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ing it.

impression is acquired with the assitsance its authenticity. Speaking of the indi-
of but one press-blanket; the type is not genous productions of Western Penn-
subject to wear uneven, and the elasticity sylvania, and more particularly of the
that two, and sometimes more press-blan unoccupied forests of Venango county,
kets give, by indenting deeper into the he remarks:
hair strokes of the letter than the bolder “A botanist, would be charmed with
parts (which are more capable of resisting, the bounties of Flora, in these woods, so
on account of having a broader surface) open that they might seem pasture-fields,
and destroying, in a short time, the beau- with here and there a tree." of the indi-
ty of the type with the common press, is, genous grasses alone, there is an endless
in a great degree, prevented in this. The variety, and of flowering plants, which
durability of this press, from being wholly clothe the ground with rich and blooming
made of cast and wrought iron, we pre- verdure. I mention as a fact deserving
sume, cannot for a moment be doubted. notice and consideration, that these sup-
We also would express a pleasing disap- plies nourish wild bees in incredible pro-
pointment at its so seldom becoming out of fusion : ten bee-trees having been found,
order, in consequence of the strength so in less than four months past, within one
properly given to those parts most requir- mile of my cabin, and not a rod of land had

been cleared, within that distance, prior The Columbian press, for power, faci- to twelve months Jast! It should be nolity, even impression, and beauty of me ticed that these grasses, which flourish in chanical construction, we cannot hesitate wild luxuriance, supplying a rich pastuto say, we think, excels any thing of the rage in the partial shade of open woodkind now in use, and apprehend the day is lands, will probably soon disappear whenyet distant, when it will be surpassed in ever the lands are opened to the full ineither of those particulars. As we feel it a fuence of the solar rays. Will no Pennduty to encourage new inventions in our sylvanian seek to preserve them to posown country, more especially when we terity, and to enrich our agriculture by can serve our brethren, and advance the new varieties? If the seeds were prewelfare of the profession by it, we seriously served from the wild plant, cultivated with beg leave particularly to recommend the care, and by degrees, inured to the culColumbian press to consideration, and ture of open fields, it can hardly be general adoption.

doubted they would prove highly useful ;

and the more especially, as, having origi-
MICH. BURNHAM & Co. nated in it, they must be perfectly adapted
LANG, TURNER, & Co. to this soil and climate. Among all the

grasses I ever saw, cultivated for bay or

pasturage, I have seen none presenting so DWIGHT & WALKER, large a proportion of leaves, compared N. PHILLIPS,

with the weight and bulk of the whole SAMUEL WOODWORTH, stock,

as do some of these, one in particuGEO. LONG,

lar. New and useful varieties of grain ABM. PAUL,

might very possibly be obtained also for JONA. SEYMOUR,


our grain is of the family of grasses. EPHM. CONRAD,

There is a tall grass, four or five feet high, ORAM & MOTT,

which grows much like our cultivated ALEXR. MING,

rye, except that every stock is crowned CLAYTON & KINGSLAND, with three heads instead of ope: the seed J. DESNOUES,

is small, and darker coloured; but who WM. GRATTAN & Co. can tell what might be the effect of cultiDAY & TURNER,

vation upon it, through several years, or BENJAMIN G. JANSEN. vegetable generations? Of medicinal roots,

and such as seem to promise new varieties

of edibles, I have noticed a great many : In the Crawford Weekly Messenger, pub- and though my object is only to awaken

lished at Meadville, Pennsylvania, may public attention, I cannot omit to mention be found a series of valuable articles, a wild potato, that grows every where under the signature of Agricola ; to one around my cabin. i have found two to number of that series, is appended the three, and six of them, in succession, on 2 following note. We publish it, not only lateral root, from one to six inches apart, because the information it conveys is from the size of a nutmeg to that of a comhighly interesting, but also because, mon hen's egg. They are nearly round, knowing the author, we can vouch for and when cut, exude a milky juice, (a cir


