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At Fordington, near Dorchester, Mr. Hunt, esq. of Portsmouth, to Miss Mackintosh. fellmonger.
Mr. Warren, attorney, to Miss Hobson. Mr. At Holness Lodge, Miss Davis, fister of M. B. S. Morgan, to Miss L. Davis, daughter of Davis,, ela.
Mr. Davis, mercer,
At Heavitree, T. Hutchinson, junior, esq.
At Chumleigh, Mr. J. Partridge, farmer, ton, Dorset, to Mrs. Lewis, after 23 years courtship. The Rev. J. Ball, of Westbury,
At-Plymouth, T. Bewes, esq. to Miss F, to Miss S. Napier. Major Barrington, of the Culme, of Tothill. 56th regiment, to Mrs. Winckley. Mr. Cul
At Barnstaple, Mr. Scott, merchant, of verhouse, baker, to Miss M. Holbrook.
Scotland, to Miss Mullins, daughter of Mr.
L At Frome, S. Skurray, efq. clother, of J, Mullins, of the former place. Beckington, to Miss Clements, of the former
Died.] At Exeter, Mr. J. Dale, china
and earthen-ware-man. place.
Mr. Adams, apotheAt Ilminster, Mr. S. H. Gardiner, to Mrs. cary. Mrs. Collins, mother of R. Collins, S. Spurway, widow of the late S. Spurway,
esq. merchant. esq.
At Clyft St. Mary, aged 80, T. Wright, At Langford Budville, the Rev. G. Nibbs,
esq. to Miss Clatworthy, eldest daughter of Mr.
At the Royal Hospital, Stonehouse, near T. Clatworthy.
Plymouth, Mr. M. jerrard, late Lieutenant At Wellington, Mr. James Totterdale, to
of his Majesty's ship, Tonnant. Miss H. Clatworthy, second daughter of Mr.
At Crediton, Mrs. B. Hart, relict of the T. Clatworthy, of Langford Budville.
late Rev. S. Hart, M. A. vicar of that place. At Walcot, Wm. 0. Bryan, esq. 'to Miss
At Plymouth, N. Hunt, efq. alderman, E. Trotter, of Bath.
and one of the commissioners for prizes at that Died.] At Bath, Mrs. Edwards, wife of
place. Mr. Edwards, surgeon, and daughter of Mr.
At the Dock, the Lady of Lieutenant E. V, Goodhall, attorney. Aged 82, G. Price, of the Wiltshire Artillery Company. Brackley, efq. The Rev. Wm. Thomas,
At North Tawton, Richard Hole, esq. M. A. rector of Tortworth, Glamorganshire,
At Axminster, suddenly, Mr. Whitty, and of Britten Ferry, and one of his grace the
senior, carpet-manufacturer. Duke of Beaufort's domestic Chaplains. Mr.
WALES. Brumby, the very ingenious mechanist and
Married.] At Wrexham, Denbeigh, Mr. carpenter of the theatre. Mr. Tuttle, livery- Barclay, linen-merchant, of Manchester, to of Cork. "Mrs. Welch, wife of C. Welch, Mr. Thomas Tallent, of Manchester, to Miss stable-keeper. John Moylan, esq. merchant, Mrs. Durden, of the former place.
At Holt, near Wrexham, Denbighshire, efq. of Evesham, Worcestershire.
At Taunton, E. Webster, esq. fon of the S. Dutton, of Chesterfield. late C. Webster, esq. of Hockworthy, Devon.
At Berrin, Montgomeryihire, Mr. John At Wincanton, Mr. Ellis, linen-draper.
Woud, methodist preacher, to Miss Ann HigAt East-Harptree, Mrs. Trevilyan.
gins, of that place. At the Rock-coal-works, James Praaten ; of 21 days, Mr. Chambers, artificial-flower
At Holywell, Flintshire, after a courtship he was killed by a stone falling on him.
At Milborne Wyke, Hannah Hayes; the maker, aged 35, to Miss L. Davies, aged 56. poisoned herself, by taking a large quantity niels, aged 82, to Mrs. A. Williams, aged
At Pentrevvylas, Denbeigh, John Danof arsenic.
