Stress and Mental Health: Contemporary Issues and Prospects for the Future

Forsideomslag
William Avison, Ian H. Gotlib
Springer Science & Business Media, 31. jul. 1994 - 344 sider
Providing fresh insights into the complex relationship between stress and mental health, internationally recognized contributors identifie emerging conceptual issues, highlight promising avenues for further study, and detail novel methodological techniques for addressing contemporary empirical problems. Specific coverage includes stressful life events, chronic strains, psychosocial resources and mediators, vulnerability to stress, and mental health outcomes-thus providing researchers with a tool to take stock of the past and future of this field.
 

Indhold

Introduction and Overview
3
THE STRESS PROCESS PARADIGM
4
ORGANIZATION OF THE VOLUME
7
REFERENCES
10
Stressful Life Events
13
Unraveling Complexity Strategies to Refine Concepts Measures and Research Designs in the Study of Life Events and Mental Health
15
STRESSORS
17
OUTCOME AND CAUSAL INFERENCE
34
Psychosocial Resources and the Stress Process
169
PERSONAL AGENCY
171
SELFESTEEM
180
OTHER RELEVANT AND PROMISING CONSTRUCTS
186
SOCIAL STRESS AND PERSONAL RESOURCES
190
CLOSING COMMENTS
192
REFERENCES
194
Vulnerability to Stress
201

FUTURE DIRECTIONS FOR RESEARCH
35
REFERENCES
38
Measuring Life Stress and Assessing Its Impact on Mental Health
43
THE ASSESSMENT OF LIFE EVENTS
45
ETIOLOGY AND OTHER INFLUENCES
59
CONCLUDING REMARKS
68
REFERENCES
70
Chronic Strains
75
Sampling the Stress Universe
77
THE MAKING OF A CONCEPT
78
THE ORIGINS OF THE STRESS CONCEPT RECONSIDERED
80
EVENT VERSUS CHRONIC STRESSORS
81
THE STRESS CONTINUUM
83
THE CUMULATIVE EFFECTS OF STRESSORS
95
CONCLUDING COMMENTS
111
REFERENCES
111
The Daily Grind Work Stressors Family Patterns and Intergenerational Outcomes
111
EFFECTS ON INDIVIDUAL WORKERS
111
GENDER DIFFERENCES IN EFFECTS OF OCCUPATIONAL CONDITIONS ON FAMILY INTERACTION
111
AN EXAMPLE
115
CONCLUSIONS
131
REFERENCES
133
Psychosocial Resources and Mediators
139
General and Specific Perceptions of Social Support
141
THE CONCEPT OF SOCIAL SUPPORT
143
THE ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL SUPPORT
146
CONTINUING LINES OF SOCIAL SUPPORT RESEARCH
148
SOCIAL SUPPORT IN THE CONTEXT OF RELATIONSHIPS
154
AN INTERACTIONALCOGNITIVE VIEW OF SOCIAL SUPPORT
158
REFERENCES
163
Life Stressors and Mental Health Advances in Conceptualizing Stress Resistance
203
REVIEW OF STRESS RESISTANCE RESEARCH
204
EMERGING RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
210
CONCLUSIONS
222
REFERENCES
222
The Disaggregation of Vulnerability to Depression as a Function of the Determinants of Onset and Recurrence
227
CONCEPTUAL ISSUES
230
EMPIRICAL ILLUSTRATIONS
235
DISCUSSION
240
REFERENCES
243
The Dependent Variable in Stress Research
247
The Advantages of Indexes over Diagnoses in Scientific Assessment
249
EFFICIENT ASSESSMENT
262
MINIMIZING ATTENUATION AND PRECONCEPTION
264
IMPLICATIONS FOR STRESS RESEARCH
271
DATA
273
SHORT INDEXES
275
REFERENCES
277
Psychophysiological and Behavioral Measurement of Stress Applications to Mental Health
279
MEASUREMENT OF STRESS
280
STRESS AND MENTAL HEALTH
286
CONCLUSIONS
297
REFERENCES
298
Conclusion
303
Future Prospects for Stress Research
305
EMERGENT THEMES
306
EMERGENT ISSUES
315
REFERENCES
318
Index
323
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