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TIE INCOMBUSTIBLE MAN.
an account of whose exploits is contained There is so much of philosophy mixed up in the Gentleman's Magazine for February with common show, in the exhibition of 17557: and so late as 1803, the incombustiJian Iranits Chabert, that we presume on ble Spaniard, Senor Lionetto, performed in some account of the phenomena he exibits Paris, where he attracted the particular atbeing acceptable. This person, and a Sig. tention of Dr. Sementini, Professor of Che. nora Girardelli, have recently revived the mistry; and other scientific gentlemen of public attention to certain curious powers, that city. It appears that a considerable either naturally possessed or artificially com vapour and smell rose from the parts of his inunicated to the human frame. We have body to which the fire and heated substances not seen the performances of the lady, but were applied, and in this he differs from from the report of friends, and a very clever both the persous now in this country. and accurate account of them in Consta In M. Chabert's bill the following are anble's Edinburgh Magazine, and from our nounced as the “extraordinary proofs of his own remarks upon those of the male “ Fire- supernatural power of respecting the most inproof;" we shall endeavour to bring the tense heat of every kind; and he pledges matier sufficiently under the eye of our rea himself that no slight of hand, as is usual in ders.
these things, will be practised: The power of resisting the action of beat 1. He will forge with lis feet a bar of red has been claimed, and to a certain wonder- hot iron. tnl degree enjoyed, by persons in all aves. 2. He will undergo the torture by fire, as Much of imposture has been founded upon used in the Spanish Inquisition. it, and much of injustice perpretrated under 3. He will drink, positively, boiling oil. its operation. By the ancients, and by the 4. He will drop on his tongue a large comparatively moderns, by Hindus and by quantity of burning sealing way, from which Cbristians, it has been made the test of any of the company may take impressions truth or the trial of faith. Sophocles men of their seals. tions it in the Antigone, and Virgil and Var 5. He will eat burning cimrcoai. ro tell us, that the priests of Apollo on 6. He will inspirate the flame of a torch. Mount Soracte would walk over burning 7. Will bathe his feet in boiling lead, and coals with naked feet. The priests of the pour it into his mouth with his hand. temple of Feronia were, according to Stra 8. Will pour the strongest aqua-fortis on bo, equally incombustible. The Saludadores steel filings, and traurple on it with his bare or Santiguadores, of Spain, pretended to feet. prove their descent from St. Catharine by 9. Will rub a red-hot shovel on his arms This ordeal, and one of them carried the jest and legs, and hold it on his head until the of imposition so far, that he went into an bair shall be too warm for any by-stander to oven and was literally baked to a cinder. hold his hand on it. The earliest instance of fire ordeal in Cbris. 10. He will pour vitriol, oil, and arsenic tendom occurred in the fourth century, into the fire, and hold his head in the flames when Simplicius, Bishop of Autun, and his and inhale the vapours. wife (married before his promotion, and 11. He will eat of a lighted torch with a living with him after it,) demonstrated the fork, as if it were salad: Platonic purity of their intercourse, by put 12. Will pour aqua-fortis on a piece of ting burning coals upon their flesh without copper in the hollow of his hand. injury. This miracle was repeated by St. Of these undertakings, what he actually Brice about a century after; and it is gene- did was as follows: rally known to what a monstrous pitch the 1. He took a red hot iron, like a spade, trial by fire was carried through many suic and repeatedly struck it or stamped briskly. ceeding'açes, when craft was canonized and upon it, with the sole of his bare foot. innocence martyred upon frauds like these. The foot was quite cool aster the experiPope Etienne 5th condemned all trials of ment. this kind as false and superstitious, and Fre 2. lle held his naked foot long over the derick the 2d prohibited them as absurd and fame of a candle, which did not seem to afridiculons.
