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fatigue more than the danger of the road, home, and supported him through a long
Corrigenda in the review of Wirt's Life of sides, situations in life, which it is sufficient
Page 413. For items of the hero or statesto indicate in order to describe them.
man-read, iteins in the hero's or stateman's
reputation, &c. From the Missouri Emigrant.
Page 414. For, we acknowledge the ample assistance, &c.-read, he acknowledges, &e.
Same page. For, the intenseness of his reDr. Samuel Peters is now waiting at Prai. putation, -read extension, &c. rie du Chien, the upper military post and
Same page. For, he would throw himself in settlement on the Mississippi, for the per
all forms, read into all forms.
Page 416. For, with boots—read with hurt-
ing boots, &c.
Page 417. For, to hide an enormous defect in
Page 424. For, a much longer life than ever king. He was bishop of Connecticut and that, &c.-read, than even that. For, proper in chaplain to one of the British commissioners language of the bar.
the long since of the bar,-read, proper in the at the first treaty of peace with America. In London he met Capt. Carver, (with was almost instant death.
Page 425. For, was almost death,-read, whom he was formerly acquainted,) after Pages 425 and 427. Exuviæ is incorrectly he had been disappointed in having his grant spelt with the diphthong æ. confirmed, and so frequently deceived by Page 426. For, few such can be found, the ministry, that he had spent all his pro read, few such instances can be found. perty and means of support in fruitless at * Lesouille is the name of the principal chief tendance upon them, and had at last given of the Sioux, and I suppose the greatest counup his claim in despair. Dr. P. took him seljor of their nation.
facts, in regard to the power of fas we to account for it, that the rabbit, cination in serpents, related in the follow- squirrel, or wood-rat, which, on the aping letters, was made in our Magazine proach of a dog or fox, immediately flies for November last, in the report of the to its lurking place for shelter, should, Transactions of the Philosophical Society on the appearance of a serpent, lose every of New-York. But, from the nature of disposition to remove from it, and remain that department, the inferences drawn in a state of torpidity till it become its frory those facts, by Mr. Garden, could prey. It is my wish to prove the existence not be given in detail, and they are so of this effluvium, and the power of the ingenious and interesting that we presume snake to communicate it at pleasure to our readers will coincide with us in think the surrounding atmosphere, so as to ex« ing them worthy of publication.
tend it to the object it wishes to destroy. For the copy of the letters, we are in- Froin the number of facts related to me, debted to the politeness of Dr. Francis, of I shall select a few, giving the authority this city.
from which I received thein.
The late colonel Thompson of Belle-
ville, mentioned to me, many years ago, DEAR SIR,
that riding on his estate in search of game, Before I read the Essay of Dr. Barton he came unexpectedly on a snake in coil, (so strongly recommended by you to my of so monstrous a size, that he believed attention on the Fascinating Power at- it, in the first instance, a buck of the first tributed to Serpents, it is my wish to de. magnitude; that, recovering from his surliver my own sentiments in writing, that prise, he fired at, and killed the reptile; I may more explicitly declare my reasons but, at the same instant, was assailed by for believing—that it proceeds from a an overpowering vapour, that so compower possessed by the snake, of emitting, pletely bewildered his senses, that it at pleasure, from its body, a very sublile was not without the greatest difficulty efluvium, which, acting on the delicate that he could guide his horse and return organs of the smaller animals, deprives to his dwelling,--that a deadly sickness them of every power of exertion, and ren at his stomach followed, and a puking ders them incapable of fight.
more violent than be had ever expeNature has endowed every animal with rienced from the operation of the most an instinct, which at once points out the powerful emetic. enemy it has cause to dread. The agita By Mrs. Daniel Blake, of Newington, tion of the mouse on the appearance of a I was informed, that an overseer on one cat, the confusion in a poultry yard if a of her southern plantations, being missed bawk directs its flight towards it, will and sought for by his family, was found VOL. 111.-No. Ik
in a state of perfect insensibility, in a count is introduced of a fascinated bird, field near his dwelling, who, on the re which died in convuleions in sight of the covery of bis senses, declared, that wait- author, although the distance betwixt it ing the approach of a deer that had been and its enemy was three and a half feet, troublesome to his crop, he had heard and upon examination no trace could be the rattle of a spake, and that before it found of the slightest wound or external was in his power to remove from the injury. Another instance follows, where threatened danger, he perceived a sick a small mouse expired in convulsions, ening effluvium, which deprived him in- although two yards distant from the snake stantaneously of sense.
