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'Spanish ministry showed themselves the there were no public funds, M. D'Oneill more dissatisfied on the occasion, as they lent from his own private funds all that expected from this approachment an ame- he could dispose of; and now, instead of lioration in the external relations of the repaying his advances, they are atteinptkingdom, which their own exclusive ef- ing to find fault with the step which he forts do not permit them to expect. took.

It is not to be inferred from this that At Valencia, the firmness of the capthe boldest projects are not still hatched tain-general, M. Elliott, was able alone here.-Thus with the minister of war, to calm the effervescence of the troops, they still talk of the recapture of Buenos who had not received any pay for three Ayres, and the occupation of Monte months. He ordered a month's pay to be Video. It is even said that M. Pizarro given to them, against the express will of bas drawn up a manifesto, which he is the ininister of finance. about to have translated into all lan At Cadiz, it was not without the greatguages, for the purpose of being dis- est difficulty they were able to embark a tributed over Europe, to expose those battalion destined for the Lima expedicauses of complaint on the part of Spain, tion, and which had not touched any pay which justify her in taking up arms for three years. against Portugal. If a manifesto was the The roads are less safe than ever. only necessary requisite for conducting a Robbers insest every part of the kingdom, war, a war might take place; but as mo- and there is no security without an escort. ney or credit may likewise be required, Every despatch of generat Morillo conthe world may rest assured that the hos- cludes with demands of reinforcements tile projects of the Spanish government and supplies of every kind. It is but too will long remain in the imagination of certain that his army labours under the those who have dreamt them.

most frightful privations. To be convinced of this, we have only It is thought here that such a state of to cast our eyes on the financial situation things cannot last, and that the system of the kingdom. It is such, that if one of M. Garay must give way to another, were to describe it in general terms he and that the minister must resign his might be charged with exaggeration, but ofice. here the proofs are striking--they rest on However this may be, as distress is a facts publicly known-it is only necessary bad counsellor, the Spanish government, to enumerate them.

with a view of filling its coffers, has had The system of M. Garay, which ap recourse to several expedients which peared so seducing in theory, has crum cannot be better characterized than by bled into dust before the difficulties of stating them. its execution. All the resources of taxa A royal decree had granted the right tion are exhausted, and it is certain that of entreport to the port of Cadiz. Some the half of the taxes imposed have not factors had in consequence embarked in been levied. The impossibility of rais- speculations for Lima; but at the moment ing them is so great, that the minister has of the expedition putting to sea, it was flinched from the rigorous measures which notified that they would have to pay not had been begun to be employed. Every only the duties of clearance, but also where are complaints heard, every dis- the duties of entry, due only at Lima, tress shows itself in the most hideous as- under the pretext, that although the depect. All the public coffers are empty. cree was published, it had not yet been The army has not received its pay for put in execution. One may judge of the tbree years, and the officers of the civil desolate state of the maritime commerce, administration bave pot touched the eighth in a country where there exists no inpart of their salaries. There have been surance office for cases when ships do witnessed at Madrid, officers and civil not arrive at their destination, and under servants of the public, begging alms, and a government which has never made any the provinces have even suffered more return for its unjust gain. than the capital.

The following is another trait which is At Seville a regiment was in want of not less remarkable than the preceding. every thing, and the officers were re Some agriculturists of Biscay had, by duced to the state of begging a dinner in virtue of a royal license, exported corn; the convents. In fine, this situation be. they protested, indeed, against the micoming intolerable, the colonel, M. nister's demand of dues contrary to the D'Oneill, waited with bis staff on the privileges of their province; but as they captain-general of the province to de. were allowed to embark without being mand a part of their pay on account. As compelled to pay their dues, they consi VOL. 111.-No. vi.

59

dered themselves frecd from them. What court keeps to itself, under the pretest therefore was their surprise, when, on that he does not live with his wife. the arrival of their ships at Bordeaux, In all this, the court is entirely given the Spanish consul stopped the unlading up to the practice of devotion. The queen, until they had paid these ducs, which ex- whose pregnancy is now certain, went ceeded not only those imposed in Spain, through the devotional ceremony of nine but even the value of the corn. The days, at a chapel in the city, for the purmerchandize could not be sold, and the pose of ootaining the result from heaven. result was an enormous loss both to the Lately, the generals of the Capuchins, factors and the agriculturists.

