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dustry, that both may descend hand in hand to posterity, and either live together, or die together.

The ecclesiastical miracles, after the days of the apostles, and the authority of the fathers and historians

upon which they depend, have been a subject of contention. This hath produced two opposite parties; and I cannot flatter myself with the hopes, of pleasing either the one or the other. However, since what is offered

upon

this head in the following Remarks, is only an appendage ; and the principal intention of the whole is to defend and recommend Christianity, which is daily assaulted and insulted, the attempt, at least, may claim the approbation of all candid judges, and is not unworthy of your Grace's countenance and protection; happy if it should be instrumental in instructing or amending any who have deviated from the sacred paths of truth and duty!

Permit me, my Lord, to make a transition from my patron to the rest of my readers, and to inform those who may think this Address deficient in the most essential part, in the part where modern writers usually employ all their skill, that it was a custom amongst the antients, not to sacrifice to heroes till after sun-set.

I am, my Lord,

Your Grace's most obedient

and most humble servant,

JOHN JORTIN.

14

Page

Remarks upon miracles in general

1

Notions of Van Dale and Le Clerc concerning them 1

The opinion that God alone can work miracles, not

probable

The miracles of our Saviour and of his apostles defended 2

Quadratus, his testimony concerning miracles

3. 95

A passage in Tertullian corrected

4

The miracles of Christ were of a prophetic nature,
and represented future events

8, &c.

One of St. Paul's miracles of the same kind

13

Difference between the writers of the N. T. and the

writers of legends

7

Reasons for which our Saviour cast out evil spirits 8

Remarks on the dæmoniacs

8. 92. 98. 109

St. Paul, an emblem perhaps of the Jewish nation

An answer to the objection made from the miracles

of false Christs

15

The apostles seem to have wrought miracles only

when they were moved by the Holy Spirit

16

Recapitulation of the arguments in behalf of Chris-

tianity

17. 20

General remarks on the miracles said to have been

wrought after the apostolical days, in the second

and third centuries

20. 33

These miracles not to be compared, in point of evi-

dence, with the miracles of Christ ard the apostles

The arguments which may be alleged in favour of them 20. 22

Objections which may be made to them

22

Some of them not improbable

24. 26

Constancy of the martyrs may be ascribed to a divine

assistance

24. 146. 150

The doctrine of a particular Providence maintained

by Woolaston and Le Clerc

26. 28

The miracles after Constantine deserve no credit

28

Van Dale, Moyle, and Le Clerc; their notions of
the miracles after the days of the apostles

28. 31

Middleton not singular in rejecting these miracles 30

Le Clerc's character of Van Dale and Moyle

32

The Christian miracles of different ages : how far
credible, or not

32, 33

The improbable story of Abgarus

33

The conversion of the inhabitants of Edessa

34

The Æthiopians instructed by the eunuch

34

Miracles wrought by apostolical men

34. 36

a ?

2

dustry, that both may descend hand in hand to
posterity, and either live together, or die together.

The ecclesiastical miracles, after the days of the
apostles, and the authority of the fathers and histo-
rians
upon

which they depend, have been a subject
of contention. This hath produced two opposite
parties; and I cannot flatter myself with the hopes
of pleasing either the one or the other.

However, since what is offered upon this head
in the following Remarks, is only an appen-
dage ; and the principal intention of the whole is
to defend and recommend Christianity, which is
daily assaulted and insulted, the attempt, at least,
may claim the approbation of all candid judges,
and is not unworthy of your Grace's countenance
and protection; happy if it should be instrumental
in instructing or amending any who have deviated
from the sacred paths of truth and duty!

Permit me, my Lord, to make a transition from
my patron to the rest of my readers, and to in-
form those who may think this Address deficient
in the most essential part, in the part where mo-
dern writers usually employ all their skill, that it
was a custom amongst the antients, not to sacrifice
to heroes till after sun-set.

I am, my Lord,

Your Grace's most obedient

and most humble servant,

JOHN JORTIN.

