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pulse; tongue covered with brown parched dren; but in general it was of so mild a scales, the skin dry and possessing à pecu- form that medical aid was seldom solicited. liarly biting heat, (the calor mordax ;) anxie. In some cases, however, it has been of a ty, restlessness, and delirium. The invasion more serious nature, and has even proved of this disease, is known by symptoms ana- fatal. logous to those which announce fever in A case of hydrothorax, connecte dwith general, such as pain in the back, head, anasarca of the lower extremities, and oclimbs, yawning, nausea, &c.

curing in a man of rather plethoric habit of “2d. In other cases one of the two af- body, was cured by repeated venesections, fections which constituted the disease, ac occasional purgatives, the free use of superquired the ascendant, and maintained a tartrite of potash, and a light cooling diet; complete mastery from the invasion to the followed up by a weak infusion of Columbo termination, though even in these cases, the and Virginia snake root, as soon as the affections became more equipoised after the excitement was sufficiently reduced. space of eight or ten days.

An infusion of Secale cornutum, or Ergot “ If the lungs more particularly were the of the French, was given with success in seat of the disease, there was always more two cases of amenorrhea. It was used in or less of the inflammatory diathesis, dis the proportion of one drachm to six ounces coverable by a frequent and somewhat of water, a table spoonful three or four chorded pulse, tongue covered with a white times a day. In one of the cases, it con(afterwards dark) fur, and great pain in the stantly occasioned considerable nausea, chest, particularly on inspiration.

with some pain in the hypogastric region. “ If the typhoid tendency preponderated, The results of some trials which the Reporter the symptoms were in time modified by the is making with this substance as an emena. ruling affection, such as great prostration of gogue, will shortly be made public. strength, and strong disposition to putres. The New-York Bills of Mortality for the cency, evidenced by a frequent soft pulse,

month of May, report 218 deaths; from foul black tongue and lips, fetid breath and

Abscess, 1; Apoplexy, 3; Asthma, 1; excretions generally, greater apathy of all

Burned, 2; Cancer, 3 ; Casualty, 3; Ca. the senses, particularly of the hearing, &c.

tarrh, 1 ; Child-bed, 1 ; Cholera Morbus, 1; “ In every case, however, the following Consumption, 37; Convulsions, 1; Diar. were the pathognomomic or essential symp. rhea, 1; Dropsy, 8; Dropsy in the Head, toms, painful respiration, with dry and pain; 7; Dropsy in the Chest, 7; Drowned, 11; ful cough, full frequent pulse, biting heat and Epilepsy, 1; Erysipelas, 1 ; Fever, Puerdryness of the skin, anxiety and restlessness.

peral, 1; Fever, Remittent, 2; Fever, Ty“ In the true and legitimate form of this discase, that is, where it is difficult to discern 1; Hives, 1; Hooping Cough, 4; Infanti

phous, 28; Hæmoptysis, 1; Hæmorrhage, the predominancy of either affection, and cide, 1; Inflammation of the Chest, 18; where the system sustains a sort of equili. Inflammation of the Stomach, 1 ; Inflambrium of morbid action, I have found the mation of the Bowels, 1 Inflammation of following the most successful treatment:

the Liver, 1; Inflammation of the Bladder, 1 ; When called early, I commenced by the ad. Intemperance, 1; Jaundice, 1 ; Marasmus, ministration of a common emetic, succeed. 3; Nervous Disease, 1 ; Old Age, 4; Pnened when necessary, by the usual cathartic of monia Typhodes, 1 ; Rheumatism, 1 ; ScroCalomel and Pulvis purgans. The cure of the phula, 2 ; 'Small Pox, 1 ; Spasms, 1; Stilldisease was then prosecuted by the internal born, 15; Stranguary, 1; Suicide, 1; Sy. use of the Aristilochia serpentaria and Poly. philis, 4; Tabes Mesenterica, 4; Unknown, gala senega in strong infusion, a table- 3 ; Worms, 3.—Total 218. spoonful every two hours; and where there

Of this number there died 40 of and unexisted considerable obstruetion in the chest, der the age of 1 year; 9 between 1 and 2 it was alternated with the antimonial solu- years ; 15 between 2 and 5; 8 between 5 tion. Externally, large and repeated blis- and 10; 12 between 10 and 20; 33 between ters to the chest, early in the disease, with 20 and 30; 28 between 30 and 40; 32 befrequent ablutions of tepid vinegar and tween 40'and 50; 22 between 50 and 60; water.

