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1. Alewives. 2. Blackback. 3. Codfish, Atlantic. 4. Cusk.. 5. Dab, Sea. 6. Haddock 7. Hake.. 8. Hake, Mud. 9. Herring, Atlantić. 10. Pollock 11. Rosefish. 12. Sole, Grey. 13. Sole, Lemon. 14. Swordfish 15. Whiting. 16. Wolásh. 17. Yellowtail, Atlantic. 18. Bonito. 19. Cod, True, Pacific. 20. Flounder, Pacific... 21. Halibut.. 22. Ling Cod, Pacific.. 23. Rock (Red) Cod, Pacific. 24. Sablefish 25. Salmon, Chinook, King 26. Salmon, Silver. 27. Salmon, Pink,.. 28. Salnfón, Fall. 29. Sauger, Sand Pike 30. Smelt, Silver, Pacific 31. Sole, Dover.. 32. Sole. English. 33. Sole, Petrale. 34. Sole, Sand 35. Sole, Turbot. 36. Tuna, Albacore 37. Tuna, Bluefin.. 38. Tuna, Skipjack, Striped 39. Tuna, Yellowfin 40. Yellowtail, Pacific 41. Lake Trout, Canadian 42. Pickerel, Canadian.. 43. Whitefish, Canadian. 44. Yellow Pike. Canadian. 45. Yellow Porch, Canadian...

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[Region VIII Order G-1 Under MPR 507,

Amdt. 1]

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Order No. G-1 under Maximum Price Regulation No. 507, as amended. Ceiling prices of certain fresh fish and seafood sold at retail.

For the reasons set forth in an opinion issued simultaneously herewith, and under the authority vested in the Regional Administrator of the Office of Price Administration by section 12 (a) of Maximum Price Regulation No. 507, as amended, Order G-1 under Maximum Price Regulation No. 507 is hereby issued:

(a) What this order does. This order fixes ceiling prices for the domestic and imported fresh fish and seafood items listed in Table A for all retail stores, except as otherwise provided in any order fixing dollars and cents ceiling prices issued pursuant to Revised General Order No. 51.

(b) Your ceiling price for each item of fresh fish and seafood (that is each kind, size, and style of dressing, or preparation) listed in Table A in Paragraph (d), shall be the total of (1) the "net cost" of the largest delivery of the item received by you during the preceding seven day period if you are a group one or two store, or the weighted average "net cost" of your deliveries of the item during the preceding seven day period if you are a group three or four store, plus (2) the markup given your group for the item in Table A in paragraph (d).

(c) All provisions of Maximum Price Regulation No. 507 are hereby incorporated and made a part hereof except where the context clearly requires otherwise and except as follows:

(i) In applying section 15 of Maximum Price Regulation No. 507 “net cost" shall be calculated with reference to the price, style of dressing, container allowance, and delivery allowance, set forth in Order No. 6-6 under Maximum Price Regulation No. 418, as amended, instead of Maximum Price Regulation No. 418.

1 Retailers processing items prior to offering for sale at retail who price in accordance with section 18 (a) (2) and section 15 (6) (2) of Maximum Price Regulation No. 507, as modified by paragraph (c) hereof shall use these tables.

(e) Applicability. This order shall apply to Region VIII, which means the states of California, Washington, Nevada, Oregon, except Malheur County, and Arizona, except those portions of Coconino County and Mohave County lying north of the Colorado River; and the following Counties in the state of Idaho: Benewah, Bonner, Boundary, Clearwater, Kootenai, Latah, Lewis, Nez Herce, Shoshone, and Idaho.

(f) This order shall become effective June 12th, 1944.

Issued this 1st day of June 1944.

Amendment No. 1 shall become effective June 12, 1944.

Issued this 6th day of June 1944.

The following two Executive Orders, issued by the President, and the Emergency Price Control Act of 1942, are the basis for the maximum price regulations issued by the Office of Price Administration:

The President



NATIONAL ECONOMY By virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the Statutes, and particularly by the Act of October 2, 1942, entitled "An Act to Amend the Emergency Price Control Act of 1942, to Aid in Preventing Inflation, and for Other Purposes”, as President of the United States and Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, and in order to control so far as possible the inflationary tendencies and the vast dislocations attendant thereon which threaten our military effort and our domestic economic structure, and for the more effective prosecution of the war, it is hereby ordered as follows: TITLE I-ESTABLISHMENT OF AN OFFICE OF

ECONOMIC STABILIZATION 1. There is established in the Office for Emergency Management of the Executive Office of the President an Office of Economic Stabilization at the head of which shall be an Economic Stabilization Director (hereinafter referred to as the Director).