cumstance indicating the necessity of cau- ERRORS, all which I have corrected tion in tasting or eating them) but this with the pen, in the copies on hand, and only from the skin, while all the rest looks beg him to accept my thanks for the indry, brittle like an artichoke, and mealy, formation, whatever may be bis motive. On being roasted, its taste is a compound Candour dictates he sbould say where of the common cultivated potato, and the the errors originated ; and I still chalsweet potato of the south. It is as mealy lenge him to point out one instance where as either, and cooks with as little heat, I have deviated in publishing nine editions though the skin is considerably thicker. of the Nantical Almanac, except in the It may be proper to observe that the land instances named by me, where errors about me is wooded with chesnut, four or were previously discovered. I have the tive kinds of oak, the red and white hick- English Nautical Almanac for 1820, DON ory, &c. where these vegetables are in the hands of two gentlemen, celebrated found; and that people should be cautious for their mathematical science, and when of eating new and untried roots, however finished by them, will thank Mr. H. to specious their appearance.”

amuse himself in going over the pages ; after which, I will publish the work, and

if a deviation is made from copy, of one For the American Monthly Magazine.

figure, then I will acknowledge the conGENTLEMEN,

fidence so liberally experienced by me, to The communication from the pen of be misplaced, and at once resign the pleaMr. Hitchcock, relative to errors in my sure I have twenty years experienced, of edition of the Nautical Almanac, deserves publishing nautical works (which of all notice, and he is entitled to much credit others, should he entirely free from error) for his perseverance. The ground on to other hands. Till then, Mr. H. will be which I defended my editions, was the pleased to continue his labours, and contripresumption, that the English edition, bute all in his power to that perfection published at the expense of government, which guides the mariner through the was correct, and I still assert no deviations pathless ocean, and relieves the solicitude were made till the Almanac for 1819 of a respectable class of society, which it went to press, which I had recalculated, is a duty incumbent on every man to aid. and corrected ONE HUNDRED AND With great respect, SEVENTY-SEVEN ERRORS. Since

The public's obedient servant, this, Mr. H. has examined my edition for

EDMUND M. BLUNT. 1819, and discovered THIRTY-FIVE New-York, July, 1818.

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Mr. J. JOHNSON, Wilmington, Del

. has HE Lyceum of Natural History, in constructed an improved Øiving Drum, Catalogue of the indigenous plants grow- and light for working under water. He ing in the vicinity of the city of New-York. enjoys a constant renewal of respirable

CHARLES GALLAUDET, New York, pro- air, and is supplied with the means of conposes to publish The Miscellaneous Works versation with those persons who may be of Dr. Benjamin Franklin.

at the surface of the water. SCHAEFFER & MAUND, Baltimore, pro Arrangements are making to establish pose to publish a weekly paper, entitled an Agricultural Society in Gennesee, N.Y. Journal of the Times; to be edited by An Agricultural Society has been or PAUL ALLEN, Esq.

ganized in the district of Maine. The ISAAC PEIRCE, Philadelphia, has pub- Hon. Judge Wilde is President. Jished “A brief Memoir of the Life of The Oneida Indians, in this state, have William Penn, compiled for the use of formed amongst themselves an AGRICUL· young persons, by Priscilla Wakefield.” TURAL Society.

TANNER, VALLANCE, KEARNEY & Co. Gen. WILSON has sent to the President Philadelphia, have published a two sheet of the Lyceum, a curious specimen of Map of South-America, including the Amber, which occurred at Crosswicks, not West-Indies.

far from Trenton, New Jersey. It is figurEddy & KEMMEL, Shawanee Town, ed by the mineralized wood, and filled by Mlinois, have commenced issuing a news the marine shells of the stratum in which paper.

it was found.

