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For the Monthly Magazine.

There is, also, another piece of antiA PEDESTRIAN EXCURSION THROUGH quity worthy of obfervation, on the outer

SEVERAL PARTS OF ENGLAND AND wall at the weit end of St. Thomas's WALES, DURING THE SUMMER OF Church. This is a curious wooden monu1797:

ment, rather in a'mutilated state, carved ( Continued from p: 785. ) by the sculptor, whole memory it perpeA

T Salisbury, ihe first object of our tuates. It is adorned with rude represen

attention was of course the Cathe- tations, in alto relievo, of Abrahain offer. dral. The outward structure is, perhaps, ing up Ifaac; Jacobs dream, his ladder, somewhat too plain for this species of ar- and sacrifice, and his bargain about the chitecture. But the proportions are ex- striped and ringed cattle; and, in another cellent, and the richness and loftiness of compartment, with two shepherds, one of its fine tapering spire cannot be too much them fitting, and the other leaning on 4 admired. In short, it is altogether, I rock. Of this I could make neither head think, the finest and most perfect building nor tail; though it is the only part the of the kind I have ever seen. . Within writer of the Salisbury Guide pretends to every thing is grand. The many flatted explain. He calls it “ the Lord" (the pillars and Saracenic (or Normo-Gothic) Angel of the Lord he means). “ appeararches that divide the nave and circies, are ing to the shepherds.". But if this was handsome, uniform, and in excellent pro- the story represented, the angel has fince portion. The screen of the choir is more flown away; which (being a winged creamodern; and, together with the adjoining ture) would, to be sure, be no great mi. arch on each side; highly wrought in the racle. Below, on a small entablature, is file of St. George's chapel, Windsor. the following inscription. “ Here under When the doors of the choir are first thrown lieth the body of Humphry Beckham, who open and the curtain drawn aside, the efftet died the 2d day of February, Anno 1671, is truly sublime : nor is it weakened as aged 88. His c work.” This inscripyou approach. All the windows in the tion has given rile to a proverbial joke in neighbourhood of the altar being richly Salisbury. When a man prides himself en stained, diffuse a fombrous and aweful any particular performance, it is said, in gloom, which finely harmonizes with the way of banter, to be “ Humphry Beck, general style of the building; and the con- liam's own work." ception and style of colouring in the prin. Monday 3.--Rose at half past fix ; em. cipal window are very impressive. The played ourielves in making nutes, &c. till subject is the Resurrection, by Sir Joshua. nine; and then, having breakfaited, fallied It confifts of a single figure, surrounded forth, in a heavy thower of rain, in quest with rays of glory and a profusion of of further information.

In our way we clouds; with the three crosses on Calvary visited the new Town-Hall; a handsome at a distance. The drawing, indeed, like building of light brick, with a portico, many of Sir Joshua's, is but indifferent. and other ornaments of Aone. It was The eyes have a lunken blackness about built at the sole expence of the Earl of them, and the expressions of the counte- Radnor,recorder of the city: the foundation. nance, altogether, are far from pleasing stone being laid 16 Sept. 1788, and the There is also a fine sketch from Mortimer building concluded 23 Sept. 1795. It above (the elevation of the brazen serpent) was furnished by one of the present vilely degraded by gaudy patches of in- members of parliament. The town's-peocongruous colouring. In this part of the ple say, that the corporation have told building are seen the lofty and Blender them, and all their pofterity, for a new fingie-hafted pillars, lo much talked house to banquet in. It is thought, lowabout; and which, perhaps, by exciting ever, that the contract will not be indifio. a fort of confused idea of danger, heighten luble; the corporation beginning to be very the aweful impression of the fcene. much divided, and disiatisfied with their

The Chapter-houk is, also, a very fine subjection, ruin, worthy of the noble pile to which The principal manufactures of the town it is attached. It is to be lamented, that are cutlery, woollen ierges, kerseymeres, it was not repaired at the fame time with figured goods for wailtcoats, and fine the çathedral. But its fortunate escape flannels, The manufacturers begin to from the foppery of white-wash almost feel the effects of the war very feverely; compensates for all it has suffered by ne- particularly the war, with Spain, from glect. The cloifiers, also, are exceedingly which country the demand for kersey. line---spacious, and highly wrought in the meres, fancy woollens, and fine flannels, old forid Stile,

used to be very considerable.