At Wells, Mr. T. Harford, late of Bristol. 81; the bridegroom has had three wives before At Ilminster, Mr. Wm. Bryant, attorney.
the present, and the bride has been 39 years At Berkeley House, near Frome, aged 62,
a widow. Mrs. F. Sharp, fifter to W. Sharp, esq. of
At Llandrinist, the Rev. R. Wingfield, Fulham, Middlesex.
vicar of Llanllwchairn, in Montgomeryfhire, At Tintinhull, Mr. Winter.
to Miss Prhys, daughter of C. Prhys, esq. of
At Brecon, Mr. John Taylor, of Ludlow, to Miss Griffiths, of the former place.
At Swansea, Mr. J. V. Perrott, ironAn affecting circumstance lately occurred monger, of Bristol, to Miss Pollard, of the at Honiton: a young lady, about 16 years former place. old, apprentice to a milliner, having been At Lanvare, Monmouthshire, Mr. John reprimanded for some misconduct in her busi- Lewis, late of Bristol, tobacconist, to Miss nefs, was so much affected, that ihe foon after Powell, daughter of Mr. T. Powell, of Aberleft the house, threw herself into'the river, gavenny, and was drowned.
Died.] On the 2d of August last, at PantMarried.] At Exeter, Mr. Pearce, mer- glas, in the county of Carmarthen, in the cer, to Miss Dingle. George White, jun. 44th year of his age, Richard Jones Llwyd,
esg, barrister at law, of Gray’s-inn, and well; whose remembrance and friendship will clerk of the peace for the county of Carmar- be ever revered and respected. When the then. This gentleman poffefled high quali contests and bustle of life will be at an end, fications to render him useful and amiable he enjoys the pleasing hope of a renewal of in the world. Endowed with an ardent, in- friendship beyond the grave. quisitive, and powerful mind, bis legal kilow- At the Palace of St. Asaph, Mrs. Bagot, ledge and opinions were folid, clear, and in- wife to the Lord Bishop of St. Asaph, and difputable. Even those who envied his ge- daughter to the Hon. Edward Hay, Governor nius and talents, allowed him the justice due, of Barbadoes. to them. In his publit capacity, the county At Bangor, Carnarvonshire, Mr. Joha of Carmarthen has suffered a severe loss; Gibbs, stock-broker, of London. ever zealous, and awake to its interests, all At Welshpool, Montgomeryshire, Mr. his attention and efforts appeared directed to · John Nicholas, son of the late John Nicholas, its proiperity. He first planned the improve esq. ment in the county gaol, which is now an At Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Dr. excellent one. The act for paving and light- Macdonald. ing the town was also the offspring of his in- At Swansea, the Rev. Mr. Thomas, telligent and industrious mind. The Azricultural Society of the county owe him much: he forwarded its defigns, and ever supported A Stamp-Office is about to be established it with activity and warinth. No trouble, in Scotland; in consequence of the great exno fatigue, were obstacles to his inceffant en- pence and delay in purchasing ftamps from deavours for the public good. His agricul- London. The arrangements are nearly comtural improvements on his own estate were pleted; and leveral of the workmen, and many and valuable.
He attempted by his others employed at Somerset-house, have example to establish a rational and profitable been sent to Edinburgh to forward the estamode of farming among his neighbours ; by blishment. this means he employed a number of poor, Died.) At Edinburgh, Mrs. Mary Clerk. who, with their families, were comfertably Mrs. Alexander. Miss Catherine Campbell, maintained and supported by his bounty. In fifth daughter of John Campbell, elq. private life, no man appeared more anviable. At Dundee, Mr. Wm. Nielson. Steady and sincere in his friendship; kind and At Stirling, Lieutenant Marcus Marr, aged foothing to the distressed in their moments of 27; he was a young man of very promising dificulty and doubt; ever happy to serve, talents in his profession, and universally rethose friends he valued and esteemed; eager fpected as a man. to oblige, he anticipated the wishes of all: as At Dumfries, Mr. Robert Hannah. Miss a husband, tender, indulgent, and attentive. Aynes Grive, lister of Mr. Grive, mera This is written by a friend who knew him chant.
* Biographical Memoirs of Reinhold Forfier, Charles Borda, and Francis Callett, are deferred
till uext month.
MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT. THE trade of this country with the principal part of Europe having of late been confined
almost wholly to one channel, the unusual flow of business it produced to those places through which it was carried on led many persons to extend their concerns in a degree to which their capital was inadequate, and encouraged a spirit of adventure and speculation, particularly in the chief articles of sugars and other West India produce, which at length has been carried too far. The consequence has been the failure of some considerable houses at Hamburgh and other places, which lias affected their connections in this country so far as to cause the stoppage of several houses which had hitherto maintained no small degree of commercial reputation.
