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skin, red gills, firm, clean-smelling flesh, and clear protruding eyes; it should have no odor about the gills or, if cut open, from inside the belly walls. Fresh fish in ice keep better after gutting. Frozen, round, or dressed fish should have the additional protection of a film of ice. Their skins should not appear dull or dry. There should be no strong, offensive odor.

Ice Bed for Keeping Fish. Prepare a bed of several inches of finely-chopped ice for the display of fresh fish, which may then be sprinkled with more ice. Proper drainage,

however, must be maintained. If fresh fish are kept in a case overnight, bury them in ice, and pack the bellies of large, drawn fish with ice. No fresh fish should be carried in stock over the week-end.

In warm weather, smoked fish should be kept in a meat refrigerator, but not in contact with ice. Wrap smoked, salted, and cooked fish in cellophane, when obtainable, and inspect frequently. Dry salt cod may be safely displayed on top of the fish case except in warm weather. Keep the brine for pickled fish cool,

Dry Cold for Some Fish, Don't allow fillets or sliced fish to become water soaked for lack of proper drainage. Even away from ice, finnan haddie and fillets may become sticky

unless kept dry. Apply dry cold to such fish as herring and halibut, to avoid mold. Clams and oysters in the shell should be kept cool but not packed in ice. Keep shucked oysters away from direct contact with ice or ice water. But containers for opened clams, scallops, crab meat, and shucked oysters should be kept surrounded with ice for at least three-quarters of their neight. During the day, ladles and dippers should be kept in the containers in which used rather than laid aside on the ice or on counters where they may become dirty or infected. The se ladles should be cleaned every night and morning.

Scrupulously clean conditions must be maintained in the display case. The counters, work tables, sinks, and drains should be carefully cleaned daily and disinfected frequently. Very small traces of overlooked waste material can easily contaminate fresh fish and sea food, Refuse should be placed in tightly-covered containers and disposed of daily. Ice should not be re-used for a new supply of fish.

Frozen Fish Trade

DOMESTIC FISH FREEZING IN OCTOBER COMPARATIVELY LOW

Fishery products totaling 18,806,000 pounds were frozen by domestic freezers in October, according to Current Fishery Statistics No. 91, published by the Fish and Wildlife Service, This was a drop of 30 percent from the total for the previous month and 16 percent below the 5-year average. Items frozen in greatest quantities were rosefish fillets, whiting, salmon, and shrimp, all of which were frozen in considerably smaller volume than in September.

Freezings of Fishery Products in United States Cold-storage Plants

October compared with
Oct.15 to 5-yr.av.

Oct. 15 to 5-yr. av. Item

October Sept. Nov.15, Oct. 15 to Sept, Nov. 15, Oct.15 to 1943 1943 1942 Nov. 15 1943 1942 Nov.15

Pounds Percent per cent Percent Pounds Pounds Pounds Total fish and shellfish

18,806,000 30 -17 -16 26,914,000 22,665,000 22,441,000
Important items:
Fille ts:
Cod

300,000
34 -10

455,000 335,000 726,000 Haddock 411,000 31 -52

593,000 859,000 935,000 Rosefish

2,916,000 39 +57

+43 4,779,000 1,862,000 2,043,000 Flounders 322,000 55 -19 +25

718,000 399,000 257,000 Herring, sea 235,000 • 18 -26 -43

288,000 316,000 413,000 Mackerel 981,000 55 -59

2,192,000 2,413,000 1,562,000 Mullet 179,000 + 57 -61

114,000 463,000 Sablefish

1,062,000 16 +9 +7 1,261,000 976,000 997,000 Salmon

1,876,000 24 -36 -37 2,472,000 2,944,000 2,971,000 Whiting

2,226,000

+59 3,652,000 1,771,000 1,402,000 Lake trout

189,000 +215
-16

60,000 226,000 373,000 Shrimp

1,831, 000 22 -20

-38

2,357,000 2,297,000 2,966,000 Data not available.

