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IN MILLIONS OF POUNDS OR CENTS PER POUND VESSEL LANDINGS-BOSTON, GLOUCESTER & PORTLAND RECEIPTS OF FRESH & FROZEN FISH - CHICAGO ALL FRESH FISH

WYMOLESALE PMRKET 50

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11,9

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.

Boston, Mass.

November ,946

11,664

11,493 Gloucester, Mass.

do 11,304

11,252

14,811
Portland, Maine

do
808
981

949
Boston, Gloucester, and Portland:
Cod ....

4,496
1,181

3,178
Haddock

4,476
4,732

6,332
Pollock

do 5,399

7,247

1,498 Rosefish

do 6,094

5,460

10,182
FISH RECEIPTS, CHICAGOD/
Salt-water fish

do 2,436

2,344

1,594
Fresh-water fish

do
4,051
3,258

3,600
Shellfish, etc.

do 1,956

1,177

1,177 By truck

do 2,236

2,636

1,543 By expres8 .....

do 2,648

1,489

2,667
By freight

do
3,558
2,656

2,160
COLD-STORAGE HOLDINGS 2/
New York, N. Y.:
Salt-water fish

December 6,964

6,427

6,917 Fresh-water fish

do 1,820

1,835

1,911 Shellfish, etc.

do 2,355

1,451

2,418
Boston, Mass.:
Salt-water fish

do 10,149

12,262

12,218
Fresh-water fish

do
35

42
Shellfish, etc.

do 1,461

490

1,395
Chicago, Ili.:
Salt-water fish

do 2,8444

2,261

2,4443 Fresh-water fish

do 3,250

2,747

2,201 Shellfish, etc.

do 1,471

873

1,056 Unclassified

do

371

485
United States:
Cod fillets

do 3,065

2,680

2,351
Haddock fulots

do
3,028
5,213

3,065
Halibut

8,617
8,440

10,954
Mackerel (except Spanish)

do 6,915

10,347

7,410 Croakers ..

do 1,655

1,101

2,099
Rosefish fillets

do
3,296
2,158

3,842
Salmon

do 10,157

9,509

9,699 Whiting

do 9,942

14,153

10,414 Shrimp

do 7,950

5,554

5,756 New England, all species ..

do 25,678

26,400

21,997
Middle Atlantic, all species

22,102
23,299

20,247
South Atlantic, all species

do 5,815

6,324

5,491
North Central East, all species

16,168
17,711

12,699
North Central West, all species do

6,159
6,195

4,021
South Central, all species

do
4,845
1, 306

4,206
Pacific, all species .....
do 26,648 21,462

28, 395
1) Includes all arrivals as reported by express and rail terminals, and truck receipts as

reported by wholesale dealers including smokers.
2/ Data for individual cities are as of the last Thursday of the month, except those for

Boston which are for the last Wednesday of the month. Data on United States holdings
by various species and by geographical areas are as of the first of the month for both
the "Latest month" and "Previous month," but are as of the 15th of the month for the

nsame bonth a yoar ago."
Note:--Data for the latest month are subject to revision.

336

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20 21 21 23

RECEIPTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS AT CHICAGO, 1943, by L. C. Hinsdale .....
Decision rendered in oil pollution of oyster grounds
New fishery leaflets ....
Index of Federal controls pertinent to the fishing industry
FEDERAL ORDERS, PURCHASES, AND REGULATIONS:
OCE --Vessels denied shark fishing permits
Pilchard production directions suspended between seasons
Failure of Great Lakes smelt run for 1944 forecast

Discusses 1944 fish production
ODT--Cur tailment of refrigerator car use asked
OPA--Food rationing for fishing vessels revised
Extra period allowed for computing institutional allotments ........
Lists reports required from processed food handlers
Scallop and lemon sole. prices advanced by Andt. 21 to MPR-418 ...
Regional Administrator peruitted to set fish prices on Pacific Coast by Andt. 22

to MPR-418 ...
Sliced codfish prices reduced in Amdt. 23 to MPR-418
Amdt. 24 to MPR-418 effective February 28
Andt. 25 to MPR-418 effective March 6
Smelt prices established for San Francisco region
And t. 12 to MPR-364 effective February 26.
Frozen shrimp prices established for the Territory of Hawaii
Pickled Iceland herring prices regulated by MPR-512
Pickled fish prices in Puerto Rico revised
Fats and oils released for vitamin oil manufacture

Storage charges on fish oils may be added to maximum prices
WFA--Export packaging specifications revised

Lists Government canned fish requirements for 1944-45
Restriction on pet foods revoked ...
Fish oil to be released from Government reserves
Sperm oil freed for essential uses ....

