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1,052

do

do

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299

Boston, Mass.

Sopt.

14,988 12,989 14,985 Gloucoster, Mass.

21,904 23,696 24,259
Portland, Maine

do
1,772
1,707

2,053
Boston, Gloucostor, and Portland:
Cod .....

do
3,447
2,516

3,685
Haddock

do
9,622
8,952

8,708
Pollock

812
558

441
Rosefish

do 11,883 14,533 15,134
FISH RECEIPTS, CHICAGO1/
Salt-water fish ..

do
2,170
2,505

2,069
Frosb-vator fish

do
2,864
3,289

2,788
Shellfish, etc.

do
1,015
1,213

609
By truck

do
1,052

1,322
By express

2,751
3,217

3,144
By freight

do
2,246
2,467

1,270
COLD-STORAGE HOLDINGS2/
Now York, N. Y.:
Salt-wator fish

11,852

7,325 11,169
fresh-water fish

do
1,206
1,921

1,265
Shellfish, oto.

do
1,813
1,590

953
Boston, Mass.:
Salt-water fish

17,381 12,201 17,258
Frosh-wator fish

do
64
34

56
Shellfish, etc.

do
839
1,576

896
Chicago, Ill.:
Salt-water fish

do
2,973
3,247

2,790
Frosb-water fish

do
3,804
1,442

4,024
Shellfish, otc.

do
683
635

322
United States:
cod fillots ...

Oct. 6,558

2,269

6,745
Haddock fillots

do
5,280
3,268

4,892
Halibut ....

do 17,087 12,762 17,629 Mackerel (ozcopt Spanish)

do 11,852

7,982 11,882
Croakers ...

do
2,622
2,464

2,734
Rosofish fillots

4,057
3,990

3,898
Salmon

do 11,174

8,727

8,856 Whiting

do 10,587 10,607

9,410
Shrimp ...

do
4,925
4,163

2,063
New England, all species ...

do 32,757 23,592 31, 904
Middle Atlantic, all species ...

28,427
20, 429

26,684
South Atlantic, all spocios ..

do
6,802
5,546

5,630
North Contral East, all spacios

do 15,088 12,302 14,582
North Central Wost, all spocios

4,310
3,565

4,306
South Central, all spocios

5,796
3,932

4377
Pacific, all species ...

do 39,437 28,859

36, 215
1 Includes all arrivals as reported by express and rail terminals, and truck receipts as

reported by wholesale dealers including smokers.
2/ Data for individual cities are as of the last Thursday of the month, except those for

Boston which are for the last Wednesday of the month. Data on United States holdings
by various specios and by goographical areas aro as of the first of the month.

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nI

FISHERY MARKET NEWS

DECEMBER 1944

CONTENTS

Page
RECEIPTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS AT SEATTLE, 1943, by E. C. Hinsdale

2
Record supply of fish forecast by OCH
Pilchard catch boosts U. S. production
Interior Department institutes closed season for sablefish
U, S, halibut vessels granted privileges in Canada
Surplus diesel engines and boats listed by Maritime Commission
Production of non-commercial fishing tackle still restricted
ODT penalty demurrage charges suspended
FRESH FISH TRADE

October landings at three ports greater than in 1943
Ten-month total of New Bedford landings 23 percent above 1943
Favorable weather stimulates shrimp production in October
October New York receipts increase il percent over September
October receipts at Chicago show a decrease of 1 percent from September

October receipts at Seattle show 68 percent gain
FROZEN FISH TRADE
U. S. holdings on November 1 32 percent greater than year previous

18
October freezings by U. S. cold-storage plants 26 percent larger than October 1943
New York cold-storage holdings continue upward trend in October
Boston cold-storage holdings show little change in October ......
Chicago cold-storage holdings of October 26 show slight decrease ............
Canadian holdings on November 1 16 percent greater than those of one year earlier ..
Canadian freezings decline during October

And t. 25 to MPR-364 effective November 25
CANNED AND CURED FISH TRADE

Final Alaska salmon pack to tals 4,856,330 cases
Tuna and mackerel ten-month packs show large increases over 1943
Increased pilchard pack follows rise in catch
October shrimp pack exceeds October 1943 by 25,500 cases ....
Regulation governing fill of oyster containers issued

Point values for canned fish
BYPRODUCTS TRADE

Use of bags for fish meal restricted
FOREIGN FISHERY TRADE

Whitefish inspection in Canada begun in November
Import control of fishery products shifted to WFA

New import forms required by WFA
STATISTICAL SUMMARIES

WFA purchases $12,218,000 in fishery products in October
Wholesale and retail prices
Trends of fishery trade

Inside back cover
Fishery trade indicators

Outside back cover Index to Volume 6, Nos, 1 to 12, inclusive, 1944

28 Contents continued on page 27

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Applications for FISHERY MARKET NEWS, which is mailed free to members of the fishery industry and allied interests, should be addressed

to the Director, Fish and Rildlife Service, United States Department of the Interior, Washington 25, D. C.

