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(2) The term "refrigerated storage facility" means any artificially cooled storage space of more than 10,000 cubic feet capacity (not operated as a part of an established wholesale or retail food business, hotel, or other establishment where persons are housed or fed, and not including that portion of the refrigerated storage facility occupied by individual lockers having a capacity of less than twenty-five cubic feet).

Canned and Cured Fish Trade


The pack of tuna by California canners during February increased 100 percent over the pack of the same month in 1943, according to information released by the California Division of Fish and Game. The February pack totaled 115,400 standard cases of tuna compared with 57,808 cases canned during February 1943. The main items canned during the month were yellowfin and striped tuna and tuna flakes. The total pack for the first two months of 1944 amounted to 172,832 cases, exceeding that of the similar period of 1943 by 89,439 cases.

The pack of mackerel in February, amounting to 14,450 cases, was 41 percent less than the 24,301 cases canned in February 1943. The two-month pack of the current year amounted to 84,444 standard cases-4 percent less than the amount canned in the same period the previous year.

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Standard cases of tuna represent cases of 48 7-ounce cans, while those of mackerel represent cases of 48 1-pound cans.


Only 243 standard cases of shrimp were packed in the five weeks ending March 4, according to the Service's Market News office in New Orleans. This brought the season's total to 381,408 standard cases, little more than one-half the average pack of the previous five years for a similar part of the season. During the corresponding five weeks in 1943, there were 16,708 cases packed by the canneries operating under the supervision of the Food and Drug Administration.

Wholesale canned shrimp prices remained throughout February at the maximum figures established by the Office of Price Administration.

Wet and Dry Pack Shrimp in all Sizes in Tin and Glass-Standard Cases*

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July 1-Mar.4 July 1-Mar.6

All figures on basis of new standard case--48 No. 1 cans with 7 oz. per can in the wet pack and 6 oz. per can in the dry pack.


After a two-weeks period during which fishing was restricted to the southern district centered at San Pedro, the 1943-44 pilchard season ended on February 29. Fishing had previously been terminated in the two other districts on February 15.

From a total of 470,548 tons of pilchard landed, there were 3,151,983 standard cases of fish canned and 73,507 tons of meal and 13,792,966 gallons of oil prepared, according to figures furnished by the California Sardine Products Institute and the California Division of Fish and Game.

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Before the end of the summer, more than 700,000 men and women will have to be recruited for work in canneries and other processing plants where nearly 19,000,000,000 pounds of food will be handled, Paul V. McNutt, Chairman of the War Manpower Commission, announced March 16. Field offices of the Commission, Mr. McNutt said, have been instructed to gather information on seasonal food processing labor requirements as early as possible in order to determine how many and what kind of workers will be needed and whether they can be found in the local field or must be brought in from other areas.

During June, July, August, and September the job of processing, canning, and packaging what may be the nation's record output of food will be in full swing throughout the country. The finding of hands to do this huge seasonal job, Mr. McNutt said, will depend on how much cooperation the WMC representatives get from the employers and the people of the communities.

Estimates by the Office of the Coordinator of Fisheries of the Department of the Interior, and the War Food Administration show that total requirements for canned and processed fish products has been raised from a production of 4,000,000,000 pounds in 1943 to 5,300,000,000 pounds for 1944. WMC estimates that to handle this job 268,000 workers must be found, an increase of 63,600 over the 1943 employment figure.

Mr. McNutt said that there are a few sources of labor not used extensively in 1943 that may be drawn upon more heavily this year. It may be that foreign workers, prisoners of war and soldiers on leave can be employed, he added. The use of inexperienced labor, especially women and youth, makes necessary consideration by employers of supervisory training within the plants. The WMC can be of assistance by making available to them the experienced guidance of its Training Within Industry Service.


Food Distribution Order No. 44, Amendment 2, effective March 1, 1944, establishes quotas for canned fish packed in the United States and the Territory of Alaska, between March 1, 1944, and February 28, 1945, inclusive.

This statement, prepared for general distribution, is intended to supply the answers to many of the questions raised by the public. For additional information write to the Director of Food Distribution, War Food Administration, Washington 25, D. C., or Regional Director of Food Distribution, War Food Administration, 821 Market Street, San Francisco 3, California, Ref. FDO No. 44.

1. Q. What is the intent of Food Distribution Order No. 44, Amendment 2, issued February 29, 1944?

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A. FDO No. 44, Amendment 2, reserves for Government requirements a specified percentage of certain canned fish packed during the period March 1, 1944 to February 28, 1945.

