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M. MATTEI, Académie de Médecine, read a paper upon the causes of urinary retention after confinement. To the two causes generally recognized, viz: The swelling of the urethra, consequent upon contusion, and vesical atony, the author added a third, the abrupt shortening of the urethra; and he thus explains the occurrence of this cause of retention: During the last months of pregnancy, the bladder being drawn up with the uterus, the urethra is elongated, while after accouchement, the uterus at once descending, the urethral canal must become shorter by tortuous and irregular folding upon itself—thence the retention of urine. It is difficult to always prevent this accident; however, from fifteen to thirty grains of ergot, given after accouchement, will augment the vesical as well as the uterine retraction. When catheterism is necessary, always permit the instrument to follow the temporary tortuosities of the canal.- Arch. Gén., April, 1869.
M. PERSONNE, before the same body, as we learn from the Archives, proposes oil of turpentine as an antidote for phosphorous. From experiments upon animals, he was convinced of the efficacy of this remedy when taken immediately or very soon after the ingestion of the poison. He says phosphorous does not exert its toxic power until absorbed; then by depriving the blood of its oxygen, it prevents hæmatosis. The oil of turpentine prevents phosphorus from burning in the economy in the same manner as it prevents its combustion in the air at the ordinary temperature.
Now, this may be a valuable discovery; but we almost think it a pity that the poor woman, whose case is recounted below, as we find it one of our English exchanges, and who met with a punishment in kind, though not in degree, similar to that of the eagle which stole meat from the altar of the gods, did not know it—she might have taken a bottle of turpentine, and thus kept her phosphorous and her body intact:
"An elderly widow, while waiting in the surgery of Mr. Leslie, at Nine Elms, stole a piece of phosphorous from a bottle and placed it in her pocket. It ignited and burnt her so badly in the side that, by the advice of a surgeon, she was conveyed to the nearest hospital.”
MAURICE H. COLLIS, Surgeon to the Meath Hospital, Dublin, the author of a valuable work upon Cancer and Tumors, died a few weeks since from pyæmic poisoning consequent upon a slight scratch received by him whilst removing an upper jaw in the operating theater of his hospital. Mr. Collis was in his forty-fifth year.
PROF. BOWLING, of the Nashville Journal, whose intelligent devotion to Medicine no one can question, expresses himself thus as to the "Ohio Doctor Law:”
"What medicine can not do for itself will go undone. Every now and then an unfortunate doctor finds himself out of practice and in a Legislature; and feeling out of place, and that his former brethren will think so, concludes to “bring in a bill' to 'elevate the profession he has abandoned, so that his old friends may see that he is 'still working for them,' and who ought to continue to think well of him. Our Legislature here in Tennessee has done many queer things, but it has let the learned professions alone to take care of themselves. When did law ever benefit religion? It has been hammering on it many centuries—for about eighteen bundred years—and the more it hammered the worse it made the job. Finally, the Government of the United States was made by a people wise enough to see this, and they said in their government religion shouldn't be hammered at all by politicians, but that as the people were civilly free they should be religiously free, and so this Government started, to the astonishment of all christendom.
"This Ohio law that so tickles many of the Ohio doctors, Georgia enacted a long time ago—every practitioner should be a graduate. Immediately all sorts of Trustees to all sorts of Institutions were chartered, who made all sorts of faculties, and diplomas were as plenty as old clothes in slop-shops, and about as good and as ebeap. Regular medicine received a blow by that law that it will never recover fron in that State. The law made all sorts of quackery not only legal but respectable-respectable like liquor shops-because sanctioned and protected by law!
“One fellow opened a college there, and filled all the professorships himself; held commencements opened by prayer, and closed by benediction in the most fashionably approved style. The graduated were 'charged' to the brim 'upon that occasion,' and bore away their diplomas in triumph. It is devoutly to be wished that here. after, should any legislative M. D. essay to tinker with the profession of medicine, that he would take a fit-to the dismay and utter consternation of his 'fellowservants of the 'people.'"