The Service assumes no responsibility for the accuracy of material from outside sources.

December 1944

Washington 25, D. C.

Vol. 6, No. 12

RECEIPTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS AT SEATTLE, 1943

By E. C. Hinsdale*

During 1943, the receipts of fresh and frozen fish, shellfish, and grayfish (dogfish) and soupfin shark livers at Seattle totaled 80,909,000 pounds, an increase of over 10ž million pounds, or 15 percent, above the 1942 figure of 70,257,000 pounds. Making up the year's total were the local landings and shipments reported by the halibut and salmon exchanges, direct local receipts by wholesalers, coastwise vessel arrivals from Alaska, imports from British Columbia, and other shipments from non-local sources.

Halibut led all other varieties with a total of 24,384,000 pounds, or 30 percent, of all receipts. Following in order were: salmon, 16,922,000 pounds, or 21 percent; flounders (sole), 10,295,000 pounds, or 13 percent; lingcod, 6,942,000 pounds, or 8 percent; sablefish, 5,046,000 pounds, or 6 percent; and rockfishes, 4,506,000 pounds, or 5 percent. Pacific oyster receipts were 2,486,000 pounds, only 3 percent of all receipts, but 53 percent of the shellfish total. Crabs followed with 1,448,000 pounds of meats, representing 2 percent of all receipts and 30 percent of those of shellfish.

Heavier production by the otter-trawl fleet increased turbot receipts about 2-3/4 million pounds over 1942, but the total volume of other flounders (sole) was approximately on the same level as the previous year. Fresh lingcod receipts rose over 1 million pounds, or 19 percent; while fresh rockfishes, including sea bass, rock cod, and similar species, gained 163 percent.

In 1943, receipts of chinook salmon dropped over 1-3/4 million pounds, or 22 percent, falling from 8,130,000 pounds received in 1942 to 6,349,000 pounds. Sockeye salmon receipts of 26,698 pounds were practically negligible in comparison to the abnormal total of 1,321,000 pounds the previous year. Although 1943 was classed as a good pink salmon year, receipts were not heavy at Seattle, the bulk of the catch going to canneries at other Puget Sound points. The 1943 pink salmon total, 538,000 pounds, cannot be compared to the 1942 receipts of only 1,547 pounds because pink salmon runs are negligible in even-numbered years. The comparable 1941 total was 896,000 pounds. The chum or fall salmon total of 2,768,000 pounds was 55 percent less than the 6,134,024 pounds received in 1942. Receipts of silver salmon also failed to measure up to the preceding year'ş total of 3,042,000 pounds, being nearly half a million pounds less.

The most notable decline was in the landings of the United States halibut fleet. Receipts were nearly 1-3/4 million pounds less than those received in 1942, which, in turn, were over 4 million pounds less than the 1941 total. Until July 13, 1943, when ceiling prices were put into effect, the halibut season progressed normally, with indications that it would compare very favorably with 1941. As a direct result of the ceiling prices, halibut fares from Area III, the only fishing area open at the time, dropped to the lowest figure ever reached for Seattle. The halibut vessels practically stopped landing at Seattle and de*Fishery Marketing Specialist.

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TABLE I - Volume and Source of Total Receipts, By Species, 1943 and 1942
1943

1943 Varie ty

compared
Variety

compared
and

1943
with
1942

1943

1942 and

with Source

1942
Source

1942
FISH
Pounds Percent Pounds

FISH(Cont'd.) Pounds Per cent Pounds Carp, Tocal 9,213

Salmont Continued): Catfish, local 174.927

Pink: Cod, true:

Local

+ Local

609,151 23

786,545
Frozen, other

8.951
Frozen, o the
17,870
To tal fresh & frozen 546,774

1,547 Total fresh & frozen 627,021 20 786,545

Silver or coho: Dolly Varden trout:

Local

2,445, 246 20 3,041,473

Other 1,600

80

1.300 +1525 Other

20

8.300 Frozen, other

75
33, 766
To tal fresh

20
2,446,546

3,041,553 26

124,651 Frozen, other 9.900

:

2,324, 122 Total fresh & frozen

72 35,048

To tel fresh & frozen Flounders:

