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CONTENTS, CONTINUED
CANNED AND CURED FISH TRADE (Continued)

August pilchard pack down 10 per cent from August 1943
Restrictions on use of cans for fresh oysters relaxed
WPB predicts further liberalization of controls on glass containers
OPA amends cured fish order September 19 ...
OPA discusses ceiling prices on sal tod lake herring
OPA canned crabmeat pricos extended on September 19 .....
WFA specifications for canned coho salmon amended September 15

Specifications for purchase of canned meckerel amended
BYPRODUCTS TRADE

Pet food price order issued September 4 ...

Use of new textile bags for crushed oyster shells permitted
FOREIGN FISHERY TRADE

OPA sets up method of pricing imported mamut actured foods
OPA liberalizes price limits on sales to exporters
Public Health Service clarifies its position in the control of shellfish imports

Iceland orders 45 trawlers from Swedon
STATISTICAL SUMMARIES

WTA purchases in August include $4,592,000 in fishery products
Wholesale and retail prices
Fishery trade indicators

Trends of fishery trade
Family Food Consumption in the United States

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INDEX TO FEDERAL ORDERS, PURCHASES, AND REGULATIONS

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Food and Drug Administration--Use of term "greyfish" is discussed
OCF--Colorful ceremony marks opening of the shrimp season

Consultants' meeting planned ........
ODT--Acts to eliminate delays in unloading refrigerator cars
OPA--Postpones setting prices on Great Lakes fish
Amd t. 34 to MPR-418 effective September 18
Amd t. 35 to MPR-418 effective September 14
And t, 5 to MR-507 effective October 5 ...
Few raises in frozen fish prices this winter
States no increase contemplated in scallop prices
And t. 20 to MPR-364 effective September 11
Amends cured fish order September 19
Discusses ceiling prices on salted lake herring
Canned crabmeat prices extended on September 19
Pet food price order issued September 4 ....
Sets up method of pricing imported manufactured foods

Liberalizes price limits on sales to exporters
Public Health Service--Clarifies its position in the control of shellfish imports .............
VFA--Principles governing sale of Government-owned food outlined
Revises food priority order effective September 15 .....
Active orders listed on September 30
Acts to make more cold-storage space available
WFO-70, 70-1, 90, and 90-1 terminated September 2
Specifications for canned coho salmon amended September 15
Specifications for purchase of canned meckerel amended

Purchases in August include $4,592,000 in fishery products ..........
WPB--Defines program for operations following Germany's defeat
No relaxation of restrictions on burlap or rope anticipated
Asks cooperation in use of transportation facilities ...........
Restrictions on use of cans for fresh oystors relaxed
Predicts further liberalization of controls on glass containers
Use of new textile bags for crushed oyster shells permitted

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Compositor--Jean Zalevsky

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Boston, Mass.

August 14,985

14,468

15,613 Gloucester, Mass.

do
24,259 26,491

27,011 Portland, Maine ..

do
2,053
2,314

2,635
Boston, Gloucester, and Portland:
Cod

do
3,685
3,767

6,993 Haddock

do
8,708
7,928

7,191 Pollock

do
441
479

595 Rosefish

do
15,134 15,400

15,778
FISH RECEIPTS, CHICAGO1/
Salt-water fish ...

do
2,069
4,047

1, 401 Fresh-water fish

do
2,788
3,689

2,436 Shellfish, etc.

do
609
803

232 By truck.

do
1,052
1,512

852 By express

do
3,144
4,459

2,542 By freight

do
1,270
2,568

674
COLD-STORAGE HOLDINGS 2
New York, N. Y.:
Salt-wator fish ..

do
11,169
5,365

8,897 Fresh-water fish

do
1,265
1,690

834 Shellfish, etc.

953
900

627
Boston, Mass.:
Salt-water fish

do
17,258 11,652

15,208 Fresh-water fish

do
56
24

28 Shellfish, etc.

do

896
1,279

1,007
Chicago, Ill.:
Salt-water fish ..

do
2,790
2,752

2,507 Fresh-water fish

do
4,024
1,191

4,419 Shellfish, etc.

do
322
577

353
United States:
Cod fillets ....

Sept. 6,967

2,661

7,995 Haddock fillets

do
4,892
2,374

4,966 Halibut

do
17,636 13,018

14,592 Mackerel (except Spanish)

.do.
11,882
7,871

11,051 Croakers

do
2,734
2,705

2,351 Rosefish fillets

do
3,898
3,151

3, 444 Salmon

do
8,769
7,143

4,988 Whiting

do
9,410 10,922

6,623 Shrimp

do
2,063

1,568 New England, all species ...

do
31,904 22,813

29,074 Middle Atlantic, all species

do
26,684 19,862

25,821 South Atlantic, all species

do
5,630
5,576

5,383 North Central East, all species ... do

14,582 11,076

14,711 North Central West, all species

do
4,306
3,120

4,130 South Central, all species

do
4,377
3,235

3,676 Pacific, all species ......i

do
36,215 27,439

26,293 1 Includes all arrivals as reported by express and rail terminals, and truck receipts as

reported by wholesale dealers including smokers. 2) Data for individual cities are as of the last Thursday of the month, except those for

Boston which are for the last Wednesday of the month. Data on United States holdings by various species and by geographical areas are as of the first of the month.

