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a Methodist, but after a few years' expe- corresponding with the three degrees, rience of the inability of the ministers contrasted strongly with the house of to remove the doubts arising in his prayer then occupied, which had been a inquiring mind, combined with the ten- stable,—with this anomaly our friends dency to domination in the rulers of were forcibly impressed. But the true all grades, he left the connection, and worth the doctrines, our friend used devoted his attention to questions re- to say, lay not so much in their brilliancy lating to human improvement generally, and clearness to the intellectual discern. and especially to the emanciption of the ment, of which he had a very clear per. negro from slavery. About two years ception, though he never made it his since he called on our friend Mr. Mason, forte to dwell upon them unless assailed who introduced the doctrines to him, by an adversary; and then his defence of and lent him a copy of bis recent pub- them was truly powerful, by means of lication—"Christianizing India; What, the literal truths of the Word, which he How, and By Whom,” which contains a could wield with a vigour truly astonish, remarkably lucid and convincing expla- ing. But his own exemplary life was nation of the Trinity. In a fortnight the best proof of their worth, being afterwards Mr. Sunter called on Mr. respected in all his social connections. Mason, and declared that the pamphlet As a father, he was just and kind, al. “had given him what he had been seek- though strict and severe where correction ing for the last forty years.” After many was required; as a husband, tender and conversations with Mr. Mason, our friend affectionate; as a servant, faithful and desired to join the church. On our honest, having served his employers for quarterly meeting he was received as a the space of 56 years, who testified their member, and on the day of the next respect by visiting and administering to quarterly meeting it had become my his necessities during bis tedious illness, duty to commit his mortal remains to which he bore with truly christian fortithe grave, a duty so far painful, as it tude, having been stricken with an was associated with the privation of our apopletic fit, which confined him to his society of a worthy friend, but otherwise bed for the tedious period of two years full of joyful hope and anticipation. and a half. Both his masters were “ Thou shalt say to the righteous, it present at the funeral, and saw the grave shall be well with him." J. H. close on his earthly remains. The society

here has lost a zealous friend and geneDied at Leeds, August 6th, aged 71 rous supporter, as well as a faithful years, Mr. Jno. Heaton, one of the oldest officer, he having been treasurer to the members of the New Church society. society 40 years. Nor will it ever be This worthy man was first made ac- forgotten, by those who had made his quainted with the doctrines of the New acquaintance when the works of Sweden, Church by their being introduced to borg, forty years ago, were scarce and him through the medium of his father- dear, compared to their present cost, in-law, Mr. Milsom, about 45 years ago. how eager ever was our friend to lend They were both of them tinctured pre- of his little store, wherever he saw an viously with the notions of. Joanna opening in an enquiring mind. Of the Southcott, but her published views of estimation in which he held intelligence the Second Coming of the Lord, through relating to the church, it is worthy of the medium of a child she was to have note that, though a working man all his brought forth into the world, as the life, he possessed himself of a series of Shiloh of prophecy, was found too the “ Intellectual Repository," neatly carnal for their spiritual apprehensions. bound, in his little library case, from They both subsequently relinquished its first commencement in 1813: these, their former views for the more sober together with the leading doctrines of and rational doctrines of the New Jeru- Swedenborg, and a few of the select salem, which became more fully con- works of Clowes and Hindmarsh, comfirmed and finally embraced by hearing posed the chief of his library. Nor let them expounded by the late Mr. Proud, it ever be forgotten, the maxim our who was about that time employed on friend used to employ, on all occasions, a missionary tour into the north of if any obstacle arose in carrying out a England. Regarding the singularity of proposition for the advancement of the appearance of Mr. Proud in those days, cause, was—“It only wants an united in his robes of red, white, and blue, effort."

W. M.


Departed this life, August 27th, 1862, “For his was that large human heart of gradual paralysis, and at the advanced

That loved all living things!” age of sixty, Francis Oliver Finch. He Those who knew him best will know was one of the earliest members of the that this statement is no exaggeration. “old society of painters in watercolours," More would be superfluous, except to and, it is scarcely too much to say, the acknowledge the kindness of those relalast representative left in England of the tives and friends who, gathering round classic or ideal style of landscape art, him in his hour of sore trial (now some as distinguished from the merely literal twelve months past), have ever since or imitative school; his principle pic- that time, shed light and comfort on his tures—all compositions-being for the “prisoned soul," until the moment when most part, as it were, brief poems which -to use the language of his boyhood's speak for themselves to all who are friend "the silver cord being loosed, capable of appreciating them, and will the dove-like spirit fled away,

and was doubtless be estimated more and more at rest."