fect it in the slightest degree, though in conFrom being the object of religious belief, tact with the skin. and of judicial importance, the fetes of hu 3. Oil appeared to boil in a small brazier, inan salamanders descended into itinerant and be took nearly two table spoonfuls into wonders. About 1677, an Englishman, his mouth and swallowed it. In the former pamed Richardson, exhibited in Paris; and experiments there could not, by possibility, M. Dodart, an Academician, published in be any trick; and, in the latter, if there was the Journal des Savans, an explanation of any deception, it must have been by having bis performances on rational principles. sojne preparation at the bottom of the braThey seem to have been of the same nature zier, which a slight beat cau.ed to bubble up with those of Madame Girardelli and M. through the oil, and give it the semblance Chabert; chewing and swallowing burning without the reality of boiling. The spoon coals, licking a hot iron with his tongue, was, however hot; but we think not so much sue. In 1754, the famous Mr. Powell, the so as if the oil it had listed had been really ai tire cater, distinguished himself in England, a boiling temperature:
4. The writer of this notice took two im- Mundi, writes, " Take juice of marshmal. pressions of his seal in black sealing wax low, and white of egg, and flea-bane seeds, dropped on Chabert's tongue. It was very and time; powder them, and mix juice of thin, but undoubtedly dropt melting from a radish with the white of egg; mis all lighted candle.
thoroughly, and with this composition 5. He put several small pieces of burning anoint your body or hand, and allow it to charcoal into bis mouth.
dry, and afterwards anoint again, and 6. Not done.
after this you may boldly take up hot 7. A quantity of melted lead was poured iron without hurt." Such a paste would into a utensil like a washing copper, into be very visible. “ Pore spirit of sulphur," which Chabert leapt barefooted. "It did ap- rubbed on the parts, is said to have been the pear to us, however, that he stood upon his secret practised by Richardson. “Spirit of heels in a part of the vessel, over which the sulphur, sal ammoniac, essence of rosemary, metal did not flow. With regard to pouring and onion juice," is another of the recipes. the boiling lead into his mouth, he seemed The book of Hocus Pocus prescribes 12 to lift a small quantity of what either was or oz. camphire dissolved in 2 oz. aqua-vitæ ; resembled boiling lead, from the crucible to add 1 oz. quicksilver, 1 oz. liquid storas, his mouth, and thence spit it into a plate in which is the droppings of myrrh, and hipa sort of granular state. We could not mi- ders the camphire from firing;-take also 2 nutely examine this experiment, but it is pos- oz. hematatis, which is a red stone, to be sible that mercury might be introduced to had at the druggists, which being put to the give a fluid the resemblance of boiling lead. above composition, anoint well your feet Nor is it likely that lead could be listed in with it, and you may walk over á red hot this way with the fingers.
iron bar, without the least inconvenience." 8. Done according to the programme, but No doubt but diluted sulphuric, nitric, or it cannot be ascertained that the aqua-fortis muriatic acid, or a saturated solution of was “ the strongest,” and if not, there is little burnt alum, being repeatedly rubbed on marvellous in the exploit.
the skin, will render it less sensible to the 9. Nearly correct. He waited some time action of caloric. Hard soap, or a soap with a shovel in his hand while explaining paste rubbed over the tongue, will preserve what he was about to do; he then scraped it from being burnt by a hot iron rapidly up his arm with the edge of it, and subse, passed over it. quently licked it with his tongue, and Aster all, however, habit must be a priusmoothed his bair with its flat side. The hair cipal agent in the attainment of the very felt hot in consequence, but there was no considerable insensibility to heat, which, smell, no vapour, nor any appearance of making every allowance for dexterity and singeing. The tongue looked white and fur. deception, this person evidently possesses. ry-the moisture on it hissed.
His contact with the bottest instruments 10. Not done.
was but momentary; and it is well known 11 and 12 performed as stated. The bla- that blacksmiths, plumbers, glass makers, zing salad was visible in his open mouth, confectioners, and other tradesmen, whose near the throat, for several seconds, and had occupations lead them to the endurance of an extraordinary effect in lighting this human great fires, are capable of sustaining beat far vault in so unusual a manner.
