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If the No. 1 oval cans are manufactured from 1.25 hot dipped plate and are inside enameled only, the applicable price shall be increased by $0.096 per case of 48 cans.

If any component parts of the No. 300 cans are manufactured from plate other than 1.25 hot dipped tin plate, such parts shall be inside and outside enameled and the applicable price shall be increased at the appropriate following rate per case of 48/300: Enameled Ends, Plain Body - $0.024

Enameled Body, Plain Ends - $0.036

3. SPECIFICATIONS: Seller agrees that the fish delivered hereunder shall meet the

following specifications:

Fish shall be firm, of good appearance, well cleaned and practically unbroken,
Cans shall be packed as full as practicable. In round cans, the length of the
fish shall be packed parallel to the side of the can; in oval and other flat
type cans the length of the fish shall be packed parallel to the bottom of the
can. The average net content of the No. 300 (300x407) can or the No. 1 oval
can shall be not less than 15 ounces and shall contain not more than twelve
nor less than four fish. If other sizes of cans are used, the net content
shall be in the same proportion as the relative size of the can. The fish
shall be packed natural or with added oils or sauces as may be specified by CCC.

Definitions: For the purpose of these specifications, the following definitions

shall apply:
(a) The term "natural" means without the addition of any condiments except brine

or salt, but may have added oil of the same species of fish,
(b) The term "net content" means the total weight of the fish and liquid in the can.
(c) The terms "well cleaned" mean that the heads shall be removed, the fish shall
be practically free from scales (i.e., scales shall not cover more than ten per
cent (10%) of the surface area) and shall be practically free from entrails.
A lot shall be considered as meeting specifications if not more than one-sixth of
the containers in the lot fail in some respect to meet the requirements of the
specifications; provided that none of the containers which may fail to meet the
specifications shall fail to meet the requirements of the Federal Food, Drug, and
Cosmetic Act of June 25, 1938, as amended and regulations pursuant there to in effect
on date of delivery.

4. INSPECTION: Inspection of the fish must be made by the Office of Distribution of the

War Food Administration, or its designee, prior to issuance by seller of "Notice of Tender of Delivery." The cost of inspection, including furnishing samples and issuing certificates of inspection, will be borne by the seller.

5. PACKAGING AND MARKING: (a) Cans: If all or any component part of the can is manufactured

from plate other than 1.25 hot dipped tin plate, the inside and outside of such can or component part shall be enameled. All No. 1 oval cans used for packing pilchards in tomato sauce shall be inside enameled. Cans shall be sound and clean, free from rust and serious dents at time of delivery.

Byproducts Trade

VITAMIN A ORDER GOVERNS PRICING OF BLENDED OILS

Amdt. 2 to IPR-203 prohibits the sale and delivery of blends which consist of one or more Vitamin A concentrates mixed with one or inore Vitamin A natural oils, unless, prior thereto, the National Office of the Office of Price Administration establishes, by order, the maximum price for the particular sale or delivery. The price so established is computed by determining the maximum price the seller would realize if the constituent oils of the blend were sold separately and adding these individual prices together. Such a price will be established if in the judgment of the Administrator, a necessity exists for such sale or delivery.

The Administrator finds that there had developed a practice of blending high potency concentrates of Vitamin A oils with low potency natural oils to bring about a blend which would have a potency of about 200,000 U.S.P. units per gram. The price schedule established for sales of Vitamin A oils enabled such a blender to obtain a price higher than if he had sold these oils separately. Consequently, there has been a gradual disappearance of medium range potencies used particularly in pharmaceutical preparations,

In order to correct this abnormal situation brought about by the peculiarities of a maximum price schedule, various plans were considered by the Administrator who consulted with the Industry Advisory Committee. As a result, the Administrator, with the advice of the Committee, finds that the plan embodied in the accompanying amendment is the most feasible, It makes it no more profitable to blend oils than to sell them separately, and forbids sale of blends without specific authorization from the OPA, This prohibition, however, is not contrary to established trade practices, for blending was comparatively non-existent in the trade prior to the issuance of the maximum price schedule which made blending profitable. Unusual instances requiring blending, such as occasional clean-outs of a manufacturer or a direct production order by WPB, however, will be permitted by the step prescribed in this amendment.

Buyers of such blends which are permitted to be sold and delivered are protected by this amendment. Such buyers must be notified by the seller who receives an OPA authorization to sell that the seller has been permitted a specific maximum price per million units of such blend. Excerpts follow:

1. Section 1396.214 (b) is amended by adding a new subparagraph (4) to read as follows:

(4) The maximum prices set forth in paragraph (a) of this section shall not apply to any blends or mixtures made of Vitamin A concentrates with Vitamin A natural oils. Prices for such blends or mixtures are governed by paragraph (e) below.

2. Section 1396.214 is amended by adding a new paragraph (e) to read as follows:

(e) Blends or mixtures. (1) No person shall sell or deliver a blend of one or more Vitamin A concentrates with one or more Vitamin A natural oils unless, prior thereto, an, order establishing maximum prices for the particular sale or delivery has been issued from the National Office of the Otice of Price Administration.

(2) Any person, before selling or delivering such blend shall file application for a maximum price with the Chemicals and Drugs Branch of the Office of Price Administration, Washington, D. C. The application shall set forth:

(i) The potency in U. S. P. units of Vitamin A per gram of each Vitamin A concentrate in the blend.

(ii) The potency in U. S. P. units per gram of each Vitamin A natural oil in the blend.

(iii) The total number of U. S. P. units of each Vitamin A concentrate in the blend.