Manganese has been recently disco- the fundamental rules of arithmetic, vulvered on Big Sandy River, in the vicinity gar and decimal fractions, proportion, of Greensburg, Ky, where it occurs in simple and compound, single and double great abundance.

fellowship, alligation medial and alternate, Professor Mirchill, the Rev. F. C. and algebra, to the end of simple equaSCHAEFFER, Mr. PIERCE and Dr. Town- tions, comprehending also the doctrine of SEND have lately laid a geological report roots and powers, arithmetical and geobefore the Lyceum, relative to the inter- metrical progression.* Adam's Latin esting region of Kingsbridge, near this Grammar, the Gloucester Greek Gramcity. Kingsbridge is memorable for its mar, and Cummings' Geography, are strata of primitive limestone. These, it used in the examination for admission. is understood, extend in a northerly direc The usual time of examination for the tion, to Missisqui-bay, in the extremity freshmen class is the Friday next after of Vermont, bordering on lower Canada. Commencement. Those, who are neIt is crystallized and granular. The lay- cessarily prevented from offering themers are nearly vertical; and in some pla- selves at that tiine, may be examined at ces, as lately observed by the above nam the beginning of the first term. If any ed gentlemen, the calcarious rock contains one be admitted after the first Friday of reins of granile, several inches wide. October, he will be charged for advanced Quartz, amorphous and crystallized; Mi- standing. ca amorphous and crystallized; Rubellite ; Persons may be admitted to advanced Adularia; Pyroxene; brilliant Pyrites; standing at any part of the College course, and Titanium, &c. impart a peculiar in- except that no one can be admitted to the terest to this formation.

senior class after the first Wednesday of

December. Every one admitted to adFrequent applications have been made vanced standing, in addition to the re.

to us for information respecting the quisites for the freshmen class, must appresent condition of Harvard Univer- pear on examination to be well versed sity, and the requisites for admission in the studies pursued by the class into into that seminary. For the sake of which the candidate desires to enter. He fully satisfying such inquiries, we pub- must also pay into the college treasury a lish the following circular of President, sum not under sixty dollars, por exceedKirkland, on the present state of the ing one hundred, for each year's advanceUniversity, which conveys all the in- ment, and a proportional sum for any part formation sought: it is copied from the of a year. Any scholar, however, who North-American Review.

lias a regular dismission from another colCircular Letter relating to Harvard lege, may be admitted to the standing, for University.The following is a circular which, on examination, he is found qualiletter, containing facts in the present fied, without any pecuniary considerastate of the seminary, designed to be sent tion. to candidates for admission, their instruc

Before the matriculation of any one acters and friends, to parents and guardians cepted on examination, a bond is to be of students admitted, and to other persons given in his behalf in the sum of four who have an immediate interest in the hundred dollars, for the payment of colUniversity, or apply for information re- lege dues, with two satisfactory suretics, specting it.

one to be an inhabitant of the state. ADMISSION.-Candidates for admission COMMENCEMENT, when the degrees are are examined by the president, professors, given, is on the last Wednesday of Auand tutors. No one is admitted to ex- gust. There are three TERIS, during amination, unless he have a good moral which the members of the University character, certified in writing by his pre- must be present. The first or Fall term, ceptor, or some other suitable person. from the first to the second vacation ; the To be received to the freshmen class, the second or Spring term, from the second candidate must be thoroughly acquainted with the grammar of the Latin and Greek has been published at Cambridge, adapted to

* An Introduction to Nie Elements of Algebra languages, including prosody; be able beginners, which contains those parts of algebra properly to construe and parse any por. above enumerated, together with several chaption of the following books, viz. Dalzel's ters upon quadratic equations, intended for those Collectanea Græca Minora, the Greek who may have leisure and inclination to extend Testament, Virgil, Sallust, and Cicero's their inquiries on this subject. An Elementary Select Orations, and to translate English the same" place, comprehends those parts of into Latin correctly ;-he must be well arithmetic, which are required for admission, versed in ancient and modern geography; and will be used in examinations after 1318. Vol. in-No. IV.


