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at the lithographic press of the public se gers. We are promised his posthumous minary, called Feyertags-schule (Holy- works, together with a memoir of his life, day-school), at Münich, will be rendered by Professor Bauterwech, of Gottingen.” highly interesting by the information which The first two volumes of a highly curious it will afford respecting many manuscripts and important work have been published very little known in the libraries of Mün. at Cassel, by Mr. U.F. Kopp, with the title ich, Vienna, Gotha and Wolfenbüttel, of Tachygraphia Veterum exposita et illusillustrative of the laws and manners of trata, or the Short-hand Writing of the Anthe middle ages. It will be printed in cients explained and illustrated. These French and German, in numbers con volumes contain 12 distinct plates, and taining six plates each, and the publica- about 14,000 other engravings on copper tion will commence as soon as 150 copies and wood. It is a truly important and clasare subscribed for.
*sical work, and has this farther peculiarity The works which have been published that a great portion of the mechanical dein Germany, in consequence of the Tri- partment was executed by the author, who centenary of the Reformation, by Luther, not only made the drawings of all the are almost innumerable. Our German figures but also engraved them, and compapers toem with announcements and re- posed with his own hands the most difficult views of such publications. The Mau- parts of the letter-press ! rerische Buch-handlunga single house PRESENT STATE OF THE GERMAN UNIin Berlinbad 95 of them on sale. VERSITIES.–From the distinguished part
BROCKHAUS, a very respectable book which Germany is taking in the pursuits seller in Leipzig, published his Urania, a of science and literature in our times, the ladies pocket almanac for 1818. Hither annexed summary of her learned estabto his annual volume excited unusual in- lishments may be acceptable.terest. However, as he expresses him Germany had, before the year 1802, the self relative to the Taschenbuch : nach following 36 universities :immer hoherer Vollkommenheit desselben Heidelburg founded in 1386, Prague strebend, he offered, in April, 1816, three 1348, Vienna 1361, Cologne 1388, Erfurt prizes for a poetical tale, a poetical epis- 1389, Wurtzburg 1403, Leipzig_1409, tle, and an Idyl. The attempt to enrich Ingolstadt, 1410, Rostock 1419, Treves the pages of his Urania in this way, was 1451, Greifswalde 1456, Freiburg 1456, successful. Among several very supe- Tubingen 1477, Mentz 1477, Wittenberg rior productions, presented in the volume 1502, Frankfort on the Oder 1505, Marfor this year, the poetical tale by ERNST burg 1517, Dillingen 1549, Jena 1557, SCHULZE is peculiarly fine, and obtained Helmstadt 1576, Altdorf 1576, Paderborn a handsome reward. This beautiful piece 1592, Giessen 1607, Rinteln 1619, Salzis entitled, Die bezauberte Rose-the en- burg 1622, Munster 1631, Osnaburg 1632, chanted rose. The just commendations Bamberg 1648, Duisburg 1655, Kiel 1665, of this exquisite specimen of German Innspruck 1672, Halle 1694,Breslaw 1702, poetry, contained in a late German jour. Fulda 1734, Gottingen 1734, Erlangen nal, are before us ; 'but we wave them, 1742. Of which there have been dissolved in order to introduce an article upon the since 1802: Cologne, Erfurt, Ingolstadt, same subject from a late number of the Treves, Mentz, Wittenberg, Frankfort, London New Monthly Magazine. Dillingen, Helmstadt, Altdorf, Rinteln,
“ It (the above mentioned poem), is Salzburg, Munster, Osnaburg, Bamberg, written in the manner of Wieland's Obe- Duisburg, Innspruck, and Fulda ; and in ron, except that the stanzas are more re their stead only the following new ones gular; the whole is more delicate, and, founded: Landshut, merely a continuation as it were, of pure etherial texture. It of the Ingolstadt university; Breslaw, as a combines all the magic tones of melody. mixed university, to which the professors The publisher has announced a separate from Frankfort on the Oder were removed; edition of this poem, on which he designs Ellwangen, but which since the year 1817 to bestow every possible typographic and is united with Tubingen; and Berlin, the chalcographic embellishment. The young last founded of the German universities. poet died at Celle, in the Hanoverian do- There exist at present in Germany only 19 minions, in his 28th year, a few days af- universities, viz. in the Austrian-German ter receiving intelligence of the success Hereditary States, 1. Vienna, Catholic, of his performance, and just as he was with 957 students; 2. Prague, Catholic, preparing to set out for Italy. He con with 880 students. In German-Prussia, 3. tracted the disease which proved fatal, Berlin, Evangelical, 1817, with 600 studuring the siege of Hamburg, in 1813, dents; 4. Breslaw, for both religiors, with when he served as a volunteer in the Ja 366 students; 5. Halle, Evangelica! 1816;
