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OPA DISCUSSES CEILING PRICES ON SALTED LAKE HERRING

To answer several pertinent questions, the following information in reference to the ceiling price of salted lake herring is offered by the Office of the Coordinator of Fisheries.

Salted lake herring is priced by OPA under the General Maximum Price Regulation, as amended up to date, and as modified by Revised Supplementary Regulation 14 of July 13, 1943. In accordance with this regulation, the maximum price of salted lake herring shall be the highest price charged by the seller during March 1942, plus 75 cents per hundred-pound keg if the seller is a first processor. If the seller is a final processor, the ceiling price is the highest price charged by the seller during March 1942, plus one cent per pound.

First processor means any person who salts lake herring which are destined for future processing. Final processor means a person who repacks salted herring for sale in the form in which it is sold at retail.

The Division of Commercial Fisheries of the Fish and Wildlife Service, in connection with the Office of the Coordinator of Fisheries, at present is making a study on processing and distribution costs of salted lake herring to determine whether the price increases, as established by the Revised Supplementary Regulation of July 13, 1943, are sufficient to maintain production and distribution. The results of this study will be submitted to the office of Price Administration,

OPA CANNED CRABMEAT PRICES EXTENDED ON SEPTEMBER 19

Domestic canned crabmeat packed in No. 1 squat containers has been given uniform dollarand-cents canners' ceiling prices, the Office of Price Administration announced September 15. Gulf Coast canners pack crabmeat in this container size. A substantial part of the crabmeat pack is supplied by these canners. Previously, these canners had to apply to OPA for individual price determinations. The prices on this new container size are in line with those established for other container sizes, and no increase to consumers will result.

The highest retail prices will be 60 cents for white meat and 52 cents for claw meat in New York, Chicago, and San Francisco. Retail and wholesale prices are on a percentage mark-up over net cost.

A provision is made in the regulation which requires canners to notify wholesalers and retailers of the newly established prices on crabmeat packed in No. 1 squats,

Also, the action amends the definition of No. flats (a can size) to make it clear that this size container must be packed to a net weight of not less than 6.5 ounces. No. 1 squats must be packed to a net weight of not less than 7.8 ounces or a drained weight of not less than 6.5 ounces.

Amdt. 2 to MPR-247--Domestic Canned Crabmeat--became effective September 19, 1944. Excerpts follow:

Maximum Price Regulation No. 247 is mestic canned crabmeat packed in No. 1 amended in the following respects:

squats, in any case where a maximum 1. Section 1364.252 (a) is amended to price is determined pursuant to this regread as follows:

ulation, the canner determining his (a) The canner's maximum prices per

maximum price shall supply each wholedozen f. o. b. factory for each kind, grade

saler and retailer who purchases from and container size of domestic crabmeat

him with the following notice: of the 1942 pack and subsequent packs

NOTICE TO WHOLE_ALE.IS AND RETAILERS shall be those set forth below:

Our CPA ceiling price for (describe item). (1) Blue crabmeat and sand crabmeat, has been changed under the provisions of fancy or white fancy, No. 1/2 flats, $4.00; Maximum Price Regulation No. 247. We are No. 1 squats, $4.70.

authorized to inform you that if you are a (2) Blue crabmeat and sand crabmeat, wholesaler or retailer pricing this item unbrown claw fancy, No. 1/2 flats, $3.50; No.

der Maximum Price Regulation No. 421, 422

or 423, and if we are your customary type 1 squats, $4.10.

of supplier, you must refigure your ceiling (3) Dungeness crabmeat, fancy, No.

price for the item in accordance with the 1/2 flats, $4.00.

applicable pricing provisions of those regula2. Section 1364.254 is amended to read tions (see section 6 in each case). You must as follows:

refigure your ceiling price on the first de

livery of any item of domestic canned crab$ 1364.254 Notification of change of

meat packed in No. 1/2 flats on and after Aumaximum price. With the first delivery

gust 30, 1943 and any item of domestic after August 30, 1943, of any item of do

canned crabmeat packed in No. 1 squats on mestic canned crabmeat packed in No.

and after September 19, 1944. 1.2 flats, and with the first delivery after

For a period of 90 days after August September 18, 1944, of any item of do

0, 1943, in the case of domestic canned

crabmeat packed in No. 12 flats, and for a period of 90 days after September 18, 1944, in the case of domestic canned crabmeat packed in No. 1 squats, and with the first shipment after the 90 day period to each person who has not made a purchase within that time, the canner shall include in each case or carton containing the item the written notice set forth before, or securely attach it to the outside thereof.