-59 -56

- 39

+26

-49

halibut from Alaska and British Columbia. Receipts of chum salmon accounted for most of the decline in November, being more than 2 million pounds less than those during the same month in 1942,

Receipts of fresh and Frozen Fishery Products at Seattle

October 1943

10 months 10 mos, 1943 Jan. -Dec. Item

October

compared with Jan.-Oct. compared 12 months 1943 Sept. 1943 Oct. 1942 1943 10 mos. 1942

1942 Classification:

Pounds Percent Percent Pounds Percent Pounds Total Pish and shellfish

7,531,000

-15

12 70,994,000 + 17 70,711,000 Important Items: Flounders 1,412,000 -19 + 206

9,222,000 + 26

7,712,000 Halibut

817,000 -13 . 46 21,137,000 + 19 19,121,000 "Lingcod"

258,000 -14 + 137 8,215,000 + 52 5,766,000 Rockfishes 391,000 -36 + 105 3,967,000

+164 1,791,000 Sablefish

971,000

+ 6 4,412,000 + 17 4,307,000 Salmon: Chun

660,000

77
954,000

66 6,150,000 Silver

1, 244,000

+43
51 3,634,000

- 15

6,166,000 Tuna, albacore

415,000
+16 +1975 866,000

109,000 *Halibut and shark fleets and receipts from local and all other sources. 1/Not comparable to previous month,

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+694

NOVEMBER RECEIPTS IN SEATTLE SHOW GAIN OVER 1942

Receipts of fresh and frozen fishery products at Seattle during November amounted to 7,258,000 pounds, and represented a gain of 22 percent over the 5,968,000 pounds received during November 1942, according to the Service's local Fishery Market News office, percent decrease from the previous month was due largely to the closing of the salmon season. Chum salmon receipts were almost triple those in October but still remained 41 percent below November 1942 and, for the season, were only 47 percent of the 1942 total.

Jan. -Dec. 12 months

1942 Pounds 70,711,000

+ 22

+ 28

Receipts of Fresh and Frozen Fishery Products at Seattle

November 1943

11 months 11 mos. 1943 Item November compared with

Jan.-Nov. compared 1943 Oct. 1943 Nov. 1942 1943 ll mos. 1942 Classification:

Pounds Percont Percent Pounds Percent Total fish and shellfish

7,258,000

4

78,556,000 + 18 Important Items: Flounders

487,000

66 +100 9,709,000 Halibut

1,020,000 + 25

+104 22,462,000 + 23 "Lingcod"

255,000

1

+ 54 8,470,000 Rockfishes

272,000

30 + 72 4,239,000 +155 Sablofish

578,000

40 + 70 4,990,000 + 21 Salmon: Chum

1,896,000 +187 - 41 2,851,000 - 53 Silver 861,000 - 31

4,494,000

10 Oysters, Pacific, shucked

416,000

+ 66

+ 204 2,109,000 +110 Livers, Dogfish & Soupf in shark 336,000 + 20

+433 2.392,000 4 *Halibut and shark fleets and receipts from local and all other sources.

+ 52

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7,712,000 19,121,000 5,766,000 1,791,000 4,307,000 6,150,000 6,166,000 1,158,000 2,495,000

+ 14

REDUCING WASTE OF FISH IN RETAIL STORES STRESSED

Food, whether rationed or not, is a weapon of war for all the people, It is as important to save food from preventable waste in the retail store as to produce it in the fields and to take it from the sea. Perishable foods are either a source of possible high profit or of substantial losses and annoyance to the retail merchant. Their care is important. But the merchant is handicapped, among other things, by insufficient or inexperienced help. To assist him and his helpers in conserving the more perishable foods, a pamphlet--Reducing Food Waste in Retail Stores--has been prepared by the War Food Administration. The portion relating to fish follows:

