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JEWS IN THE BARBARY STATES.
REV. MR. EDWALD, a German Missionary to the Barbary States, in a communication to the Rev. Mr. Lorima, of Glasgow, informs that on the northern coast of Africa, from Morocco to Egypt, there are great numbers of Jews: in Morocco itself, about 300,000; in the regency of of Tunis, from 150,000 to 200,000; and multitudes in Tripoli and Algiers. Most of them settled here after their expulsion from Spain, and are governed by their own laws. They are a very laborious class of people. In general they are poor, and gain just enough from their trades to live upon. For centuries they have been shut out from all intercourse with foreign nations; and appear less eager to amass wealth than their European brethren. Nearly all of them know how to speak the Hebrew language. Their manners, habits, and customs are those of their fathers in the days of our Lord. They are always ready to speak on religions subjects-an encouraging feature in their character. They are very eager to have the Word of God in possession. Mr. E. has himself sold and circulated above 15,000 copies. He is the only missionary on the ground. The field is wide, and in some respects open. The languages almost universally spoken are Hebrew and Arabic, and the former is preferred. Strong desires are expressed by Mr. E. for fellow-laborers; and will not the church of Christ send them forth? Christian Index.
THE Christian Palladium states that a debate was held in Lebanon, Ohio, in October last, between J. B. Lucas, a Disciple Proclaimer, and Elder M. Gardner, a Christian Preacher, on the question, "Is it, or is it not, the order of God that water baptism should be added to faith and repentance in order to remission of past sins and admission into the kingdom of God"-Lucas in the affirmative, and Gardner on the negative side. On the authority of one N. Dawson, the Palladium says, "The debate ended, and I think the door of Lebanon is effectually closed against Mr. Campbell's reform." I have never before heard of so strange an account as this, of such an issue of a discussion of the gospel principles of reform. I cannot believe it on such testimony. Can any impartial testimony be had on the subject? Will any one inform us on the subject? A. C.
GENIUS OF CHRISTIANITY.
THE first number has been received here from Salem, Mass., edited by our brother A. G. Comings-a semi-monthly sheet, one dollar in advance. It is full of useful matter, and of the right spirit. It is much needed in New England. No people in America are more obviously imposed on, touching our principles and proceedings, than these good New Englanders by their Christian Heralds, Christian Palladiums, &c. There is no light in them upon the great elements of reformation. I desire success to our brother in this undertaking. Will he please send ten copies of his paper where he thinks he may do the most good, and charge them to A. CAMPBELL?
MADISON, Indiana, November 12, 1840.
Dear brother O.-We have lost our beloved brother JESSE MAVITY. He departed this life on the evening of the 5th November, in Columbus, Indiana, after a confinement of about sixteen days.
Brother Mavity has been a proclaimer of the gospel for about twelve years-long enough to secure the unfeigned love and high esteem of all the dear brethren with whom he was acquainted; and they feel that they have lost what time shall never be able to restore a good man, a useful man, a man deeply interested in the cause of God; in a word, a man whose services in the church of God will be remembered for many a year, and seriously missed by those among whom he has labored so faithfully. He died one year, one month, and four days after his wife; and they have left three little sons behind to mourn their loss. He was in his 34th year, and was the picture of health and vigor a few weeks since. But "in the midst of life we are in death." L. J. JAMESON.
In deep sympathy with our much afflicted brother Nelson, of Yorktown, Va., we have heard that his most intelligent, amiable, and devoted Christian wife CATHARINE Maria, has been taken home to the Lord. He and his children have, indeed, met with an un. speakable loss; but the full assurance he has of her happy exit from a world of sins and sorrows innumerable, will, I hope, enable him and them to bear up under this afflictive bereavement. It is but a moment till we who survive will be with those who have gone before.
THE COMING OF THE LORD.-No. III.
IN our last essay on this subject we offered divine testimony in proof that the resurrection of all the dead saints, the transformation of all the living saints, the final judgment of all mankind, and the creation of new earth and heavens, were to be the immediate concom itants or consequences of the personal return or second coming of the Lord. That these four grand events are certainly thus connected with his second coming we hold as no longer debateable-as demonstrably evident, and incontrovertibly sustained by the clearest and most pointed testimony of the inspired Apostles; and henceforth we shall speak of them as we would of the first coming, death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus-as matters of the most authentic certainty and assurance.-Several important inferences are deducible from these premises, only one of which we shall now notice.
If the coming of the Lord be soon-within the present century, for example-then there will be no Millennium or triumph of Christianity over its various rivals now in the field. They will rather have triumphed over it. However much real Christians desire the return of their Master, there are few of them, I think, who would not desire his gospel to have a freer circulation and a more triumphant career in the world than it has ever yet had, before the last act of the drama of human existence on this present earth is finished. In this case, too, "the kingdom, and the dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven," has not been given according to promise, to the people of the Most High, and very many such promises have
is the Christ when they see him coming from heaven in power and great glory. But such a conversion will not be to salvation, but to condemnation. They shall see him, and wail at his coming.
But still the question returns, Will the Lord come before or after the Millennium? It is decided that if he come so soon as 1843, 1847, or 1866, there can be no thousand years triumph of Christianity, because the events that are to follow in instant succession upon his coming preclude the possibility of any farther conflict between truth and error; nay, preclude the increase of the human family, and forever separate the righteous and the wicked. The structure of the earth is changed-new heavens and earth occupy its place-and instead of being with the Lord a thousand years on this earth, his people will be with him in a new earth to all eternity! This, then, is a summary way of settling the whole controversy about the literal or figurative return of the Lord before the Millennium.
We shall then proceed to the consideration of the second point, viz. -What are the events which are to precede the coming of the Lord?
In general terms we answer, The fulfilment of all his promises concerning the destinies of his friends and enemies on this earth; or, to speak our views in the words of an Apostle, "Him the heavens shall retain until the times of the accomplishment of all the things which God has spoken by the mouth of all his holy Prophets from the beginning of time."
Of these the following are chief specifications:
1. The downfall of Judaism.
2. The downfall of Papalism.
3. The downfall of Mahometanism.
4. The downfall of Paganism.
5. The triumph of Christianity.
But before we speak particularly of these, we are, from the force of circumstances, constrained to examine a very notable passage in the Apocalypse, which will be urged by some against our views already expressed on the resurrection which is to accompany the appearance of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ. This passage we shall quote in extenso:—“And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit, and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years. And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that, he must be loosed a little season. And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them:
and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands: and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years. But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection; on such the second death hath no power; but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years. And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, and shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gether them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them. And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night forever and ever." Rev. xx. 1-10. This is the Millennium-the mysterious and wonderful passage on which there have been written a thousand volumes printed, and ten thousand sermons delivered. In ten verses we have one thousand years six times mentioned under some new circumstance;—
1st. Satan is bound for a thousand years.
2d. He deceives not the nations for a thousand years.
3d. The martyrs and confessors live and reign with Christ a thousand years.
4th. The rest of the dead revived not for a thousand years.
5th. They shall be priests of God and Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.
6th. At the end of a thousand years Satan shall be loosed, and the work of deception shall again commence.
Although we have this Millennium, or one thousand years, six times named in four periods, we have it only in three distinct connexions:-1st. The destruction of Satanic influence for a thousand years. 2d. The living and reigning with Christ on this earth of certain saints, confessors, and martyrs, for one thousand years. 3d. The permission of Satan to revisit the earth after the thousand years are accomplished.
This Millennium, it is worthy of remark, is to be preceded and succeeded by a resurrection. The first resurrection precedes, and the second resurrection succeeds it. It is, then, an interval of a thousand years between two resurrections. Now that the resurrection before,