The frock given to the commerce of Ireland by the late unhappy situation of that country, produced very obvious and general effects on its manufactures, from which they have not yet recovered; buí it was the LINEN manufacture, the great ftaple of that country, which most severely felt the evil influence of the commotions. Of that manufacture it is known that the principal seat is Ulfter, and although in that province there was less blood spilt and fewer enormities committed than in the southern parts of the island, yet the operations of induitry were very generally suspended, partly in consequence of the minds of the labouring people being diverted from their usual habits and occupied by the hopes of change and of'a new order of things, and partly because the very hazardous circumstances of tiie times deterred the purchasers of linen in that province, for many months, from investing their property in goods of any kind, or embarking in any commercial 1peculation. The manufacturing poor were thus forced into idleness, as well as inclined to it from the causes just mentioned, and the demand for linen from this country and other markets continuing equal to what it had usually been, the quantity on hand was of course foon greatly
exhausted, as it was no longer supported by the requisite supply. The consequence was, that when the rebellion fublided tliere was a great scarcity of linens; indeed it may almost be said there were none to answer the accustomed orders; the price rose of course, and though fince that period the province of Ulfter has returned apparently with fincerity to the pursuits of industry, there has not yet been produced fuchr a quantiry of goods as fully to answer the demand, so that at present there is scarcely one unbought piece of goods in the north of Ireland; the webs are frequently bought while in the loom; and the price of linens, particularly of those which usually sell for two fillings and under, remains at nearly double what it was eighteen or twenty months since. The linens of a finer kind have also greatly risen in price, but in confequence of the demand for them not being sa great as for the cheaper kinds, have not rifen in an equal proportion; linens of all descriptions are however uncommonly high, and it will probably be some months before this great article of Irish commerce falls to its proper level.
We stated in our last report, that the BIRMINGHAM trade began to assume rather & more favourable appearance, and if it does not continue so, it certainly will not be from the want of a sufficiently enterprizing spirit in that place, for no sooner had the expedition which lately failed made good its landing in Holland, than we understand fome Dutch orders were immediatly given out, and the merchants are diligently preparing to invade that country, both for the purpose of collecting old debts, and with the view of contracting
But few orders have been received from the last Brunswick fair, and we underftand from Germany, that the dearness of provisions is so great as to affect materially the state of commerce, so that the expectations from the Francfort and Leipfic fairs, now about to be held, are not very great, particularly as the security of the former place is neceffarily held upon an uncertain'tenure so long as the French remain it its vicinity. The next convoy for the Mediterranean, which is expected to fail fortly, will take some considerable quantities of Birmingham articles for the Italian markets. The demand for Ireland has lately been very considerable, as but few goods had been sent there during the laté troubles, fo that the shop-keepers and merchants have now to lay in almost entire new stocks, which they feem to be doing with considerable spirit, but the present high course of exchange occafions fome difficulty in obtaining remittances from Ireland, and there seems little proba. bility of its being much lower for some time to come.
It was apprehended a short time ago, that the trade of Birmingham would suffer confiderably from the introduction of a practice almost as nefarious as that of making counterfeit money; this was, marking of buttons gilt, which in fact had no gilt whatever upon them." These buttons, in the firit instance, were made principally for the German trade; but to rapidly did the practice encrease, and so much were the consequences to be apprehended from it on the general trade of the town to be dreaded, that an act of parliament was thought necessary to stop its progress, which was of course obtained. This act expresses the quantity of gold to be put upon a button of a certain dimension, when marked gilt, double gilt, or treble gilt, and imposes a fine of 20s. per gross, upon the perfan manufacturing or vending them with a less quantity of gold thereon than is specified; one half of the money to go to the informer, upon conviction. A number of respectable gentlemen have formed themselves into a committee to attend to the execution of the act, and by means of their afliduity, several perfons have been convicted of the offence and obliged to pay the fine, so that we hope soon to see this stain upon our manufacturers entirely done away. It is to be regretted that the act itself is worded fo loosely as to be difficult to be understood by the manufacturer, and on the other hand is not sufficiently clear, to regulate those who wish to check a practice as ruinous as it is disgraceful to the trade. The neceflity of legislative interference in this and similar cafes is greatly to be lamented, for however well it may accomplish the end proposed, it is much to be regretted that the poorer class of people fhould be tempted to become informers against their employers.