Remarks upon miracles in general

1

Notions of Van Dale and Le Clerc concerning them 1

The opinion that God alone can work miracles, not

probable

The miracles of our Saviour and of his apostles defended s

Quadratus, his testimony concerning miracles

3. 95

A passage in Tertullian corrected

4

The miracles of Christ were of a prophetic nature,

and represented future events

One of St. Paul's miracles of the same kind

13

Difference between the writers of the N. T. and the

writers of legends

7

Reasons for which our Saviour cast out evil spirits 8

Remarks on the dæmoniacs

8. 92. 98. 109

St. Paul, an emblem perhaps of the Jewish nation 14

An answer to the objection made from the miracles

of false Christs

15

The apostles seem to have wrought miracles only

when they were moved by the Holy Spirit

16

Recapitulation of the arguments in behalf of Chris-

tianity

17. 20

General remarks on the miracles said to have been

wrought after the apostolical days, in the second

and third centuries

20. 33

These miracles not to be compared, in point of evi-

dence, with the miracles of Christ and the apostles 20

The arguments which may be alleged in favour of them 20. 22

Objections which may be made to them

22

Some of them not improbable

24. 26

Constancy of the martyrs may be ascribed to a divine

assistance

24. 146. 150

The doctrine of a particular Providence maintained
by Woolaston and Le Clerc

26. 28

The miracles after Constantine deserve no credit 28

Van Dale, Moyle, and Le Clerc; their notions of
the miracles after the days of the apostles

28. 31

Middleton not singular in rejecting these miracles 30

Le Clerc's character of Van Dale and Moyle

32

The Christian miracles of different ages: how far

credible, or not

32, 33

The improbable story of Abgarus

33

The conversion of the inhabitants of Edessa

34

The Æthiopians instructed by the eunuch

34

Miracles wrought by apostolical men

34. 36

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Justin M. of opinion that miraculous gifts had been

continued down to his time

36

St. John, his being put in a vessel of boiling oil a

36, 37

Whence it might arise.

37

Oil not used in baptism till after the days of Justin 37

Tertullian very credulous

37, 38

His character

40. 85.89. 105

Papias an injudicious man.' Whether an Ebionite 38

The Epistle of Tiberianus to Trajan a forgery

39

Remarks on the apologists and their writings.

39-44

Quadratus, Aristides, Athenagoras, Melito

39, 40

Christians not forbidden to read certain books

41

The Apologies seen in all probability by some em-

perors, and serviceable to the Christian cause 39-44

The character of Adrian

39-44

The account which he gives of the Ægyptians

41

His rescript to Minucius

42

He was no enemy to the Christians

41, 42

Severus Alexander a friend to the Christians

42

No images in Christian churches till after Constantine 42

The miserable state of the Jews under Adrian

44

Aquila. The account given of him by Epiphanius 44

Fabulous miracles related by Epiphanius

45, 46

The character of this Father

- 44, 45. 108. 128

Orosius relates a false miracle

45

A wonder recorded by Josephus which happened be-

fore the destruction of Jerusalem

46

Plutarch. His silence concerning Christianity

46

Quintilian censures the Jews

Polycarp. Remarks on his martyrdom, &c.

47. 49

The Epistle of the Church of Smyrna probably ge-

nuine, though possibly interpolated

47

Polycarp's vision

47

The arching of the flames over Polycarp

48. 54. 56

The voice from heaven

51

The sweet-smell which came from the pile

52

Many miracles of this trifling kind

53

Miracles ascribed to monks of the fourth century 53

The Hirpi walked barefoot over the fire

55

Trials by fire and water

55

The story of the dove, &c.

57

Stories of the same kind

58

Conjectures concerning περιστερα

57, 58

Eusebius mentions it not

59

Omits a story of the same kind in Josephus

Le Clerc's opinion concerning the dove

60

A mistake of Valesius

60

Polycarp's reply to the proconsul not blamable

61

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