with 500 students; 6. Griefswalde, Evan- ment 47 men: captain David Buchan, gelical, with 55 students. Add to these commander. the Catholic university of Paderborn, but The Trent is of 250 tons, complement which has only two faculties. In Bavaria, 33 men: lieutenant J. Franklin, com7. Landshut, Catholic, with 640 students; mander. 8. Wurtzburg, Catholic, 1815, with 365 An ample supply of warm clothing will students; 9 Erlangen, Protestant, with be provided, and three months advance of 180 students. In Saxony, 10. Leipzig, pay given to the men. The officers will Protestant, 1816, with 911 students. In have their pay doubled, and six months in Hanover, 11, Gottingen, Protestant, 1816, advance.-A compensation will be grantwith 1132 students. Wurtemberg, 12. ed the purser in lieu of balance bills; Tubingen, Protestant, with 290 students, indeed, the whole arrangements appear now increased by the addition of Ell- on a scale of liberality that will do justice wangen, for both religions. In Baden, to the projectors of the expedition. 13. Heidelberg, Protestant, 1817, with 303 If unsuccessful, it is expected to terstudents ; 14. Freiburg, Catholic, 1817, minate about September 1819. If it be with 275 students. In the Electorate of successful, and the navigators return by Hesse, 15. Marburg, Protestant, 1812, the Indian Seas, a reward of 20,0001. will with 197 students. In the Grand Duchy of be distributed amongst the crews. NotHesse, 16. Giessen, Protestant, 1813, with withstanding this, and an allowance of 31. 241 students. In Holstein, 17. Kiel, Pro- per month, a difficulty is found in obtaintestants, with 107 students ; Weimar, ing suitable hands for the voyage, and the 18. Jena, Protestant, 1817, with, 600 stu- vessels are to complete their crews at the dents. In Mecklenburg-Schwerin, 19. Orkneys, the great rendezvous of seamen Rostock, Protestant, 1817, with 159 stu- for the Greenland service. dents. Of these 19 universities, there
“ If an open navigation should be disare therefore 5 Catholic, 2 mixed, and covered across the Polar Basin, the pasthe rest Protestant. In all there are sage over the Pole, or close to it, will be about 8500 students.
If we take the po one of the most interesting events to pulation of all Germany at 294 millions, science that ever occurred. It will be the there will be 288 students for every mil- first time that the problem was practically lion.
solved, with which the learners of geoNORTHERN EXPEDITION.—The arrange- graphy are sometimes puzzled--that of wents for the vessels about to explore the going the shortest way between two places Arctic Regions are now nearly completed, lying east and west of cach other, by takand it is expected they will leave the river ing a direction of north and south. The about the 24th of March. Every precau- passage of the Pole will require the untion has been taken for the general com divided attention of the navigator. On fort of we crews; fixed bed places are approaching this point, from which the fitted, with sliding doors, for the men to northern coasts of Europe, Asia, and sleep in, housings to form roofs over the America, and every part of them, will ships in the event of being frozen in, a bear south of him, wothing can possibly liberal supply of vegetables, and a pro- assist him in determining his care, ad portion of six months beef, slightly corn- keeping on the right meridian of his desed, with some preserved meat, will be tined place, but a correct knowledge of the supplied.
time, and yet no means of ascertaining The Isabella and Alexander are intend- that time will be afforded him. The only ed to proceed in a N. W. direction to time he can have, with any degree of cerDavis's Straits, and explore there for a tainty, as long as he remains on or near passage through into the great Pacific the Pole, must be that of Greenwich, and Ocean, by the American continent.
this he can know only from good chronoThe Dorothea and Trent, proceeding meters; for from the general hazy state to the eastward of Greenland, will take of the atmosphere, and particularly about a northerly direction, in the hopes of the horizon, and the sameness in the altireaching the Pole, and from thence to
tude of the sud, at every hour in the four Behrring's Straits.
and twenty, he must not expect to obtain The Issabella is of 382 tons, and has a an approximation even of the apparent complement of 47 men: captain Johu tinc, by observation, and he will have no Ross, commander.