10 between 60 and 70; 7 between 70 and “ Where there was great tendency to 80; 2 between 80 and 90. putrescency, the wine whey also, and the

JACOB DYCKMAN, M.D. mineral acids, with occasional potions of

New-York, May 31st, 1818. yeast and cold water, were employed with advantage ; and where the inflammatory symptoms on the other hand, ran high, re Page 162, col. 1, line 12 from top, in a few course was had to the diaphoretic and ape. copies, for array, read, call his, and line 14, for rient combinations of calomel and antimony, call up, read, array,—the transposition and error with great benefit, and in some very few in: occurred in correcting the press. stances, sparing venesection was found use.

Page 200, col. 1, line 10, from bottom, read, ful in the earliest stage of the disease.”

his opinion of the conduct of, &c. The Remittent fever of infants was occa of the vessel, which oppressed the machinery and

Page 214, col. 2, read, occasioned a reaction sionally observed.

caused a vibration, &c. The sentence is mutiPertussis has been common among chil- lared in a very few copies.

ERRATA.

THE

AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE

AND

CRITICAL REVIEW.

No. IV......VOL. III.

AUGUST, 1818.

Art. 1. Demetrius, the Hero of the Don. An Epic Poem. By ALEXIS EUSTA. PHIEVE. 12mo. pp. 234. Boston. Monro and Francis. 1818.

(Continued from page 206.) "No fairy tale is mine : no special powers, The hoarded treasures safely lie! send forth I

A ray of thy divine unerring light, Above the earthly sphere: I speak of deeds That, while it shows me the abode of truth, By human means achieved, with only aid, I may, in accents loud and measur'd sound, Such wonted aid as Worth' may claim of Hea Call ancient heroes from the silent grave, ven.

And rescue from oblivion's whelming shade

Their virtue, deeds of valour, just renown.” Mr. Eustaphieve's unskilfulness in the idiom of our language frequently betrays

The direction of this invocation appears him into the use of ungrammatical or in- to us to be highly improper. Milton with elegant expressions. Of such the most great propriety might solicit such inspiracommon is the omission of the before a tion as guided Moses and Isaiah :' bis nonn, or its improper insertion. His punc- theme was theological. But at once to tuation is also. in very many instances, request the Deity to instruct or inspire a most absurd. “With only aid-of what? man in the execution of a work acknowof heaven? No: for heaven refers to worth. ledged to be altogether a fiction, is outre If not, there ought to have been a com- and audacious. Prayers is never two ma at claim. Perhaps he intended that syllables, more than tares. It cannot be heaven should refer both to worth and aid. So sounded; though hour, Are, and other Thus the sentence may be interpreted words of one syllable, might. Hence it different ways-—" I speak of deeds achiev. ought not to have the apostrophe. The ed by human means, with only the aid of note of admiration is used unnecessarily, Heaven; such aid as worth may claiin of This is a fault common with many. What Heaven.-Or-With only such aid of is its use? He who can read with proHeaven as worth may & n.-Or-With priety needs it not: and, to those who only such aid as worth nay claim of cannot understand what they read, it can Heaven. It must be allowed, however, he of no advantage. We have generally that generally his language is perspicuous. remarked that, where there is neither His invocation to the Deity

sublimity nor pathos, the destitution is

supplied by abundant notes of admira# To thee, O God! from whom all wisdom flows, tion. We know a certain professor of To thee alone my pray’rs ascend! O deign the belles lettres who forbids its admis. To guide my timid steps to that proud height Where fain my bolder spirit would repose!

sion on any occasion. We know not Instruct ne in the choice of devious paths

why the poet should request to be diThat to the sacred fane of knowledge lead,

rected in devions (indirect or erroneous,) Where, hid from mortal sight, of many an age paths to knowledge. In asking for more Vor, 111.-No. ir.