and of the Hieronimites, have been The affair of Mr. Meade, and bis en- covered in the presence of the king as largernent, must be sufficiently known to grandees of Spain. Unfortunately the sufyou to make it unnecessary for me to en- fering people have looked upon this cereter into details. Sir lienry Wellesley mony with no favourable eye, and the adstrongly insists upon their payment of mission of a capuchin to a ceremony of 50,000 piastres of which Mr. Meado de- sheer vanity, and of obsolete etiquette, frauded the company of English mer- docs not much contribute to restore the chants, represented by Mr. Macdurmot. veneration of the Spaniards for their M. D. Pizarro answered sir Henry in no monks. very moderate tone-that it was astonish Letters froin Madrid (says a London ing that the British ambassador should paper) to the 16th of July, mention that make such a demand, since he was a change in the war department was soon ignorant and must be ignorant of the expected, and that an expedition of 3000 whole foundation of this affair. Things troops was preparing to sail for Havana. came to such a point, that the word rup- The same letters announce that king ture has been already pronounced, and Charles the fourth is preparing to present sir Henry has declared to the Spanish to the approaching congress at Aix-laminister that he would send the entire Chapelle, a claim to the throne of Spain, correspondence to his government, that and that he has a strong party in his fait might be able to judge on which side the vour at Madrid. fault lay. At the moment of my writing this letter I learn that M. Pizarro, fearing the consequences of his passion, has A Vienna Gazette says-There has just written in the mildest terms to sir been spread in our city, with astonishing Henry Wellesley, and that Mr. Meade rapidity, for some days, a pamphlet og has raised an enormous claim against the the subject of manufactures and comSpanish government under the title of merce, which excites general interest. an indemnity.

It was originally printed at Frankfort, on While these events and discussions are Maine, and is entitled, “ An Essay on going on, the interior of the court of the Question-How may the Nations of Spain gives itself up to puerilities which (iermany shake off the yoke of England?" form the most afilicting contrast with the The author says, that it is impossible to situation of public affairs.

deny the real existence of this servitude, The Marchioness of Roua had wished as much longer to remain blind to its to marry the Prince de Laval, son of the consequences, which, according to him, ambassador of France. The king op are approaching to the total destruction posed it, saying that she ought to marry of our commerce. The same opinion is a Spaniard. She chose oue accordingly, expressed in a pamphlet published at He was a young officer, equally noble and Vienna, cntitled, “Is the decay of the poor. This choice also caused displea- Manufacturers of Austria worthy of the sure; the Marchioness was placed in a attention of Government?” This piece convent, and the officer was put under is attributed to the pen of count Kuesssein, arrest. It is not known whether the king who has already produced several works will relent and consent to the marriage. of acknowledged merit.

Masked balls are severely prohibited The official Gazette of Vienna contains here, and it has been thought right to a circular from the government annonocpush the rigour of the regulations to such ing for sale by public auction, twenty. a poiut, as to break up a children's ball, cight estatcs belonging to the crown, in the oldest of whom was not fifteen, and order to apply the profits to the payment who were assenzbled as a family party at of the national debt. Some of these the house of the dowager Duchess of Os. estates are of very great extent, with sune. This lady is the mother of the 9,000 or 10,000 inhabitants. Duke of Ossune, all whose revenues the It is stated in a Vienna paper that the

GERMANY.

1

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NEW-HOLLAND.

RUSSIA.

EGYPT.

emperor has given to the prince of Parma The East Indians, lighting for their (young Napoleon) the estates ceded to hoines and the bones of their ancestors, bis majesty by the grand duke of Tuscany, are cailed “rebels"-other persons, with the revenues of which amount to 1,280,000 not a twentieth part of the causes for reflorins.

sistance, when fighting in Spain, were Baron Peschaska, chief of the general called " PATRIUTS.” staff of the army of Austria, has set out from Vienna to go to Milan, to inspect the fortresses of Upper Italy, and to fix A discovery has been made in New definitively the measures of the congress South Wales, which must materially afof Vienna relative to their defence. 10,- fect the future advancement of that colotrian troops will coinposo its principal ny. “ A river of the first magnitude” garrison.

has been found in the interior, running

through a inost beantilul country, rich in SWEDEN.

soil, limestone, slate and good tinber. A It is asserted in an article from Stock incans of communication like this, has holin, that the states had approved of the long been anxiously searched for without proposal made by the king of Sweden to success, and many began to entertain an sell the island of St. Bartholomew, and apprehension that the progress of colonito apply the produce of the sale to the cation in New-Holland would be confined liquidation of the debt of Norway. to its coasts.

