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Among fresh-water species, stocks of frozen lake herring are approximately six times as large as 1943, although the opening of the new herring season is only a few weeks distant. Whitefish, blue pike, lake trout, and most other common lake and river species also show increases over last year. Compared with August 1, however, the fresh-water total has de. clined slightly--11,707,000 pounds as against 12,668,000 pounds.

The Fish and Wildlife Service is cooperating with the fishing industry and with other Government agencies in an effort to move stocks of fish now in storage into trade channels to make room for the heavy catches normally made in the fall months in certain areas, and to provide space for Army holdings of frozen products.

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Cured fish: Herring, cured

18,525,000 4


1 19,239,000 19,996,000 18,684,000 Salmon, mild-cured

+59 + 22

1,331,000 1,738,000 6,350,000 Since the date for reporting holdings of fishery products was changed from the 15th to the first of the month beginning January 1, 1943, data included in the "5-year average" consist of a combination of figures for the two periods.


Inventories of frozen fishery products in Boston cold-storage plants on August 30 remained large, totaling 18,210,000 pounds, according to the Service's local Market News office. All available space was reported filled. In August, holdings increased 12 percent, becoming 41 percent greater than on August 31, 1943.

Stocks of cod, flounder and mackerel fillets diminished by 5, 9, and 7 percent, respectively, from July 26 inventories. Pollock fillets increased slightly and rosefish and haddock fillets showed substantial gains. Round mackerel, moving in heavily at the peak of a very successful fishing season, showed gains of 37 and 52 percent, respectively, from July 26, 1944, and August 31, 1943,

The approaching smelt season is expected to inspire heavy withdrawals of smelt to make room for the new arrivals. During August, smelt stocks dropped 17 percent. Current holdings were, however, 100,000 pounds larger than those at the end of August in 1943.

Among shellfish, scallop stocks slumped 57 percent in August and were 70 percent less than on August 31, 1943. Shrimp still was almost absent from the holdings.

Whiting holdings in 14 plants in Maine and Massachusetts on August 26, were 7,134,000 pounds as compared to 4,871,000 on July 29. Thirteen plants on August 28, 1943 showed holdings of 6,638,000 pounds. The August 26 stocks were 32 percent larger than those at the end of July and 7 percent greater than at the end of August 1943.

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An over-all in-movement of many important species during August raised the total coldstorage stocks of fish and shellfish in New York on September 1 to 16 percent over holdings of August 1, according to the Service's Market News office in that city. Because of the continued record-breaking heat encountered during August, the demand for fresh fish slacked off and cold-storage stocks increased. Continued large receipts of salmon, both fresh and frozen, and the increase of shrimp shipments to New York also played an important part in establishing the increase, while most of the lesser species also showed gains.

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From July 27 to August 31, holdings of fishery products in Chicago cold-storage warehouses decreased 43,000 pounds, or 2 percent, bringing total holdings to 7,136,000 pounds, according to the Service's Market News office in that city. Leading items held were whitefish, cod fillets, blue pike and sauger, lake herring, rosefish fillets, and chubs, in order of importance. of these, the first four decreased in August, while the last two showed large increases.

Compared with 1943, the August 31 holdings gained 57 percent. Enlarged holdings of all major items except hallbut, mackerel, whiting, and shrimp contributed to this increase.

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Holdings of frozen fresh fish in Canadian cold-storage warehouses on September 1, totaled 38, 481,000 pounds, according to data furnished by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics. This was a 17 percont increase over August 1, and an 11 percent gain over September 1, 1943. Greater holdings of salmon and sea herring accounted for the major portion of the increase over August 1 stocks, while heavier holdings of halibut, tullibee, and salmon caused the principal increase over a year previous. Minor decreases were reported in the holdings of cod fillets and mackerel.

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Canadian Cold-storage Holdings

Sept. 1, Item

September 1 compared with

Aug. 1, 1944. Sept. 1, 1943

Frozen fresh fish
Total boldings


+ 17

+ 11
Important Items:

+ 34

1 Fillets

4,999,000 . 10

. 7 Salmon

4,476,000 +102

+ 80 Sea herring

9,510,000 + 40

3 Halibut

6,884,000 - 5

+ 38. Mackerel



41 Whitefish

2,091,000 + 13

+ 20 Tulibee


+353 Frozen smoked fish Total holdings


+ 19 Important Items: Fillets; cod, haddock, etc.

1,110,000 . 10

+ 71 Sea herring kippers

1,000,000 + 30 Less than one-half of one percent.

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Canadian cold-storage plants froze 17,321,000 pounds of fresh fish during August, an increase of 32 percent over August 1943, but a decrease of ll percent from July 1944, according to data released by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics. The main items frozen were cod fillets, sea herring, and salmon.

+ 57

Freezings of Fishery Products in Canadian Cold-storage Plants

August I tem

August compared with


August 1944 July 1944 August 1943 1944

1943 Pounds Percent Percent

Pounds Pounds Frozen fresh fish Total freezings

17,321,000 . ll

+ 32 19,525,000 13,145,000 Important Items: Cod: Whole

1,497,000 +220

+ 4

468,000 1,436,000 Fillets


+ 64

6,656,000 2,920,000 Haddock fillets



292,000 149,000 Sal.non

3,466,000 +100

+ 88

1,732,000 1,843,000 Halibut

988,000 - 69 + 45 3,232,000 603,000 Sea herring


+ 15

4,230,000 3,655,000 Mackerel



643,000 471,000 Whitefish


+ 1

1,058,000 427,000 Frozen smoked fish To tal freezings



914,000 847,000 Important Items: Fillets; cod, haddock, etc.



317,000 124,000 Sea herring kippers



699,000 Less than one-half percent decrease.