Care of Fresh Sea Food. Inspect shipments of fish and other sea food immediately after arrival. Fresh round fish should retain some of their natural slime, should show a clear -18

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Production of Fishery_Products in the Gulf States*
October 1943

10 months Compared with 12 months Item

Unit
Oct.
compared with

Jan Oct 10 months Jan. -Dec. 1943 Sept. 1945 Oct. 1942 1943 1942

1942 Percent Percent

Percent
Shrimp:
Tor canning
Bbls. 24,771 -31
-41 115,368

187,285 Other 36,982 +47

191.518 +36 173,051 Total

61,753 + 2
-21 306,886

+9 360,336 Oysters: For canning

504,574 -10 567,206 Other

23.573 +90

+ 2

230,973 +28 244,032 Total

23,573

2

735,547 -1 811,238 Hard crabs Lbs, 1,027,000 +43

-31 8,051,000

-38 14,148,000 Crab meat, fresh cooked

121,000 +32

-27

934,000 -30 1,450,000 Salt-water fish

597,000 +42
-10 4,982,000

+4 6,039,000 Fresh-water fish

60,000 +22

+18.
576,000 +24

521,000 "Includes production in Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas,

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.

LARGE GAIN IN GULF PRODUCTION OF SALT-WATER FISH IN NOVEMBER

Due to a continued shortage of cannery labor in November, the volume of shrimp used for canning fell farther behind last year's totals both for the corresponding month and the first 11 months. The bulk of the shrimp production was shipped fresh or being frozen, according to the Service's Fishery Market News office in New Orleans,

Oyster production used for purposes other than canning also continued to show an increase over the previous year, partly due to the high prices being received for shucked oysters.

Salt-water fish production increased sharply both over October's catch and over November 1942. Mullet produced in the Mobile area and large quantities of red drum (redfish) and trout in the New Orleans area were mainly responsible.

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Production of Fishery Products in the Gulf States

November 1943 11 months Compared with 12 months Iton

Unit Nov.
compared with

Jan Nov 11 months Jan. -Doc. 1943 Oct. 1943 Nov. 1942 1943 1942

1942 Percent Percent

Porcent
Shrimp:
Tor canning
Bols. 16,895 32 . 44 132, 263 -23

187,285 Other 40,021 + 8 +139

21,539 +47

173,051 Total

56,916

+ 22
363,802 +11

360,336 Oysters: For canning

306
78 504,880

-10

567,206 Other

32,711 + 39
+ 22 263,684 +27

244.,032 To tal

33,017

+ 17
768,564 0

811,238 Hard crabs Lbs. 592,000 42 - 42 8,644,000

14,148,000 Crab meat, fresh cooked

70,000 - 42 - 33

1,034,000

1,450,000 Salt-water fish 1,197,000 +101 + 86 6,179,000 +13

6,039,000 Fresh-water fish 49,000 . 18 + 63 625,000

+26

52,000 *Includes production. in Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas.

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+ 40

-38 -30

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SEATTLE RECEIPTS IN OCTOBER DECLINE FROM THOSE OF LAST YEAR

During October, receipts of fresh and frozen fishery products in Seattle amounted to 7,531,000 pounds, according to the Service's local Fishery Market News office. This was a decline of 15 percent from the 8,586,000 pounds received during September and 12 percent below the 8,608,000 pounds received in October 1942. Almost 71 million pounds were received during the first ten months of the year, 17 percent more than in the same months in 1942. During this period, receipts of halibut, the leading species in this market, were more than 3 million pounds greater than those of last year. The decline of nearly 2 million pounds in the landings by vessels of the halibut fleet at Seattle, resulting from OPA ceilings, was off set by an increase of more than 5 million pounds in the receipts of fresh and frozen CHICAGO RECEIPTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS DURING NOVEMBER SHOW HEAVY INCREASE