The silk manufactory upon the whole continues in a very favourable situation, few perfons engaged therein having any reason to complain of want of employ, and the demand being such as enables the manufacturer to meet the advancing price of Thrown filk, which otherwise would prove a serious disadvantage. The revival of the article of Velve's, or at beast a great increase in the consumption thereof, particularly for collars and other parts of military uniforms, has been of late very favourable to the workmen in this manufactory, as this branch, though one of the most profitable to them, being of nower progress than most others, occafions employ for a greater number of hands, and the whole number of workmen being less than it was a few years ago, from many having gone into the arıny and navy at the commencement of the war, good workmen have of late been sure of constant employ. Italian raw silks are cheap in comparison with Thrown, which at present are exorbitantly dear. The India company's filk fale which commences the 29th October, confifts of 300 lots of China, 1100 Bengal, 10 Privilege dition 7 Madrass lilk, and 100 Bengal organzine.
MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. VUCH has been the prevalence of wet weather during the last and present months, that
we believe but little good hay has been made in any part of the kingdom, but especially in the more Northern Counties. In these indeed the rivers have been so much swelled by the late heavy rains, that much hay has been carried away and com, letely loft. And in regard to the corn crops, it has been probably still more prejudicial ; in most low situations, the grain being either completely beaten down by the continued wetness of the feason, or covered by the rising of waters. Much of the wheat and other grains that have been already çut in the midland and more southern districts, has been got in with great difficulty, and by no means in the best state. It is indeed apprehended that a considerable part must have been greatly injured, and some in all probability totally spoiled.
In the Northern Counties very little grain is yet in a state fit for the fickle, much being quite green for want of sun. In the districts to the North of Northumberland we are told, es that such a feason, fo far, has not appeared perhaps in the memory of man; at any rate jot since the year 1782. Very little grain is yet cut in those parts ; and what is cut, confifts almost wholly of Dutch and Poland oats. The wheats are totally beaten down; and, being ripe, are beginning to spring in the ear: the lodged grain being kept constantly wet from the almost inceffant rains, must be completely destroyed, and rendered unfit for the use of man, unless a very speedy alteration of the weather should take place. In the higher parts of Scotland, a very small portion of the grain is in a state fo forward as to warrant a hope that it can ripen let the future season be what it may."
All the corn crops are, however, in general full on the ground; but the great want of fun and fine clear weather has prevented the grain in many instances from being so plump and full in the ear as it ought to be. This was the case with several famples of wheat and other forts of grain which we have examined in very different parts of the INand. In a few favourable fituations we have however met with very good and full samples of both wheat, barley, and oats, and we have little doubt, from what we have actually observed in the course of a journey of nearly three hundred miles, but that had the weather been suitably fine, there would have been more than a middling crop in most parts of the kingdom. The state of the grain is at present such, that without immediate fine weather, great quantities must be in. evitably lost.
Turnips. These are for the most part but an indifferent and unpromising crop. They are 'not only late but appear extremely thin on the ground and puny. This has probably been caused by the soil being rendered too dry by the warm weather in June and the beginning of July, and the coldness caused by the deluges of rain which have fince fallen. In particular situations both in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire, we have notwithstanding observed full and good crops : but the exceflive wetnefs of the season does not seem in any situation to have admitted of their being properly hoed and kept clean from weeds.
Potatoes. This important crop is not by any means fo favourable as we had reason fometime ago to fuppose. The heavy rains have in general rendered them clayey, and not well tafted, and in low situations made it necessary for them to be immediately taken up. In fome parts of Lancashire this has been particularly the cafe ; and they have been sold in the markets for any price the owners could get for them. This root, after being covered with water, goes bad, and cannot be kept for any length of time.
Hops. The great degree of wetness has likewise operated very unfavourably for this crop. On the North Clays, we find there is not even half a common crop ; and from other hop districts our reports are not much more favourable. Yearling bags fetch from 10 to rıl. and Pockets from 11 to 121. New bags fetch from gl. gs. to rol. 1os. ånd pockets from fol. 1os. to 12l.