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With two or three possible exceptions, winter base prices of frozen fish will not be increased over current summer prices, as was the case last year, the Office of Price Administration announced September 13. The pricing agency said, however, that consideration was being given to allowing monthly storage charges effective after the date of a possible amendment to the present price order (Maximum Price Regulation No. 364--Frozen Fish and Seafood). This would enable freezers to even-out the flow of frozen fish to consumers throughout the winter.

Last October, when the higher winter prices on frozen fish were announced, stocks of frozen fish were at a low ebb. To build up an adequate supply for the winter needs of the armed forces and civilians, it was necessary to raise prices of frozen fish to a level that would permit freezing at the higher winter prices of fresh fish, Present record holdings are believed adequate for this winter's needs. Thus, there is no necessity for a price advance, OPA said.


Processors of frozen sea scallops who are anticipating a price increase on this item, and who as a result are holding back supplies from channels of distribution, will not secure any price advantage because no increase is contemplated on this processed species, the Office of Price Administration announced September 5.

Belief that a price increase was in the offing may be due to the fact that the advance of fresh sea scallops to the higher winter price ceiling will be effective October 1, 1944. However, this will not result in a price increase in frozen scallops, OPA said, and processors are urged to make their inventories available to consumers.


A processor of frozen fish who qualifies for the 12 percent mark-up allowed on branch warehouse sales may now apply that mark-up to the allowance for the cost of transporting frozen fish from the freezer to the remote warehouse, the Office of Price Administration announced September 7.

Prior to the action, a processor was allowed to include that transportation allowance as part of his maximum price, but was not permitted to apply the mark-up to it.

Thus, the processor is placed in the same position in this respect as the primary wholesaler, who includes as part of the net cost to which he adds his mark-up the allowance for the cost of transporting the frozen fish from the freezer of the processor from whom he buys. Amdt. 20 to MPR-364--Frozen Fish and Seafood--became effective September ll, and was published by OPA in a collation of MPR-364 with Amdts. I to 20, inclusive.


With total occupancy of the Nation's cold-storage warehouses at the highest level in history, the War Food Administration has taken further steps to insure availability of sufficient freezer space to handle the products most essential to the war, WFA said September 1.

A new cold-storage order, WFO-lll, supersedes former War Food Orders 70 and 90, and includes substantially all of the provisions of these orders as well as new restrictive measures.

The new order, effective September 2, limits the total quantity or frozen fruits and vegetables, and packaged frozen fish, that may be stored in any warehouse to the quantity stored on October 1, 1943. It also prohibits the storage of any product in lots smaller than 300 pounds in freezer space in any warehouse, and restricts the storage of frozen poultry in barrels and baskets. These three provisions are aimed at providing sufficient freezer space to handle meat and poultry needed by the armed forces.

WFA officials state that the limit on stocks of frozen fruits and vegetables was made necessary by the tremendous growth of the frozen food industry, which has led to the use of a disproportionate share of freezer space for these commodities. The new order allots to these commodities about one-fourth of the total freezer capacity of the country. It will not cut back the holdings of these commodities, but will prevent any further increase until the acute shortage of storage space is passed, the officials said.

There has been an expansion of 48 million cubic feet in warehouse capacity since 1941, but it has not kept pace with the increased demand for space. A year ago, all products not requiring refrigeration were banned from the cold-storage houses and regulations on the length of time all products may remain in storage have been in effect since spring.

Storage of small lots is extremely wasteful of public warehouse space, because each lot must be piled separately, WFA said. The prohibition against storing lots of less than 300 pounds will stop this wasteful practice without harmful effect, the agency added, as owners of small lots can use them or store them in their own private refrigerators or in frozen food locker plants, which are not covered by the order. This should help offset a great increase since the beginning of the war in the storing of small lots of food, some of which apparently has been due to hoarding.

The restrictions against storing frozen poultry in barrels and baskets is likewise designed to prevent wasteful use of space, because round containers require 50 percent more space than would be used in storing the same quantity of poultry in boxes.

It is hoped by WFA that the further restrictions on freezer space, together with the rigid enforcement of the order limiting to 10 months the time any commodity may remain in storage, will free sufficient space to handle the meat that must be frozen for overseas shipment.

Excerpts from WFO-lll and WFO-lll-l follow:

§ 1470.5 Restrictions on use of refrigerated storage facilities—(a) Definitions. When used in this order, unless otherwise distinctly expressed or maniTestly incompatible with the intent thereof:

(1) "Person" means any indiviual, partnership, association, business trust, corporation, or any organized group of persons, whether incorporated or not, and includes the United States, or any agency thereof, any State or political subdivision or agency thereof, and any other governmental agency thereof.

(2) “Refrigerated storage facility" means any artificially-cooled storage space of 10,000 cubic feet or more gross volume, but shall not include:

(i) That portion of such storage space occupied by individual lockers having a capacity of less than 25 cubic feet each;

(11) Working space;

(11) Storage space operated as a part
of the business of an established food
wholesaler or retailer, or of a hotel or
other establishment where persons are
housed or fed.
Where any part of the artificially-
cooled storage space contained in a single
building is leased, such leased space shall
be included in determining whether the
warehouse is a refrigerated storage fa-
cility within the meaning of this defini-
tion, and the lessor of such space shall
be deemed to be the person operating
such refrigerated storage facility.

(3) “Working space" means space which is never used for storage in any form, and not including space which at any time during the year is used for general storage or for storage of the producer's product after it is ready for the market (except as otherwise herein excluded).

(4) "Food Wholesaler" means & person, the larger volume of whose food business is the purchase and resale of food products:

(1) Without materially changing their form or quality for distribution to retail outlets or to commercial, industrial, or institutional users, and

(11) held by him in artificially-cooled storage space for periods not in excess of thirty (30) days.

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