stars to assist him. All his ideas respectThe Alexander is of 250 tons, comple- ing the beavens, and the reckoning of his ment 33 men: lieutenant W. Edw. Parry, time, will be reversed, and the change nos commander.
gradual, as in proceeding from the east to The Dorothea is of 369 tons, comple: the west, or the contrary, but instantane
ous. The magnetic needle will point to filaments, resembling spiders' legs, which its unknown magnetic Pole, or fly round move round a kind of petals with a pretty from the point of the bowl from which it brisk and spontaneous motion. These is suspended, and that which indicated legs have pincers to seize their prey; north will now be south; the east will be- and upon scizing it, the yellow petals come the west, and the hour of noon will immediately close, so that it cannot esbe that of midnight.
cape. Under this exterior of a flower is AFRICAN EXPEDITION.- A letter from a brown stalk, of the bigness of a raven's Sierra Leone mentions the return to that quill, and which appears to be the body of place of the scientific expedition for ex some animal. It is probable that this ploring the interior of Africa. They were strange creature lives on the spawn of completely unsuccessful, having advanced fish, and the marine insects thrown by the only about 150 miles into the interior, sea into the bason. from Rio Nunez. Their progress was
LITHOVASA.--This name is given to a there stopped by a chief of the country; new but useful article, made of a peculiar and after unavailing endeavours, for the kind of stone, in the form of vessels adaptspace of four months, to obtain liberty to ed to cool wine, preserve butter, &c. proceed, they abandoned the enterprise, They owe their properties to the power and returned. Nearly all the animals of absorption and evaporation possessed perished. Several officers died, and what by the stone; and are superior to earthenis remarkable, but one private, besides ware articles applied to the same purone drowned, of about 200. Capt. Camp- poses, being entirely free from that clayey bell died two days after their return to smell which belongs to unglazed pottery. Rio Nunez, and was buried, with another The wine coolers require only to be officer, in the same spot where major steeped for ten minutes in cold water, Peddie and one of his officers were buried when they are fit to receive a decanter of on their advance.
wine.—The butter preservers steeped in RUSSIAN VOYAGE OP DISCOVERY.- the same manner are ready to receive a Captain Krusenstern in a letter to captain vessel containing the butter, and will Burney, dated Revel, Oct. 1, 1817, in- keep it cool in the hottest weather, and forms him that letters had been receive retain their moisture for a day or two. a few days before from lieut. Kotzebue. Elegant stone pyramids for growing On leaving Kamschatka in July 1816, he excellent anti-scorbutic salads, require sailed through Bebring's Straits, and suc- only to be saturated with water. The ceeded in ranging the coast of America seed equally distributed in the external to latitude 670, when he discovered a grooves, the central hole filled with water, large inlet extending far to the east. (and the waste daily supplied,) will, in eight ward. He was obliged to quit it without or ten days, produce a fine green crop of exploring the whole, but intends to re very superior quality, which may be eaten sume the labour this year. Captain Kru- clean and fresh from the pyramids placed senstern does not himself believe that on the table. When the crop is plucked a communication exists between the from any number of grooves, and the North Pacific and the Atlantic, bu loose seeds brushed off, new may be sown marks that the discovery of this inlet does and successive crops obtained. bold out some hope that one may be yet A curious and interesting MS. of the found.
celebrated Dr. King, of Sl. Marys, O.cANIMAL FLOWER.—The inhabitants of ford, has lately been discovered, containSt. Lucia have discovered a most singular ing anecdotes and reminiscences of his own plant. In a cavern of that isle, near the times. sea, is a large bason, from twelve to The fourth and last Canto of Childe fifteen feet deep, the water of which is Harold, is positively announced to appear very brackish, and the bottom composed on the 14th of April. of rocks. From these, at all times, pro The Russian poet Shacowsky, who conceed certain substances, which present, ducts a journal at St. Petersburg, has at first sight, beautiful flowers, of a bright received from the emperor of Russia, a shining colour, and pretty nearly resem- pension of 4000 roubles for his last work, bling our marigolds--only that their tint the Bard of the Ruins of the Kremlin. is more lively. These seeming flowers, Madame de Stael's work on the French on the approach of a hand or instrument, Revolution will shortly appear ; it forms retire, like a snail, out of sight. On ex- three volumes, and 36,000 francs were amnining their substance closely, there ap- paid for the manuscript. pear, in the middle of the disk, four brown A very fashionable journal has lately VOL. III.No. 11.
