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These levels of imports probably will

pounds went to France, Belgium, Holland, and Italy. not be reached in 1945, however,

The pre

No major increases in world export supplies can be expected until the Far Eastern sources of coconut, palm, soybean, and tung oils are again open to the Western nations. war level of net exports of fats and oils from areas now controlled by Japan and from the Philippines was about 3-1/3 billion pounds annually.

Available World Supplies to Increase--During the next several years, world supplies of fats and oils will be augmented by resumption of exports from the Far East, which in pre-war years averaged about 3-1/3 billion pounds (net) annually. Expansion of whaling activities in the Antarctic to the pre-war level would add another billion pounds annually to world supplies. Additional supplies of oilseeds in Argentina will be available when more fuel can be shipped to that area. The 1934-38 average of net exports of whale oil from surplus-producing areas was approximately 1.0 billion pounds.

Peak demand for fats and oils to be supplied from the United States may be reached in 1945. By 1946, world supplies may be materially increased by exports from the Far East, by expanded production of whale oil, and by greater availability of supplies in South America. Table 6o-Factory and Warehouse Stocks of Specified Fats and Oils, Crude Basis,

August 31, 1942-44, June 30 and July 31, 1944

(Expressed in Millions of Pounds) Items grouped by

Aug. 31 Aug. 31

19 4 4 major use

1942 1943 June 30 July 31 Aug. 31 Fish oil...

118.4
92.2

85.5

102.1 109.1 Marine animal oil

44.5 41.0

55.7 53.3 51.7 Cod and cod-liver oil

12.6 13.7

12.4 11.9

12.7 Other fish-liver oil

2.7 1.9

2.4 2.5

3.3 Grand Total for all Fats and Oils

1,914.5 1.933.8 2,709,6 2,638.4 2,459.9

Most Fats and Oils Prices Continue at Ceilings-Sardine and menhaden oils were sold in October, as a month earlier, at moderate discounts under ceilings. Sales of crude menhaden oil were reported in mid-October at 8.25 cents per pound, 7.0.b. plant, Chesapeake Bay area, compared with the ceiling of 8.9 cents per pound. On the Pacific Coast, a large volume of crude sardine oil in tank cars was sold at 62 cents per gallon (equivalent to about 8.3 cents per pound) compared with the ceiling of 66.75 cents per gallon.

Foreion Fishery Trade

US CC WILL HELP U. S. POST-WAR FOREIGN TRADE

In the transition period, while the difficult adjustments from war to peace are being made, the United States Commercial Corporation will act as an aide and partner of private trade, according to a statement in the October 31 Trade Relations Supplement to the current Export Bulletin. In the newly liberated countries, while trade and commerce are too disorganized to operate other than through a central agency, USCC can act where it is virtually impossible for private trade to deal.

In the war theaters, USCC has acted and will continue to act as agent for the military services in the handling and disposition of commodities which are acquired as an incident to occupation. In the procurement and distribution of its purchases, it will continue to use the services of private business. USCC is now distributing all non-strategic imports through members of the import trade on the basis of their pre-war importations from the particular area.

FEA PLANS FOR V-E DAY

Since WPB Chairman Krug's announcement of the War Production Board's Demobilization of Controls after Victory in Europe, the Foreign Economic Administration has been busy reviewing with WPB the coordination of the relaxation of domestic controls with export activities, according to the October 31 Trade Relations Supplement to the Current Export Bulletin.

Summation of the plan as it affects exporters reveals the following

1. For commodities in extremely short supply, the existing allocation and distribution

controls will be retained,
2. Commodities essential for the war activities of our Allies in the Pacific theater

will be eligible for the military M rating.
3. Export obligations of the U. S. Government, including supplies for the war-supporting

activities of our Allies and essential rehabilitation, may receive military rating

assistance if exceptional urgency is established,
4. All other essential exports are eligible for expediting assistance by means of WPB

Directives to individual manufacturers.
5. In general, except for the cases described above, supply assistance will not be

available to aid procurement for export.

Statistical Summaries

$14,241,000 IN FISHERY PRODUCTS SPENT BY WFA IN SEPTEMBER

Canned salmon and dry-salted fish were the main items in September purchases of fishery products by the War Food Administration, reports published by that agency indicate. During the month, $14,241,084 was spent on fishery products, bringing the total for 1944 through September to $35,407,322.

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Purchases of Fishery Products by W.F.A.

September 1944
Unit

January 1-September 30, 1944.
Quantity
F.0.B. Cost Quantity

F.0.B. Cost
Dollars

Dollars Cases 27,639 116,844 56,733

282,835 122,298

667,377
194,024

1,290,507
219,099
936,988 696,110

2,944,198 711,063

7,867,625
1,324,048

14,418,968

102,324 247,133 1,110,625 1,094,646

4,958,007 71,500

297,950 1,358

27,093 87,000

204,115 1,527,232 10,699,459 3,534,405

24,525,997 Pounds 16,755,000 2,435,339 25,531,070

3,833,350 1,295 17,720,686

1,327,084 3,414,258

392,935 224,000

268, 800 16,774,188 2,436,634 46,890,014

5,822,169

Commodity

FISH
Herring,

canned
Mackerel,
Pilchards,
Salmon,
Shrimp,
Sardines,
Squid,
Tuna and tuna-

like fishes, Fish, ground,

To tal
Fish, dry-salted

pickled smoked dehydrated To tal

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Although average wholesale and retail prices for foods fell 2.2 percent and 0.5 percent during the month ending in mid-September, the retail prices of fresh and frozen fish continued to rise, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor. A small decrease in canned salmon averages at retail reflected another slight drop in consumer prices for this commodity.

