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TESTS OF FROZEN READY-COOKED FISH DISHES IN PROGRESS
Recently, frozen precooked foods have gained considerable popularity, and a number of such commercial products have appeared on the market. These foods, being ready for the table when defrosted, or requiring, at the most, a short warming before serving, make a handy substitute for hard-to-get canned foods and are especially welcome when the housewife is employed and must prepare the dinner in a short time.
Fish lends itself readily to production in this form but very few such products have appeared on the market. In addition to commercial preparations, this type of product can easily be prepared in advance by the housewife and stored in her frozen locker for future use.
Some experiments have been started in the Service's Technological Laboratory at Seattle on the preparation of precooked frozen fishery products, and storage tests are proceeding to determine their keeping quality.
Dishes were prepared and packed in 8 oz. containers which were then placed in a frozen food locker. These included fish a la king, fillets baked in Spanish sauce, flaked fish, kedgeree, and fish loaf. Kedgeree is a fish dish containing rice, tomatoes, and hard-boiled e888. With the exception of the fish loaf, all dishes require only heating through to be ready for serving. The fish loaf was prepared according to a standard recipe but was not baked, Upon removing from the freezer, it is defrosted and placed in an oven at 350° F. for 30 minutes.
Storage tests are in progress to determine how these foods will stand up over a period of months, An examination after a six-week storage period showed no noticeable change in the products, The only difficulty which has ari sen so far is in the case of the hard cooked eggs in the kedgeree. Since the egg white appears to have toughened upon freezing, it will probably be necessary to omit that ingredient from future recipes.
Canned and Cured Fish Trade
NOVEMBER SHRIMP PACK CONTINUES DECLINE BELOW PREVIOUS SEASON
Canners in the South Atlantic and Gulf areas operating under the Seafood Inspection Service of the U. S. Food and Drug Administration packed only 37,257 standard cases of wetpack and dry-pack shrimp in the four-week period ending November 27, according to the Service's New Orleans Fishery Market News office. From the beginning of the season on July 1, to November 27, the total pack of 355,406 cases was 24 percent below the same period one year earlier and 42 percent under the 5-year average, Reports from the Gulf area indicate that production of fresh shrimp has been above that of the previous year, but the demand for fresh and frozen shrimp has diverted the normal supply from the canneries.
Wet and Dry Pack Shrimp in all Sizes in Tin and Glass--Standard Cases*
S E A S O N
5-yr. average Oct. 31-Nov.27 Oct. 3-30 Nov. 1-28 July 1-Nov.27 | July 1-Nov.28
July 1-Nov.30 37,257 90,304 107,306 355,406 468,072
611,468 *All figures on basis of new standard case--48 No. I cans with 7 oz. per can in the wet pack and 6 oz.
per can in the dry pack,
Canned shrimp quotations for usual wholesale quantities in plain No. 1 standard tins, 1.0.b. point of production, were reported by Gulf Coast packers as follows:
Canned Shrimp Prices--Per Dozen Tins Item
December 1, 1943*
December 1, 1942* WET PACK DRY PACK
TET PACK DRY PACK Small
$2.80 $2.33-2.76 $2.72-2.79 Medium
3.04 2.85-2.91 Large
2.70-3.04 2.98-3.04 Jumbo
2.82-3.19 3.17 *7 oz. net weight for wet pack and 6 oz. net weight for dry pack, NOTE:-- Maximum prices were established by OPA in MPR-311, effective February 2, 1943.
NOVEMBER FISH FREEZINGS IN CANADIAN PLANTS DROP ONE THIRD FROM OCTOBER TOTAL
There were 6,535,000 pounds of fishery products frozen in Canadian freezers in November, according to preliminary data released by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics. The total was 33 percent below that for the previous month, but 25 percent more than November a year earlier. The most important items frozen during the month were salmon and fillets of cod.
Freezings of Fishery Products in Canadian Cold-storage Plants
October November I tom 1943 Oct. 1923 Nov. 1942
1942 Pounds Percent Percent
Pounds Pounds Frozen fresh fish Total freezings
9,711,000 5,244,000 Important Items: Cod: Whole
625,000 191,000 Fillets
1,755,000 1,181,000 Salmon
1,843,000 Sea herring
253,000 267,000 Mackerel
417,000 290,000 Pickerel
349,000 143,000 Frozen smoked fish Total freezings
797,000 . 2
817,000 911,000 Important Items: Tillets; cod, haddock, etc.
508,000 634,000 Sea herring kippers
34 MILLION POUNDS OF FROZEN FISH IN CANADIAN PLANTS ON DECEMBER 1
There were 34,170,000 pounds of frozen fresh fish in Canadian cold-storage plants on December 1, representing a 6 percent drop from holdings on November l and a 5 percent gain as compared with one year earlier, according to preliminary information furnished by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics. Stocks of salmon, the most important item from a poundage standpoint, totaled 9,825,000 pounds or about 29 percent of the total holdings of frozen fresh fish.
NEW YORK COLD-STORAGE HOLDINGS INCREASE DURING NOVEMBER
In spite of a reported shortage of cold-storage space in metropolitan New York, the holdings of frozen fish on December 1 were 8 percent greater than a month earlier, according to the Service's local Market News office. The reason for this apparent paradox was not immediately evident but more efficient utilization of available space seemed to be the most reasonable answer.