beyond the powers of other men. MoisIt is thus evident, that whatever there may ture too, skilfully employed, will do much be of deception in these performances, there in preserving the flesh from danger. A wet is still enough of the curious to merit atten- finger may be safely dipt into a pan of boil. tion. M. Chabert asserts, that he is the only ing sugar, and even without being wet, is naturally incombustible being exhibiting; instantly withdrawn and plunged in water; the others using preparations which he dis- a thin crust of sugar may be thus without claims. He is a dark, stout, not unpleasant danger, obtained. looking man, and, as he says, a Russian by le bave thought this subject deserving birth. His story is, that he fell into the fire of the notice we have taken of it. As for when a year old without suffering any inju. the offer to go into an oven with a leg of ry; and a similar accident when he wss mutton, &c. we look upon it as one of those twelve, from which he also escaped unburnt, quack bravadoes thrown out to attract the demonstrated that he possessed the quality multitude ; and of a similar cast is M. of resisting fire.
Chaubert's very humane and whimsical inOf course we cannot determine what may vitation, “in cases of sudden fire, is called be depended upon in this statement. How on, he will be most happy to help any felmuch of the power clearly possessed to re- low-creature," &c. We should be sorry to sist greater degrees of heat than other men remain in the fire till even an incombustimay be a natural gift, how much the result ble gentleman was sent for, express, to of chemical applications, and how much come to our relief; and, indeed, would from having the parts indurated by long rather go to visit him, as we advise those to practice-probably all three are combined do who agree with us in considering these in this phenomena. of the recipes for extraordinary performances as very different rendering the skin and flesh fire-proof, Al- from mere slight of hand and show. bertus Magnus, in his work De Mirabilus
[London Literary Gazellk.
DESCRIPTION OF EDINBURGH. Town are piled to an enormous height, some Edinburgh, the capital of the county, and of them amounting to eight, ten, and even of all Scotland, stands upon three ridges twelve stories ; each of these were called of low-lying hills, and on their intermediate lands, and the access to these separate lodgvales. It was formerly much confined in its ings was hy a common stair, exposed to limits, consisting chiefly of what is now every inconvenience arising from filth, termed the Old Town ; but its extent has steepness, darkness, and danger from fire. been considerably increased by the buildings Such, in some measure, is the situation of on the north, termed the New-Town, and the Old Town at this day. some handsome streets and squares, which The New-Town is situated on an elevated have been built on the south. What is called plain, beyond the basin which once conthe Old Town covers the middle ridge, with tained the North Loch, on the most northern the shelving declivities on each side; and of the three hills, north from the old city, on the south side, with the bottom below, and united to it by the North Bridge, and an and the rising ascent of the next ridge, eastern mound composed of the earth and about a mile in length. Its principal street rubbish dug from the foundations of the extends in a tolerably even line, between buildings in the New-Town. It was begun east and west, terminated on the west by an to be built in 1767, and the general plan, the abrupt rocky eminence or precipice, on streets, the buildings, and the police, can which the castle is built, and descending scarcely be too highly praised. The new with a gradual declivity to the east, in the buildings are of stone, regular, beautiful, hollow at the foot of the ridge, where the and elegant. They consist of three large papalace of Holyrood House is situated, on a rallel streets, and two inferior ones, though plain called St. Ann's Yards, or the King's containing many handsome houses, running Park: from this plain, on both sides of the east and west nearly a mile in length, interhill, two vallies extend the whole length of sected with cross streets, at regular and conthe high street; the southern one occupied venient distances. North is Queen's-street, by the Cowgate, a narrow mean lane ; the about one hundred feet broad. South is other terminating in a marslı, which was Prince's-street, similar to Queen's street. lately drained, called the North Loch. The The middle is George-street, terminated on high street, which runs along the side of the east by St. Andrew's square, and on the the hill on the ridge from the castle to the west by Charlotte's square. York-place is a palace, on account of its length, width, and noble street, connecting Queen's-street with the height of the houses, is remarkably Leith-walk. Duke-street and Albany-row striking. Nearly in the middle of the high are in the vicinity of York-place. street stands the Tolbooth, an ugly and ruin On the south side of the Old Town, the