- plicity of genera, far from being coutrary diflora of Rafinesque and Pursh may be to the correct principles of the science, as united to it.

some botanists have wrongly conceived, is Podostigma. Corpuscle on a pedicel, conducive to the gradual improvement of pollen masses 10, &c. smooth, pendulous. it, since it takes place only when new Stamineal crown 5 leaved, leaves com observations of characters prove the nepressed. Corolla campanulate, follicles cessity of such an increase. smooth. Formed with the Asclepias vi The shape and style of the whole work ridis and A. pedicellata of Walter. A is strictly Linnaan; but in the synoptical good name.

view of the genera belonging to cach Lepuropetalon. Pentandria trigynia. class, they are deprived of their definiCalyx 5 parted. Petals 5, resembling tions, which is, perhaps, an oversight, but scales inserted on the calyx. Capsul free an oljectionable one. The characters o near the summit, 1 celed 3 valved. Next the genera are only synoptical, they are

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