hcen commenced at Naples, under the ing paint, corn, bark, and other articles, title of the Iris. It is adorned with litho- turning the grindstone, the lathe, carding graphic engravings.
and spinning machines, washing machines, Important Surgical Operation.--An working churns, assisting rope makers, operation for Subclavian Aneurism was threshing and cleaning grain,cutting straw, performed in the New-York Hospital, on tobacco, shingles, dye-wood, &c. chopping the 10th of May, by Dr. Valentine Mott, meat, &c. and for a great variety of purone of the surgeons of that institution, by poses where the intelligence and activity tying the Arteria Innominata : the patient of the dog will prove highly economical has reasonable prospects of recovery: and profitable. The requisite machinery is This bold and important operation, which simple, and constructed with little expense. it is believed was never attempted before, Able dogs can easily be procured and trainnot only reflects honour upon the fortu- ed for this object. Those which Mr. TieDate operator, but is a triumphant step in mann has employed for some years, have operative surgery.
invariably been healthy and robust, and Messrs. James Eastburn & Co. of New- apparently delighted with their employYork, have published a catalogue of a ment. It is said that the saving of labour valuable and extensive collection of stan- and expense is almost incalculable. By dard and rare books, with numerous biblio- these means a very interesting portion of graphical notices, indicating as well the the animal creation, hitherto more or less authenticity of the editions as the estima- prescribed, is made subservient to some tion of the works.
of the most useful purposes.
Canine Something useful.-Mr. Anthony Tie- agency, applied as before stated, is almann, of this city, has obtained letters pa- ready in operation in this city and neightent for the application of the agencv of bourhood. DOGS as a new power to various useful Mr. Tiemann intends to apply the same purposes, such as, for pumping water, power for propelling boats, for which he irrigating meadows, gardens, &c. grind- has also obtained a patent.
ART. 10. RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
Borabora. The sabbath is regularly obTT “T seems that christianity is making served, and places for public worship are
great progress in the Sandwich and erecting. The kings and chieftains are Society Islands. Idolatry is totally abolish- the most zealous among the converts to ed in Otaheite, Eimeo, Tapuamanu, Te the true faith. Turoa, Huahine, Raiatea, Tahaa, and,
ART. 11. POETRY.
A DREAMING ODDITY. Just o'er the water's surface, seek the sea.
*Twixt Cape May and Cape Charles, from land MYSELF AND THE DOCTOR.
Palpable odours, such as if, were all
By me was never heard, afflicts my ears. From Chaos' womb Earth came, each year I turn my eyes to seek the dreadful cause
distilled, A turtle Trom the water crawls; ascends
And kept confined, hermetically sealed, The bank, and seeks the city's widest street. Till this blest hour, then all at once let looseThe street at first is broad enough; bis flappers My body seemed all nostrils: all parts prest Annoying passengers on either side,
Alike by one resistless storm of sweet. Who seek the doors at his approach. Ere long My fingers feel it, and before my face His monstrous bulk increases, and he swims, I cannot ken a yard. What splendour now! Heedless of streets. His fins above the clouds -Tall, not too tall; and slender, but not lean; Throw houses, stables, horses, men and women “ In naked inpocence," save that a robe
of gaudy texture, dyed in gold and azure, From such a spectacle I fly aghast :
Height'ning the charms of what it would conceal, And, swift as sight, “ smooth sliding without Flowed o'er her limbs; and by the soft breeze step,”
fanned, Where winds the stream of James the vales Far from her flung its folds; with such an eye along,
Of dignity and virtue, truth and grace;
As only heaven can give--a lady comes, She drives away the wolves. What fair forms From wave to wave-top lightly tripping on;
these? Her looks were love and honour; and with grace Ladies of tender looks. Oh! what an eye Familiar she approached, and seized my arm. Of piercing black : next blue so languishing :
Three, four, five, six, sev'ni, eighi, nine, ten, Gales of tempestuous pleasure from the north eleven: Now bore us sudden, with resistless force “What, will the list stretch out to th' crack of And raplure, forward to more sunny climes;
doom?" The tiptop wave now touching, now above. Still they succeed each other; beauteous all; -Hatteras and the gulfy stream are past But yone like ber who left me on the flood. The trade winds check our passage--locked our arms,
At what are yonder horses laughing there? We seem recumbent on the gentle ocean, The horse-laugh's cominon; but a grinning horse Or on the swell, or sunk in easy vale.