ous pile. On the south side of this disfi- streets are not near so elegant and regular, gured building is situated the fine Gothic but many of the buildings are extensive and church of St. Giles. Near to this is the handsome. The largest square in EdinParliament House, now occupied by the burgh, George's-square, is situated in the Court of Sessions, well worth the stranger's south side of the Old Town. There are attention. In the middle of the close or besides several other squares in this, as square, which is before the Parliament Nicolson's, St. Patrick's, Brown's, Argyle's, House, there is a handsome equestrian sta- Alison's. Besides St. Giles and the Tron tue of Charles the II. in bronze, in which Church, already mentioned, there is at the the proportions are admirably observed. On west end of Prince's-strect, a handsone the opposite side of the high street, a little churchi, called the Test Kirk. In Georgeto the east, is the Royal Exchange, founded street, is St. Andrew's Church, a very band: in the year 1753. It is a handsome building, some buiding, with an elegant spire. in the form of a square. At the corner of The other principal buildings are, the Rethe high street, formed by the South Bridge, gister Office, at the north end of the Mortii is the Tron Church, founded in 1637, but of Bridge, a handsome edifice. Nearly opposite late much modernized and improved. Pro- is the theatre, neat but small, by no means ceeding farther east, the street takes the so elegant as might be expected in such a name of Canongate ; on the north side of metropolis. On Leith Walk are concert this street is a handsome church, and the rooms, fitted up in an ele ant style. The whole is terminated by Holyrood House. University is at the south end of the South This is a large good building, in the form of Bridge. Nearly opposite is the Royal Intira square, the greater part being built by mary. Analogous to this house is the Dis. James the V. and completed by Charles pensary, a neat plain building in Richmordthe II. Adjoining the palace is the small street. The Lying-in Hospital is in Parkruinous chapel of the Holycross, or Holy- place. Halls for medical purposes in Sur. rood, which was set apart for a chapel royal, geon's-square, and in Richmond-strert. Opand for the knights of the order of the This- posite St. Andrew's Church, in Georgetle ; it was founded by David the I. in 1128, street, is the Physicians' Hall with a portico and completely destroyed by the Presbyte- of eight handsome Corirthian pillars in rians, when their reforming zeal laid waste front. The High School in Edinburgh has every thing which had the appearance of long been deservedly noticed for the scho. idolatrous worship. The bouses in the Old lars it has produced. Besides the High
Fichool, there are four establishicd schools in witness of one of these expeditions relates Edinburgh, under the patronage of the town the following fact : council, and numerous private schools, * Two fish of a moderate size, perhaps where erery branch of education is taught about 18 inches long, were squeezed into a at a moderate rate. The other public build- hollow space, resembling the rut of a cartings erected for charitable purposes are, wheel, about 8 or 9 inches wide, and ratber Herriot's Hospital, an elegant Gothic pile, more than two feet long, which they fiad founded in 1628, finished in 1630, for the evidently dng in the center of the streare. poor and fatherless boys of freemen. Wat. It was in a shallow, about 20 yards above son's Hospital, a neat modern building, a pool of considerable depth. They were founded in 1738, fer children of decayed not even disturbed by the glare of the torchmembers of the Merchant Company of light; and were, for the sake of further inEdinburgh. The Orphan Hospital, Trades vestigation, left in the same state in which Hospital, Trinity Hospital, Gillespie's Hos- they were discovered. Next day there was pital, three charity work-houses, an Asylum no appearance of the hollow ; on the confor the Blind, and several other charitable trary, the spot, which had been accurately inutitntions. In philosophy and general lite- marked, was, if any thing, rather higher rature, Edinburgh possesses many societies than the rest of the gravel. In about three and institutions : The Royal Society of weeks or a month after the spawn had been Edinburgh, the Antiquarian Society, the thus deposited, the spot, and for a consiSpeculative Society, the Society for the derable distance around it, was covered Propagation of Christian Knowledge, ano with a glairy substance, resembling the ther for the Sons and Widows of the Clergy, spawn of frogs, which seemed to bind the and several Societies for the Encourage- sand and gravel together, so as to prevent ment of Arts, Manufactures, and Com- their being aeted upon or moved by the merce. In fact, Edinburgh is the seat of current. About the beginning of February science, politeness and elegance. The po- this substance seemed to be disappearing, pulation of Edinburgh is above one hun- and one day, about the middle of the month dred thousand.