which caused its destruction. In the From the president of our senate, Mr. same work the following interesting anecJohn Lloyd, I received the following dote will be found, as related by a capfact:-A negro working in hi: field, was tain in Gordon's regiment, then quartered seen suddenly to fall, uttering at the same at the Cape:-“ While in garrison at instant a dreadful shriek. On approach- Ceylon, and amusing myself in hunting ing him it was found that he had struck a marsh, I was suddenly seized with a off the head of a very large rattle snake, convulsive and involuotary trembling, the body of which was still writhing with different from what I had ever experiagony by his side. When restored to enced, and at the same time was strongly sense, which it took much pains to ac- attracted, and in spite of myself, to a complish, he declared that he shrieked particular spot in the marsh. Directing with horror as he struck the snakc, and my eye to the spot, I beheld, with feel. at the same instant fell, overpowered by ings of horror, a serpent of an enormous a smell that took away all his senses. size, whose look instantly pierced me.
From these instances I think it would Having, however, not yet lost all power appear, that, although at all times pos- of motion, I embraced the opportunity sessed of the power of throwing of this before too late, and saluted the reptile effluvium, that it is only occasionally used with the contents of my fusee. The reby the snake; had it been otherwise-if port was a talisman, and broke the charm always percepuble, Renty, the overseer -my convulsions ceased I felt myself of Mrs. B. and the negro of Mr. L. would able to fly, and the only inconvenience have been apprised of their danger, and was a cold sweat, which was doubtless had an opportunity of avoiding it. But the effect of fear, and the violent agitaof its actual existence I have still stronger tion that my senses had undergone." proof, since it has been well ascertained It is evident that Vaillant, in the two that a negro belonging to Mr. Nathaniel first cases, believed that death was occaBarnwell, of Beaufort, could, from the sioned by fright; yet I cannot subscribe acuteness of bis faculty of smelling, at to his opinion, for the removal of the all times discover the rattle snake, and, cause would necessarily destroy the effect; with unerring accuracy, trace its move and he tells us, “ that at his approach the ments; and I have heard my friend colonel snake glided off, and that it was not till Edward Barnwell frequently declare, that some time afterwards that the mouse exhe had seen him quit his work, telling pired as he held it in his hand.” In the his companions that he smelt a rattle case of the officer, fear could not have snake, and at a distance of two tasks, had the influence attributed to it, for his (210 feet) point out the animal fascinating, convulsions and tremblings took place and always in the very act of seizing its before the serpent was discovered by him, prey. If such be the effects on the senses and it would be the height of folly to supof man, may it not be supposed that the pose its existence where no cause apdelicate organs of the smaller animals peared to excite it. Allow me then 10 may be operated upon with equal or still say, that I consider these instances ra: greater effect.
We know full well that ther as confirmations of my opinions than a profusion of odours will not only impair militating against them; for as no exterhealth, but in many instances occasion nal injury was received, no wound indeath. Life has been repeatedly destroy- flicted, and death the result of the fasöd by the confined air of a bed chamber cinations, it is not unreasonable to conbeing overcharged by the fragrance of clude that the inhaling of the deadly efthe sweetest flowers; it will not, therefore, fluvium, the existence of which I have be deemed improbable that odours noxious endeavoured to prove, was the certain and offensive in themselves, should be cause of it. That the officer escaped does productive of as deadly effects.