Some of the necessary operations of husbandry have also been confiderably retarded by the uncommon wetness of the season. In many situations, summer fallows have remained in the state they were left in July, and in scarcely any have they been properly cleaned, not even in the dryeft foils. In some places we observed them quite green, being completely over-run with weeds. Much is therefore to be done before the seed for the next year's crop can be committed to the ground. Some grounds can hardly, we suppose, be rendered fufficiently clear in time for sowing.
Grain. Is every where on the advance. Wheat averages throughout England and Wales 745. 3d.; barley; 395. 3d. ; oats, 315. 2d. Apples. These are for the most part an abundant crop.
Cattle. Those that are fat or in the way of being readily made ro, sell at high prices; but lean stock of all sorts has but a very indifferent fale. Good milch-cows are falling much in price.--Sheep. Good fat sheep for mutton, and lambs, still fell high; but lean sheep are considerably cheaper. In Smithfield-market, Beef sells for 3s. to 43. per stone. --Mutton from 35. to 3s. 80.--and Veal from 35. 8d. to 55.
Fiorses. Good saddle-horses, and those for the army, are still higli; but carriage and cart horses are lower.
NOVEMBER 1, 1799.
[No.4. of Vol.vill.
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS, To tbe Editor of the Monthly Magazine. view of its chemical properties; and, in SIR,
about forty lectures, the principles of D URING the course of last year, a chemistry are pointed out, and illustrated short
account was given in your by experiments: then follows the applivaluable Magazine, of the Academical cation of chemistry to the different arts Institution founded here in 1796, pursuant and manufactures, particularly etching, to the will of the late Professor Anderson. and the different modes of aquatinting, Since that time I have received several-let- dying, bleaching, and calico-printing; in ters, requesting particular information which the different processes are performed with regard to the nature of the lectures before the students : this part of the course delivered in that institution. For the sake concludes with the application of chemiof those gentlemen, and others who may stry to agriculture, and to the analysis of with for such information, I will thank mineral waters. you to insert the following account of my After this follows a comprehensive view Lectures. I am, Sir,
of mineralogy, in which all the specimens Your
obedient servant, are exhibited, and their nature and for
THOMAS GARNETT. mation explained, with geological obserGlasgow, Sept. 4, 1799.
We next proceed to the principles of THE first is a complete scientific course electricity and magnetilin ; and after hav, on physics and chemistry, with their ap- ing considered these two branches, and plication to the arts and manufactures. particularly the former, at confiderable One lecture of this course is delivered length, we proceed to optics. In this every morning, and the following are the part the principles of the science are pointbranches comprehended in it.
ed out; afterwards the structure of the The properties of matter are first ex- eye, and the phenomena of vilion, are conplained, with a view of the theory of sidered, and an account of optical instruBoscovich ; after which come the laws of ments given : the subject is finished by a motion, and the principles of mechanics. view of the theory and practice of perThe principles are first demonstrated ma- fpective. thematically, and afterwards illustrated The last part of the course consists of by experiments; and then the application physical astronomy, which is comprised in of each part to the arts and manufactures ten or twelve lectures only, because a more pointed out, and, where it can be donė, particular consideration of it would exillustrated by models of machinery. After clude some more useful parts of the course; this comes the doctrine of heat, which and the completion of this part is left to occupies a considerable number of lectures. the lecturer on astronomy and geography. After illustrating the general effects of I trust I may be allowed to say, that beat, and Dr. Black’s Theory of Fluidity there is no course in Britain which comand Evaporation, I proceed to point out prehends to much, and is, at the same the discoveries made by Count Rumford. time, so full on each subject; and this
Having explained the cause of fluidity, arises from a particular attention to eco. we proceed to the principles of hydrosta- pomy with respect to time. The lecture tics and hydraulics, rivers, lakes, inland begins precisely at the hour, all recapitunavigation, &c. The mechanical proper- · lation is avoided, and, what is usually inties of the air are next examined, which troduced to spin out less comprehensive constitutes pneumatics; after which come courses, carefully excluded. acoustics, the theory of the winds, and Besides this course, I give a popular music: the method of curing chimnies, one on experimental philosophy. This according to Count Rumford's plan; me- course only occupies one lecture a week, teorology, and aërostation.
which is in the evening. Here all matheBeing thus acquainted with the mecha. matical and abstract reasoning is as much nical properties of the air, wę next take a as possible avoided, the most pleasing and MONTHLY MAG, No, Li,