Purchases in January valued at nearly $3,000,000
WMC--Outlines basis for allocating labor

Workers to be recruited for canning plants ...
WPB--Purchase of fibre and wooden shipping containers restricted

Canned foods restricted to human consumption

Vitamin A supplies allocated
SECTIONAL MARKETING FEVIEWS

Fisheries of the Gulf of Mexico

Fisheries of Washington and Oregon
FRESH FISH TRADE
Landings at three ports during January lowest since 1923
New York sal t-water receipts gain in January ....
Chicago receipts during January increase 14 percent over 1943
Seattle receipts decline in January ...
Biloxi price dispute cuts Gulf production in January

Contents continued on page 42

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ISSUED BY THE
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

WASHINGTON

Batural History Survey

TV

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

HAROLD L. ICKES, Secretary

FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

IRA N. GABRIELSON, Director

TMENT OF THE

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INTI

FISHERY MARKET NEWS

RIOR

FISH

SERVICE

A REVIEW OF CONDITIONS AND TRENDS OF THE COMMERCIAL FISHERIES
PREPARED IN THE DIVISION OF FISHERY INDUSTRIES

A. W. Anderson, Editor

C. R. Lucas, Associate Editor
TECHNOLOGY

W. H. Dumont - MARKET NEWS
STATISTICS

R. A. Kahn

MARKETING
D. Bloch

CONSUMERS

J. M. Lemon
E. A. Power

Applications for FISHERY MARKET NEWS, which is mailed free to ponders of the fishery industry and allied interests, should be addressed

to the Director, Fish and Wildlife Service, United States Department of the Interior, Washington 25, D. C.

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Rapidly growing importance of Chicago as the nation's leading inland wholesale market and receiving and distribution center was indicated by 1943 receipts of fishery products in that city. Over 84 million pounds of fresh and frozen fishery products, in 165 classifications, were received during 1943. Shipments from 34 states, Alaska, and 8 Canadian Provinces provided Chicago with the heaviest volume of fishery receipts since Market News data were first obtained in 1938. The year's receipts consisted of 55 fresh-water, 88 salt-water, and 22 shellfish items and represented an increase of approximately 16 million pounds or 23 percent compared to 1942.

Analysis of the 1943 receipts--Table I--shows that, although handicapped by lack of gear and manpower, intensified efforts of the industry enabled Chicago dealers to receive and distribute 36 percent more salt-water fish, 18 percent more fresh-water fish, and 13 percent more shellfish than during 1942.

Item

Table I -- Receipts by Types of Fish -- 1943 and 1942
Freshwater fish Salt-water fish Shellfish, etc.

Total
Lbs.
Lbs.
Lbs,

Lbs.
42,508,392 51 29,819,559 35 11,705,684 14 84,033,635
35,912,625 53 21,913,143 32 10,341,589 15 68,167,357
+6,595,767 +18 +7,906,416 +36 +1,364,095 +13 +15,866,278

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1943
1942
Change from 1942

100 100 +23

Fifteen of the sources of Chicago's supply in the United States, Alaska, and Canada were particularly important. Leading in domestic shipments were Wisconsin and Massachusetts, each accounting for ll percent of the total: receipts, and following were Michigan, with 9 percent; Louisiana and Minnesota, 6 percent each; Washington and Ohio, 4 percent each; Illinois, Iowa, and Texas, 3 percent each; and New York and Alaska, each 2 percent. British Columbia, Manitoba, and Nova Scotia led the shippers of imported fishery products to Chicago, accounting for 13, 10, and 4 percent, respectively, of the total volume. It is interesting to note that these three provinces contributed 81 percent of the total imported figure of approximately 27 million pounds. Receipts from the most important shipping sources are shown in greater detail in Table II.

Reflecting the serious rubber and gasoline problems, transport by motor trucks declined 24 percent in poundage during 1943 in comparison with 1942 figures, while accompanying rises of 82 percent in express and 25 percent in freight usage occurred. Tables III and IV show that 42 percent of all classifications arrived by rail express, 35 percent by rail freight, and 23 percent by motor trucks. Rail freight's share of the shipments remained the same as in 1942, but express increased its proportion from 28 to 42 percent at the expense or truck *Fishery Marketing Specialist, Chicago, Ill.