2. Q. Who is regarded as a canner?

A. The Order, as amended, defines canner as "the first owner of canned fish." In other words,
if A packs his own salmon and also packs B's salmon and C's salmon, all three are regarded
as canners and each must tender for delivery to Governmental agencies before delivering to
the civilian trade in the proportions specified in the Order. On the other hand, if A packs
fish for B and C but does not pack any fish for himself, only B and C are regarded as canners.

3. Q. Does the Order, as amended, apply to all varieties of fish that may be canned?

A. No. It covers only the 8 classes of canned fish which are specified in the Order, as amended, and which are packed in the Territory of Alaska or the Continental United States.

4. Q. How does Food Distribution Order No. 44, Amendment 2, differ from FDO 44, Amendment 1?
A. The intent and restrictions of FDO No. 44, Amendment 2, are basically the same as those of
FDO No. 44, Amendment 1. However, certain changes have been made which will allow the canner
to operate with greater flexibility. The new amendment incorporates the following changes:
(a) Change in Quota Percentage.

The minimum amount each class of canned fish required for delivery to Governmental
agencies is established at an exact percentage of the total pack of the respective
class. However, the canner may deliver in excess of his quota any amount up to a
total of 60,000 pounds of the respective class of canned fish during the period
March 1, 1944 to February 28, 1945.

(b) Elimination of Quota Period for Deliveries.

The new Order allows the canner to deliver 40 pounds of the varieties of salmon
included in classes 1, 2, 3, and 4, to civilian trade for each 60 pounds of the
same class as soon as those 60 pounds have been inspected and tendered for de-
livery to the Government, pursuant to a contract, without the necessity of de-
signating a particular period of operation. He may deliver 55 pounds of the
varieties of fish in classes 5, 6, 7, and 8, to civilian trade for each 45 pounds
of the same class as soon as those 45 pounds of fish have been inspected and ten-
dered for delivery to Governmental agencies pursuant to a contract.

5. Q. Why was the "Quota Period for Deliveries" eliminated?


A. The quota period for deliveries was, in certain instances, difficult to apply to actual
operations. The provision of the new Order which allows the canner to deliver to ci-
vilian trade at any time an amount of canned fish in a stated proportion to the amount
previously tendered for delivery to the Government, has the same final effect with the
advantage of being more adaptable to various methods of operation.

Q. Is actual physical delivery of canned fish to the Government required prior to delivery
to civilians?

A. No. Canner may deliver to other than Governmental agencies the proportionate share provided:
(a) There exists a valid sales contract between canner and Governmental agency.

(b) A written tender of delivery has been submitted to the contracting Governmental agency. (c) An inspection certificate evidencing availability for delivery and the lot tendered for delivery meets contract specifications.

7. Q. May a canner deliver his entire output to the Government?

A. No.

The Order definitely states that the canner may deliver to the Government his quota of each class plus not more than a total of 60,000 pounds in excess of his quota.

8. Q. May the canner combine the classes listed in the Order and deliver to Governmental agencies the stated percentage of the combined total?

A. No.

9. Q. Must a canner deliver to the Government the stated percentages of each size or type of can packed by him?



A. No. Sizes or types of cans containing the same class of fish may be combined for the purposes of arriving at the Government quota of any particular class of fish.

Q. Is the Government quota to be calculated on the basis of cases or cans?

A. No. The Government quota is to be calculated on the basis of net weight.

Q. What Governmental agency or agencies may buy the canned fish reserved under the Order for the Government?

A. Office of Distribution, War Food Administration, is the sole agency authorized to purchase for Government requirements. Other Governmental agencies may be specifically designated

by the Director.

12. Q. If a canner sells and delivers part of his pack to a local institution owned or operated by the Federal Government, such as an Army hospital, will that quantity be regarded as having been sold and delivered to the Government?

A. Not unless such Governmental institution has been specifically authorized by the Director of Food Distribution.

13. Q. Will the quota percentages stated in the Order remain the same throughout the year?

A. Whether the quota percentages remain the same or not will depend on many factors, such as change in Government requirements, the run of fish, etc.

14. Q. When a tender of delivery has been forwarded to the Office of Distribution is the canner free to dispose of a proportionate amount for civilian consumption?

A. Yes, provided that the quantity tendered has been properly inspected and approved as suitable for delivery to the Office of Distribution.

15. Q. Does a canner need specific releases for that part of his pack which is to go to civilian trade?

A. No. If a canner fulfilled his obligations to the Government as prescribed by the Order, he needs no specific authorization to dispose of the civilian portion of his pack.

