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Along with which we in may wbip, sly, Though'tis, in Ireland, said by some,
Whips, chains--but these are things too serious Who loves so, in the House of Lords,
For me to mention or discuss; To whisper bishops and so nigh
Whene'er your lordship acts Tiberius,
Phil. Fudge's part is Tacitus !"
We have not room for more. In fact our
readers are pretty well possessed, by this (A book his lordship means to write,
time, not only of the scope, but of the conEntitled ' Reasons for my Ratting ;)
tents of the book. The author is evident. Or, should these prove too small and light, ly a man of extensive reading and a schoHis 's a host-we'll bundle that in!
lar. His style was meant to be negligent, And, still should all these masses fail To stir the R-g-nt's ponderous scale,
and certainly is so. That he has humour Why then, my lord, in Heaven's name, no one will deny, and though he has too Pitch in, without reserve or suint,
often stooped to puns, and sometimes The whole of R-gl-y s beauteous dame made indifferent ones, yet they are geneIf that won't raise him, devils' in't!"
rally so happy as to require no extenuaThe entry of Aug. 31, mentions that tion, whilst his failures are amply redeemhe had been looking into Murphy's Taci- ed by his numerous strokes of genuine
wit. tus, and this leads him to run a parallel
The assumed name of Thomas Brown, between Tiberius and lord Sidmouth, and of the same with lord Melville; he hints, the younger, every reader will, of course,
understand to be fictitious. There are too, to lord Castlereagh, that there are some points of resemblance between his many indications that the satire is the. lordship and the Roman emperor-but
production of an Irishman, and, in England, it is confidently ascribed to Thomas
Moore. This parallel we need not follow;
ART. 4. An Index to the Geology of the Northern States, with a transverse Section from the Catskill Mountains to the Atlantic. Prepared for the Geological Classes at William's College, Massachusetts. By Amos EATON, A. M. &c. &c. 8vo. pp. 52. Leicester. 1818.
THE modern science of geology has cessfully cultivated, and attain all the
When dents in our own country ; it is deemed accurate observers will spread theran essential branch of physical know selves all over our states, and communiledge in Germany, France, Italy, Great cate the result of their researches, the Britain, &c. and within a short period, a practical benefits likely to arise theredesire appears to prevail with us to keep from, will be more generally felt; then, pace with them, at least in the knowledge and only then, general geologists will beof our own soil. Since the general views come enabled to draw true conclusions, of Volney and Maclure were published, and frame lucid theories. many local labours have appeared, among This remark is enforced upon us by whicb those of Dr. S. L. Mitcbill and the tract which we have undertaken to Dr. Drake, deserve an exalted slation; examine, and which somewhat invalidates and now, we have, in the attempt of Mr. the preposterous conclusions of Mr. Ma. Eaton to elucidate the geology of Massa-. clure, when he asserted that all the Newchussets, &c. the results of more than England states were of primitive forma1000 miles of travels on foot, the real tion. · Mr. E. has been enabled to ascerway to observe with attention, and sur tain that nearly 18 different varieties of vey minutely. We were acquainted with formations exist between Boston and the Mr. E. already as a competent botanist, Catskill mountains, including nearly all and he now introduces himself before the the classes of formations. If Mr. Maclure public as an attentive geologist. We meant to tell us that the primitive forshall follow him with pleasure in his new mation of granite, gneiss, slate, soapcapacity, being thoroughly convinced stone, &c. were prevalent in those states, that it is merely by such accurate ob- at the surface or at a certain depth, he servations and zealous exertions, that the might perhaps be correct in his assertion, science of practical geology can be suc although we might ask him if he doubts
that such a formation exists almost every granitic; and some doubts may be enterwhere at a particular depth?