3. Section 1364.266 (a) (7) is amended to read as follows:

(7) "No. 1/2 flats” means 1/2 flat calıs (307X 201.25) or their permitted equivalent (300 X 210) packed to a net weight of not less than 6.5 ounces.

4. Section 1364.266 (a) is amended by adding a new sub-paragraph (8) to read as follows:

(8) "No. 1 squats” means cans (307 208) packed to a net weight of not less than 7.8 ounces or a drained weight of not less than 6.5 ounces.

WFA SPECIFICATIONS FOR CANNED COHO SALMON AMENDED SEPTEMBER 15

The War Food Administration announced to the salmon industry on September 15 that specifications covering canned salmon were amended to include the following additional specification:

o. 2 Coho Salmon shall be Canned Coho Salinon meeting all the requirements for this species

contained in Federal Specification No. PP-S-31A, Sections B through F, inclusive, except
that the color may be dull, oil may be negligible, texture may be somewhat soft, may be
watermarked, and odor and flavor may be typical of this species for the late run.

WFA will consider requests to amend existing canned salmon contracts to accept delivery of 48/18 Tall No. 2 coho salmon at 60 cents a case less, and 48/} No. 2 cobos at 42 cents a case less than the applicable price for cohos in contracts now in effect.

The action was taken in Supplement No. 4 to FSC-1873--Canned Alaska Salmon--and Supplement No, i to Awd-5--Canned Salmon-Continental United States.

SPECIFICATIONS FOR PURCHASE OF CANNED MACKEREL AMENDED

WFA's specifications covering Canned Mackerel purchases were changed on September 22 by Amdt. No. 1 to Form PBP-89--Orfer of Sale--as follows:

The present definition of the term "well cleaned" as stated in Form PBP-89, paragraph 3,
Specifications, Definitions (b) is deleted and the following substituted in liou thereof :
(b) The term "well cleaned" means that the fish shall have the heads removed. Tails

shall be removed to the extent that they shall not be present in amounts in
excess of 20 percent by count of pieces of fish, The fish shall be free of
entrails and other objectionable offal.

All offers made subsequent to the date of Amendment will be made subject to the revised specification,

Byproducts Trade

PET FOOD PRICE ORDER ISSUED SEPTEMBER 4

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A method by which manufacturers of pet foods may recalculate theid maximum prices to cover increased raw material costs, was provided the industry August 31 by the Office of Price Administration in the issuance of a new regulation dealing with these commodities, The products covered under the new measure, which is effective September 4, 1944, include all moist, frozen, dehydrated, and dry pet foods. Pet foods containing horsemeat are not included in this regulation. They are covered by Maximum Price Regulation No. 367 (Horsemeat). Export sales of pet foods, emergency sales to government agencies, and pet foods manufactured for laboratory experimental work also are not covered in this action.

Prior to the regulation, pet foods have been priced under the General Maximum Price Regulation, which "froze" a manufacturer's price to the highest price he charged during March 1942. Now, a processor may refigure his ceiling as follows:

For moist or frozen pet food: A processor wishing to refigure his ceiling prices must file an application with the OPA in Washing ton, D. C., within 30 days after the effective date of the regulation. The application must contain a description of the pet food, including the kind and amount of each ingredient, the brand name, the weight and type of package, the number of packages to a shipping unit (a shipping unit has a minimum net weight of 20 pounds and a maximum net weight of 100 pounds), the maximum margin he wishes to have and the method he used in figuring this margin,

Retail prices for these commodities are based on a percentage mark-up and will reflect any increases in the processor's prices.

Maximum Price Regulation No. 552--Pet Foods--became effective September 4, 1944.