DR. A. C. WHITE, of Springfield, Tennessee, (Richmond and Louisville Medical Journal, April), mentions the case of a negress, thirtyfour years of age, who has given birth to twenty-four children.
THE LEGISLATURE of Minnesota passed a law, March 4th, determining the qualifications of those who are permitted to engage in medical or surgical practice in that State. The law is, in some respects, an improvement upon, while in the main, similar to the Ohio law. This whole question of medical legislation has not, as yet, been so thoroughly canvassed in our State societies and in our journals, that the profession have arrived at any community of opinion as to what sort, if any, legislation would be both just and practicable. Only the other day, we read in one of our foreign exchanges of a fellow in New
Zealand, calling himself a homeopathic doctor in virtue of a diploma conferred upon him in absentia, by a Philadelphia homeopathic school, through a London agent of the diploma-pedlars, for the trifling consideration of fifty pounds, who was arrested and fined ten pounds and costs, for practicing without “being duly qualified and registered." Now, a general medical law for the United States, which would be as stringent as this which prevails in a British colony, would be a great blessing to the people and to the profession.
An Ohio correspondent makes the following suggestion: Allow me to suggest to your subscribers that they can bind, and thereby preserve their medical journals, with no expense and but little trouble, by procuring from a tinner strips of thin brass or copper, (tin is too brittle), about six inches long by one-fourth of an inch wide, then bending it double so as to make a shoulder in the middle, the two ends meeting; then with the pointed blade of your knife punch two holes through the journal, one near the upper and one near the lower margin, pass a strip through each hole; then on the receipt of every jour. nal, attach it to those already accumulated, turning down the ends of the strips each time, until the end of the year, when the ends of the strips can easily be fastened. A volume will thus have been preserved -not neat, but in a form handy for reference and as replete with good practical suggestions as any of the standard octavos. For fifteen years past, I have thus preserved all my medical periodicals, and I find this part of my library quite as useful and more interesting than any other.
JAMES WARDROP, Esq., F. R. S., who died in London last February, in his eighty-seventh year, won his first professional fame as an oculist; but will be especially remembered as having, in a work on aneurism, proposed trying the artery on the distal side of the aneurismal tumor, and having successfully carried this into practice: Prof. Valentine Mott, so states the British Medical Journal, said that this improvement had conferred on Wardrop the highest honor and the most lasting fame.
DR. ALEXANDER H. STEVENS, one of the most eminent of American physicians, who died in New York on the 30th of last March, was eighty years of age.
A MEDICAL JOURNAL, we learn from the Michigan Unirersity Magazine, will probably be established by the Faculty of the Medical De. partment of the University.
PROLONGED ANURIA.-Cases of suppression of the urinary secretion, as in cholera, persisting for weeks and months, are not frequent, and their rarity equals their gravity.
A woman of twenty-seven years of age, married, but childless, after five months' suffering from amenorrhea and leucorrhoea, consulted Dr. Gallina, because she had not passed urine for twenty-four hours. Catheterism only yielded a few drops of coffee-colored liquid, and for the succeeding eight days no more of it appeared. Applications of leeches to the perineum, nitrate of urea internally, and warm baths were administered up to the twenty-fifth day. No effect having been produced, the patient consulted Dr. Albertini, at the Milan Hospital, who, after two hours' minute examination, found absolutely no lesion to explain this failure of secretion, nor any alteration resulting from it. Her general health had suffered in no respect. Prof. Rodolph being called into consultation, considered that the suppression was due to amenorrhoea. Emmenagogues were administered, and the menses appeared. At the same time, six hundred grammes of urine were extracted by catheterism on the forty-third day, and the normal secretion became established without the least injury to health.—Gazette Médicale de Lombardia.