E. F. as the ages become less and less natu. ralistic and utilitarian. In music and literature his taste and talents were At Shrewsbury, Sept. 3rd, aged 78, equally decided and refined, although Mr. Thomas Addison. The deceased not equally cultivated, while he ever embraced the doctrines of the New looked on true and genuine art as the Church about forty years ago, having offspring, and at the same time the previously belonged to the Methodist exponent, of true and genuine religion. Connection. About thirty years ago he His clear and discerning intellect, which became an active and useful missionary, was ever directed to the contemplation in which capacity he continued several of interior things, not finding rest or years, under the auspices of the Man. satisfaction in the creeds and dogmas of chester and Salford Missionary Society; the current theology, he was led at an and also assisted in conducting the early period of his life to the verge of services at Gerard-street, and afterwards Deism, when he providentially fell in at Clare-street, in this town, previous to with a volume of Swedenborg's “ Apoca- the appointment of Mr. Chalklen as the lypse Explained,” in the library of the regular minister of that society. He British Museum, where he was occupied then retired from public duty. Though professionally. The surprise or wonder his education was defective, he possessed which a first casual perusal excited, a naturally strong intellect; he was au quickly gave place to intense interest acute reasoner and eloquent preacher. and admiration, ending, as he continued Many are the impressive discourses to study the system, in a settled convic- which the writer bas heard him deliver. tion of the truth of the glorious doctrines The last was on Micah vi. 8~"He hath of the Lord's New Church, which from shewed thee, O man, what is good,” &c. that period to the last day of his con. Considering all religion as relating to scious life, became his rule and guide, life, he was upright and conscientious and which he ever advocated by all the in all his dealings. Possessing an means in his power, and especially by accurate knowledge of and intimate that best of all possible means—his acquaintance with the writings of the example. His endeavours to benefit his church, he was ever ready to impart of young friends, there is every reason to his abundance to the sincere inquirer believe, will be long and affectionately after truth. He suffered much of late remembered by them, nor is it probable years from bodily afflictions, but as his that those of mature age will easily for- sufferings waxed severe his confidence get his gentle influence and wise counsel. in the Father of Mercies increased. If-be it reverently spoken—there ever

May we,

like him, be “stedfast, unmovwas a human being in whom the “wis- able, always abounding in the work of dom of the serpent and the harmlessness tbe Lord, inasmuch as we know that our of the dove were combined, they were labour will not be in vain." R. G. S. combined in him, joined to the loving Liverpool, Sept., 1862. heart of a woman. Erratum.--In the Obituary notices last month, p. 435, Lacy is a misprint for Lang.


CAVE & SEVER, Printers by Steam Power, Hunt's Bank, Manchester.

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By the late Mr. JAMES MITCHELL, of Leicester. “And I say unto you, that many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. But the children of the kingdom shall be cast into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.”—Matt. viii. 11, 12.

There is no point on which we may have a clearer, more invincible, more unshaken persuasion than this—that Christ came into the world to be the Saviour of the world ;—that His work in living and dying availed to place all mankind in a new relation to heaven. Christianity was a plan devised and executed by Divine Wisdom for the salvation of our race without exception. The tenor of its covenant, and the terms of its promulgation, declare that it was intended for all,-free, unencumbered, universal as the sunlight of the skies, or the rain from heaven, or the lavish bounty of the seasons; and if there are who reject or make no proper use of its benefits, the fault will be found to rest wholly with themselves.

At the same time it is equally clear and undeniable that there are of the human race who have not, who never shall have, any share in the blessings of the Gospel; there are multitudes even yet who have never heard its joyful sound; and there are multitudes more who, having heard it, make light of it. The former we judge not;—the Judge of all the earth will do righteously with them. The latter, of course, will have no excuse, and we can only forebode respecting them the condemnation of those who prefer darkness to light, and who will not come unto the Lord of life that they may be saved. On the other hand, there are multitudes who have become obedient to the faith of the Gospel, and who shall rise to its everlasting fruitions. (Enl. Series.-No. 107, vol. ix.]