not surprise me, for I cannot suppose the In page 74 of Vaillant's Travels in power given to every serpent in equal Africa, vub i. part 2, an interesting ac. degree, and the quantity of effluvius
emitted, though sufficient to bewilder and bably have saved from destruction ; and as stupify, was not in its nature so com the little bird and mouse mentioned by pletely baneful as to produce death. Vaillant, with organs of more delicate
I sha:l now read Dr. Barton with at- texture, perished in convulsions, though tention, and having candidly stated my considerably removed from the snake, opinions, without a hesitation give them and never bitten, I think it reasonable to up, if I find (as you say I shall) his doc- conclude, that death was occasioned by trines conclusive on the subject.
the norious quality of the effluvium alone. I am, Sir, with great respect, Before I touch on the theory of Dr. Bar. &c. &c. &c.
ton, permit me to remind you that in my ALEX. GARDEN. opinion, “the power rests with the ser
pent to emit at pleasure the effluviuir To General Charles Cotesworth Pinckney. which secures to it its prey ; that it is DEAR SIR,
rarely perceptible but when the snake is The opinions expressed in my letter either anxious to obtain food, or provoked to Dr. Ramsay, on the existence of an to anger,--and that the free possession of effluvium, which enables the rattle snake, its health and strength is necessary to its without any extraordinary exertion, to se- being able to use it with effect.” “ If," cure its prey," resulted from a candid says Dr. Barton, “the vapor emanating consideration of the instances therein ad. from the snake, had the effect attributed duced in support of them. I had never to it, it would be a kind of Avernus which read a line on the subject, nor imagined animals would avoid, but this is not the that similar ideas had been entertained case, as frogs and birds are frequently by any other person; it is, therefore, par- found near them uninjured and undestroyticularly grateful to me, to find, from the ed.” Now their security in this case, is, perusal of the books you had the polite- in my opinion, owing to the snake's being ness to put into my hands, that so distin- previously sufficiently supplied with food; guished a naturalist as Monsieur La Ce- for-froin its sluggish habits—its inability pede cherished such sentiments on the to make at any time great exertion, it is sabject as give sanction to my own. He probable that Providence has caused it to speaks with confidence “ of the existence be satisfied with little nourishment, and of the fetid effluvium emanating from the that it should never endeavour to paralize rattle snake, and ascribes to it the effect where it did not mean to destroy, and I of suffocating or at least stupifying the ani am confirmed in this belief from the permal on whose senses it is designed to fect recollection of one having been kept operate.” He even asserts" that it is alive for upwards of twelve months at so offensive, that it will occasion dizziness Glasgow College, which during that peand head-ache in persons wbo continue riod never took any food whatever. But long in the apartinent in which the reptile although Dr. Barton has little or no faith is confined;" but although he believes it in the existence of the effluvium, yet he the foundation of all the stories which says—“My friend Mr. Wm. Bartram as. bare been related with regard to the fas- sured me, that he had observed horses to cination of animals by the snake, he ex be sensible of, and greatly agitated by it, presses his opinion, “ that in most cases showing their abhorrence, by snorting, the animal which becomes a victim, has whinnying, and starting from the road, and been previously bitten.” I subscribe endeavouring to throw their riders in or. cheerfully to this opinion-though not in der to escape.” To prove that the vapor, toto. Colonel Thompson was not bitten, if it did erist, was not prejudicial, be yet his declaration proves, that his senses put a snow bird into a cage with a rattle were thrown into such a state of confu- spake ;--the little animal exhibited no sion, by the effluvium emanating from the signs of fear, but kopped from the floor to snake whicb he killed, that he was near the roost, and frequently sat on the back ly deprived of ability to guide the horse of the snake; it ate seeds which were put which he rode, while his subsequent sick into the cage, and by all its acts demonaess evinces its injurious effeets on his strated, that its situation was not uneasy. constitution, and that it threatened life, To account for this, it is of consequence although it was not sufficiently powerful to observe, that the rattle snake seldom to destroy it. Op Renty, Mrs. Blake's eats when caged. Monsieur Bosc says, overseer, and the negro of Mr. Lloyd, no “when confined they for the most part round was inflicted, yet both from the ef- suffer themselves to die of hunger;" and fect of the effluvium were deprived of it is of still greater import to recollect, that sense ; in these instances, the strength of when the experiment was made by Dre the organs on wbich it operated, may pro. Barton, the season was not arrired, when