the gravel appeared to be actually beaving (European Magazine. up and down. A considerable fall of rain
raised the river, and prevented the tumulus
being turned over with a spade at this criANIMAL REMAINS.--MAMMOTH-CROCODILE. tical period; and when the water fell to its
There have been recently discovered in former level, no vestige of the fish burrou the parish of Motteston, on the south side remained. The pool below was, however, of the Isle of Wight, the bones of that stu: investigated, and found to be swarming with pendous animal supposed to be the Mam- myriads of fish, many of them so small as inoth, or Mastoilon. Several of the verte- to be scarcely visible to the naked eye. In bræ, or joints of the back-bone, measure a week they had increased in size consi. thirty-six inches in circunference: theyderably ; in a fortnight the pool was much correspond exactly in form, colour, and thinned, and the fry could be traced nearly texture, with the bones found in plenty on a mile down the river ; by the middle of the banks of the Ohio in North America, Match some were an inch and a half long, in a vale cailed by the Indians Big-bone and in May seven dozen were caught with Swamp. Also, in the parish of Northwood, the rod and fly, generally from four to five on the north side of the islaud, the hones inches in length. They were moving in of the Crocodile have recently been found shoais, and making their way to the sea. hy the Rev. Mr. Inghes of Newport. They The writer adds, that in the spawning the rcem to have brloo ged to an animal of that breeding fish are followed into the small "species, whose budi did not exceed twelve rivers hy a species called spawn-suckers, teet in length. . Tlieir calcareous nature is who dig up and feed on the deposit : the not altered; but the bones of the Mastodon young have also many enemies, but still the found on the south side of the island) con
increase is prodigious. tain iron.
AN OLD MAN'S ADVICE TO A YOUNG MENNATURAL HISTORY: PROPAGATION OF FISH.
The propagation of fish is perhaps one of Enter the House of Commons as the the inost obscure matters in this branch of ple of Liberty; do not dishonour that science. It was formerly a common cue- Temple ; preserve your freedom as the 1om in some of the Scottish rivers, to "find pledge of your integrity. Read, inquire, the waters," as it was cailed, loze torch light hear, debate, and then determine. Do not during the spawning season, during the lat. without inquiry approve of, nor without ter end of November and beginning of De good cause oppose, the measures of the cember. On these occasions a boat furnish Court. The true patriot will lend his assised with a strong light was navigated in tance to enable the king to administer jusquest of salmon, techuically denominated tice, to protect the subject, and to aggranBills (quasi Males, we suppose) which when dize the nation. Avoid bitter speeches; discovered were immediately speared. A you meet not to revile, but to reason. The
BER OF PARLIAMENT.
best men may err, and therefore be not not done merely to spread the glory of the ashamed to be convinced yourself, nor be hero, but most probably to prepare the way ready to reproach others. Remember that for some great undertaking. your electors did not send you to Parliament io make your own fortune, but to take care of theirs. When you do speak, take
Professor Burdack in his report respect
especial care that it is to the purpose ; and rather ing the Anatomical Institution of Konigsstudy to confine yourself to the subject with berg, mentions the following singular will: brevity and perspicuity, than to indulge 19th of March, 1818, 26 buman bodies have
“ F'rom the 19th of November, 1817, to the yourself in the unnecessary display of a flowery imagination. If you feel all right been dissected here. Among them I must within, you will scorn to look round the mention that of M. Kanter, late a teacher House for support ; for be assured that God, of music in Konigsberg. This well-informed your conscience, and your country, will and scientific man, even in his last will exsupport you.
pressed his wish to promote the welfare of society. He bequeathed his landed pro
perty to some establishments for public eduIn a German Journal, called the Miscella- cation, and his body to the Anaiomical Innies from the newest Prorluctions of Foreign stitution. On the 23d of December, the Literature, we find the following remarka- funeral procession proceeded to the house of ble, but not improbable, account:-A mer the anatomical Institution, where the friends chant not only heard the name of Bona- of the deceased, who followed in 18 carparte in the deserts of Tartary, but also saw riages, delivered the body to me. a biography of this tyrant in the Arabic formity with the will of the deceased, on tongue, which contained a great many false- the 30th of December, Dr. Von Baer dehoods and exaggerations, and ended with livered, in the presence of a number of his marriage in the year 1910. This bio professors, physicians and students, a lecture graphy was printed in Paris, and thence it on broken bones and ruptures, 1ith demonta was sent to Aleppo, to be circulated in the strations from the body." East. It may be presumed, that this was
Art. 11. REPORT OF DISEASES.
