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pounds went to France, Belgium, Holland, and Italy. These levels of imports probably will not be reached in 1945, however,
No major increases in world export supplies can be expected until the Far Eastern sources of coconut, palm, soybean, and tung oils are again open to the Western nations. war level of net exports of fats and oils from areas now controlled by Japan and from the Philippines was about 3-1/3 billion pounds annually.
Available World Supplies to Increase--During the next several years, world supplies of fats and oils will be augmented by resumption of exports from the Far East, which in pre-war years averaged about 3-1/3 billion pounds (net) annually. Expansion of whaling activities in the Antarctic to the pre-war level would add another billion pounds annually to world supplies. Additional supplies of oilseeds in Argentina will be available when more fuel can be shipped to that area. The 1934-38 average of net exports of whale oil from surplus-producing areas was approximately 1.0 billion pounds.
Peak demand for fats and oils to be supplied from the United States may be reached in 1945. By 1946, world supplies may be materially increased by exports from the Far East, by expanded production of whale oil, and by greater availability of supplies in South America. Table Go-Factory and Warehouse Stocks of Specified Fats and Oils, Crude Basis,
August 31, 1942-44, June 30 and July 31, 1944
(Expressed in Millions of Pounds) Items grouped by
Aug. 31 Aug. 31
1 94. 4 major use
1942 1943 June 30 July 31 Aug. 31 Fish oil...
102.1 109.1 Marine animal oil
55.7 53.3 51.7 Cod and cod-liver oil
12.4 11.9 12.7 Other fish-liver oil
3.3 Grand Total for all Fats and Oils
1,914.5 1,933.8 2,709.6 | 2,638.4 | 2,459.9
Most Fats and Oils Prices Continue at Ceilings-Sardine and menhaden oils were sold in October, as a month earlier, at moderate discounts under ceilings. Sales of crude menhaden oil were reported in mid-October at 8.25 cents per pound, f.0.6. plant, Chesapeake Bay area, compared with the ceiling of 8.9 cents per pound. On the Pacific Coast, a large volume of crude sardine oil in tank cars was sold at 62 cents per gallon (equivalent to about 8.3 cents per pound) compared with the ceiling of 66.75 cents per gallon.
Foreign Fishery Trade
US CC WILL HELP U. S. POST-WAR FOREIGN TRADE
In the transition period, while the difficult adjustments from war to peace are being made, the United States Commercial Corporation will act as an aide and partner of private trade, according to a statement in the October 31 Trade Relations Supplement to the current Export Bulletin. In the newly liberated countries, while trade and commerce are too disorganized to operate other than through a central agency, USCC can act where it is virtually impossible for private trade to deal.
In the war theaters, US CC has acted and will continue to act as agent for the military services in the handling and disposition of commodities which are acquired as an incident to occupation. In the procurement and distribution of its purchases, it will continue to use the services of private business. USCC is now distributing all non-strategic imports through members of the import trade on the basis of their pre-war importations from the particular area.
FEA PLANS FOR V-E DAY
Since WPB Chairman Krug's announcement of the War Production Board's Demobilization of Controls after Victory in Europe, the Foreign Economic Administration has been busy reviewing with WPB the coordination of the relaxation of domestic controls with export activities, according to the October 31 Trade Relations Supplement to the Current Export Bulletin.
Summation of the plan as it affects exporters reveals the following:
1. For commodities in extremely short supply, the existing allocation and distribution
controls will be retained,
will be eligible for the military M rating.
activities of our Allies and essential rehabilitation, may receive military rating
assistance if exceptional urgency is established,
Directives to individual manufacturers.
available to aid procurement for export,
$14,241,000 IN FISHERY PRODUCTS SPENT BY WFA IN SEPTEMBER
Canned salmon and dry-salted fish were the main items in September purchases of fishery products by the War Food Administration, reports published by that agency indicate. During the month, $14,241,084 was spent on fishery products, bringing the total for 1944 through September to $35,407,322.
Purchases of Fishery Products by W.F.A.
January 1-September 30, 1944
102,324 247,133 1,110,625 1,094,646
like fishes, Fish, ground,
pickled smoked dehydrated Total
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL PRICES
Although average wholesale and retail prices for foods fell 2.2 percent and 0.5 percent during the month ending in mid-September, the retail prices of fresh and frozen fish continued to rise, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor. A small decrease in canned salmon averages at retail reflected another slight drop in consumer prices for this commodity,
Amdt. 24 to MPR-364 effective October 18
Nine-month tuna and mackerel packs greater than 1943
Canned Pacific mackerel specifications amended September 22 ......
WPB Order M-373 enlarged
Fats and oils situation forecast by USDA
USCC will help V. S. post-war foreign trade
FEA plans for V-E day
$14,241,000 in fishery products spent by WFA in September
INDEX TO FEDERAL ORDERS, PURCHASES, AND REGULATIONS
Agriculture Department--Fats and oils situation forecast
Control of fill of canned oyster containers proposed
Consultants and coordinators discuss problems of war and peace ...
INDEX TO FEDERAL ORDERS, PURCHASES, AND REGULATIONS (Continued)
OPA--Outlines pricing objectives for the reconversion period
Amends order restricting sugar for fish curing
$14,241,000 in fishery products spent in September .......................
FISH AND SHELLFISH OF THE SOUTH ATLANTIC AND GULF COASTS
A 45-page handbook of information on the salt-water fisheries of the southern coast from Cape Hatteras to the Mexican border, has just been issued by the Office of the Coordinator of Fisheries.
The new bulletin is an account of the fishery resources of the entire southern coast and contains information on approximately 25 different kinds of fish, mollusks, and crustaceans that are important products of the Southern States. Interesting facts on the habits of the fishes, their food value, the methods of marketing, and the development of the fisheries, are included in this booklet, which should be useful to anyone associated with the fishing industry.
The bulletin is the third of a series of regional booklets on the fisheries written by Rachel L. Carson, a biologist of the Fish and Wildlife Service, Already published are "Fish and Shellfish of New England" (Conservation Bulletin 33), and "Tishes of the Middle West" (Conservation Bulletin 34).
"Fish and Shellfish of the South Atlantic and Gulf Coasts" is known as Conservation Bulletin 37, and may be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, Washington 25, D. C., for 10 cents, or on request from members of Congress,