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CONTENTS, CONTINUED
FROZEN FISH TRADE (Continued)

Andt, 22 to MPR-364 effective October 3..
Amdt. 23 to MPR-364 effective October 25

Amdt. 24 to MPR-364 effective October 18
CANNED AND CURED FISH TRADE

Nine-month tuna and mackerel packs greater than 1943
Gulf canners pack 126,000 cases of shrimp during September
September pilchard pack 35 percent below 1943
Nearly complete Alaska salmon pack to tals 4,838,000 cases
Canned oyster inspection regulations amended
Control of fill of canned oyster containers proposed
Amdt. 2 to MPR-448 made effective October 23 ...
OPA amends order restricting sugar for fish curing
Salmon industry asked to move salmon early
WFA amends canned salmon specifications ......
WFA amends canned pilchard specifications on October 19 ...

Canned Pacific mackerel specifications amended September 22
BYPRODUCTS TRADE

WPB Order M-373 enlarged
Order governing use of Vitamin A in feed terminated
Liver oil of unborn soupfin pups analysed
WFA amends orders governing uses of fats and oils

Fats and oils situation forecast by USDA
FOREIGN FISHERY TRADE
- USCC will help U. S. post-war foreign trade

FEA plans for V-E day
STATISTICAL SUMMARIES

$14,241,000 in fishery products spent by WFA in September
Wholesale and retail prices
Trends of fishery trade
Fishery trade indicators

39 39 40 40 42 43 44 44 44 44

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INDEX TO FEDERAL ORDERS, PURCHASES, AND REGULATIONS

Page 46

Agriculture Department--Fats and oils situation forecast
Food and Drug Administration
Canned oyster inspection regulations amended ...

Control of fill of canned oyster containers proposed
Foreign Economic Administration--Plans for V-E day
Navy Department--U. S. relay radio stations instructed to relay fish reports
OCF--Fish supplies analyzed

Consultants and coordinators discuss problems of war and peace ...
Pilchard Directions P-10 to P-14 effective September 17
Pilchard Direction P-15 effective October 25

40 40 47 20 11 12 14 17

INDEX TO FEDERAL ORDERS, PURCHASES, AND REGULATIONS (Continued)

Page 17 26

OPA- Outlines pricing objectives for the reconversion period
Pacific office sets retail margins for fresh fish sold in west
New England fresh fish prices unchanged for winter
Amdt, 6 to MPR-507 effective October 26
And t. 36 to MPR-418 effective October 2
Amdt. 37 to MPR-418 effective October 23
Regional office adds definitions to fresh fish order
Amd t. 21 to MPR-364 effective October 3
And t. 22 to MPR-364 effective October 3
And t. 23 to MPR-364 effective October 25
Amdt. 24 to MPR-364 effective October 18
Amd t. 2 to MPR-448 made effective October 23

Amends order restricting sugar for fish curing
United States Commercial Corporation--Will help U. S. post-war foreign trade
WFA--And Fish and Wildlife Service begin fish sales campaign
Explains position on sales of U. S. food stocks
Allocates freezer space
Salmon industry asked to move salmon early
Amends canned salmon specifications ...........
Amends canned pilchard specifications on October 19
Canned Pacific mackerel specifications amended September 22
Order governing use of vitamin A in feed terminated
Amends orders governing uses of fats and oils ...

$14,241,000 in fishery products spent in September
WMC--Facilitates employment of war veterans
WPB_-Non-commercial fishing tackle limitations removed

Order M-373 enlarged

35 36 37 42 43 47 12. 17 34 44 44 44 44 45

45 48

21 19 45

FISH AND SHELLFISH OF THE SOUTH ATLANTIC AND GULF COASTS

A 45-page handbook of information on the salt-water fisheries of the southern coast from Cape Hatteras to the Mexican border, has just been issued by the Office of the Coordinator of Fisheries.

The new bulletin is an account of the fishery resources of the entire southern coast and contains information on approxima tely 25 different kinds of fish, mollusks, and crustaceans that are important products of the Southern States. Interesting facts on the habits of the fishes, their food value, the methods of marketing, and the development of the fisheries, are included in this booklet, which should be useful to anyone associated with the fishing industry.

The bulletin is the third of a series of regional booklets on the fisheries written by Rachel L. Carson, a biologist of the Fish and Wildlife Service, Already published are "Fish and Shellfish of New England" (Conservation Bulletin 33), and "Tishes of the Middle West" (Conservation Bulletin 34).

"Fish and Shellfish of the South Atlantic and Gulf Coasts" is known as Conservation Bulletin 37, and may be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, Washington 25, D. C., for 10 cents, or on request from members of Congress,

4:06352

Compositor--Jean Zalevsky

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