2,423

Note:--Data for the latest month are subject to revision.

105587

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FISH CONSUMPTION IN THE UNITED STATES

The Department of Agriculture has published a pamphlet on Family Food Con-
sumption in the United States, which contains interesting data on fish consumption.
A short review of the study shows that in the spring of 1942, the per capita con-
sumption of fish and shellfish was at an annual rate of 14.2 pounds. Urban dwellers
on the average were the nation's heaviest consumers of fish and seafood with an annual
consumption rate of 16.8 pounds, or about 18 percent more than the national average.
The smallest consumers of fish and seafood were the rural farm dwellers with an annual
per capita rate of consumption of 10.4 pounds or with slightly less than three-fourths
as much as the average per capita consumption for a nation as a whole.

With the exception of tomatoes and citrus fruits, the consumption of meat, poul try,
and fish (as a group) increased to a greater extent with increase in money incone than
the consumption of any other of the il food groups discussed in that publication. Urban
families with incomes less than $500 used little more than balf as much meat, poultry,
and fish as those in the income group $2,500-$2,999. Similarly, farm families with
incomes less than $500 consumed only about two-thirds as much of these foods as those
in the income group $1,000-$1,499.

In cities, families with incomes of $3,000 or over consumed more than one and
one-half times as much fish as families with less than $500. However, the increase
of consumption of meat and poul try was greater than the increase of the consumption
of fish,

Consumption studies generally are made on the so-called "disappearance" method, where by average consumption data are derived from statistics of production, imports, exports, and stocks on band at the beginning and end of the period of time in question, In this study, actual consumption data were obtained from families representative of various population groups and put together with suitable weighting to give average ligures for the country as a whole.

The study is based on a survey of family spending and saving in wertime, a co-
operative under taking of the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, Department of
Labor and the Bureau of Human Nutrition and Home Economics, Agricultural Research
Administration, Department of Agriculture,

Copies of Family Food Consumption in the United States, may be obtained from the
Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.,
at the price of 20 cents each, by requesting Dept. of Agriculture Miscellaneous Publi.
cation No. 550.

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209

FISHERY MARKET NEWS

NOVEMBER 1944

CONTENTS

Page

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21

STORAGE TESTS ON FROZEN PINK SALMON, by Dorris L. Bucher
STUDIES ON THE ICING OF FRESH-COOKED AND PEHLED SHRIMP, by E, F. Kapalka and

S. R. Pottinger
DRILL SAMPLING DEVICE FOR FISH LIVERS:

I. CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS, by L. G. McKee, F. B. Senf ord, and G. C. Bucher
II. INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE, by F. B. Sanford, G. C. Bucher, and M. E. Stansby
Fish supplies analyzed by OCF
Fish sales campaign begun by WFA and Fish and Wildlife Service ..
OCF consultants and coordinators discuss problems of war and peace ...........
Pilchard Directions P-10 to P-14 effective September 17
Pilchard Direction P-15 effective October 25
WFA explains position on sales of U. S. food stocks
OPA outlines pricing objectives for the reconversion period
Date for end of halibut fishing set
U. S. and Canada make recommendations for conservation of grayfish
Fishermen adopt grayfish conservation measure
Non-commercial fishing tackle limitations removed
U. S. relay radio stations instructed to relay fish reports
WMC facilitates employment of war veterans
New fishery leaf lets
SECTIONAL MARKETING REVIEW

Fisheries of New York
FRESH FISH TRADE

September landings at three ports same as in 1943
New Bedford landings decline during September
Shellfish prominent in New York's September arrivals
Gulf shrimp and oyster production gain in September
Chicago receipts ir September gain ll percent over August
Seattle receipts of fishery products continue to decline in September
New England fresh fish prices unchanged for winter
Pacific OPA sets retail margins for fresh fish sold in west
Amd t. 6 to MPR-507 effective October 26
Amd t. 36 to MPR-418 effective October 2
Andt. 37 to MPR-418 effective October 23

Regional OPA adds definitions to fresh fish order
FROZEN FISH TRADE

Record frozen fish stocks crowd U. S. storage plants
September freezings 5 percent greater than September 1943
Boston cold-storage holdings show little change in September
New York cold-storage holdings soar to 15,459,000 pounds in September
Frozen fishery stocks in Chicago remain firm in September
Canadian freezings in September 47 percent below August
October i Canadian cold-storage holdings 29 percent above year previous
WFA allocates freezer space
Amdt. 21 to MPR-364 effective October 3

Contents continued on page 49

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ISSUED BY THE
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

WASHINGTON

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