Table II -- Receipts by Most Important Shipping Sources -- 1943
1943
Percentage of

Change from 1942
volume 1943 receipts

State

or

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Province

Fresh-water

Salt-water

Shellfish

Domestic 85

Imported**

22

28

18

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+ Lake herring, suckers, sconsin

9,256,677
16-111+ 650,301 + 7

CRED, and sheepshead, Massachusetts

8,912,563

416 - 11+ 899,590 + 11 + Frozen waiting. Michigan

7,682,924

13 9- 166,195 2 Snelt and whitefish. Louisiana

5,342,756
451 9 6 + 646,303 + 24 + Shrimp

Bullheads, cerp, and Minnesota

4,889,770
9 6 +1,302,403 + 36

yellow pike.
Washington
3,668,881 12 6

+ Palibut, lingcod, and 4 +1,928,213 +111

sablefish Ohio

2,977,587 7

5 41+ 945,149 +47 + Blue pike & sheepshead, Texas

2,702,790

2315 3+ 747,658 + 38 + Tresh shrimp. Iowa

2,393,488 6

4 3+ 518,586 + 28 + Carp. Illinois

2,123,960 5
4 - 31+ 387,227 + 22 + Buffalofish & carp.

Clans and frozen spiny New York 1,331,282 1 81 2 21 517,405 28

lobster tails. Alaska

1,266,946 4

2+ 652,918 +106+ Halibut. British Columbia 10,706,541 36 40113 +1,368,520 + 15 + Imported hallbut.

+ Lake trout, whitefish, Manitoba

8,259,827 19
30 10 +1,366,211 + 20

and yellow pike, Nova Scotia**

3,066,210
- 11 4+1,832,310 +148

+ Sea herring, cod, and

mackerel. *Less than šof one percent, **Includes catch taken by 0.5. vessels and shipped through Canada to the United States in bond, transport, which, in 1942, handled 37 percent. Canadian imports show more strongly the conservative use of truck shipments. Forty-eight percent of the total imported poundage arrived via express, an increase of 121 percent over 1942. Rail freight accoun tad for 47 percent, an increase of 5 percent. Trucks carried but 5 percent of all imports, a decline of 45 percent from last year.

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The most noticeable and important change in 1943 in the nature of the products handled in Chicago's markets was a trend toward proportionately greater supplies of filleted fishery

%

Tablo III -- Receipts by Me thods of Transportation -- 1943 and 1942 Item

Truck

Express
Freight

Total
Classifications:

Lbs,

Lbg

% Lbs. % Lbs, All, 1943

18,897,724 23 35,355,006 42 29,780,905 35 84,033,635 100 1942

24,937,202 37

19,448, 126 28 23,782,029 351 68,167,357 | 100 Change from 1942

-6,039,478 -24 +15,906,880 +82 +5,998,876 +25 +15,866,278 +23 Tresh-water, 1943

12,932,955 30 22,713,10 54 6,862,254 16 42,508,39251 1942

16,020,240 45 13,787, 226 38 6,105,159 17 35,912,625 53 Change from 1942

-3,087,285 -19 +8,925,957! +65 + 757,095 +12 +6,595,767 +18 Saltwater, 1943

3,636,226 12 11,066, 274 37 15,117,059 51 29,879,559T 35 1942

5,659,108 26 4,672,449 A 11.581,586 53 21,913,143 32 Change from 1942

-2,022,882 -36 +6,393,825 +137 +3,535,473 +31 +7,906,416 +36 Shellish, etc., 1943

2,328,543 20 1,575,549 13 7,801,592 67 11,705,684 14 1942

3,257,854 31 988,451 6,095, 284 59 10,341,589 | 15 Change from 1942

929,311 -29 + 587,098 +59 +1,706,308 +28 +1,364,095 +13 Origin: Domestic, 1943 17,447,209 31 22,351,325 39

17,266,868 30 57,065,402 68 1942

22,313,925 47 13,563,065 28 11,817,325 25 47,694,315 70 Change from 1942

-4,866,716 -22 +8,788,260 +65 +5,449,543 +46 +9,371,087 +20 Imported", 1943

1,450,515 5 13,003,681 48 12,514,037 4726,968,233 32 1942

2,623,277 13

5,885,061

29 11,964,704 58 20,473,042 30 Caange from 1942

-1,172,762-45 +7,118,620 +121 + 549,333 + 5 +6,495,191 +32 *Includes catch taken by U.S. vessels end shipped through Canada to the United States in hond.

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