tained as to the truth of this supposition, The successive formations through Mas- notwithstanding the observations that are sachussetts, &c. appear to underlay each deemed conclusive. other in the following order of strata, be The value of this pamphlet, does not, ginning from the surface; 1. Alluvial; 2. however, depend upon the occasional Basalt; 3. Rocksalt; 4. Gypsum ; 5. Com. theories assumed, but upon the multiinde pact limestone ; 6. Breccia; 7. Red sand- of local facts, and the attentive study of stone; 8. Rubblestone; 9. Graywacke the soil, in a progression from east to slate; 10. Argillaceous and silicious slate; west. The observations of the author 11. Metalliferous limestone ; 12. Sienite; deserve to be read and considered by all 13. Calcarious and granular quartz ; 14. those who deem a knowledge of our soil Soapstone ; 15. Micaslate; 16. Gneiss ; important, and they throw much light 17. Granular limestone and quartz ; 18. upon the whole geology of New-England, Granite. But they are not always su. and even New York. It appears that perincumbent on each other, although nearly one-third of the surface of this they never deviate from this numeric als section, is composed of an alluvial soil, ternative stratification, even when many part of which is river alluvial. stratas are missing ; the granite appears We consider the whole as a good aton the surface of the soil near Hinsdale, tempt towards the requisite knowledge of Chesterfield and Spencer, while it is co- the surface of the soil, in the region obvered with one or more of the above stra- served, certainly a better one than Mr. tifications every where else. Mr. Eaton Maclure's in its local capacity; but we has come at this result, by an attentive presume that many other perambulations observation of the successive appearance, and excursions, and much research, are and nature of the immediate strata un- yet requisite, before a complete idea of der the soil, in an alternating progress. the soil of New-England can be formed. When, for instance, he has found several A section of a base from New York to successive stratas in the eastern part of Cape Cod, and another across the White the valley of the Connecticut, and Mountains, would be particularly dethen finds them again in' an opposite or- sirable. der, west of the river in the same valley, According to the remark of our author, he is led to believe, with the greatest de a geological section of a country must gree of probability, that they extend un- always be rather a caricature of it, than der the river in a proportionate succes a correct delineation : if we were to consion and depth. But we regret that, led sider in that light bis geological section, too far by the happy result of this disco- we should call it a very clever hypotheti very, he is induced to suppose, that the cal caricature: it is, however, preferable strata found east of the Hudson, are car to Mr. Maclure's sections of the United ried under it, and under the Catskill- States, although both are defective in a mountains, although he has not observed different light; this last by carrying the their re-appearance beyond them. This formations perpendicular, as if they radiamounts, at the most, to a plausible hypo- ated from the centre of the earth; while thesis, but not even to a probable theory, Mr. Eaton's section shows the undulations if we consider that this supposition re- and progressions of the strata, but often quires that those strata should extend un makes them reach a depth to which they der our whole continent, as far, perhaps, are perhaps unknown, or gives them an as the stony mountains in the west ; while extension, to which we have no proof those fronting the Atlantic, ought to sink that they reach. He divides the differunder the ocean, and appear again in Eu- ent strata, of which the soil of New-Engrope in the same order, which is not the land is composed, into five classes, primifact.