VIVISECTION.--The subject of vivisection has again been brought on the tapis, owing to some remarks made by Prof. Bernard, in the fourth of his present course of lectures at the Collége de France. In this, after pointing out the requirements of a properly conducted school of physiology, and after showing how well those requirements are fulfilled in Kühne's laboratory at Amsterdam, and Ludwig's in Leipsic, in each of which, admirable arrangements are made for vivisection, physiological chemistry, and histology, he goes on to remark that, as we can not adopt the plan of the physicians of the time of Henry II—who when the King had received his death-blow in the eye from the lance of Montmorency, coolly performed the same experiment on four convicts who had committed capital crimes, and were thus enabled to study the effects at their leisure—we must impress animals into our service, amongst which dogs, rabbits and frogs, are the most available. He admits on one occasion having operated on an ape, but never repeated the experiment, the cries and gestures of the animal too closely resembling those of man. As the Pall Mall Ga. zette remarks, M. C. Bernard expatiates on this subject with a complacency which reminds us of Peter the Great, who wishing, while at Stockholm, to see the wheel in action, quietly offered one of his suite as the patient to be broken on it. Our own opinion has long been made up on the point. We consider vivisection constitutes a legitimate mode of inquiry, when it is adopted to obtain a satisfactory solution of a question that has been fairly discussed, and can be solved by no other means; but even then it should be conducted with as little pain to the animal as it is possible to inflict, and the cases are rare where chloroform can not be employed, at least for the first incisions.
We hold, that for the mere purpose of curiosity, or to exhibit to a class what may be rendered equally, if not far more, intelligible by
diagrams, or may be ascertained by astronomical investigation or induc. tion, vivisection is wholly indefensible, and is alike alien to the feelings and humanity of the christian, the gentleman, and the physician.-Lancet, April 10th, 1869.
CREASOTE IN TYPHOID FEVER.-M. Pécholier, of Montpellier, has been conducting a series of interesting researches on the action of creasote in typhoid fever. Conceiving the disease to be one, totius substantiæ, depending on certain changes in the blood caused by the action of an organized ferment which draws from the blood the materials necessary for its nutrition, and exhales those thrown off by its decomposition, M. Pécholier has been led to employ creasote as an antifermentive agent. Sixty patients, at the Hôpital St. Eloi, were chosen as the subjects of the experiment. Every day, a draught, containing three drops of creasote, two of essence of lime, ninety grammes of water, aad thirty grammes of orange-flower water, was administered to the patients. At the same time enemata were given, containing from three to five drops of creasote. M. Pécholier states, as the result of his experiments, that creasote employed in weak doses, either in draughts, injections, or in the form of vapor, at the outset of typhoid fever, acts powerfully in diminishing the intensity of the disease, and shortening its duration. M. Pécholier adds, that the employment of the remedy as a prophylactic agent in schools, garrisons, hospitals, &c., during epidemics, would be of extreme efficacy.—Lancet, April, 1869.
OUR INDIANA readers will please remember the annual meeting of the State Medical Society, on Tuesday, the 18th of May. We hope to see a larger gathering than ever of the men who love truth, and science, and humanity. Let the profession of the State make it their Society, and worthy of them.
FOR SALE.-An order for an artificial limb.
LOCATION FOR SALE
In Ogden, Henry County, Indiana. This village is situated on the National Road, and near the
Indiana Central Railway.
I offer my property for sale, consisting of a good COMFORTABLE ONE STORY FRAME HOUSE OF SIX ROOMS,
CELLAR AND OFFICE ATTACHED, Well of Good Water and Pump, Stable, Wood-House and other out-houses, with three lots of ground. Peach, Cherry and Pear Trees, Grape Vines, Currants, Gooseberries, &c., all bearing.
TO A PHYSICIAN, I will state that this is a good field for practice. I have occupied it twenty-one years. Well-tofarmers, good pay, good prices. Reason for selling, going wert. Terms, cashi, Would exchange for wild land in Iowa.
DR. J. LEWIS, Maylt.