Now, what demands our particular attention here is the grand fact that our blessed Lord was cognizant of the varied treatment which He and His message would receive. He knew that He was despised and rejected by many of His own countrymen; He foresaw that He would be treated in like manner by myriads of the Gentiles. He knew at the same time that there were not a few of His kinsmen who rejoiced in Him as the glory of Israel and the desire of all nations; and He foresaw that there would be among the heathen many who should hail Him as the wisdom, power, and grace of God, the chief among ten thousand, the altogether lovely. This formed the joy set before Him, for which He endured the cross, despising the shame. The thought of them it was that moved Him to descend from heaven and tabernacle on earth. This was the one personal object which filled the Saviour's breast; for them He lived, for them He died. That. He might bring many sons and daughters into glory, He, as the Captain of Salvation, became perfect through suffering.

It cannot, we think, but be obvious to every careful reader of the New Testament how eagerly the mind of the Redeemer seized on every opportunity of touching on this subject in His teaching ;-how He beheld in a few Samaritans hearkening to His ministry, the field of the world whitening to the harvest ;—how He sees in certain Greeks seeking to be introduced to Him, the first earnest of the gathering unto Him of the nations. And here, in the words of the text, we have a most striking example of the same kind.

A centurion, a subaltern officer of the Roman troops then occupying Judea, came unto Him, imploring His help on behalf of a servant whom he loved. This man evinced the most signal and singular faith in His power, which Jesus perceived and knew. He expressed His willingness at once to go and heal his servant. The centurion felt as if this would be too great an honour for one so unworthy as he was; perhaps, also, he was impatient of delay, and he believed that Jesus could do it with a word, and he told Him so. He told Him that he was assured, that as he, in his little brief authority, could, by a word, send his servants on his business, so could Jesus send away disease and death by His command—“Speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed.”

When Jesus heard this, it is said He marvelled ; and, addressing those who followed Him, said—“ Verily I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel. And I say unto you, that many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness."

In offering a few general remarks on these words of our Lord, we may, in the first place, observe that He had in His thought the moral and spiritual kingdom which under His auspices was to be established on earth. It was the reign of God over men-men reclaimed from the dominion of the wicked one, from their ignorances and barbarisms, from their idolatries and philosophisms, from their selfishness and depravities; the reign of God over them, by the principles of reason purified and exalted by revelation, manifesting itself in the sanctifying and enlivening intelligence of their minds, in the simple and beautiful services of a religious worship, and in reciprocations and coöperation of graceful laws and glorious powers. This was the kingdom which the Lord had first in his thought. It may be said virtually to have commenced with the earliest inhabitants of the earth; and doubtless there were among them, and have been among their descendants, many of every age and clime who might be called its members.

But through the wide-spread realm of our world it seemed to have ceased and determined, when Jehovah resolved to select a peculiar people with whom He could give it a local habitation and a name. He began with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, who, separating themselves from their idolatrous neighbours, laid its foundation in the recognition of His truth, the observance of His ordinances, and their acquiescence in His will. He continued it among the tribes that sprang

from Jacob, from time to time making its principles clearer, working out more fully its ritual, and more brightly foreshadowing its end. And these tribes, the Israelites and Jews, were indeed the children of the kingdom—the heirs of its promises; how far they were worthy of their distinction, their history too plainly shews.

Now, Christ came to make plain the basis of this kingdom-to unfold the principles of its rule, and to give it an extension over all the earth. He came to disclose the mystery hid in the first promise, and all the subsequent predictions of inspiration. He came to render the faith of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob the faith of universal man, and their spirit the spirit of the whole world, their hope the hope of the ultimate ends of the earth. He came to introduce an economy that should convey to all men the knowledge of the truth whereby they might be saved,that should transfuse into the breast of the individual, and the bosom of society, an influence of love, and purity, and holiness,-an economy under which earth should present the aspect of a paradise regained by a race redeemed. This we conceive was the kingdom of heaven which our Lord had in view when He gave utterance to the words we are considering

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