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F the End and Efficacy of Satire.
the greatest Follies, Vices, and Miferies, 61. It is the
Work of Satire to rectify this Paffion, to reduce it to its
proper Channel, and to convert it into an Incentive to Wif-
dom and Virtue, & 89. Hence it appears that Satire may
influence those who defy all Laws Human and Divine,
Rules for the Conduct of Satire. Justice and Truth
its chief and effential Property, Prudence in the
Application of Wit and Ridicule, whofe Province is, not
to explore unknown, but to enforce known Truths, ✯ 191.
Proper Subjects of Satire are the Manners of prefent times,
239. Decency of Expreffion recommended, 255. The
different Methods in which Folly and Vice ought to be chaf-
tifed, 269. The Variety of Style and Manner which
thefe two Subjects require, 277. The Praife of Virtue
may be admitted with Propriety, 315. Caution with
regard to Panegyrick, 329. The Dignity of true Sa-
The History of Satire. Roman Satirifts, Lucilius,
415. Dryden, & 429. The true Ends of Satire pur-
FA the Word; the cruel arrow fped;
And POPE lies number'd with the mighty
Refign'd he fell; fuperior to the dart,
You mourn: but BRITAIN, lull'd in reft profound,
But You, O WARBURTON! whofe eye refin'd Can see the greatness of an honest mind;
Can fee each Virtue and each Grace unite,
And view that bright Affemblage treafur'd there;
Whofe eye, not wing, his ardent flight pursues;
IN ev'ry Breast there burns an active flame,
As brighten'd into Hope, or dimm'd by Fear.
And Youth and Manhood feel the heart-born fire:
- Haunts the proud City, and the lowly Shade, And fways alike the Scepter and the Spade.
Thus Heav'n in Pity wakes the friendly Flame, To urge Mankind on Deeds that merit Fame: But Man, vain Man, in folly only wife, Rejects the Manna sent him from the Skies: With rapture hears corrupted Paffion's call, Still proudly prone to mingle with the stall. As each deceitful fhadow tempts his view, He for the imag'd Subftance quits the true; Eager to catch the vifionary Prize, In queft of Glory plunges deep in Vice; 'Till madly zealous, impotently vain, He forfeits ev'ry Praise he pants to gain.
Thus ftill imperious NATURE plies her part; And still her Dictates work in ev'ry heart.
Each Pow'r that fov'reign Nature bids enjoy, 55
The Paffions rage, obftructed in their course;