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WHOLESALE AND RETAIL PRICES

The all-commodity index of wholesale prices, which stood at 102.8 percent of the 1926 average on November 13, 1943, has fluctuated within a very narrow range during the year ending on that date, according to information furnished by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. In the month of November, the wholesale index dropped 0.1 percent, the sixth consecutive month during which there was no increase in prices. Retail costs of food were down 0.7 percent in mid-November as compared with one month earlier. The decrease in food prices in this period was chiefly due to lower prices of fresh fruits and vegetables.

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Commodity

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do

FISH Clams,

canned Herring,

do Mackerel,

do Oysters,

do Pilchards,

do Salmon,

do Shrimp, Sardines,

do Tuna and tunam do

like fishes, Fish, Misc., do Fish, flaked,

do Fish, ground, do

To tal ......do
Fish, dry-salted
Fish, pickled
Fish, smoked

Total

BYPRODUCTS
Fish meal
Oyster shell flour
Oyster shell grits
Fish oils, crude

Total

VITAMINS
Vitamin A fish-liver oil
Vitamin A & D fish-
liver oil

Total
Grand Total

January 1-October 31, 1943 Quantity

1.0.B. Cost

Dollars 2.900

22, 235 37,621

162,105 333,504

1,864,920 1,100

14,740 1,468,027

6,038,981 2,576,116

26,705, 204 133,626

1,536,870 994,914

4,085,052 347, 276

5,557,395 43,502

272,596 2,343

30,124 98, 200

311,260 6,039,129 46,601,482 22,608,741

3,709,420 1,889, 800

161 503 354,600

35.629 24,853,141

3,906,552

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1,500,000 2,220,000

133,500 162,607

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NOVEMBER PURCHASES OF FISHERY PRODUCTS BY FDA $8,343,776

Due to a decline in fish-canning activities, the value of fishery products purchased by FDA dropped to $8,343,776 for November, a decline of approximately six million dollars from the previous month, according to information furnished by the Department of Agriculture. This brought the total value for the first ll months of the year to $65,176,407 for purchases of fishery products,

Commodity

Clams,

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FISH

canned Herring,

do Mackerel,

do Oysters,

do Pilchards,

do Salmon,

do Shrimp,

do Sardines,

do Trina and tuna- do

like fishes,
Fish, Misc. do
Fish, flaked, do
Fish, ground, do

Total ......do
Fish, dry-salted
Fish, pickled
Fish, smoked

Total ....

BYPRODUCTS
Fish meal
Oyster shell flour
Oyster shell grits
Fish oils, crude

Total

VITAMINS
Vitamin A fish-liver oil
Vitamin A & D fish-
liver oil

To tal
Grand Total

Purchases of Fishery Products by F.D.A,

November 1943
Unit
Quantity 1.0.B. Cost

Dollars
Cases
do

56,779 do

631,337 do do

276,814 1,142,579 do

521,923 4,817,109 do

21,343

318,691 do

86,561

376,403 do

5,400

110,957 do

3,065

15,070 do do do

1,063,471 7,468,925 Pounds

388,000

56,076 do 324, 250

21, 740 do do

712,250 77,816

January 1-November 30, 1943 Quantity

1.0.B. Cost

Dollars 2,900

22,235 53,249

218.597 458, 790

2,485,035 1,100

14,740 1,744,391

7,179,454 3,079,337 31, 398,645 160,969

1,855,561 1,081, 475

4,461,455 352,676

5,659,724 46,567

287,666 2.343

30,124 98, 200

311, 260 7,081,997 53,924,494 22,950,241

3,756,954 2,214,950

183,243 354.600

35,629 25,518,891 3,975,826

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Gallons

2,981,378 1,462,921

252,192

4,444,299 65,176,407

705,820 8,343,776

gaged in the business, Al so still unavailable is complete information on the quantity of fish and shellfish exported during 1942. A preliminary figure covering fresh fish and shellfish sets exports at 191 gross metric tons valued at 285,000 gold pesos. This is the largest esportation registered in the past five years.

Figures covering the fish and shellfish catch of 1942 follow with English equivalents of the Spanish names given where known. (Reprinted from Foreign Commerce Weekly, January 26, 1944.)

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For the second consecutive month, purchases of fishery products by FDA in October, exceeded 14 million dollars in value, according to information furnished by the Department of Agriculture, In its program of purchasing for Lend-Lease, territorial emergency, Red Cross, and other uses, the agency has accelerated its purchases of canned fishery products in recent months with especially large purchases of canned salmon in September and October.

CALIFORNIA SARDINE PACK CONTINUES DECLINE IN NOVEMBER

In the four-week period ending November 27, there were 423,641 standard cases of California sardines packed, according to information furnished by the California Sardine Products Institute and the California Division of Fish and Game. This was a decline of 26 percent from the total pack for the previous four weeks and 33 percent under the comparable period a year earlier. In the first four months of the season, which began August 1, landings and case pack both dropped 4 percent as compared with the same months in 1942. Meal tonnage also was down 3 percent but oil production was up 6 percent.