Report of Diseases treated at the Public Dis- lica Pictonum, 2; Dyspepsia et Ilypochou
pensary, New-York, and in the Private driasis, 2:2; Hysteria, 2; Mania, 1; 'Paraly. Practice of the Pt porter, during the month sis, (Palsy) 1; Epilepsia, (Epilepsy,) i; af August, 1818.
Asthma et Dyspncra, 5; Bronchitis Chro
nica, 3; Phthisis Pulmonalis, (Pulmonary FEBRIS Intermittens, (Intermittent Ferer, Consumption,) 8; Ophthalmia Chronica, 3;
6; Febris Remittens, (Remittent Ferer,) Rheumatismus Chronicus, 8; Pleurodyne, 8; Febris Continua, (Continued Ferer,) 20; 2; Lumbayo, 2; Menorrhagia, 1; DysmeFebris Infanturn Remittens, (Infantile Kemit- norrhea, 2 ; Dysuria, 2; Ischuria, 2; Ametint Ferer,) 11; Phlegmone, 6; Phrenitis, norrhæa, 7; Conceptio, 3; Diarrhaa, 29, (Inflammation of the Bruin,) 2; Ophthalmia, Leucorrhoa, 3; Scirrhus Uteri, 1 ; Hydrops, (Infummation of the Eyes,) 4; Otitis, (In. (Dropsy,).2; Vermes, 7; Tabes Mesenterica, lurumution of the Ear,)*2; ('ynanche Ton- ì; Syphilis, 7; Urethritis Virulenta, 5 ; Tusillaris, (Inflammation of the Tonsils,) 4; mor, 4; Contusio, (Bruise,) 6; Luxatio, 3; Cynanchie Trachealis, (Croup or Hires,) 1; Fractura, 2; Vulnus, 4; Ustio, (Burn,) 2; Catarrhus, (Caturrh,) 2; Pneumoniir
, (In- Abscessus, (.Abscess,) 4; Uleus, (Vicer,) 10; Nammation of the Chesl.) 13; Pneumonia Ty. Scabies et Prurigo, 12;
Porrigo, 3; Herpes, phodes, (Typhoid Pneumony,) l; Pertussis, 3; Eruptiones Variæ, 7. (Hooping Cough,) 15; Hastitis, (In, amma The same sultry and oppressive weather lion of the Female Mamma,) 2; Gastritis, which characterized so great a portion of (Inflammation of the Stomach,) 2; Enteritis, July, continued at intervals till the 22d of (inflammation of the htestines,) 2; Hepatitis, the present month, alter which the tempe(hajlanmation of the Lirer,)3; Icterus, (jaun. rature was sufficiently mild, and sometinies dicc.) 2; Rheumatismus, 4; Hydrothorax, rather cool. The hottest days were from Dropsy of the Chest,) 1; Cholera, 25; Dy- the 2d to the oth, inclusive, the thermosenteria, (Dysentery) 21; Erysipelas, (St. meter ranging from 84 to 88°, in the shade, Anthony's Fire,) 2; Rubeola, (Measles,) 2 ; at two o'clock P.M.----and on six other days, Rubeola et Pertussis, 2; Urticaria, (Nettle the 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 21st and 22d, Rash,) 2: Vaccinia, (kine Pock,) 8; Den- it marked from 80 to 85°. From the 234 titio, 3; Convulsio, 2.
to the conclusion of the month, the mer
cury was never higher than 770. The averAsthenia, (Debility,) 4; Vertigo, 7; Ce. age temperature of the whole month is phalalgia, 5; Colica et Obstipatio, 12; Co. equal to about 72° 1-2, which is full 401;
CHRONIC AND LOCAL DISEASES.