Sounding the Cape: Music, Identity and Politics in South Africa
African Minds, 2013 - 444 sider
For several centuries Cape Town has accommodated a great variety of musical genres which have usually been associated with specific population groups living in and around the city. Musical styles and genres produced in Cape Town have therefore been assigned an "identity" which is first and foremost social. This volume tries to question the relationship established between musical styles and genres, and social - in this case pseudo-racial - identities. In Sounding the Cape, Denis-Constant Martin recomposes and examines through the theoretical prism of creolisation the history of music in Cape Town, deploying analytical tools borrowed from the most recent studies of identity configurations. He demonstrates that musical creation in the Mother City, and in South Africa, has always been nurtured by contacts, exchanges and innovations whatever the efforts made by racist powers to separate and divide people according to their origin. Musicians interviewed at the dawn of the 21st century confirm that mixture and blending characterise all Cape Town's musics. They also emphasise the importance of a rhythmic pattern particular to Cape Town, the ghoema beat, whose origins are obviously mixed. The study of music demonstrates that the history of Cape Town, and of South Africa as a whole, undeniably fostered creole societies. Yet, twenty years after the collapse of apartheid, these societies are still divided along lines that combine economic factors and "racial" categorisations. Martin concludes that, were music given a greater importance in educational and cultural policies, it could contribute to fighting these divisions and promote the notion of a nation that, in spite of the violence of racism and apartheid, has managed to invent a unique common culture.
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Abdullah Ibrahim accessed African jazz African music African musicians Afrikaans American apartheid Basil Coetzee became blending Cape jazz Cape Town Cape Town’s musics Capetonian carnival Chris McGregor coloured composers Coon Coplan created creation creative creole creolisation culture dance bands David Kramer deﬁned deﬁnitely developed diﬂ'qerent District Six drum elements Eoan Group European ﬁeld ﬁlm ﬁnd ﬁrst forms genres ghoema beat Glissant Gugulethu guitar hymns identiﬁcation identity conﬁgurations inﬂuence instruments interactions Interview Johannesburg Khoikhoi Kippie Moeketsi Klopse Langa langarm language Malay Choir Mannenberg marahi me'tissage melodies mixed modern moppies movement musical bow Muslim Ngcukana opera orchestra organised original particular performed pianist piano played political popular music racial Radio recorded repertoires rhythms Robbie Jansen rock SABC saxophone saxophonist signiﬁcant singers singing slaves social society songs sound South African music speciﬁc Stellenbosch styles township traditions transformed troupe tunes vastrap Western Cape Xhosa