Texts of Scripture-Court of Conscience.

967 There are four or five booksellers, and garder. To complete the 'catalogue of two circulating libraries. The demand, misery, there is a work-house in the parith, however, is principally for novels. Politics in which a number of poor deserted infants are little read, and history still leís; works of are consigned to captivity and inceffant philosophy and profound inquiry scarcely application. In addition to the wretched at all. (Yet this is a cathedral town, and habitations already noticed, there are some has, of courie, a great body of resident substantial and comfortable cottages, ai clergy!) Book-club there is none; nor few decent houses, and a fulling-milf of public reading-room ; nor news-room; very simple structure. Children of five or por popular, nor philofophical society. fix can earu 11s. 6d. per week; as chey Of newjpopers, we learned that “ The grow older they earn something more. Couriert was molt read of any; not. Men and women' much the same as at withitanding the arts made use of to cir- Overton. culate " The Sun :" of which we were

( To be continued.) expressiy assured, that the Post-malter had a given number which were distributed To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. about, and received back without coit or

SIR, charge. “ The Times," allo, was much Presume, through the very extensive " The Chronicle,” but little. The


circulation of your valuable Repofiministerial papers were all declining in tory, to request some of your well-inform. fale; the Courier, principally, increaling, ed correspondents, to favor me with such While we were examining a volume of texts of scripture, or other fenferices, as large district maps at the principal book. they may save observed in courts of sellers, that we might ascertain the route justice, in this or other countries. The that would comprise the greatest number laws of the twelve tables, lo celebrated in of interesting objects, a person coming the Roman jurisprudence, were engraven on into the shop to counter-order the provin- tablets of copper, and exposed in the most

'paper, gave the Mupman occafion to conspicuous part of the public Forum, for observe, that their impression had already the admonition and instruction of the peodiminished a full third in consequence of ple; in the manner, it should seem, the the new tax.

decalogue is displayed in our places of From Salisbury we proceeded, uninti. public worhip. The object of this in

midated by the rain, to Wilton-House, quiry is to obtain an appropriate selection fall whose park, viewed at a distance from the of texts of fcripture, or other solemn and

road, is a considerable embellishment to impressive sentences of adınonition, to be the scenery of this flat and uninteresting arranged for public observation in a new country. In our way we passed through court of justice, now in erection. the village of Quidhampton, which in a

Nov. 8, 1799

W.E. manufacturing point of view may be confidered as a sort of suburb or colony' to To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Wilton. The woollen manufactories a.


only to men OUR correspondentJ. in the maas between five and fix years of age. The fome account of the COURT OF CONSCIdaily toil of these little infants (who, if Ence, I have therefore selected the followthey are ever to attain the vigour and ing notes for his observation. This court in healthful activity of manhood, ought to London was erected in the 9th year of be stretchirg their wan:on limbs in noisy Henry VIII. by an act of the common gambols over the green) is added to the council, authorising the court of aldermen labours of their parents; whole burthens to assign two aldermen and four commoners will, of course, be considered as relieved to fit as commissioners twice a week in by their earnings : yet, Quivihampton this court, and determine in all cases seems to have little to boast in point of where the sum contested did not exceed comfort and accommodation. The cot. forty millings.

This act of common tages in general are wretched, fmall and council was confirmed by statute 1 james dirty. Some of them are built with brick, I. c. 14. which was afterwards by 3 others are plaistered, and many exhibit James I. c. 15. greatly amended and exnothing but miserable mud walls, equally plained. It was thereby declared, that naked without and within. They are

every citizen and freemen of London, and wretchedly 'and fcantily furnished; and every other person inhabiting in London few have even the advantage of a bit of or its liberties, being a tradeiman, victual.