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to the third vacation; the third or Sum 21. No. 1 and 2 of Whiting &Watson's mer term, from the third vacation to corn

Hebrew Bible, or Psalter. mencement.--There are threc Vaca 22. Greek Testament, critically. GriesTiONs; the first, from commencement, bach's ed. Cambridge, 1809. four weeks and two days; the second, 23. Natural Philosophy and Astronomy. from the fourth Friday in December,

Enfield. 4to. seven weeks: the third, from the third 24. Stewart's Elements of the PhiloFriday in May, two weeks ;-the senior

sophy of the Human Mind. 2 sophisters are allowed to be absent from

vols. 8vo. the seventh Tuesday before commence 25. Paley's Moral Philosophy. 8vo. ment.

26. Mensuration of Superficies and THE COURSE OF INSTRUCTION AND

Solids, and Surveying: Study for under graduates, not admitted to Public declamations, forensic disputes advanced standing, comprises four years. once a month-themes once a fortnight. The following are the principal authors N. B. Instead of 20, 21, those above and studies assigned to the several classes. twenty-one years of age, and others, on The proportion of time devoted to each the written request of their parent or book or exercise may be nearly ascer- guardian, may attend to Mathematics tained by the annexed table.

with the private Instructer, or Greek and

Latin, or French. 1. Collectanea Græca Majora. Dal

SENIOR SOPAISTERS. zell. 2 vols. 8vo.

23. Continued.
2. Titus Livius, libri v. priores. 12mo. 24. Continued.
3. Q. Horatius Flaccus, Editio expur 27. Conic Sections and Spheric Ge-
gata. Cantab. 12mo.

4. H. Grotius, De Veritate religionis 28. Chemistry.
Christianæ. 12mo.

29. Natural and Politic Law. Burla-
5. Excerpta Latina. Wells, Boston. maqui. 2 vols. 8vo.

30. Paley's Moral and Political Philo6. Algebra and Geometry.

sopby.-Political Economy. 7. Ancient History and Chronology. 31. Butler's Analogy of Religion to the 8. Walker's Rhetorical Grammar.

constitution and course of Na9. English Grammar.

ture. Evo. 10. Adam's Roman Antiquities.

Declamations, forensics, and themes, Exercises in reading, translation, and the two first terms as in the junior year. declamation.

Table of Private Erereises.

FRESHMEN. 1. Continued.

Morning exercise.—Monday to Sa5. Continued and finished.

turday, inclusive.-Greek and Latin. 11. Cicero de Oratore.

Through the year. 12. Algebra,-Trigonometry and its Forenoon.-Monday to Friday.--Alge

application to heights and disc bra and Geometry; 1st and 2d terms, and tances, and Navigation.

8 weeks of 3d term. English Grammar; 13. Blair's Lectures on Rhetoric. 2 4 weeks of 3d term. vols. 8vo.

Forenoon.-Saturday, Declamation, 14. Modern History and Chronology. Jistory, and Antiquities. Through the 15. Hedge's Elements of Logic, 12no. year. 16. Lock's Essay on the Human Un Afiernoon.-Monday to Friday.-Greek derstanding. 2 vols. 3vo.

and Latin. Through the year. Exercises in declamation and English

SOPROMORES. composition once a fortnight.

Morning.-Monday to Saturday._

Greek and Latin. Through the year. 1. Continued and finished.

Forenoon.-Monday to Friday.-Greek 16. Continued and finished.

and Latin ; 1st term. Rhetoric ; 2d term. 17. Iliad, Homer, Mattaire's ed. four Mathematics; 3d term. or five books.

Forenom.-Saturday.-History, and 18. Juvenal and Persius expurg; or Declamation or English composition.

equivalent part of Tacitus. Wells Through the year.

& Lilly, Boston. 3 vols. 12mo. Afternoon. --Monday to Friday.--Ge19. Paley's Evidences of Christianity. ometry; 1st and 2d terms. Logarithms 8vo.

and Intellectual Philosophy; 3d term. 20. Willard's Hebrew Grammar. Cam.

JUNIORS. bridge, 1817. Sro.