tive, transition, secondary, superincumThis proves the danger of systematising bent, and alluvial. We shall say a few and speculating on insulated facts, what words on the second and fourth of his is true in the valley of the Connecticut classes. The transition formation, which and near Worcester, must not be extend- is borrowed from Werner, is totally illued on either side to Europe and Asia ; it sive in name and application : when tran. is very possible, and even very probable, sition rocks are crystallized in mass, they that many strata belong to local or limit- belong to the primitive or crystallized fored formations, wherefore they may dis- mation; when they are deposited io thin appear when we should the least expect layers, or thick continued strata, they it." No formation ought to be considered belong to the secondary, or deposited as universal and continued, except the formation; when they are composed of
agglomerated fragments, they belong to induced him to add to his valuable details a subdivision of the saine formation which of facts, an appendix under the title of inay bear the name of agglomerated. The Conjectures respecting the Formation of the name of superincumbent rocks is given Earth. It is in reality the common, bat to the basalt, greenstone, trap and amyg- deplorable propensity of all geological daloid rocks, which belong to the volcanic writers, to deduce and assume some theoor emitted formation. We must observe retical bypothesis, as soon as they have that he is mistaken, wben lie gives the observed or collected a few facts, changfollowing definition of volcanic produc- ing thereby gealogy into geogony, which tions, viz. “minerals upon which changes are two different sciences altogether. have been wrought by volcanic fires.” The former describes the earth as it is, Since the luminous discoveries of Patrin and no one will venture to deny its conand Davy on volcanic productions, they clusions, since they arise from facts and inust be termed, minerals chemically emit- existing causes, while geogony describes ted and combined. The emission of water, the earth as it was, or rather as it is supmud, &c. by igneous volcanoes, the aerial posed to have been, at different periods, voleanoes or volcanic springs, existing or attempting still more, ventures to asevery where, and emitting air, clay, sul sert what it may yet become; when the phur, hydrogen, &c. with or without heat speculations of geogony are deduced from and fire, the numberless submarine vol. histery, records, data, remains, analogies, canoes, yet existing under the sea, and and phenomena, they become a sort of forming there, when compressed by a geological history ; but all those which great weight of water, stratas of basalt, emanate from suppositions, conjectures, trap, coal, &c. by means of their smoke, fictions, presumptions, probabilities and ashes and fluids, are evident proofs of the plausible causes, are at best but ingenious emitted or volcanic origin of many of dreams, particularly when they attempt the secondary formations; and it would to embrace the origin and the cod of our be difficult to prove that all those secon- globe. Such are in part, the features of dary substances which cannot be held in the conjectures before us: being not even dissolution in air or water, or formed modelled from the actual knowledge of chemically in the sea and the atmosphere, the various parts of the globe, neglecting do not belong to the same volcanic for more or less the enlarged views, which mation.
late discoveries have revealed, the imWe shall not attempt to confute the mense strata and mountains of organic absurd supposition that the strata, now formation scattered every where, and constituting the Catskill Mountains, and even under other formations, the various the western parts of New York, once ex- volcanic formations covering one third of tended to the Atlantic ocean. This spe- the known soil, the numberless anomalies culative hypothesis, ought at least, to be through the strata, their different sucsupported by very strong proofs before it cession, arrangement and configuration is advanced, and we are unacquainted in different parts, and a variety of other with the power that could remove this important considerations; and they speak, chain of mountains, without disturbing instead of a primordial chaotic mortar, of the regularity of stratification, upon an internal heat of the earth lifting up which this hypothesis is built; while we the granite, of an antediluvian continent, know very well that similar local causes which has sunk and disappeared, &c. may produce here and there, detached mere conjectures indeed, since they may masses of consimilar substances.
be so easily denominated, when we at. The chain of mountains which divide tend to the actual phenomena and forthe waters of the Hudson from those of mations going on before our eyes. In the Connecticut, are called the Peru the present improved state of chemical Mountains by Mr. Eaton; we thought knowledge, from which our age has rehitherto, that their name was the Tacko- ceived the appellation of the age of nick Mountains, while the Peru Moun- chemical philosophy, every former contains are a chain in the state of New. jectural theory must shrink before the York, west of lake Champlain, where the chemical theory of the formation of the Hudson takes its rise; we refer those, carth, until another improvement of phiwho may have any doubt on the subject, losophical knowledge, or till new discoto Spafford's Gazetteer of New-York, veries shall compel us to lay it aside, for and beg leave to ask who is in the wrong, something apparently better, or nearer Mr. Spafford or Mr. Eaton?
to truth, according as our perceptions We regret that the premature geologi shall permit us to conceive it. cal speculations of Mr. Eaton, should have However, when Mr. E. states physical
Vol. II1.–No. III.