and women, but to children alto," cearly Y Gazine for "Portober

, page 699 de fired


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ler, or labouring man, who should have When the parties could not pay the any debt due to him, not amounting to funs awarded, they were liable to an forty shillings, by any other such person, execution against their persons may cause him to be fummoned by the goods, as they were at common law, but beadle or officer of the court, by writing the legislature discovered that many perleft at his dwelling-house, or by other rea- fons were imprisoned for great length sonable writing or notice given to him to of time, and were thereby with their appear before the court. And that any three íamilies brought to ruin, in cases where of the commissioners should have power to the debt was very trifling, and therefore make fuch order relative to the debt " as by two subsequent acts in the present reign, they should find to stand with equity and 25th Geo. III. c. 45. and 26th Geo. III. good conscience.”

c. 38. it was enacted that no such debtor, For which purpose they should have where the same did not exceed twenty power to examine the parties and their shillings, should be committed to prison witnesses on oath. And if any creditor for more than 20 days, and if it did not fhould sue in any other court, and it ap- exceed forty Millings for more than forty pear to the judge, that his debt to be re- days, unless it be proved to the court that covered did not amount to forty shillings, he had money and concealed it frauduand the defendant should prove by his own lently, in such case the imprisonments were oath, or by witnesses, that he was then re- extended to thirty and fixty days. fident in London, the plaintiff should not This, fır, is the best account I can fend be allowed any costs, but should pay all the you of the court of conscience, which defendant's costs. And that the com- certainly relieves the people very much missioners should - have power to enforce from the barrailing distress to which they obedience to their court hy commitment would be liable if their differences fc. small to 'one of the compters. But rent and any debts were neceslarily to be fettled by the subjects properly cognizable in the eccle- expensive process of a court of law at siastical courts are declared to be not cog- Westminster , and as this court is also a nizable in the court of conscience.

court of equity, many would be obliged to Thus food the jurisdiction of this court give up their just claim; or pursue it in until 1741, when, in consequence of the the court of chancery. great increase of inhabitants in London

A. H. and its liberties, the beadle of the court found more to do than lie could possibly For ihe Monthly Magazine. execute; and the commissioners were A NORWEGIAN BALLAD, translated from not protected sufficiently from inlult. To

La Nord Litteraire. By A. S. Cortle. remedy these inconveniencies, the legislaturer

"HE eve of Sunday at length arrives: further enacted, by 14th Geo. II. c. 10. the sun sets behind the distant hills : That every citizen and freeman of London,

the heat of day abates, as the evening mist and every other person inhabiting therein,

spreads over the surrounding rocks: the and in the liberties, and all persons renting warbling of birds is no longer heard. or keeping any phop, fed, ftall, or Itand,

This is the first moment of day, which or seeking a livelihood therein, having any gives being to the murmurings of the debt not exceeding forty Millings due quiet frean. The sharded beetle, waked from any such person, shall proceed as is from his repose, is on the wing, and soothes directed in the preceding statute, and all the travelier with his joyous hum. Silence, " observe, perform, and keep in all and the dumb repose of evening steal on. points" the order made between them.

Alone and at night I returned from the These words take away the right of appeal: city*; I hastened, yet expectation told me That if any person “ contemptuously af- I lingered by the way. From Christiana, front, insuli, or abuse” the commissioners

ere I reached home, lix times had the finthen sitting, the commissioners may cer. tify their names to the Lord Mayor, who ger of time pointed out the hour: ga

more swiftly ye who are able! to me the may fine them twenty shillings, or commit

way was longa-my feet were way-worn, thein to prison for ten days, or both. Fine to be levied by warrant, distress, and yet I felt no pain.

See me hang iny hat hy the wall, and fale, (redeeinable in five days) and payable clofe at its fide my polished sabre. My to the poor of the parifi. The court of good father lees me, shakes me by the Aldermen may increase the number of hand, and in the fervour of his rude embeadles to four. Actions brought for braces alino!t throws me dowil. Choaked any thing done under this act are limited with tears of joy, he could scarcely at first to fix months, with double cofts if a verdi&t be found against the plaintiff.


O Etober 3. 1799.

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Translated by Mr. Corile.