USE OF NEW TEXTILE BAGS FOR CRUSHED OYSTER SHELLS PERMITTED

In an action dated September 12, the War Production Board added crushed oyster shells to the list of items which may be packed in new textile bags made of burlap. This action was taken in amending Conservation Order M-221, Textile Bags.

Foreign Fishery Trade

OPA SETS UP METHOD OF PRICING IMPORTED MANUFACTURED FOODS

A new method by which importers of certain "manufactured" foods will determine their maximum prices was provided September 6 by the Office of Price Administration. * Manufactured" foods are those which are ready for consumption, as distinguished from foods that require further processing.

Effectivo September ll, 1944, this new method applies only to those importers of foods who have had their maximum prices "frozen" at March 1942 "highs" under the General Maximum Price Regulation or were subject to supplementary regulations and orders which do not set dollar-and-cont prices, and to those who, as wholesalers and retailers, have priced under the fixed mark-up regulations. It does not affect importers of foods subject to regulations containing specific prices for the particular foods.

Chiet provisions of the order are:
(1) Affected food importers are limited to a mark-up no greater than their dollar-and-cont

mark-up of March 1942, and
(2) The landed cost that will be recognized for pricing purposes may include a foreign

supplier's price, in dollars, no higher than the supplier charged during April 1943.

Distributors of imported foods that they do not themselves import will generally speaking, continue to price as they did before issuance of the order. Most of them will determine their prices under the fixed mark-up regulations or under the specific price regulations which have applied to them in the past. Importers who have been pricing under the General Maximum Price Regulation will now price under the Maximum Import Price Regulation.

Effect of the action, OPA said, is to extend to imported manufactured foods a pricing method similar to that now in use for other imported manufactured goods and for imported foods requiring processing after importation. The action was taken in Amdt. 5 to Maximum Import Price Regulation; Andt. 13 to MPR-421--Coiling Prices of Certain Foods Sold at Wholesale; Amdt. 25 to MPR-422--Ceiling Prices of Certain Foods Sold at Rotail in Group 3 and 4 Stores; and Amdt. 26 to MPR-423--Ceiling Prices of certain Foods Sold at Retail in Group I and 2 Stores--all effective September ll.

OPA LIBERALIZES PRICE LIMITS ON SALES TO EXPORTERS

Maximum pricing provisions on sales to exporters vero rovised by the Office of Price Administration September 13 to permit the resumption of a pricing practice where it had been customarily followed prior to price control.

This change, effective September 18, 1944, will permit sellers to charge exporters higher prices than those charged comparable domestic purchasers provided that this was their established practice prior to the extension of price control to their sales.

Heretofore, the export regulation has allowed only the addition over prices for domestic sales of the cost of extra packing, preparing, or otherwise servicing the commodity for shipment abroad or installing or servicing it after shipment abroad. These additions still may be made.

However, sellers under the General Maximum Price Regulation or similar "freeze" regulations have been able to continue their base period practice of charging higher prices to exporters than to other buyers. On the other hand, sollers whose ceilings were determined by specific dollar-and-cont or certain formula regulations were prevented from continuing their previous practice.

Before sellers can resume a former practice of charging exporters higher prices than domestic purchasers for a given commodity, specific approval must be obtained from OPA'S National orrico. Applications for such approval should be addressed to the Export-Import Price Branch, Office of Price Administration, Washington 25, D. C., and should fully explain the applicant's former practice, his customary differentials between his domestic prices and his prices to exporters, and the methods of conducting his export business that justify the practice.

OPA said that approval will be granted applications where, and to the extent that, it is satisfactorily shown that the practice was in fact regularly established and that it is necessary to enable the seller to pay customary commissions pursuant to exclusive agency agrooments, to effectuate foreign price maintenance policies, to prosorve foreign good will for his products, or to protect his export sales representatives from competitive practices.

Amendment No. 10 to the Second Rovised Maximum Export Prico Regulation, became effoctivo September 19,

PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE CLARIFIES ITS POSITION IN THE CONTROL OF SHELLFISH IMPORTS

The United States Public Health Service of the Federal Security Agency has addrossed the following notice to Stato health officers and all others concerned:

For & mumber of years, the Public Health Service has listed on the Approved List of Shellfish Shippers the names, location, and certificate members of Canadian shippers whose sanitary certificates have been approved by the Department of Pensions and National Health of Canada,

In thus listing the Canadian shippers, the impression has been created that the Public Health Service is cooperating with the Canadian Provincial health departments in the shellfish control activities in the same manner as it is with the State health departments and that the Canadian shippers are listed because the Service has approved the activities of the Canadian regulatory authorities, This is not the case.

