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Erebus, darkness personified, used of the lower regions.

Enna, a town in Sicily. enow, enough, ii. 504. Epidaurus, a health-resort in S. Greece, with temple

of Asklepios (Escula-frore, frozen, ii. 595. pius), god of healing; Furies, avenging spirits that sacred snakes were kept haunted the blood-guilty. in his shrine. fusil, able to be cast, xi. 573. Ercoco, on the Red Sea (Arkeeko).

eremite, hermit, iii. 474. error, wandering, iv. 239. Estotiland, part of N. America.

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found, melt, i. 703.
Friars, founded by St.
Francis of Assisi.

Gabriel, man of God,' an

Galileo, the Italian astro-
nomer, who demonstrated
that the earth circles about
the sun.

Gath, one of the five chief cities of the Philistines. Gaza, one of the five chief cities of the Philistines. Gehenna, Greek form of


genial, procreative, vii. 282.
Geryon, a fabulous king of
Spain, whose oxen were
carried off by Hercules.
Hence 'Geryon's sons'
means the Spanish.
Gibeah, see Judges xix. 12 ff.
gloze, flatter, deceive, ix. 549.
gonfalon, standard, v. 589.
Gordian, intricate.
was an oracle that he who
could untie a knot, which
fastened yoke to pole in
the wagon of Gordius,
King of Phrygia, should
be lord of Asia.
ander the Great cut it with
his sword.

Gorgonian: the sight of the
Gorgon Medusa petrified
living things.
Gorgons, three monstrous
sisters, the most terrible
of them Medusa (q.v.).

Goshen, the district on the borders of Egypt where the Israelites dwelt. gride, cut, vi. 329. grunsel, the threshold, i. 460. gust, taste, implying pleasure in the act, x. 565.

Hamath, in N. Syria.
Haran, Lat. Carra, in
harpy, a winged monster in
Greek mythology, personi-
fication of the storm-wind.
Hellespont, the Dardanelles.
Hermes, messenger of Zeus,

god of good-luck. He carried a caduceus or rod. In iii. 603, the word is used for 'mercury.' Hermione. See Cadmus. Hermon, in Anti-Lebanon, the highest mountain in Syria.

Hesebon, or Heshbon, capital city of the Amorites. Hesperian gardens, the mythical gardens of the West, where golden apples grew. Hesperian, Western, often=


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Ida, a mountain in Crete. One legend places the birthplace of Zeus on Mount Ida. There were other mountains of this name, the most famous of which is this next. Ida, near Troy, the scene of the Judgement of Paris, to whom three goddesses presented themselves, Hera, Athena, Aphrodite, the fairest to receive as a prize a golden apple. Ilium, Troy. Illyria, the E. seaboard of the Adriatic; Dalmatia, with parts of Croatia, Bosnia, and Albania. Imaus, Himalaya. impaled, hedged, ii. 647. impediment, baggage, vi.


implicit, entangled, vii. 323 imp, offspring, ix. 89. impress, a device on a shield, ix. 35.

incentive, kindling, vi. 519. indulgence, remission of penalty for sins, granted by the Pope: these were sold. iii. 492. instinct, a flame, ii. 937.

interrupt, interposed, iii. 84. Iris, the rainbow (Greek). Isis, an Egyptian deity, wife of Osiris.

Janus, the Roman deity of the beginnings,' represented with two heads (sometimes with four). Japhet, used by M.


though it were the same word as Iapetus, father of Prometheus. Prometheus stole fire from heaven, and gave it to men; the gods in revenge made Pandora (which see). Javan, son of Japhet, identi

fied with Ion, the mythic ancestor of the Ionians. Josiah, a good king of Judah who purified the valley of Hinnom. Jove, Jupiter, chief of the Roman gods, as Zeus of the Greeks; born, according to one legend, on Mount Dicte in Crete. He deposed his father Kronos. jousted, took part in a tourna

ment, i. 583.

Juno, wife of Jupiter, incensed against Æneas. Jupiter. See Jove.

kindly, engendering, vii. 419.

kindly, natural, iv. 228.

Laertes, father of Ulysses. landskip, landscape, ii. 491. Lavinia, daughter of Latinus, King of Latium, betrothed to Turnus, but wedded by Æneas.

Ægean Sea, fabled to be the home of Hephaistos (Vulcan).

Leo, Lion, a sign of the Zodiac. Lethe, forgetfulness. levant, from the E. or sunrising, x. 704. Leviathan, a word used in the Bible sometimes of the whale, sometimes of the crocodile; but there are mythical legends about the creature, i. 201. levy, raise, ii. 905. Leucothea, a marine goddess of the Greeks, identified by the Romans with the moon-goddess. libbard, leopard, vii. 467. Libecchio, a wind from the S.-W.

Libra, the scales, one of the signs of the Zodiac. Lichas, who brought Her cules the poisoned robe which killed him, was thrown into the sea by Hercules in his frenzy. limbec, alembic, a vessel used in the laboratory. limbo, border, the regions bordering on hell and heaven. There were the Limbo of the Fathers or Patriarchs, of unbaptized Infants, and of Fools. limitary, sentinel of the boundaries, iv. 971. lore, lesson, ii. 815. Lucifer, the light-bringer, name of the morning star, also used of Satan.

Mæonides, Homer.

Lemnos, an island in the N. Maotis, Sea of Azof,

Magellan's Straits, off S.


Mahanaim, E. of Jordan,
where Jacob, after parting
with Laban, saw heavenly
hosts encamped.
Maia, mother of Hermes,
the messenger of Zeus.
Raphael is compared to
Hermes because sent as a
messenger from Jehovah.
Malabar, the S.-W. coast of

famous for its purple


Melinda, a haven


Memphian, of Memphis, a
famous city of Egypt.
Michael, 'who is like God?'
an Archangel.
middle (air), i.e. between


Memnonian: Susa was founded by the father of Memnon, who built its fortress.

earth and heaven, i. 516. middle (shore), of the Medi

Mammon, a personification of filthy lucre.

manure, attend to, iv. 628. marasmus, consumption, xi.


marle, earth, i. 296.
mask or masque, a drama-
tical fantasia, with songs
and dances, iv. 768.
maugre, in spite of, iii.



meath, to press so as to Montezuma, emperor of Mexico, subdued by Cortes.

make mead, v. 344. Medusa, a Gorgon whose face turned into stone all that looked upon it. Perseus slew her and cut off her head; from the blood-drops, as they fell, sprang serpents. Megara, a name of one of the Furies, who were described as having snakes entwined in their hair. Melibrea, in Thess

terranean, v. 339. minim, minute thing, vii. 482. missive, projectile (adj.), vi. 519.


Mogul, a dynasty of Moslem
Emperors, reigning
Agra first, then Lahore,
then Delhi.

mole, mass, x. 300.
Moloch, an Ammonite fire-

god, to whom human sacri-
fice was done, and other
hideous rites.
Mombasa, Mombasa, near

Montalban, a town in the
S. of France.

Marocco, in N. Africa.
Mozambic, Mozambique, in
E. Africa.
Mulciber, Vulcan, god of
fire and smith-craft.
must, new wine, v. 345.

nathless, nevertheless, i. 299. Nebo, the mountain from

which Moses surveyed the Promised Land. nectar, the mythical drink of the gods, iv. 240. Negus, title of the King of Abyssinia.

Neptune, Roman God of the sea, incensed against Ulysses, as described in the Odyssey.

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