2. There is established in the Office of Economic Stabilization an Economic Stabilization Board with which the Director shall advise and consult. The Board shall consist of the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Labor, the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, the Price Administrator, the Chairman of the National War Labor Board, and two representatives each of labor, management, and farmers to be appointed by the President. The Director may invite for consultation. the head of any other department or agency. The Director shall serve as Chairman of the Board.

in minimizing the unnecessary migra- 1942.. and September 15, 1942, unless to
tion of labor from one busniess, indus- correct gross inequities and to aid in the
try, or region to another, and facilitating effective prosecution of the war.
the prosecution of the war. To give ef- 4. The National War Labor Board
fect to this comprehensive national eco- shall, by general regulation, make such
nomic policy the Director shall have exemptions from the provisions of this
power to issue directives on policy to the title in the case of small total wage in-
Federal departments and agencies con- creases or decreases as it deems necessary

for the effective administration of this
4. The guiding policy of the Director Order.
and of all departments and agencies of 5. No increases in salaries now in ex-
the Government shall be to stabilize the cess of $5,000 per year (except in in-
cost of living in accordance with the Act stances in which an individual has been
of October 2, 1942; and it shall be the assigned to more difficult or responsible
duty and responsibility of the Director work), shall be granted until otherwise
and of all departments and agencies of determined by the Director.
the Government to cooperate in the 6. No decrease shall be made in the
execution of, such administrative pro- salary for any particular work below the
grams and in the development of such highest salary paid therefore between
legislative programs as may be necessary January 1, 1942 and September 15, 1942
to that end. The administration of ac- unless to correct gross inequities and to
tivities related to the national economic aid in the effective prosecution of the
policy shall remain with the departments war.
and agencies now responsible for such

7. In order to correct gross inequities activities, but such administration shall and to provide for greater equality in conform to the directives on policy is- contributing to the war effort, the Direcsued by the Director.

tor is authorized to take the necessary

action, and to issue the appropriate reguTITLE II—WAGE AND SALARY STABILIZATION lations, so that, insofar as practicable, POLICY

no salary shall be authorized under Title 1. No increases in wage rates, granted

III, Section 4 to the extent that it exceeds as a result of voluntary agreement, col

$25,000 after the payment of taxes allective bargaining, conciliation, arbitra

locable to the sum in excess of $25,000; tion, or otherwise, and no decreases in

Provided, however, that such regulations wage rates, shall be authorized unless

shall make due allowance for the paynotice of such increases or decreases

ment of life insurance premiums on polishall have been filed with the National. cies heretofore issued, and required payWar Labor Board has approved such in

ments on fixed obligations heretofore increases or decreases.

curred, and shall make provision to pre

vent undue hardship. 2. The National War Labor Board shall

8. The policy of the Federal Governnot approve any increase in the wage

ment, as established in Executive Order rates prevailing on September 15, 1942,

No. 9017 of January 12, 1942, to encourunless such increase is necessary to cor

age free collective bargaining between rect maladjustments or inequalities, to

employers and employees is reaffirmed eliminate substandards of living, to cor

and continued.
rect gross inequities or to aid in the
effective prosecution of the war.

9. Insofar as the provisions of Clause

(1) of section 302 (c) of the Emergency Provided, however, that where the Na

Price Control Act of 1942 are inconsistent tional War Labor Board or the Price Ad

with this Order, they are hereby susministrator shall have reason to believe pended. that a proposed wage increase will require a change in the price ceiling of

TITLE III-ADMINISTRATION OF WAGE AND the commodity or service involved, such

SALARY POLICY proposed increase, if approved by the Na

3. The Director, with the approval of the President, shall formulate and develop a comprehensive national economic policy relating to the control of civilian purchasing power, prices, rents, wages, salaries, profits, rationing, subsidies, and all related matters-all for the purpose of preventing avoidable increases in the cost of living, cooperating

1. Except as modified by this Order, tional War Labor Board, shall become

the National War Labor Board shall coneffective only if also approved by the

tinue to perform the powers, functions, Director.

and duties conferred upon it by Executive 3. The National War Labor Board Order No. 9017,' and the functions of said shall not approve a decrease in the wages Board are hereby extended to cover all for any particular work below the highest wages paid therefor between January 1, 17 F. R. 237.

Industries and all employees. The National War Labor Board shall continue to follow the procedures specified in said Executive Order.

2. The National War Labor Board shall constitute the agency of the Federal Goyernment authorized to carry out the wage policies stated in this Order, or the directives on policy issued by the Director under this Order. The National War Labor Board is further authorized to issue such rules and regulations as may be necessary for the speedy determination of the propriety of any wage increases or decreases in accordance with this Order. and to avail itself of the services and facilities of such State and Federal departments and agencies as, in the discretion of the National War Labor Board, may be of assistance to the Board.