Morning.- Monday to Saturday.-Me



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taphysics; 1st term. Natural Philosophy; ders it difficult to obtain a kaowledge of ad and 3d term.

the exact order of studies at this college, Forenoon.-Monday, Tuesday, and shall be entitled to the privilege of the Wednesday.-Theology; Ist term. He- foregoing rule?” brew, or substitute; 2d term. Mathe Where persons have been led by cirmatics; 3d term.

cumstances to pursue their preparatory Forenoon.—Thursday.---Forensics or studies in approved text books other than Themes. Through the year.

those in use here, they will be examined Afternoon.— Monday to Thursday.-- accordingly. Greek and Latin; 1st and 2d terms. Mo LECTURES, distinct from private exerral Philosophy; 1st seven weeks of 3d cises, are delivered to the whole college, term. Greek Testament; last five weeks or to one or more classes, or a select numof 3d term.

ber of undergraduates or graduates, by SENIORS,

the several professors ;-on Divinity, to Morning.- Monday to Friday.—Ma- the whole college, part of every Lord's thematics and Chemistry; Ist and half 2d Day ;-on Sacred Criticism, Piilology, term. Moral and Political Philosophy; Rhetoric and Oratory, and Physics, Frihalf 2d and 3d term.

day at 10 o'clock, and Saturday at 9 Forenoon. ---Monday, Tuesday, and o'clock ;-on Intellectual Philosophy-on Wednesday.---Astronomy ; 1st term. Natural Religion, Moral Philosophy, and Theology ; 2d term.

Civil Polity at times to be appointed ;--on Forenoon.—Thursday.-Forensics or Astronomy, on Mineralogy and Geology, Themes; 1st and 2d terms.

three forenoons in a week first term of Afternoon.—Monday to Thursday.- the senior year. A full course of expe. Moral and Political Philosophy; Ist term. rimental Philosophy; of Chemistry; and Intellectual Philosophy; 2d term to April. a course of Anatomy, with preparations ;

The Instructer of French and Spanish a limited number on the Theory and attends two days in the week, to give les- Practice of Medicine, and the lectures of sons to such members of each class as the Royall Professor of Law are given, desire to learn either or both of those lan three or four times a week, in each deguages and three days in the week on partment, between the first of April and such as pursue French as a substitute for the middle of July. The course of BoHebrew.

tany is twice a week, between the first N. B. The following is the rule of the Wednesday in April and the seventh FriImmediate Government in respect to can- day before Commencement, and of Zoolodidates for advanced slanding, who may sy weekly the rest of the year. Besides have pursued their studies in a different these are the Dexter Lectures, occasion. order from that which is observed in this ally given, on Biblical Criticism; those on seminary.

the History and Polity of our churches, " Whereas, in consequence of the dif- and those given to graduates and to stuferent order of studies in the differont dents in the learned professions. colleges, candidates from other colleges Besides the recitations and literary exfor advanced standing in this, while defi- ercises before stated, there is a public excient in some branches, may yet have an- amination of each class in the third term, ticipated others; so that on the whole they and a public exhibition of performand have learned an equal amount of the stu- in composition and elocution, and in the dies of this seminary, with the class, for mathematical sciences three times a year; admission to which they apply; in such the Bowdoin prize dissertations read in cases the Immediate Government will re- the chapel the third term, the collection ceive the anticipated, for the deficient of theses to be printed at Commencestudies. Provided, however, no studies ment, the performances of Commence. shall be received in compensation but ment day, and the speaking for Boylston such as form a part of the course at this prizes the day after. college; and that the candidate have so An attendance is permitted in such much knowledge in each department as teachers of polite accomplishments, as to be able to go on with the class. And are approved by the authority of the colthe applicant shall be admitted only on lege. condition that he afterwards make up such DEVOTIONAL EXERCISES, AND TAE OBdeficient studies, to the satisfaction of SERVANCE OF THE LORD'S DAY. The the Government upon examination; and members of the college attend prayers should he neglect so to do, his connexion and the reading of the Scriptures in thic with the University shall be forfeited. chapel every morning and evening, when Candidates from such a distance, as ren- the President, or in his absence, a pro.


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