Item

Landing

Canned

California Sardine Landings, Canned Pack and Byproducts
MONTH

SEASON
Unit

1943 1943 1942 1943-44 1942-43

Oct. 31-Nov. 27 Oct.3-30 Oct. 30-Nov. 26 Aug. 1-Nov. 27. Aug.1-Nov. 26 Tons

56,836 67,212 92,707 302,794 313,501 1 lb.ovals-48 per case 193,443 197,320 219,818 836,415 778,864 1 lb, talls-48 per case 210,745 356,893

365,557

906,491

990,162 lb.fillet-48 per case

5,671

2,414
17,106

41,173 1b.round-96 per case 4,122 17,306 22,925

59,186

61,899 5 oz.-100 per case

28,617

6,996

99,278 Unclassified

12,495

5,063
1,441

41, 254

15,461 TOTAL, Sta. 1 lb.-48 per 423,641 576,582 629,578 1,856,453

1,931,602 case

November October November Aug. 1-Nov. 30 Aug. 1-Nov. 30
Tons

11,089
11,793 15,047

48,634

50,046 Gallons

2,158,767 2,065,882 2,483,917 10,778,440 10,335,328

Meal
Oil

Foreian Fishery Trade

CHILE PRODUCES 71,017,000 POUNDS OF FISH AND SHELLFISH IN 1942

Total production from Chile's fisheries in 1942 amounted to 32,213,000 kilograms, or 71,017,000 pounds, according to a recent United States consular report based on official Chilean statistics. Fish alone totaled 53,100,000 pounds and shellfish, 17,917,000 pounds, compared with 63,971,000 and 18,437,000 pounds, respectively, in 1941.

The leading port of landing was Talcahuano, with 14,859,000 pounds, and Valparaiso, with 10,368,000 pounds, was second.

A decline in fish catch from 32,913,000 pounds in 1941 to 20,983,000 pounds in 1942 in the concepcion area was attributed chiefly to shortage of motor fuel for fishing boats, This shortage placed the area at a disadvantage in transporting its produce to Santiago, the capital and most important market. Other areas, closer to the capital, have recently received preference in modernization of the fishing industry.

FISH CATCH IN CHILEAN WATERS IN 1942 BELOW 1941

The fish catch in Chilean waters in 1942 was almost 17 percent below the 1941 figure and il percent less than the catch in 1940, according to the American Embassy at Santiago, Chile. The very much smaller number of sardines and sierra caught accounts particularly for the low catch, although other types also contributed to the diminution,

The amount of shellfish obtained from Chilean waters was 2.9 percent less in 1942 than the year previous. Had it not been for a decided increase in the number of cholgas (a clamlike mollusk) taken, the 1942 total would have been considerably below its actual figure ina smuch as both the oyster and mussel output fell off radically.

Talcuhuano and Valparaiso maintained their positions as first and second ports as regards fish, with Puerto Montt as usual the chief port for shellfish. No figures have been made available by the Bureau of Statistics regarding the number of fishermen and craft en1943 TUNA AND MACKEREL PACKS AT END OF OCTOBER LEAD 1942

The October pack of tuna by California canners was 21 percent below that of the same month a year earlier, according to information released by the California Division of Fish and Game. Despite this drop, the total pack for the first ten months of 1943 was 2,084,622 cases or 9 percent more than the 1,915,905 cases packed in the same period in 1942. The pack for October totaled only 191,194 standard cases, the principal items being striped and yellowfin tuna and tuna flakes.

The production of canned mackerel in October amounted to 160,095 standard cases or 43 percent above the pack for September and 14 percent more than was packed in October 1942. The pack for the ten months, January through October, was 35 percent greater than for the same period in 1942.

California Pack of Tuna and Mackerel--Standard Cases1

October
Item

September October Ten months ending with October 1943

1943
1942

1943

1942
Cases
Cases
Cases
Cases

Cases
Thana:
Albacore
21,980 87,033 4,919

442,093 195,372 Bonito

4,237
6,195
2,717

34,821

23,437 Bluefin

233
11,544

138,394 273,690 Striped 68,358 32,499 173,986

313, 305 538,281 Yellowfin

52,619
77,476 44,434

593,828

699,740 Yellowtail

2,423
925

39,578 Flakes

40,709
87,489 11,955

486,911

124,470 Tonno style

635

1,564

17.404 21,337 Total 191,194 307,419 241,583

2,084,622 1,915,905 Mackerel

160,095
111,582
140, 836

411,769 304,579 1] Standard cases of tuna represent cases of 48 7-ounce cans, while those of mackerel represent cases of

48 1-pound cans.

2,008

57,866

4,258

1943 TUNA AND MACKEREL PACK ABOVE 1942 IN FIRST ELEVEN MONTHS

There were 163,300 standard cases of tuna packed by California canners in November, over five thousand ca ses more than were packed in November 1942, according to information furnished by the California Division of Fish and Game. The pack for the first ll months of the year, totaling close to 2 million cases, was 8 percent greater than for the same period in 1942,

Cases

The production of canned mackerel during November also showed an important gain over November 1942, increasing over 113,000 cases. In the first 11 months of the year, the mackerel pack was 44 percent higher than for 1942.

California Pack of Trina and Mackerel--Standard Cases]/
Item

November October November Eleven months ending with November
1943
1943 1942

1943

1942
Cases
Cases
Cases

Cases
Tuna:
Albacore

3,157
21,980
7,761
445,250

203,133 Bonito

855
4,237

35,676

27,263 Bluefin

233

163,282

273,690 Striped

38,066 68,358

97,068
351,371

635,349
Yellow in
49,546 52,619 36,998

643,374

736,738 Yellowtail

375
2,423 3,531

58, 241

43,109 makes

46,413 40,709

8,911
533,324

133,381 Tonno style

635

17.404

2,337 Total 163.300 192,194 158,095

2, 247,922 2,074,000 Mackerel 306,624 160,095 193,192

718,393

497,772 1 Standard cases of tuna represent cases of 48 7-ounce cans, while those of mackerel represent cases of

48 1-pound cans.

3,826

24,888

1

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