3. No provision with respect to wages contained in any labor agreement between employers and employees (including the Shipbuilding Stabilization Agreements as amended on May 16, 1942, and the Wage Stabilization Agreement of the Building Construction Industry arrived at May 22, 1942) which is inconsistent with the policy herein enunciated or hereafter formulated by the Director shall be enforced except with the approval of the National War Labor Board within the provisions of this Order. The National War Labor Board shall permit the Shipbuilding Stabilization Committee and the Wage Adjustment Board for the Building Construction Industry, both of which are provided for in the foregoing Agreements, to continue to perform their functions therein set forth, except insofar as any of them is inconsistent with the terms of this Order.

4. In order to effectuate the purposes and provisions of this Order and the Act of October 2, 1942, any wage or salary payment made in contravention thereof shall be disregarded by the Executive Departments and other governmental agencies in determining the costs or expenses of any employer for the purpose of any law or regulation, including the Emergency Price Control Act of 1942 or any maximum price regulation thereof, or for the purpose of calculating deductions under the Revenue Laws of the United States or for the purpose of determining costs or expenses under any contract made by or on behalf of the Government of the United States. TITLE IV-PRICES OF AGRICULTURAL

COMMODITIES 1. The prices of agricultural commodities and of commodities manufactured or processed in whole or substantial part from any agricultural commodity shall be stabilized, so far as practicable, on the basis of levels which existed on September 15, 1942 and in compliance with the Act of October 2, 1942.

2. In establishing, maintaining or ad- Healey Act, the Davis-Bacon Act, or justing maximum prices for agricultural the adjustment procedure of the Railway commodities or for commodities proc- Labor Act. essed or manufactured in whole or in 2. Salaries and wages under this Order substantial part from any agricultural shall include all forms of direct or incommodity, appropriate deductions shall direct remuneration to an employee or be made from parity price or comparable officer for work or personal services perprice for payments made under the Soil formed for an employer or corporation, Conservation and Domestic Allotment including but not limited to, bonuses, adAct, as amended, parity payments made ditional compensation, gifts, commisunder the Agricultural Adjustment Act sions, fees, and any other remuneraof 1938, as amended, and governmental tion in any form, or medium whatsoever, subsidies.

(excluding insurance and pension bene3. Subject to the directives on policy fits in a reasonable amount as deterof the Director, the price of agricultural mined by the Director); but for the purcommodities shall be established or pose of determining wages or salaries maintained or adjusted jointly by the for any period prior to September 16, Secretary of Agriculture and the Price 1942, such additional compensation shall Administrator; and any disagreement be taken into account only in cases where between them shall be resolved by the

it has been customarily paid by employDirector. The price of any commodity ers to their employees. “Salaries" as manufactured or processed in whole or

used in this Order means remuneration in substantial part from an agricultural

for personal services regularly paid on commodity shall be established or main- a weekly, monthly or annual basis. tained or adjusted by the Price Admin- 3. The Director shall, so far as posistrator, in the same administrative · sible, utilize the information, data; and manner provided for under the Emer- staff services of other Federal departgency Price Control Act of 1942.

ments and agencies which have activi4. The provisions of sections 3 (a) and

ties or functions related to national 3 (c) of the Emergency Price Control Act economic policy. All such Federal deof 1942 are hereby suspended to the ex

partments and agencies shall supply tent that such provisions are incon

available information, data, and services sistent with any or all prices established required by the Director in discharging under this Order for agricultural com

his responsibilities. modities, or commodities manufactured 4. The Director shall be the agency to or processed in whole or in substantial receive notice of any increase in the rates part from an agricultural commodity. or charges of common carriers or other

public utilities as provided in the aforeTITLE V-PROFITS AND SUBSIDIES said Act of October 2, 1942. 1. The Price Administrator in fixing,

5. The Director may perform the reducing, or increasing prices, shall de

functions and duties, and exercise the termine price ceilings in such a manner

powers, authority, and discretion conthat profits are prevented which in

ferred upon him by this Order through his judgment are unreasonable or

such officials or agencies, and in such exorbitant.

manner, as he may determine. The 2. The Director may direct any Fed

decision of the Director as to such deleeral department or agency including,

gation and the manner of exercise

thereof shall be final.
but not limited to the Department of
Agriculture (including the Commodity