or historical data, such as the deviation which, those who may happen to be acof the pendulum, the progressive succes. quainted with the late radical Hebrew sion of organized beings, the late com translation of the first chapters of Geneparative period of human existence, &c. sis, by the learned Olivet, may improve we find him in the true line of logical into a demonstration, against those who geogony. When he attempts to show hold the doctrine of their literal translathat the geogony of Moses and bis ac- tion and explanation. The prejudices count of the flood, do not in the least con- which ignorance or sectarian tenets, had tradict the facts which experience has thrown over geological studies, as soon as revealed, when he proves that the days of they became involved or blended with the creation have been periods of time, geogony, may thereby, we trust, subside as many learned divines have asserted, entirely ; their removal is certainly deand every geogonist believes; we find sirable, and cannot fail to become achim engaged in a desirable act of con- ceptable to all the friends of mental union ciliation between science and religion ; and peace.
C. S. R.
ART. 5. Tomen ; or, Pour et Contre. A Tale. By the Author of " Berlram,"
&c. 2 vols. 12mo. pp. 492. New-York. Kirk & Mercein. ITH our opinion of the former writ- post-chaise drove past him. He imagined
ings of the Rev. Mr. Maturin, our the shrieks to proceed from it, and inreaders are already acquainted. It was stantly set off in pursuit, on foot. The with no little satisfaction that we read the stumbling of one of the horses enabled preface to these volumes, in which the him to overtake it. He found his conjecauthor acknowledges the mistaken taste ture right, and attempted to rescue the which prompted his previous prose pro- damsel, but was repulsed by the outriders. ductions, and professes his willingness to The driver plied his horses effectually rest the merits of this tale, which, he with the lash; and the equipage was soon admonishes us, contains few characters out of sight. Nevertheless, De Courcy and incidents, upon the comparative pro- followed, and by inquiry traced it to a bability of these, and the closer resem lone hut. The coach had disappeared blance to real life of those. Encouraged bat he boldly entered the cabin, where by so candid an avowal of past errors, he found no one but a strange figure of a and such fair promise of amendment, we woman, as mad and as ominous as Meg ventured upon the perusal of this novel- Merilies. Convinced that this was not and much we regret to say, that we have the object of his search, he penetrated found it one of the most extravagant ab- into an interior apartment, where he saw surdities, which the teeming imagination stretched on a pallet, a delicate female of the reverend author has given birth to. form, apparently lifeless. He immediWe speak of it as a whole-for in the ately raised her in his arms, and maugre midst of a mass of folly, there are irre- the maledictions and resistance of the sistible evidences of genius,-bursts of maniac, bore her off in triumph; and afeloquence-images highly impressive and ter running some mile or two, with the poetical—and able and lucid arguments; lovely burthen, gained a place of safety and some of the minor characters are and sent to Dublin for a chaise. Mr. drawn with fidelity from nice and discri- Wentworth, the uncle of the redeemed minating observation. But the story fair one, who had now recovered her rewe hardly know how to tell it with gra- collection, met De Courcy's messenger vity, melancholy as it is. We will, bow- brought him back, and took De Courcy ever, make the effort.