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The November receipts of fresh and frozen fishery products in the Chicago wholesale fish market were exceeded in the first ll months of 1943 only during May and August, according to the Service's local Market News office. Total receipts were 33 percent greater than the preceding month, 25 percent greater than November 1942, and for the first 11 months, already were 13 percent greater than those received during the whole of 1942. Shipments of salt-water fish and shellfish were generally heavy in November, but fresh fish supplies were relatively light. Frozen round and frozen filleted fish of many species accounted for the increased arrivals. The use of motor trucks during November indicated an upward trend over October but was confined largely to local or short hauls. Imports of fishery products of all kinds declined in comparison to October and to November 1942 due to certain restrictions, closed seasons, and efforts on the part of Canada to conserve and divert more fish for its own consumption.

Iten

Receipts of fresh and Frozen Fishery Products at Chicago

November 1943 11 months 11 mos. 1943 12 months November

compared with Jan.-Nov. compared with Jan.-Dec. 1943 Oct. 1943 Nov. 1942 1943 11 mos. 1942

1942 Pounds Percent Percent Pounds Percent Pounds 4,051,000

+ 24

39,057,000 +19 35,913,000 2,436,000 + 53 + 4 27,451,000 +37 2,913,000 1,956,000 + 66

+ 66

10,501,000 +13 10,341,000 8,443,000 + 33 + 25 77,009,000 +24 68,167,000

+ 13

Classification:
Fresh-water fish
Salt-water fish
Shellfish, etc,

Total receipts

Important Items:
Blue pike
Carp
Lake herring
Lake trout
Whitefish
Cod
Halibut
Rosefish fillets
Salmon
Shrimp

Leading Sources:
Louisiana
Massachusetts
Wisconsin
British Columbia

Domestic total
Imported to tal

Transported by:
Truck
Express
Freight

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GULF SHRIMP PRODUCTION FOR OCTOBER BELOW ONE YEAR EARLIER

During October, canned shrimp production continued to fall, while shrimp used for other purposes increased. Canners reported an extreme shortage of cannery labor and for this reason the bulk of the shrimp was diverted to the freezers and the fresh trade, according to the Service's New Orleans Market News office.

Continued high prices for oysters appeared to be stimulating production in spite of continued complaints of labor shortages both in the harvesting areas and in the shucking houses. Cooler weather improved the quality and increased the consumer demand for oysters,

Hard crab production showed an increase over September, but the total production for the first ten months in 1943 was considerably below that of last year. The demand for fresh and salt-water fish continued to hold the production above last year.

In the first ten months of the year, 297,316,606 pounds were landed, 12 percent under the same period in 1942. Declines were reported at Boston and Portland, with the greatest drop at Boston where receipts were almost 45 million pounds under the first ten months of 1942.

Landings by Fishing Vessels at Boston and Gloucester, Mass., and Portland, Maine
Item
October 1943 September 1943 October 1942

Ten months ending with-

October 1943 October 1942 Pounds Cents Pounds Cents Pounds Cents Pounds Cents Pounds Cents* Cod

3,178,118 8.05 2,515,758 7.30 1,950,847 7.72 37,039,284 9.01 41,173,880 5.85 Haddock

6,332,215 8.81 8,952,408 6.90 7,095,620 8.29 85,189,394 9.28 102,085,072 6.58 Hake

768,465 8.11 816,882 5.62 499,530 6.57 3,779,641 7.18 3,027,564 5.64 Pollock

1,497,929 4.48 558,106 4.45 3,988, 138 4.98 9,659,973 7.50 12,970,842 4.86 Cusk

258,495 7.48 245,442 5.24 287,575 6.81 1,508,024 7.47 2,155, 265 5.49 Halibut

7,519 18.22 2,870 21.88 7,628 28.67 159,320 23.84 466,680 19.03 Mackerel 2,698,320 10.01 7,490,190 7.50 6,634,910 5.84 36,314,765 6.42 25,471,391 5.32 Tlounders: Gray sole 118,710 8.66 164,695 6.81