16. Q. If compliance with the Order should work exceptional and unreasonable hardship on a canner, how may he request relief?

A. He may petition the Director for relief, as provided in paragraph (h) of the Order.

17. Q. Does FDO No. 44, Amendment 2, relieve the canner from the obligations applying under FDO 44, Amendment 1?

A. No.

Inasmuch as FDO No. 44, Amendment 2, does not revoke FDO No. 44, Amendment 1, the terms of the previous amendment are still binding but they apply only to fish packed between April 1, 1943 and February 29, 1944, inclusive.

18. Q. Do canners have to report their pack weekly, as previously?

A. Yes. Under Director's Order FDO-44-1, Amendment 2, packers must report their weekly pack on
Form FDO-44-1 (Revised 3-1-44).

19. Q. In whose name shall the pack reports be made out?

A. In the name of the canner, that is, in the name of the first owner of the canned fish.

20. Q. Do canners have to report during the entire period covered by FDO No. 44, Amendment 2, that is, from March 1, 1944 to February 28, 1945?

A. If a canner commenced packing on June 1, 1944, and finished packing on October 31, 1944, he
should report during that period only and not during the entire period covered by the Order.
In other words, he is required to report during his packing season only.

21. Q. Should a canner file a pack report for weeks during which he does not pack any fish?
A. Yes. When a canner starts packing and filing weekly pack reports, he must continue to do
so during his entire packing season even though he may not pack fish during a particular
week. However, after a packer finishes his packing season and files the final report, he
is no longer obliged to file weekly reports.

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23. Q. Is a canner required to report every variety of fish canned in his plant or plants?
A. No. A canner should report only those classes of canned fish which are designated in
paragraph (b) of FDO-44, Amendment 2.


Canners of fish must continue to file weekly and seasonal reports during the 1944-45 packing season, the War Food Administration announced March 4. Salmon canners, however, are not required to report their pack of chum and steelhead since these species have been removed from Government set-aside restrictions. Shrimp canners also are excluded from reporting requirements.

Continuation of reports during the packing season, March 1, 1944 to February 28, 1945, is provided in an amendment to Director Food Distribution Order 44-1. Each canner must continue to report each calendar week the quantity and class of fish packed by him. Such reports must be submitted not later than four days after the last day of the week. A report at the end of his packing season on the quantity and class of fish he packed is required within 15 days after the last day of the packing season.

All previous requirements for reports under Director FDO 44-1 will remain in effect.


In Announcement No. FSC 1861, the Office of Distribution, War Food Administration, as the designated agency to purchase all Government requirements of canned sea herring and canned Maine sardines, announced March 6 that it will now receive offers for the sale of such canned fish required to be set aside in 1944, pursuant to Food Distribution Order No. 44.

Purchases will again be made by negotiated contracts executed in the name of the Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation, usually referred to as FSCC. The contract terms and conditions are set forth in three separate documents this year: Form FDA-474, "Standard Contract Conditions" contains conditions which apply to purchases of all commodities; Form SCB 64, "Canned Fish--General Contract Conditions," contains additional terms applying to purchases of all species of canned fish; and Form SCP 1861, "Canned Sea Herring and Canned Maine Sardines-Offer of Sale," which details the conditions applying specifically to those types of fish.

Canners who expect to operate during 1944 are requested to submit their proposals on Form SCP 1861 not later than April 15, 1944. It is intended that one contract will cover the entire quantity of canned sea herring and canned Maine sardines purchased for delivery to Government agencies during the 1944 packing season and only one contract number will be assigned to each canner.

It is preferred that canned sea herring be packed in tomato sauce, but natural style will be accepted. If packed in tomato sauce, there shall be added not less than one half gallon of tomato sauce, having a specific gravity of 1.045, to a case of 48/300's (300x407) or 48/1 oval cans.

It is requested that one half of the deliveries to the Government of 34 ounce Maine sardines be packed in tomato sauce. At the time of packing tomato sauce style, there shall be added to each case of 100/3 oz. cans or each case of 48 3/4 size cans not less than onehalf gallon of tomato sauce having a specific gravity of not less than 1.045. Canners are asked to arrange voluntarily their packing schedules to meet Government needs of this style pack and thus avoid the necessity of a restrictive order on the part of the Government. All tomato sauce used must comply with the applicable requirements of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act and amendments thereto. Shipping case and can specifications are the same as the requirements for the 1943 pack.

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