AFRICA. The cmperor of Russia has returned to Petersburgh from his tour thrungh his dominions, having performed a journey The bashaw or viceroy of Egypt has of 1200 leagues in six weeks.

re-opened the intercourse with India by A dispute exists between Russia and way of the Red Sea, as forinerly, for the Turkey relative to the sovereignty of the purpose of obtaining supplies of India provinces of Moldavia and Wallachia. : merchandise: the goods are first brought The Grand Seignior, claiming them as to Suez., and conveyed from thence, across his own, has levied a contribution of two the isthmus, to Alexandria. The bashaw millions of piastres on the former. paid his last tribute to the grand seignior

in Mocha coffee. We place no confidence
ASIA.

in the extent or duration of a trade car-
ricd on through such channels with the

East. The ruined commerce and importThe British are about to build six small ance of the Venetian commonwealth are frigates of 32 guns, at Trincolalee. pretty fair illustrations of the superior

Very strict orders had been issued not benefits attending on the route by the to permit the ingress of Europcaps into Cape, which the Portuguese, the Dutch, the interior more than five miles from the French and English, have used for Bombay.

ncar three centuries. We have details showing that a very extensive war rages in India. The na

INTERIOR OF AFRICA. tives fight desperately, and though gene The following interesting intelligence rally defeated, soon rally and fight again. of further exploring the interior of Africa, Ceylon, whose "legitimate king' the is from a late Londono publication : British seized, shipped off and imprison Another enterprise to explore the tered, (at the very time they were abusing mination of the Niger is undertaken, and Napoleon for keeping fool Ferdinand in as in all foriner ones, with sanguine hopes custody) is much agitated, and the people of success. Captain Gray, of the Royal are killing off quite rapidly,

African Corps, is intrusted with the imThe fort of Talnier had been storined mediate charge of the expedition. He and taken by Sir T. Hlilop. The con is represented as every way qualified for 1est was very severe, and the garrison solving this geographical enigma: he has were put to the sword !

been seven years in Africa, and is well The Peishwah is very far from being acquainted with the Jaloil language. The subdued-he has a large body of cavaliy route is to be that of the Gambia river, under his command, and continually hare which he had already cotered. By lctrasses the British-another hostile chief, ters which have been received froin this called Bajee Row, has 30,000 monnted oficer, it appears that his arrangements inen in arms.

were ncarly completed, and, what was

EAST INDIES,

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SPANIST AMERICA.

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of much consequence, his people all well the party besides himself, no means exist
and in high spirits, notwithstanding the of ascertaining, although there is strong
failure of former attempts. A transport reasons for supposing that no other wbite
had been despatched to the Cape de Verd persons could have been in the interior of
Islands, to procure horses and mules, the Africa in the situation described.
return of which was soon expected, when
Captain Gray would directly commence

AMERICA.
his journey into the interior. The rainy
season had terminated, and the weather
was considered as favourable. Mr. Rit-

Venezuela.
cbie, late private secretary to Sir Charles The patriots of Venezuela are repre-
Stuart, at Paris, and Captain Marryat, sented as every where successful. It is
of the Royal Navy, are to attempt a jour- stated on the authority of a British officer
ney towards Tombuctoo, The former in the service of the patriots, that up to
gentleman is appointed vice-consul at the 22d July there had been several
Mourzouk, in the interior, the capital of battles fought, and much skirmishing be-
F'ezzan, a dependency of Tripoli, whose tween the contending parties, in all of
govenor is son of the bey of that kingdom. which the patriots were victorious, and
These gentlemen are also sanguine of had finally possessed themselves of the
success, as the protection of his highness entire command of the plains, and com-
the bey is guaranteed to them, and the pelled the royalists to take refuge in the
journey not so perilous from that causc as mountains. The eleven British officers
by the other routes, although they have who were arrested last winter in Phila-
the great Zaharah to pass, and must be delphia, under a process from the autho-
eight days without meeting with water. rity of the United States, bad arrived in
As usual, the French have been before Venezuela, and joined the patriot army.
us, and a Spaniard, who travelled in Mr. Clay's celebrated speech on the
Egypt for Napoleon, under the assumed subject of our relations with South-Ame.
name of Ali Bey, has actually set off. It rica, had been translated into the Spanish
is already known that Mr. Bowditch and language, and was read generally at the
some other gentlemen from Cape Coast heads of the patriotic regiments, amidst
Castle have penetrated into the Ashantee the most enthusiastic applauses.
country, and been well received, after Bolivar is removed from the command
some opposition from Daendels, formerly of the armies, and placed at the head of
one of Napoleon's agents, but now the the Venezuelian government. General
representative of the king of the Ne. Paez is his military successor.
therlands. Some curious information
has been received by this means, which,