Under existing law, the Public Health Service has no authority to set up requirements for the importation of shellfish or other food products into this country. Further, it

, has no authority to inspect the growing areas or plants where such food products may be handled or processed, Neither does it have authority to expand funds for such inspections,

The Food and Drug Administration of the Federal Security Agency does have legal authority to control the importation of such food products and is actively engaged in carrying out these functions under existing law.

In view of these considera tions, the following policy will be pursued in connection with the importation of oysters and other shellfish into the United States:

(1) The Public Health Service will not undertake to inspect shellfish-bearing areas

or processing plants located in foreign countries, nor will it issue or endorse

certificates to importers of such products from such countries. (2) The Public Health Service will interpose no objection to the importation of such

food products, responsibility for such importations being that of the Food and

Drug Administration, (3) The Public Health Service will interpose no objection to the interstate transpor

tation of such shellfish or food products which may be imported, Tae Public Health Service, however, will act to protect the public health should such interstate shipments be determined to be detrimental to the health of persons consuming such imported products.

In accordance with this policy, the Service will no longer publish in its lists of approved shellfish shippers information relative to Canadian shellfish shippers.

ICELAND ORDERS 45 TRAWLERS FROM SWEDEN

The Government of Iceland has placed orders in Sweden for 45 fishing motor trawlers, a dispatch from the American Legation in Reykjavik indicates. Fifteen of the trawlers are

The Govern

of 50 tons and 30 are of 80 tons oach. Delivery is requested for June 1945. ment of Iceland plans to sell the trawlers to fishing interests.

Statistical Summaries

WFA PURCHASES IN AUGUST INCLUDE $4,592,000 IN FISHERY PRODUCTS

of the $147,585,000 spent by the War Food Administration in August for agricultural and related products, $4,592,000 was expended for fishery products, according to WTA. The most important fishery items were canned salmon and sardines, for which $2,464,000 and $1,221,000 were spent, respectively.

From January 1 through August, the amount paid for fishery products was $21,075,000, while $1,298,302,000 was spent for all commodities.

12,180 37,802

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1,358

Purchases of Fishery Products by W.F.A.
August 1944

January 1-August 31, 1944
Commodity

Unit
Quantity F.0.B. Cost Quantity

F.O.B. Cost FISH

Dollars

Dollars Herring,

canned
Cases
69,797 29,094

165,991 Mackerel,

276,041 71,718

623, 109 Pilchards, N

32,128
137,437 477,011

007 174 Salmon,

239,
2,464,135
813,652

558,723 Shrimp,

8,986

102,324 Sardines, 271,827 1,220,765 487,513

3,847,862 Squid,

71,500

297,950 Tuna and tunglike fishes,

27,093 Fish, ground,

87.000

204,150 Total .... 593,833 4,167,175 1,847,832

13,834,376 Fish, dry-salted Pounds

8,104,070

1,303,931 , pickled

NO
92,323

6,232
17,701,498

1,325,789
smoked
R

3,414,258

392 935 dehydrated

224,000

268,800
224,000

208,800 Total

316,323
275,032 29,443,826

3,290,735 BYPRODUCTS Fish meal

720,000

29,162 m Oyster shell flour

780.000

2,730 grits

600,000

2,400 Total

2,100,000

34,292 VITAMINS Vitamin A Tish-liver oil M Units 558,064

149,742 13.992,868

3.915.735 Grand Total

4.591.949

2,075,140

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WHOLESALE AND RETAIL PRICES

Prices for foods in wholesale and retail markets gained slightly in the four weeks ending in mid-August, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U. S. Department of Labor. Retail prices for fresh and frozen fish also increased. During this period average decreases of 0.4 percent and 3.6 percent, respectively, were recorded for canned pink and red salmon.

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