31

knowledge than was ever granted to mor- proper in prose as in poetry.-In what tals the poet has been vastly disappoint- respect is the emperor second in name to ed: the grants to him having been far less Alexander the Great? Does the author than to others. He would reach that tem- mean, that Persia and the eastern world ple of knowledge where " the hoarded subdued Alexander, as the grammatical Treasures of many an age” Jie safely. constructior declares ; or that he subWhether this is knowledge possessed by dued Persia ? - The punctuation is, as bethe Omnipotent only, or mere mortal fore observed, often most incorrect. Why knowledge hid in a fape on the “proud is a comma inserted after thou? It would height" of some yast hill, we should not compel us to read-Thou--had feared, have been able to ascertain, had not the but never loved. A colon ought to sucauthor declared it“hid from mortal sight." ceed yore-We cannot conceive it to be Nor can we discover why, in this work of impossible!!! for a poet of the present fiction, he wishes to have shown him “ the age to sing “ the deeds confessed” of abode of truth.Many years ago a man Alexander; however difficalt it might be fell into a dock, in Boston, called Oliver's for the author of Demetrius. dock. The circumstance was noticed by We have next a dedication to the emthe Rev. Dr. C—y, in his prayer, the press, including a sub-dedication to the succeeding Sunday. Thou knowest empress dowager, and about a score of that thy servant fell-during the past admirable notes--thus ! week-into--not into the the deep nor was overwhelmed in—in the mighty “ And thou, sweet partner of his sceptred toit, waters—but fell into--into-Oliver's Who shar'st, most worthy thus to share, his dock, &c. One of the good doctor's Imperial! Noble Christian! Pious queen! parishioners, the next day, observed to Kind friend! Illustrious female! Spotless wife! him that he had made bungling work The widow's joy, the orphan's mother, pair'd with the man who had fallen into the dock. With that exalted One whose fruitful womb, “ Yes, yes,” said he,

“I wish I had let Thrice bless'd, bore Europe's Saviour to ibe him alone ; had let him stay there.” This Thy Alexander ! Thou Heaven promis’d fair* may be the case with our poet-his heroes To Glory's sons in whom the wise delight are past sensibility and consequent suffer- And whom the virtuous imitate: whose zone ing: they will for ever remain ignorant That girds thy nation's dignity, shines most that their “just renownis

rescued

With modesty and grace, all feminine, from oblivion's whelming shade.” This Far brighter than the jewels of the crown!

Thou whom great ease to serve seeming bull may, however, perhaps be is sole complaint of shy attending train. reconciled to propriety, by supposing that the heroes were forinerly renowned. Bestow thy gracious, all benignant look

Next comes a dedication to the empe- On this thy humble poet's humble mite, ror of Russia.

With boldness, sprung from overflowing hearts

Laid at thy feet.” *** Star of the North, whose radiance mild, yet

The poet after a profusion of complipure, Auspicious on delivered Europe shines !

ments and eulogies, then proceeds to inThou, boast and joy of Slavia's present race, form her majesty that this dedication was The pride and living glory of our age,

written while he was on his passage to The first in eininence, second in name

America last autumn, in the North Sea; To him, whom Persia and the eastern world Subdued of yore, had fear'd, but never loved.

" Borne on a crazy bark,

A prey to winds and waves, from peril tox'd Oh that I could approach thee undisguis'd

To peril, far beneath the northern sky,
And sing thy deeds confess'd! Impossible!
It is the future Poet's happy lot.”

Inclement, vext with blasts, and pouring down
A world of whelming snow and clashing hail!

What though his foothold be the slippery decky There are some verbs of the past fense His prop the rocking mast? (Curious question.] which, particularly in the pulpit and

Intense and firm, solemn occasions, are pronounced with Like some fixt monament, he stands, sústain'd one more syllable than are the same in By one great glowing thought." common conversation and common reading: “Belov-ed brethren-bles-sed spi

It is to be regretted that he did not transrit,” &c. but, with very few exceptions, plant any such thoughts into his works. both in poetry and prose, the ed ought not

I Thou Heaven promis'd fair," &c. canto make an additional syllable. °It is not be understood. In the same predicatherefore, altogether unnecessary to use

ment is the sentence commencing with: the apostrophe in such words as loved, re

*“ Elizabeth means, promised of God, (upoz priced, &c. The apostrophe would be as oath.)"