and his niece to town. He was a very The hero, Charles De Courcy, an or. solemn, formal personage, and hardly phan, and heir to a large fortune, is in- condescended to thank our hero for his troduced to us, at the age of seventeen, prowess, much less did he invite him to on his way to Dublin, to enter himself at his house. De Courcy's wonderful exthe university. Just before he reached ertions very naturally brought on a fever, the city, the stage-coach broke down. and fever superinduced delirium, and deIt was evening, but he resolved to walk lirium obliterated from his mind every the few miles which yet remained of his remembrance of the occurrences of this journey. He was alone, and as he crossed eventful evening, save a vague impresthe canal bridge, he heard the cries of a sion of the beauteous upkoown. Whilst female in distress. At this moment a convalescent, however, he accompanied
Montgomery, the friend who had watched was irresistible-in short, she was a seover him in his illness, to a Presbyterian cond Corinne. All the fashionables of church, where his pallid appearance at- Dublin were emulous of the intimacy of tracted the attention of a pious lady, who Madame Dalmatiani, whose income enakindly gave him a seat in her pew. This bled her to maintain a style, equal to lady proved to be Mrs. Wentworth, and that of the proudest of the nobility. De in a sweet little girl of about fourteen, he Courcy was overcome by her charms, discovered his inamorata. On this re- and sought and obtained admission to cognition, he was invited to Mr. Went- her society. At her house, all the literati worth's house. Here he ever found as- of the metropolis were assiduous in their sembled professors of evangelical reli- attendance, and vied with each other in gion, in the mysteries of which, Mr. deference to her superiority. Her knowWentworth was profoundly versed, and ledge was not confined to a perfect acon which he was delighted to descant. quaintance with the modern languages Disputation and prayer, alternately oc- and modern philosophy, she had possescupied the host and his guests, and poor sed herself of all the hoards of classic De Courcy had no enjoyment, but in lore. At the first conversazioni, at which looking wishfully at Eva, with rarely an our hero was present, we find her drawopportunity of addressing to her the most ing a comparison between “ the Orestes indifferent discourse. This tantalizing in the Eumenides of Eschylus, and Shakeintercourse he could not long endure. speares's Hamlet." To cap the climax, He had imparted his secret attachment De Courcy begins to quote Schlegel on to no one but it preyed upon his health. the drama, and adds " the remark of an He fell into another fever, and again be- English critic, that the characters of Eleccame delirious. In his ravings, he be- tra and Hamlet, bear a closer resemtrayed the latent cause of his malady. blance to each other than any that the The watchful Montgomery communica- ancient and modern drama furnish.” De ted it to his guardian, who, touched with Courcy spoke in French too, and by the the condition of his ward, made imme- purity of his language, and propriety of diate orertures, in his behalf, to Mr. his pronunciation, drew the attention of Wentv orth. The unregenerate state of the wonderful Italian,—whom we must De Courcy, formed in the minds of Mr. henceforth designate by the name of Zaira. Wentworth, and his amiable wife, an al. His beauty and talents made not a less most insuperable objection to his pro- vivid impression upon her, than had her's posals—but the eligibility of the match, on him.' We cannot describe minutely in a worldly point of view, weighed with all the gradations and fluctuations of sedthe former, and the attachment of the timent, through which the lovers passed parties with the latter, to induce them to suffice it to say, that De Courcy abanallow De Courcy's visits as the acknow. doned Eva, and followed Zaira to the ledge suitor of Eva. Mr. Wentworth continent. But Zaira had not sufficient indulged, too, a hope of converting bim confidence in the stability of his affecby his logical powers--at any rate he tion, to yield to his wishes, and unite would have a pretext for exercising them. her fate with his. They met'in Paris, But De Courcy proved a refactory pupil, and visited in the same societies. Her and far from improving by the godly con- caution was not superfluous. No sooner versation of Mr. Wentworth, became was De Courcy seen in the Parisian cirdaily more disgusted, with what he deem- cles, than he was admired; and vanity ed, the cant of orthodoxy. He was dis- soon stifled every tender sentiment in his satisfied too, that he could not elicit from bosom. He became tired of his situation. Eva, demonstrations of the same wild pas. The charms of Zaira's conversation no sion which consumed him. Her placid longer rivetted him. His attention was and equable manner, seemed to him fri- caught by every lure that was thrown gid; and though he was occasionally re- out by rival belles, to ensnare him. In treshed with a smile, he could not con- this state of vaccillation and listlessness, tent himself with so infrequent and so un- he learns from Montgomery, who bapsubstantial a condescension. Whilst he pens opportunely to arrive in Paris, that was thus lingering out his period of pro- his barbarity has driven Eva to the verge bation, a Madame Dalmatiani was an- of the grave. The compunctious visitnounced to make her appearance on the ings of conscience, bring on another Dublin boards. This lady was an abso. fever and a new fit of insanity. He relule prodigy. Her personal beauty was covers, deserts Zaira, and returns to dazzling, her talents were transcendant, Ireland. Zaira grows delirious, and dewer yocal powers unrivalled,-her pathos termines on suicide,—but at last, in oben