6. The Director, if he deems is necCredit Corporation and the Surplus

essary, may direct that any policy formMarketing Administration), the Depart

ulated under this Order shall be enment of Commerce, the Reconstruction

forced by any other department or Finance Corporation, and other cor

agency under any other power or auporations organized pursuant to Sec

thority which may be provided by any of tion 5d of the Reconstruction Finance

the laws of the United States. Corporation Act, as amended, to use its 7. The Director, who shall be appointed authority to subsidize and to purchase

by the President, shall receive such comfor resale, if such measures are neces

pensation as the President shall prosary to insure the maximum necessary

vide, and within the limits of funds production and distribution of any com

which may be made available, may emmodity, or to maintain ceiling prices, or ploy necessary personnel and make proto prevent a price rise inconsistent with vision for supplies, facilities and services the purposes of this Order.

necessary to discharge his responsibili


FRANKLIN D ROOSEVELT 1. Nothing in this Order shall be con- The White House, strued as affecting the present operation

October 3, 1942. of the Fair Labor Standards Act the (F. R. Doc: 42–9889; Filed, October 3, 1942; National Labor Relations Act, the Walsh

1:04 p. m.]


The Executive Order I have signed today is a Hold-the-Line order.

To hold the line we cannot tolerate further increases in prices affecting the cost of living or further increases in general wage or salary rates except where clearly necessary to correct sub-standard living conditions. The only way to hold the line is to stop trying to find justifications for not holding it here or not holding it there.

No one straw may break & camel's back, but there is always a last straw. We cannot afford to take further chances in relaxing the line. We already have taken too many.

On the price front, the directions in the Order are clear and specific,

All items affecting the cost of living are to be brought under control. No further price increases are to be sanctioned unless imperatively required by law. Adjustments in the price relationships between different commodities will be permitted if such adjustments can be made without increasing the general cost of living. But any further inducements to maintain or increase production must not be allowed to disturb the present price levels; such further inducements whether they take the form of support prices or subsidies, must not be allowed to increase prices to consumers, Of course, the extent to which subsidies and other payments may be used to help keep down the cost of living will depend on Congressional authorization,

Some prices affecting the cost of living are already above the levels of September 15, 1942. All of the so cannot be rolled back. But some of these can and should be rolled back. The Order directs the reduction of all prices which are excessively high, inequitable, or unfair. The Stabilization Act was not intended to be used as a shield to protect prices which were excessively high on September 15, 1942.

On the wage front the directions in the Order are equally clear and specific,

There are to be no further increases in wage rates or salaries' scales beyond - the Little Steel formula, except where clearly necessary to correct substandards of living. Reclassi; ications and promotions must not be permitted to affect the general level of production costs or to justify price increases or to forestall price reductions,

The Order also makes clear the authority of the Chairman of the War Manpower Commission to forbid the employment by an employer of any new employee except in accordance with regulations of the Chairman, the purpose being to prevent such employment at a higher wage or salary than that received by the employee in his last employment unless the change of employment will aid in the prosecution of the war.

It further calls the attention of all agencies of the federal government and of state and municipal authorities concerned with the rates of common carriers and public utilities to the stabilization program in the hope that rate increases will be disapproved and rate reductions ordered so far as may be consistent with federal and state laws,

For some time it has been apparent that this action must be taken because of the continued pressure for increased wages and increased prices. I have here tofore refrained from acting because of the contention of the supporters of the Bankhead bill that under the Act of October 2, 1942, I had no authority to place ceiling prices on certain commodities at existing levels. My views on that question were set forth in my message of April 2, ve toing the Bankhead bill.

The Senate did not vote upon the question of passing the bill over the veto. Its author moved to recommit the bill to the Committee on Agriculture, stating that there were not sufficient votes to override the veto.

I am advised that weeks or months from this date the bill may be reported for consideration. I am also advised that in the history of the Congress no bill vetoed by a President and recommitted to a coinmittee has ever become law.

I cannot wait to see whether the Committee at some future date will again report the bill to the Senate, I cannot permit a continuance of the upward spiral of prices,

Some groups have been urging increased prices for farmers on the ground that wage earners have unduly profited. Other groups have been urging increased wages on the ground that farmers have unduly profited. A continuance of this conflict will not only cause inflation but will breed disunity at a time when unity is essential

Under the Act of October 2, 1942, Congress directed that so far as is practicable, wages, salaries and prices should be stabilized as of the level of September 15. Under that direction inflation has been slowed up. Now we must stop it.

We cannot stop inflation solely by wage and price ceilings. We cannot stop it solely by rationing. To complete the job, Congress must act to reduce and hold in check the excess purchasing power. We must be prepared to tax ourselves more, to spend less and save more. The details of new fiscal legislation must be worked out by the appropriate committees of the House and the Senate. The executive departments stand ready to submit suggestions whenever the committees desire,

I am exerting every power I possess to preserve our stabilization program,
I am sure the Congress will cooperate.


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