969 utter a word; at last he exclaimed : “ May of the field, wild and beauteous: I have you have arrived, dear Thor! at an happy. been at the theatre; frolic'd with them ; moment! and since-have you already have done I know not what ;---yet with returned?" His questions followed each none have I been content; never did iny other falt.

heart surrender itself to any--but this “ How is our common father, the king? maid. Does he appear sometimes on the parade ? See me, then, in an extasy-petrified at Is he pleased when the soldiers manoeuvre the light of a little, naked-footed, country well? Does he speak German, and under girl, in a simple dress, and loose flowing stand us better than his grandfather did?” locks; but where could the be equalled? As soon as I had answered thele questions She was beautiful as the moon, that, on a in the affirmative, taking off his bonnet, he fine evening in autumn, îmiles on the vala exclaimed: " Thank Heaven, it is all lies, and gilds the summit of the hills, well; long live the king! May we not She stood and surveyed me from head to hope,” continued he, “ that the king will foot; the flame of love consumed me. cne day visit the vales of Norway?" I had Had it been bright as noon-day, or almost said no, which would have vexed dark as midnight, it were all one to me: lim" Yes,” said I, “ he wishes it Annette was present. She abforbed all much; but his counsellors object." “Ob- my thoughts. Every sentiment—every lerve," replied he with some warmth, feeling of existence that I possessed, lived " observe well the Jutlander! It is he only in my eyes; the law, .without doubt, who has most the ear of the king." my foul all on fire. We beheld each other

In the mean time he pulled out an old for some time. Sbe had not the with, polished key, opened our painted ward. had not the power to speak. robe, and took thence a silver cup, glitter- The crafty girl first broke silence. Our ing like the new-laced brim of my hat; eyes met. “ How are you? dear Thor! then descended into the cellar. On his are you fick? Can a guard of the king be return, he drank my health, and gave me weary? Can a girl, in a loose dishabille, the

cup: “ Take it,” said he, “ fatisfy make you afraid? My gown is cleanthy thirst, for thirst is a sociable appetite. I would not boast; it is fine also, and He then embraced me.

without a flaw. Do you want any thitig? Although,” said he, “I should have Speak; in two steps I will fetch it: I am been the saviour of Norway, although I not spariog of trouble.” should have done things which no other “ Annette, my sweet Annette! thou could have done, I fould have been am- knowelt only but too well how to extend ply recompensed by the pleasure 1 take the dominion of beauty; what thou knowin thus embracing thee." I beheld him elt not is, that thou hast inspired my

foul a long time, unable to speak. There was with its first amorous fiame. Remain an expression in his eye of tenderness, here, and I hall want nothing, no; nowhich cauled my heart to palpitate more thing; but if thou goeft, my heart goes agreeably than it had ever done before. with thee. Could I but embrace thee in My blood was never in so sweet a fer: my arms, my joy would be full; I could ment,

then braye fears and dangers. It was night; I felt myself weary. The “ But tell me, thou master-piece of good man advised me to go to rest, telling creation! whence art thou? Hált thou me that Annette had made my bed: he. been long here? Wert thou born free, or retired himself to sleep, fatisfied and hap- 'has fortune condemned so transcendent a py. I climbed the staircase that I had often form as thine to perpetual servitude? But turmounted at two leaps; but was now why all these questions? Tell me only happy to rec-ive the aslittance of a rope. this, art thou, like myself, at liberty' to I promised myself a pleasant night. dispose of thy heart? Without ceremony,

The clean blankets had been just placed are you engaged? But I would not emon the bed by the maid. I had never feen barrass you. hier before; but what new sentiment then Would


believe it, the crafty girl seized me!' “ You came fooner than I ex- laughed in my face. I was no more than pected," said the ; " if I had known of it, a mouse in the talons of a cat.--" Thor, your bed fould have been ready.” It I believe you have lost your wits. You was soon finished; as for me, I remained question me worte than even my grandlike ane ti upified and insensible.

mother or confessor ever did. But I see How fl all I explain myself? I have you are drowsy. Go to bed, my good travelled; seen many women; some spruce friend, it is getting late.” as buttei fiies, and others like the flowers Phaw! she is gone.--Have you never