4.770,660 23

6,166,250

Sockeye or blue back,
Sole, English, local 1,775,831

: :
local

26,698 98
5,191,783
Pe trale,

1,321, 117 Sand & Dover,

Unclassified,
local
14, 251

frozen, other

1,277.493 + 1,170, 742 Turbot, 3,102, 215

304,507

Grand total fresh 12,128, 239 35 18,627,820 Flounder,

199,699
17.407,260*
frozen 4.793.572

5.203.941 Total local 10,283,779 + 33 7,711,767

fresh &

16,921,811 29 23,831,761 Sole, other 8.479

frozen To tal fresh 10, 292,258 + 34 7,711,767 Shad, other

225,952 Flounder, frozen,

Skate wings, local

21,613
other
3.175

Smelt:
To tal fresh & frozen 10,295,433 + 347,711,767

Eulachon: Haddock frozen, other. 41,450

Local

568,935 +1419 Halibut:

Other

8,535 No.1-Exchange, local 6,931,725 10 7,726,550

To tal fresh

577,470 +1442 37.450 No.25,514,754 176,649,530 Silver,

local

198,326 17 239,720 Unclassified

583,485

+ 77 329.374 Soupf in shark: Sub-total 13,029,964 11 14,705,454

Local

1,573,16% + 817 171,615 Unclassified, other 2,606,156 870 268,570

Other

28,352 To tal fresh 15,636, 120 4 15,074,024

To tal fresh

1,601,514 + 833 171,615 Unclassified, frozen,

Frozen, other

78,057 other 8,747.979 + 109 14,147,082 To tal fresh & frozen 1,679,571 + 879 171,615 To tal fresh & frozen 24.384,099 + 28 19,121,105 Steelhead trout: Herring:

Other

1,200 Local

479,040
25,550 Frozen, other

3.900 Frozen, other

31,700 96 753,000 Total fresh & frozen 5.100 To tal fresh & frozen 510,740 34 778,550 Sturgeon: Lingcod:

Local

18,607 Local 6,511,350 + 13 5,743, 781

Other

4501 Other 324,783 + 312 21,484 To tal fresh

19.057 To tal fresh 6,836,133 + 19 5,765,265 Tench, local

109,364 Frozen, other 105.794

332 / Tuna, Albacore: Total fresh & frozen 6,941,927

+ 20 5,765,597
Local

773,212 + 660 101,748 Perch, local 220,904 + 84 120, 105

Other

2.990 + 33 7,492 Pilchard, local 110,330

Total fresh

783,202 + 616 109,240 Rockfishes:

i All fish: Local 4., 201,400 + 154 1,652,344 Local

51,686,882 + 3 50,059,659 Other

164 422
+ 364
4,399
Other

4.879.600 + 99 2,444.854 To tal fresh

4,365,822
+ 163 1,656, 743
Total fresh

56,566,482 + 8 52,504,513 Frozen, other 140,083 + 5 134,037 Frozen, other 16,852,964 + 39

39 12,130,425 To tal fresh & frozen 4,505,905 + 151 1,790,780

To tal fresh & frozen 73,419,446 + 14 64,634,938 Sablefish:

SHELLFISH Local

2,159,138

12 2,448,752 Clams, hard Treats): Other 5.909 +

Local

169.480 + 49

113,851 Total fresh 2,165,047 122,449,052 Other

138,4971 + 125 61 560 Frozen, other 2,881, 074 + 36 1,858, 267 To tal fresh

307,977 + 75 175,411 Total fresh & frozen 5,046,121 17 4,307, 319 Frozen, other

126,823 Salmon:

Total fresh & frozen 434.400 + 148 175.411 Chinook or king:

Crabs, Dungeness: Local 4,630,869 235,988,332 Local

1,414,991 + 6

6

1,334,196 Other 1,718,424 20 2,141, 247

Other

33,240 To tal fresh 6,349,293 238,129,579

To tal fresh

1,48,231 + 9 1,334,196 Frozen, other

799,602 10 892,802 Lobsters, spiny(Calif. 7, Total fresh & frozen 7, 148,895 21 19,022,381

other

5,100 Chum or fall!

Octopus, local

2,478

6,239 Local

2,767,879 556,134,024 Pyşters, (meats):

383,404 Frozen, other

Local: 25 15.700

Olympia, shucked 34,579 14 42,177 To tal fresh & frozen 3.151,283 516,149,724

shell

100 7,651

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TABLE I - Volume and Source of Total Receipts, By_Species, 1943 and 1942 (Continued)
1943

1943 Varie ty

compared
Variety

compared
1943

1943
and
1942

1942
with
and

with Source

1942
Source

1942 SHELLFISH (Cont'd. Pounds Percent Pounds

SHELLFISH (Cont'd.) Pounds Percent
.