Till now I never knew. Begone, begone. -She's gone! Heaven help me, she has left my There is a Madagascar bat, that bites arms,
One of these laughing steeds-Lord, how he bites. And sunk-I strive in vain to follow her -I weep, I rage-so sudden came we here; Deaths here I see, six, eight, a dozen deaths, Thus sudden has she fled, I know not where. A score of deaths with horns: in each right hand
Is a dead infant, in the left a goblet I grow at once earth's half in bulk-one foot Full of black wine. Black, broadbrim'd, AapI place on Cuba--thousands now of miles
ping hats Upward I leap, in fantasy of ire,
They wear. See how with glce they dance; how Then fall at once, th' Atlantic's length; my sides shake Dashing the ocean over Europe's face, Their loose and rattling bones. They vanish all, And o'er Columbia's, to the peaceful sea : Searing my eye-balls.” Now, with lightning My beels in rage against the icy pole
speed Beating full hard; while to the low south moon On skates I haste; the same smooth sea before My clinching fists are stretched. From posture me; prone
The planet Venus right abead. Stop, stop: I spring, and with a butcher's cleaver cut Where are my pantaloons ? To Venus go The globe in twain. The parts unite. Enraged Without them? No. My coat I cannot button. I take a tray and chopping-knife; and soon, -How the wind blows beside me, urging on,First plucking Luna from her changeful course, In spite of effort to remain, I haste. Make fair mincemeat of all-then leaving all, I pass a fellow with an empty meal bag Tray, cleaver, chopping-knife, and earth and Siriving to gather wind. He's out of sight. moon,
I strike on Venus : bushes, brush and trees, I scud away in th' dark: for dark it seems, Is this the silv'ry Venus? bush and brush Yet seems not long. I lose my pantaloons;
So like old earth? Dwells no man hereabouts ? And in my great coat pocket find a pair -I'll not stay here in the woods--I'll straight or Holland skates well strapt. Before me lies
away. The brilliant surface of a cold glass ocean, But where's the glassy plain? Gone; who knows Level, outspread t' infinitude all round.
where? - The earth and moon seemed not ; but all the stars,
I seein to take a nap; and, dozing, dream The planets and their master spirit Sol,
or being on the earth. Am much in doubt Are almost in my grasp. With skates equipe Whether I dream or not; and whether I I fly the surface, making distance nougbi. Am here or there. At length I seein to wake;
But, since I've been asleep,
where, where is gone What stands before me? 'Tis an aged oak This planet Venus ? Sunk, and from me fallen Full of fresh blossoms. Let me see its fruit. A million million leagues; a trifling distance Ha! tempting full ripe plums, and nasty toads, For those who ride on light. Here in midspace With open mouths, each pendant by a leg. I swing self-balanced; neither this way moved I set me in a chair, and in the shade
Nor that. Mars, Jupiter, the Sun, the Bear, I rest. What figures play about the tree? Saturn, Orion and the Pleiades, Heads without bodies. Lo! the chin of this And nameless others, seeming all within Touches his eyebrows. There another flius, The flight of half an hour; 1 gaze intense. Wliose ears grow from his shoulders. Round Now start I for the globe of Sol. Į fly the trunk
By mere volition: and, approaching, see Walks one whose hcad two ankle necks support, Whence are his spots. The sunnites some vast All face and feet. And there stands one whose
Of new land have been clearing : after burning Is horizontal, ever looking up,
The wood and brush, an awful, foul, black smoke Stuck on a neck that never turns, though turns Spreads over many a thousand solar leagues, Constant the head, round, round, and round Siill shifting with the wind. There's such a stench again.
Far off salutes my nose, I'll not
-I'm off. And now for Jove. When half way Here is a foot race. See the youthful look
there Of that, prepared to start: he has six legs, I'm much impeded by a thousand swarms Aod his competitor but one, or two made one, Of septemdecem locusts. Here a gite Like two snakes twisted close in lust or rage. Before me stands; and o'er it leaus a sage, The sexiped is distanced. There's a sheep “ His head all white, his beard all hoary gray,”. With long green wool, how glossy, like the silk Who me, approaching, with gold beaded cane, Pendeat from cartop of the rip'ning corn. Strikes. Stunned down to the earth I quickly to..1;