For the Monthly Magazine. it from the “Proceedings of the African AlitINQUIRY WHETHER HERODOTUS WAS ciation," lately published, and from RenACQUAINTED WITH

nel's excellent new map of North Africa, JOLIBA.

annexed to that work. [By Profesor Heeren, of Göttingen.] “ What I have hithertó related,” says F FROM the general attention directed Herodotus (ne had given an accurate de

in so many relpeets towards Africa, fcription of the course of the Nile, higher and from the many attempts undertaken up than Egypt, as far as Sennaai, and to explore that quarter of the globe, we even as far as Gojan) “ I learned from may confidently hope, that, after the lapfe men of Cyrene, who told me that they of a few years, it will no longer be to us a had been at the temple of Jupiter Anmon, terra ignota. The departing century de- and conversed with Etearchos, the king livers over to the succeeding at least the of the Ammonians. Among other tcpics key to the discovery, if it does not craní. of conversation, tb y had likewise chanced mit the discovery itself. The present, then, to discourse of the Nile and the remark. is the proper point of time, to collect, put able circumkance that no one was acin order, and compare all the information quainted with its fources. Etearchos had we already posiels, for the purpose of fur. then said, that some men belonging to the nishing a clue to, and facilitating future Nasamones had visited him (ihelé Nasadiscoveries. And, indeed, the mass of mopes are a nation of Libyan origin, and what we already know, or might know, dwell on the borders of the Syrtis, and in is very great, certainly greater than most the next adjoining region, to the east, but people imagine. Africa was never un- not far); and when he had inquired of known: in ancient times, and in the mid- them, whether they could not give him dle ages, its northern coasts were inhabit. fome information concerning the deserts of ed by polished and enlightened nations: the interior of Africa, they had commi!the Carthiginians, Egyptians, Greeks, nicated to him the following particu. and Arabians, who, either as merchants lars : A:nong their countrymen some or conquerors, penetrated far into the bold young men, sons of their chiels, continent, and one way or other brought who had executed many daring enterprises; back with them a variety of knowledge, and had cholen (welve from among them, as strikingly appears from the writings of by lot, who should undertake a journey of the Greek geographers. But what may in discovery into the desert part of Africa, an essential manner excite wonder, how rich and endeavour to explore more of it stian a treasure of accounts has not Herodotus,the those who had penetrated the farthest befather of history and geography,left us con- fore them. The young men then had fet cerning this quarter of the globe! Many of out, abundantly provided with water, and

them, &. g.his description of the caravan- provisions ; and first had travelled through 'tracks, by which the Carthaginians and the inhabited country (Coast of Barbary); Egyptians travelled through North Africa, after which, they had arrived at the part of have only become clearly intelligible fince Africa that abounds with wild beasts (Bithe moft recent Jiscoveries; almost every one ledulgerid); but thence they had contiof which is likewise illustrated and confirm- nued their journey through the desert, proed by some passage Herodotus. Another ceeding in a south west direction. After ftriking example of this is furnished by they had, during many days, wandered the accounts of which Mungo Park, part- through an extensive sandy region, they ly as eye-witness, partly from inquiries, has had, at last, efpied some trees in a field

, lately brought back with him concerning had made towards them, and plucked the the river joliba, which flows, in the very fruit from the trees. Men of a smaller heart of Africa, in a direction from west stature than common had then come to to caft. Every reader who has a taste them, had received them kindly, and for such researches, will be agreeably fur. became their guides. But they underltood prised to find, that Herodotus not only not their language, nor their conductors knew this most recent geographical disco- the language of the Nasamones. But they very ; but that he likewise was able to had led them through very extensive marfi give us very clear information concerning regions; and after they had travelled things, wbich the greatest geographers of through these, they had arrived in a city, the eighteenth century only conjecture, or whose inhabitants were all of the same which are even altogether unknown. I ftature as their conductors, and of a colour fall here translate the passage of his Hif- -completely black. By the city flowed a large tory, book ii. chap. 32, 33, which relates river, and that river ran" in a direction to this subject; and endeavour to illustrate from west towards the rising of the fun;

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