rattle snakes were accustomed to leave vigour, or activity, in that stupor when it their dens—the state of the reptile was lit- is never known to emit any odour whattle removed from absolute torpidity; and I ever. He had procured in Jersey, eight am more inclined to believe it from the in- rattle spakes, which he had shut up in a difference shown by the bird, which from box as soon as dug out of the earth, and the never failing power of instinct, might forwarded to Philadelphia. Three weeks at once perceive the want of ability in its after, the box was opened and the snakes enemy to molest or injure it. If Dr. Bar- taken out, when no odour whatever was ton's opinion was accurate—“That at the perceived, and in my opinion, for this season alone, when birds were employed plaio reason, that being dug out of the in hatching their eggs, or nourishing their ground when torpid, no disposition to young, the uneasiness observed in them gratify appetite existed in them,—that on the approach of the snake was percep- they were too languid and insensible to be tible, and that their cries and agitation, susceptible of anger, and that the power was occasioned by a desire to defend and was denied them of emitting the effluvium, protect them," I should be doubtful of which at a more advanced season, and in the accuracy of my own opinions, and possession of health and vigour, bad unjoin in the belief, that their destruction doubtedly been theirs. The opinion of was frequently occasioned by their ex Monsieur Bosc, differs widely from that erting themselves beyond discretion, and of Dr. Barton: “Nature,” says he, “while persisting in their attacks till they be she refused to the rattle snake activity, came the victims of parental anxiety; to warn man of his danger, has given to but this is by no means the case, and par- the reptile a pestilential effluvium and ticular inquiry justifies me in saying— rattles.” But this effluvium, according to “that till the snake makes his retreat his ideas, arises from the putridity of the to his den, for the winter season, the pow. food contained in the stomach of the reptile, er is completely his, of securing his prey, while subject to the operation of digestion. and producing all the effects on the ani- Now, if this position be true, the snake, mal destroyed, which are perceptible at while gorged with food, would prevent an earlier season.” My friend, capt. Wm. the approach of all other animals by Cattel, at a late period, saw a rabbit so warning them of their danger, for, indecompletely bewildered by the power of pendent of his will, the pestiferous odour the effluvium emanating from a large would be emitted, and when the stoinach snake which was about to devour it, that is empty it would emit no odour whatever; after driving the reptile off, he was com whereas, I believe the fact to be diametripelled repeatedly to strike it smartly with cally opposite that the snake, when his whip before it sufficiently recovered gorged with food, is quiescent, altogether the use of its faculties to move away.- disinclined to exertion, and in no instance Capt. Fuller and Mr. Miles, very lately, prone unnecessarily to waste the effluvium also took up from before a rattle snake, on which it depends for support; but, on a large rabbit, that was too much bewi)- the other hand, when its stomach is empdered to show the smallest desire to es ty, impelled by hunger to seek for food, cape., Monsieur Beauvois denies the ex that it freely emits the effluvium, which istence of the effluvium, and declares, in all prevents the escape of the animal it wishes the experiments made by Mr. Peale of to devour, and by stupifying, causes it to Philadelphia, and himself
, neither the one become an easy sacrifice to its rapacious nor the other could ever perceive that appetite. any was emitted by the snake subjected I am sensible, sir, that you would have to their observations. He also put a bird blamed me, had I feigned a conviction of into a cage with a rattle snake, but error which I did not feel. The argufound that the reptile remained perfectly ments which I now offer in support of my tranquil and the bird altogether at ease; pristine opinions, may prove little satisfacnor did the air appear to it, to judge from tory to you, but will, I hope, have suffiits behaviour, different from that which is cient plausibility to excuse me for subfound in an ordin close cage ;-but, as jecting them to your consideration. With in the case mentioned by Dr. Barton, the grateful recollection of your politeness, snake had been dug from the ground in a I remain, torpid state, and still remained without