146,821 6.71 2,003,919 8.97 2,459,151 6.10 Lemon sole 65,320 10.98 84,100 8.12 73,978 14.31 1,095,931 10.96 1,335,495 9.75 Yellowtail 113,647 7.12 168,744 4.77 984,713 3.73 2,354,155 6.89 5,175,959 3.86 Blackback

67,155 8.73 94,654 5.18 90,997 6.37 1,119,309 8.05 1,151, 272 5.83 Dab

196,403 6.32 212,105 4.38 149, 281 4.64 2,680,068 5.89 2,484,667 4.09 Other

13,875

565

20,787 Swordfish 19,622 30.00

228,162 30.00 114,776 36.28 Rosefish 10,181,768 4.13 14,532,751 3.73 7,291,180 3.33 90,472,908 4.03 107,587,058 2.95 Tuna

30 13.33

7,108 9.44 1,292,473 4.02 2,084,119 4.25 2,745,535 5.46 20,713,494 4.23 27,114,099 4.38 Wolffish

14,045 7.30 12,932. 3.93 16,790 6.74 572,492 7.69 965,554 4.10 Scallops (meats) 48,076 35.00 74,520 30.00 13,140 35.48 665.302 45.74 441,968 30.74 Other, fresh

67,262

1.759.900 Total

27,253,057 6.55 38,392,092 5.55 32,057,450 5.78 297,316,506 6.87 336,882,542 4.97 Bly ports: Boston

11,493,039 8.08 12,989,012 6.90 13,196,456 7.59 130,879,690 8.92 175,528,940 6.20 Gloucester 14,811, 142 5.45 23,696,281 4.91 17,558,166 4.58 149,584,103 5.32 142,364,475 3.69 Portland

948., 856 5.07 1,706,799_4.22 1,303, 228 3.58 16,852, 813 4.69 18,789,157 3.22 'Weighted average of prices per pound paid to fishermen,

Waiting

NEW YORK RECEIPTS IN NOVEMBER 19 PERCENT ABOVE A YEAR EARLIER

Total receipts of products in the New York salt-water fish market increased considerably in November over the previous month and November a year earlier, according to the Service's Market News office in that city. Most important fin-fish supplies during the month, from a poundage standpoint, were cod, blackback flounders, and whiting, while hard clems and shrimp were the leading shellfish items, About 7 percent of the total receipts in November were landed by fishing vessels,

-23

Receipts of fresh and Frozen Fishery Products--Salt-water Market, New York City

November Nov. compared with October Novenber Iten

1943
Oct. 1943 Nov, 1942 1943

1942 Classification:

Pounds Percent Percent Pounds Pounds Tish

15,799,000

+13

+ 16 13,985,000 13,584,000 Shellfish, etc.

7,431,000 + 3

+ 24

7,183,000 6,005,000 Total receipts

23,230,000 +10

+ 19 21,168,000 19,589,000 Important Items: Butterfish

227,000

55

293,000 502,000 Cod

2,195,000

+ 2

+ 42 2,159,000 1,548,000 Hlounders: Blackback

1,860,000 + 2

+ 40 1,818,000 1,332,000 Yellowtail

1,190,000 +20

- 52 992,000 2,484,000 Haddock

1,221,000 -14

+158

1,427,000 473,000 Mackerel

1,003,000 -13

24 1,157,000 1,323,000 Whiting

1,717,000 +39

+ 82

1,239,000 942,000 Clams, hard

2,479,000 +12

+ 43 2,207,000 1,733,000 Lobsters

441,000 -13

+ 5

510,000 419,000 2,135,000 + 8

+ 60

1,980,000 1,334,000 Arrivals By: Fishing vessels

1,557,000

+13

+ 20 1,376,000 1,301,000 Truck, freight, and express

19,792,000 18,287,000 "Excluding imports entered at New York City.

21,673,000 +10

+ 19

Shrimp

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