Pounds Oysters (meats) (Cont'd.)

All shellfish: Local:

Local

4,160,023) +48 2,801,033 Pacific, shucked 2,485,641 115 1,157,535 Other

502,151] +48

338.795 shell - 100 84,335 Total fresh

4,662,174 +48 3,139,828 Other, shell

2,450

Frozen, other

126,823 To tal shucked

2,520,238 + 110 1,199,712 Total fresh & frozen 4.788,997 +53 3.139,828 shell

2,450 - 97 91.986 All fish & shellfisa: To tal shell & shucked 2,522,688 + 95_1.291,698 Local

55,846,905 + 6 52,860,692 Scallops, bay meats), local 9,076 - 72 32.375 Other

5,381,751 +93 2,783,649 Total fresh

161, 228,656 +10 155,644,341 Local

39,233 + 520 6,339 Frozen, other 16,979,787 +40 12,130,425 Other 55,320

Total fresh & frozen 78,208,443 +15 67.774,766 To tal

94,553 +1390 6,339 LIVERS Shrimp meat, other 198,419- 28 277,235 Grayfish (Dogfish) 2,246,072 + 5

2,149,178 Squid:

Soupf in shark

454,853 +37 333,009 Local 4,527 72 16,335 Total

2,700,925 19 2,262,187 Other 69,125

To tal fish, shellfish, To tal 73,652 + 350 16,335 and livers

80,909,368 +15 170,256,953 *Not classified separately in 1942

**Includes all sole except turbot. NOTE: Sources listed as "local" are either direct landings or receipts from nearby areas.

Sources listed as "other" are receipts from Alaska, British Columbia, Oregon, California, etc.

Shrimp:

livered their catches to Alaskan ports and Prince Rupert, Canada. It was contended that more profitable prices could be obtained in the northern ports because the longer haul to Seattle, in most instances, involved shrinkage, loss of grade, and limited the number of trips that could be made before the season's end.

Excluding livers and shellfish items, total fresh and frozen fish receipts amounted to 73,419,000 pounds. of this volume, 16,853,000 pounds, or 23 percent, consisted of frozen fish from Alaska and other non-local sources, representing an increase of 39 percent over 1942. Halibut accounted for 52 percent of the total, all species of salmon, 28 percent; and sablefish, 17 percent; with the remaining 3 percent consisting of true cod, lingcod, and rockfishes. The 1943 receipts of frozen halibut, 8,748,000 pounds, were more than double those in 1942, and frozen sablefish increased over 1 million pounds, or 36 percent. Frozen chinook and silver salmon, however, declined 10 percent and 26 percent, respectively.

Receipts of fresh fish from local sources, including landings of the halibut fleet but not receipts of grayfish and soupfin shark livers and shellfish, totaled 51,687,000 pounds, or about 64 percent of the port's grand total of landings and receipts from all sources, This was 3 percent greater than the 1942 fresh fish figure of 50,060,000 pounds.

Receipts of fresh fish from other than local sources doubled as compared with the previous year due primarily to a 2 million-pound increase in halibut receipts. This development resulted from the dearth of halibut landings at Seattle after price ceilings went into effect.

Prices received by fishermen during the early part of 1943 were far above any paid in 1942. For example, during the first six months of 1943, the average price for chinook salmon reached 31.8 cents per pound compared to 18 cents in 1942. Halibut prices for the same period averaged 23.6 cents per pound for No. 1 and 21,7 cents for No. 2 compared to the 1942 average of 17.8 cents per pound for No. 1 and 16.6 cents for No. 2 fish. These price comparisons are for the first six months of 1943 only since OPA ceiling prices were established and became effective in mid-July of that year.

The Pacific Coast shark fishery, which expanded considerably during 1942, continued to grow during 1943 with receipts of livers of soupfin shark and grayfish (dogfish) increasing appreciably. Soupfin shark livers amounted to 462,000 pounds and sold for an average price of $4.55 per pound compared to the 1942 receipts of 333,009 pounds and average price of $4.26. Grayfish livers totaled 2,246,000 pounds and averaged 46 cents per pound compared to 2,149,000 pounds at 28 cents per pound received in 1942. Soupfin shark carcasses changed from a practically worthless item to one of relative importance in the shark fishery as evidenced by the fact that dressed and trimmed carcasses brought from 9 to 17 cents per pound during the latter months of 1943.

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