Shrimp holdings continued to show an increase due to very heavy receipts of fresh shrimp. The percentage of increase would have been much greater if sufficient freezing facilities had been available. Holdings of mullet were unusually high because fall receipts of fresh mullet have been exceptionally heavy. The fall run of large sea herring started the latter part of November, accounting for the increase in stocks over November 1. Compared to the corresponding date in 1942, the holdings of this item were much lower, principally because of lack of arrivals from Canada.
Holdings of fish and shellfish in the local cold-storage warehouses during November 1943 recorded a general increase and at the end of the month were 21 percent over those on October 28. They were also 14 percent greater than on November 25, 1942, according to the Service's Chicago Fishery Market News office,
Chubs, lake trout, tullibee, and whitefish showed a decline in stocks due to an active demand in the fresh market, but holdings of most species tended to increase with considerable Prozen stocks being received.
Blue pike, lake herring, fillets of cod and rosefish, and shrimp were among the more important species manifesting substantial gains over both last month and last year. While the bulk of sauger pike was received round, local filleting was extensive and accounted for an important part of the upward trend of freezer holdings,
To tal fish and shellfish
Rosefish Halibut Mackerel Salmon Whiting Shrimp
22 +214 + 48 + 11 + 1
14 + 21
27 + 31 +
429,000 260,000 150,000 377,000 173,000 159,000 77,000 148,000 180,000 394,000 89.000 146,000 397.000 589,000
291,000 206,000 464,000 303.000 123,000 401 000 895.000
+ 89 i ] +251
+ 97 + 14 + 18 +240
247,000 109,000 497,000 286,000
35,000 433.000 443,000
+ 1 +52
FROZEN FISH STOCKS ON DECEMBER 1 SHOW LITTLE CHANGE FROM 1942
Stocks of frozen fishery products held in United States and Alaska cold-storage warehouses on December 1, 1943, amounted to 107,416,000 pounds, 8 percent more than November 1 and 2 percent more than December 15, 1942, according to the Service's Current Fishery Statistics No. 96. Leading items on hand on December 1, were salmon, whiting, halibut, and shrimp, in that order.
NOVEMBER 24 COLD-STORAGE HOLDINGS IN BOSTON 18 PERCENT BELOW LAST YEAR
On November 24, holdings of frozen fishei y products in Boston cold-storage plants amounted to 13,649,000 pounds, a decrease of 18 percent when compared with November 25 of last year, according to the Service's Market News office at Boston. Among the leading species which declined considerably were cod fillets, 7 percent; haddock fillets, 86 percent; rosefish fillets, 39 percent; mackerel, 46 percent; and scallops, 31 percent. There were only a few varieties which showed an increase, including flounder fillets, 12 percent; and shrimp, 132 percent. When compared with the holdings on October 27, there was an increase of one percent despite the fact that in November, vessel landings at Boston declined. The slight increase is accounted for by the fact that considerable quantities of fish have been shipped to Boston from the South and Canada.
The total holdings of whiting in 13 cold-storage warehouses in Maine and Massachusetts amounted to 6,373,000 pounds on November 27. This represents a decrease of 97,000 pounds from the holdings of October 30, and 1,660,000 pounds from the holdings of November 28, 1942. The whiting holdings were classified as follows: dressed, H&G, fillets, and skuljoes--72 percent; round whiting--28 percent; and less than of 1 percent as animal food.
Total fish and shellfish
7 + 12 • 86 - 39
U. S. FROZEN FISH STOCKS ON NOVEMBER 1 DOWN 1 PERCENT FROM MONTH PREVIOUS
Holdings of fishery products in United States and Alaska cold-storage warehouses on November 1, amounting to 97,056,000 pounds, were i percent below those on October 1 and 15 percent under stocks on hand November 15, 1942, according to the Service's Current Fishery Statistics No. 91. The four leading items, halibut, whiting, salmon, and mackerel, in that order, were all below mid-November stocks in 1942. of these four, only salmon holdings increased as compared with a month earlier.
There were 25,103,000 pounds of fishery products frozen during November in domestic freezers, 33 percent more than was frozen in October and 31 percent more than was frozen in the month ending December 15, 1942, according to the Service's Current Fishery Statistics No. 96. The factor contributing most to the increase over October was the large gain in freezings of lake herring, reflected from the greatly increased catch of this species during the seasonal fall "run" which began in November. Other leading items frozen during the month were shrimp, salmon and fillets of rosefish.
Freezings of Fishery Products in United States Cold-storage Plants
November compared with
Nov. 15 to 5-yr. av.
Nov. 15 to 1943 1943 1942 Dec. 15 1943
Dec, 15 Pounds Percent Percent Percent Pounds Pounds
Pounds Total fish and shellfish 25,103,000 + 35 + 31 + 35 18,806,000 19,128,000 18,607,000
300,000 157,000 581,000 Haddock
411,000 386,000 609,000 Pollock 982,000 +732
118,000 2,590,000 3,556,000 Rosefish 1,531,000 - 47 + 71 + 21
2,916,000 893,000 1,262,000 Herring, sea
235,000 541,000 542,000 Mackerel
669,000 - 32
981,000 445,000 376,000 Mullet 657,000 +267 - 34
179,000 994,000 Sablefish 322,000 - 70 . 12
1,062,000 366,000 448,000 Salmon 2,169,000 + 16 +169
1,876,000 806,000 501,000 Taiting
1,641,000 • 26 - 32 + 47 2,226,000 2,431,000 1,113,000 Lake berring 2,853,000 +5494 27 + 22
51,000 3,882,000 2,346,000 Shrimp
1,831,000 985,000 2,017,000 *Data not available.