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* Bestow thy gracious," &c. means it- With broader shade protect its fellow trees. bestow thy look with boldness-or-my mite with boldness sprung from [an] over

A beauteous fair blooms on his either side. Rowing heart?-We are surprised that

This on his right, that, like a blushing rose,

Shuns the soft kisses of the morning breeze, our author, in the storm, did not stay in

And, with Heaven's mildness pleading in her . the cabin, or keep his birth.--The three

eyes, pages of this dedication thus concludes : Teaches e en lave to spare, who, but for this,

Had long, ere now, transfix'd her tender hean, et Wilt thou accept

Is lovely Selima, the monarch's joy, The womage, stamp'd so deep with (the) seal of His pride and only child. That, on his left, Truth?

Zorana nam'd, who, like some hardier plant, Wil thou, as lateby on his lighter task,

Fearless of winter's blast, with prouder look On this his greater labour smile! [No question And bolder front, seems destin'd to repel here.] A doubt

The shafts of love and frowns of adverse fate, Would wrong thy generous soul. Thou wilt..... Is Selima's companion, bosom friend, Enough?

An orphan from illustrious parents sprung If the lady understands English, there

And early to the royal care bequeath d.' can be no doubt of her frequent smiling. The next person, to whom we are introThe bard now begins to feel the epic fire; duced, is a scoundrel of a prime minister, and kindly informs his reader, what other whose name is Orcan. This gentleman wise he might never have suspected: kas the confidence of the monarch. Methinks, I feel within the force divipe !

Morna rises from his throne. A dead siMy soul aspiring soars above the earth!

lence ensues as he is about to speak : Obedient Time his mysteries .unveils ! Past, present, future, in one picture glow !

& There's not an ear but eagerly expands And lo! a scene majestic greets the sight!"

To catch and treasure up each precious word." The poet now planges in medias res.

He informs the multitude, that his troops, We shall give the story as we proceed.

ụnder the command of Brono, are reAs there is not a page, in which there is turning from victorious war: not much demanding correction or censure, to notice all such sentiments, words

“From the embauled field and War's rude toils,

Back .do the calm delights of wished-for home." or passages, would extend a review to a volume. On some of them, however, we Wished is sufficient without for. The shall animadvert, en passant.

best writers avoid as much as possible

such unnecessary use of words—To make a Scarce yet the earliest ray had gilt the sky; up a hundred-to bind over as an apprenScarce Fancy, swifter than the wings of lime, Had met the sun below earth's level pois'd,

tice-to return back-iet the door be shut And left the eye to linger in suspense ;

to; &c.-At this information the mob reScarce yet had wak’ning nature left her couch, joic'd ; Selima dropt the tear of joy; and And from her tresses shook the morning dew; While light and shade mai xain'd a dubious

u The wily Orcan's sycophantic brow strife;

Conceal'd dark secreis rushing to his face." Unusual bustle and commotion strange Ran rapid through the streets of fair Kazan,” &c. The sun was now up; and

After scarce we generally expect ere, " The gilded domes, and spires, that tower'd high, when, or some similar word. It was Caught the descending brightness, and convey'd

To humbler roofs." scarcely daylight, and the morning dew was scarcely dissipated. At what time in

Tower'd should no more be made two the morning the bustle commenced the syllables than sour'd, flower'd, roard, &c. reader must discover for himself. No mat.

The spires, we suppose, conveyed brightter: there was a borrible commotion; for

Dess to humbler roofs, as the moon con“ Thousands by thousands were impell’d along, veys to us a portion of the sun's rays, Until the earth beneath the burden groan'd;

The army is seen at a distance. At The massy walls, that girt the city round, length it arrives. Shook with the tempest laboriog within."

1 ''Tis he! 'tis they!' resounds from mouth to Without being immediately informed mouth.” [Q. ear ?] of the cause of this uproar, we are introduced to king Morna.

« 'Tis theywas never English, though

formerly used for such. The officers and " His hoxry locks

soldiers appear, with In floating rings their riper honours show. He seems an aged oak, whose loftier head, Polish'd helmets, where the sun, surpris'd, And larger boughs, in richer foliage clad, Views its reflected farm; the waving plumes,

.