Buenos Ayres. it is thought, gives more probability to The troops of the United Provinces of the death of Mungo Park than any that South-America, have been successful in has hitherto appeared. Mr. Bowditch several late engagements with the roç. met with some Moorish merchants who alists, the most considerable of which had been at Houssa, who stated that was the battle of Maipu. Some months while they were at that place a white man ago an overture was made by the patriots was seen going down the Niger in a large for regular exchanges of prisoners with canoe, in which all the other persons were the royalists, and the general adoption blacks. This was reported to the king, of the usages of civilized warfare, which who immediately sent some of his people was refused. Since the battle of Maipu to advise him to return, and to tell bim this overture has been acceded to. News that if he proceeded much farther he would from Buenos Ayres, under date of the be destroyed by the cataracts. The white 6th July, informs also that the viceros man, mistaking the good intentions of the of Peru has proposed an armistice for a king, persisted in his voyage. The king year, with the offer of withdrawing the sent a large party to seize him and bring royal troops from Potosi, Charcas, la bim to Houssa, which, after some opposi- Paz, and Cochabamba, to the Desaguation, they effected. Here he was detained dero, the former frontier of La Plata ; by the king for two years, at the end of but on condition from the patriots not to which time he took ill of a fever and died. molest the royalists, wbo are yet in the The merchants who related this tale de- province of Talcaguana, in Chili. Ge. clared that they had seen the white man neral San Martin was at Buenos Ayres. at Houssa. Whether this person was The cause of his being absent for so long Mungo Park, or his companion, Lieute- a time from the army was not known, alpant Martyn, the last knowo survivor of though it was rumoured that he will suc

BRITISH AMERICA.

ceed Pueyrredon. Artigas successfully occasion, which is stated to hare exhi-
maintains his war against the Portuguese bited a specimen of bold, energetic com-
on one side, and the Buenos Ayreans on position, seldom equalled, and contained
the other-he bas recently defeated some many excellent maxims of political wis-
troops of the latter.

dom and justice. After the whole day
had been occupied by the trial, the cause

was submitted to the jury, who soon after
Canada.

returned a verdict of acquittal, amidst Robert Gourlay was tried at Kingston, the acclamation of the audience. On the U.C. on the 15th August, for a libel on following morning “ Gourlay for ever" the government of U. C. and for an at. was found inscribed on almost every tempt to sow sedition among the people. fence and corner post in Kingston. A Judge Campbell presided, and the cause public dinner was given to Mr. Gourlay was opened by Mr. Bolton, the public by the citizens of Kingston the day after prosecutor. He was followed by Mr. the trial, attended by respectable men Gourlay, who conducted his own defence, from different parts of the province, some and who was permitted to read to the of whom had come several hundred miles jury an address he had prepared for the to attend the trial.

ART. 9. DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES.

VERMONT

NEW-YORK.

MASSACHUSETTS.

ly discussed, and, with amendments, all apBangor, August 13. proved. The discussion is now going on The Commissioners of the Land Office, upon the constitution.

Messrs. Robbins, Lewis and Lee, have had a meeting and consultation at Bangor this season; and after having determined Governor Galusha has been re-elected upon a course of conduct and measures governor of this state with very little oppo. best suited to accomplish the objects of sition. the government, they have been carrying their plan into efficient execution. They have been employed in the survey of the The Oneida Indians have recently formed land on each side of Penobscot river, and among themselves a society for the promoin laying out an extensive road from the tion of agriculture. east side of the river toward the eastern A marble quarry has recently been dis. boundary of the District. The time of the covered on the banks of the Seneca Lake. commissioners is in a considerable degree The marble is beautifully variegated and of occupied in examining the situation of the a fine texture. country, the quality of the soil, mill pri. A large portion of Table Rock, at Niaga. vileges, &c. and they say as far as they ra Falls, bas recently broken off and fallen have proceeded up the river, (which, how- into the gulph below. ever, is no farther than Passadunkeag) the The bridge constructed by A. Porter, Esq. country appears better than they expected to Goat Island, last season, and partly deto find it.

stroyed by the ice last spring, is to be reThey have now gone up the river with built, by which the finest possible view of the view of exploring the great west branch the Falls may be obtained. A flight of steps (so called) of 'Penobscot to its source, and to descend nearly two hundred feet, is now also for the purpose of locating the four constructing, by which another, and as it is townships which the Indians have reserved thought by some, the grandest view of the to themselves in their late treaty with our cataract may be had. From this place a commissioners. They have taken on this boat is also to be kept, in which the Niagaexcursion Joseph Treat, Esq. for an assist ra may be crossed. ant surveyor, and will take such other assistants as may be necessary:

PENNSYLVANIA.
This branch of the river has never been Died, at his farı near Greensburg, Penn.
explored except by the Indians, and the on the 31st August, General Arthur St.
time which may be spent in exploring it Clair, in the 84th year of his age. The fol-
will be well employed.

lowing brief outline of his life and character,
is extracted from one of the public prints :

66 The venerable General Arthur St. Clair The committee of the Hartford Conven was born in Edinboro', and came to this tion have finished their report of a constitu- country in the fleet commanded by Admiral rion for the state of Connecticut. The arti. Boscowen in 1755. At an early period of les of the bill of rights have been separate his life he took up the profession of arms,

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CONNECTICUT.

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