Jewish Martyrs in the Pagan and Christian Worlds
Cambridge University Press, 2006 - 414 sider
This book presents a linear history of Jewish martyrdom, from the Hellenistic period to the high Middle Ages. Following the chronology of sources, the study challenges the general consensus that martyrdom was an original Hellenistic Jewish idea. Instead, Jews like Philo and Josephus internalised the idealised Roman concept of voluntary death and presented it as an old Jewish practice. The centrality of self-sacrifice in Christianity further stimulated the development of rabbinic martyrology and the talmudic guidelines for passive martyrdom. However, when forced to choose between death and conversion in medieval Christendom, European Jews went beyond these guidelines, sacrificing themselves and loved ones. Through death not only did they attempt to prove their religiosity, but also to disprove the religious legitimacy of their Christian persecutors. While martyrs and martyrologies intended to show how Judaism differed from Christianity, they, in fact, reveal a common mindset.
Hvad folk siger - Skriv en anmeldelse
Andre udgaver - Se alle
Abraham accepted According Ages Akiva already appears Ashkenazic association attacks attempt became behavior believed blood Byzantine century Chapter Chazan Christian concept continued convert crusaders Daniel decrees described discussed divine early Eidelberg especially European Jewry example executed father fire followed forced France French further God's hand Hebrew heretics heroes History holy important indicates Isaac Israel Italy Jacob Jerusalem Jewish Jews Josephus Judaism killed king leaders lives London Lord Maccabean Maccabees martyrdom martyrological martyrs Medieval mentioned Midrash mother Name narratives offered original period persecution present priests punishment rabbis reason references religious reports reward role Roman Sabbath sacrifice Second Sefer Gezerot Sefer Yosippon seven sons similar slaughtered sons soul sources story Studies suffering symbols Talmudic Temple term took Torah Tosafot tradition turned voluntary death women York