*

The richest tribute of the feather d world, We have now a long description of a · Which cheated fancy deems a living flight.” strange animal called Policy; who is

Mercury had wings on his feet: but quite a creature of consequence in the we know not how the most wayward fancy poem. It lives“ on a barren peak,”—

midway 'twixt beaven and earth :" could suspect that men should fly with wings on the top of the head. With Brono,

6. Ambition's eldest born, the chief, come two youthful strangers :

In hell engender d after Satan's fall. so fair that the ladies are cautioned not

[an] Eternal smile to look of them.

Plays on her lips, and yet beneath that smile

Eternal murder lurks. « Oh turn not! Listen to my warning voice! This monster of no sex, and yet of both Mistrust, thou gentle Selima, the Power Partaking, Which has, till now, forborne t’invade thy Now like some subtle spirit works his way peace!

Through the imperviouis barriers of defence, Love cannot wait for ever.” [No note of admi. Encompassing the various states; or through ration here.)

The far less penetrable magic walls

That guard the inmost seat of human thoughts: The name of one of these gallant offi- And now, a giant swoln, he with one step cers is Trouvor; that of the other Osmond. Bestrides the world,” &c.

" It onward to the Palace speeds, nor stops They are both what the Kentuckians call Until, by no obstruction check'd, heart-smashers : for the ladies are at once It Orcan's chamber gains. * They both overcomne :

Sleepless, in private converse pass the nigin,

And part not till the first faint gleam of morn.“ _C Sensations new, Mingled, confus d, invade their breasts; they pine The critics have long since condemned Withi wishes that they dare not scan; with fear the introduction, as actors, of such perThey tremble, sigb with pain, with pleasure

sonages. A short personification is often blush;

beautiful. Of this monster Mr. EustaPant for relief, yet dread to be reliev'd; Seeking for hope, they gain despair; and, bent phieve says, it “works his way" -a T escape, they but pursue their certain fate.” ( smile plays on her lips-and-"il on

ward moves. Such puerility was proThis is falling in love by wholesale. bably mistaken by him for genius, or for At first sight to pine, sigh, blush, pant,

a beauty; the beast being one of no dread, seek and despair, is a very expe

sex yet of both.” Thus concludes the ditious mode of doing business; and saves first of the seven captos of the poem. the bard a world of trouble in describing

The second canto opens with the mornthe various changes in the progress of ing of the succeeding day: when the two this master passion. Brono approaches knights visit Brodo, the military chief; to kneel before the king. This the mo

who makes a long barangue consisting parch prevents: and presents him a pre- of five pages, on the subjects of peace cious chain. Brono declares he has only and war; the question, which should be done his duty; and that this gift is, there preferred, being about to be decided by fore, a gratuitous bounty. He extols the the monarch. He inveighs against Ortwo stranger knights, and recommends them to royal favour. The knights are he suspects to be in league with the

can, who is in favour of peace, and whom led by the monarch to the ladies. Selima enemy, whose chief is Mamay; in whose gives a wreath of laurel to Trouvor:

character the poet seems to intend a pic | But oh!-her treacherous tongue will not sup- Auence exercised by Orcan over the king,

ture of Bonaparte. He deplores the inply One single word to give the action grace.

whose character he highly exalts; but With down-cast eyes in vain she calls to aid declares that the government is in the The various thoughts with which her fancy bands of Orcan.

teemid: The rebels fly and heed not her distress."

_ When the virtuous reign "The wicked often

* Morua, void What is one word but a single word ?

of guile, The last of the above quoted lines savours

Himsell the mirror where he views mankind, much of poetry. We wish it had more

Follows dclusive light; not real light,

But that which is reflected by his own: companions. Zorana is offended because the more favourite knight seems pleased with ease may so appear."

And thinks all honest, who, by copying him with Selima, and Selima with him. She gives a wreath to Osmond in a very cold The meaning is evident, in the declainanner: but he, not much given to love, ration that when the virtuous reign the takes it as coldly. All now go to a feast, wicked often govern: but the words might and spend the day in revelry.

be transposed with equal propriety:

govern.

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