(iv) The total number of U. S.P. units of each Vitamin A natural oil in the blend.

(v) A statement of the necessity for offering such blend for sale.

(vi) The name and address of the buyer, if known.

(3) An order under this paragraph (e) will, in general, establish a maximum price for the sale of a blend of Vitamin A concentrates and natural oils at a level determined by computing and combining the maximum prices of the various component concentrates and natural oils in the blend. A copy of said order will be sent to the indicated buyer of the blend. The maximum price for a blend will in no case exceed the price a seller would realize if the Vitamin A concentrates and natural oils contained in that blend were sold separately at the maximum prices for these products set forth above. In appropriate cases where, in the judgment of the Administrator, the sale of a blend will lead to evasion or circumvention of the provisions of this regulation, he may refuse to authorize a maximum price for such blend or may authorize for that blend a price lower than the price the seller would realize if the components of the blend were sold separately at the

maximum prices therefor set forth in this regulation. An example of the general method of computing a price for a blend by computing and combining the maximum prices of the various components follows:

Example: A blend consists of 100 grams of Vitamin A natural oil of 40,000 U. S. P. units potency per gram, and 100 grams of Vitamin A concentrate of 350,000 U. 8. P. units potency per gram. Since the 40,000 oil commands a maximum price of 14 cents per million U. 8. P. units, 100 grams of 40,000 potency, containing a total of 4 million units, has a maximum price of 56 cents. Since the 350,000 concentrate commands a maximum price of 30 cents per million U. 8. P. units, 100 grams of 350,000 potency containing a total of 36,000,000 units, has a maximum price of $10.50. The maximum price of the blend of 200 grams will be $11.06, or $0.2835 per million U. S. P. units ($11.06 divided by 39, which is the total millions of U. 8. P. units contained in the 200 grams of blend, i. e. 4,000,000 plus 35,000,000).

(4) All persons making sales and deliveries of such blends or mixtures shall furnish the buyers a notice prior to payment by them, stating:

The Ofice of Price Administration has authorized the maximum price of ---per million U. S. P. units for this blend of Vitamin A oils by Order No.------ under Maximum Price Regulation No. 203.

This amendment shall become effective July 24, 1944.

IMPROVEMENT IN ACCURACY OF VITAMIN A DETERMINATION

Experience in the Service's Fishery Technological Laboratory at Seattle has indicated that unless pipettes used in making dilutions for Vitamin A determination are especially calibrated for use with isopropanol, errors of 1 to 3 per cent consistently occur. This is caused by the very slow drainage of this solvent. When pipettes calibrated for water are used, low results will always be obtained. If, however, the mark on the pipette is raised sufficiently to compensate for this slow drainage, very reproducible results can be attained even with pipettes of as small a size as 2 ml. capacity.

FATS AND OILS SITUATION FAVORABLE--"FO NO. 60--IS REVOKED

Because the present supply position of fats and oils is favorable, the WFA has revoked War Food Order No. 60 (Fishery Market News, 1943, June, pg. 9 and Nov., pg. 40; 1944, Apr.,

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pg. 43 and May, pg. 43) under which the use and distribution of fish oil has been regulated since July 1, 1943. The revocation became effective July 3, 1944.

Principal provision of WF0-60, amended May 1, 1944, required fish oil producers to set aside one-third of their production for specified uses, Certified orders received by producers before July 3, still are valid and must be honored in accordance with the order's provisions. WFA authorizations to issue certified orders become invalid on the date of revocation with respect to all orders which have not been placed with a producer.

The fish oil order also has limited the use of seal oil and Pacific Coast herring oil, and has required manufacturers to fortify vitamin feeding oils to a minimum of 400 A.0.A.C. units of vitamin D per gram,

Foreign Fishery Trade

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE TERMINATES BAN ON TRADE STATISTICS

Secretary of Commerce Jesse Jones announced on July 1, that revised security regulations now permit the Department of Commerce to release many figures on the United States' foreign trade which have been withheld from publication since Pearl Harbor. Except for figures on military, strategic and critical commodities, complete information may now be released on the total exports and imports of individual commodities on a 12-month delayed basis. Details on the country of destination for exports or country of origin for imports are barred, however, with the following exceptions:

Complete information on trade with each of the Latin American Republics, Alaska, Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands, on a 12-month delayed basis, may also be made available to the public again with the exception of military, strategic and critical commodities, current information on trade with Canada and Mexico will be made available since the se figures may be released with only a six months' delay. The total dollar value of trade with the individual Latin American Republics, without commodity detail, may also be released with a six-month delay.

QUOTA ON IMPORTED FISH ENLARGED

The tariff-rate quota for the calendar year 1944 on certain fish dutiable under paragraph 717 (b), Tariff Act of 1930, was enlarged as per the following notice:

Treasury Department,
Office of the Commissioner of Customs,

Washington, D. C., July 8, 1944.

To Collectors of Customs and Others Concerned:

In accordance with the second proviso to item 717 (b) of schedule II in the trade agreement with Canada (T.D. 49752), it has been ascertained that the average apparent annual consumption in the United States of fish, fresh or frozen (whether or not packed in ice), filleted, skinned, boned, sliced, or divided into portions, not specially provided for (except cod, haddock, hake, pollock, cusk, and rosefish), in the 3 years preceding 1944, calculated in the manner provided for in the cited agreement, was 121,404,386 pounds. The quantity of such fish that may be imported for consumption during the calendar year 1944 at the reduced rate of duty provided for in that trade agreement is, therefore, increased from 15,000,000 to 18,210,658 pounds.

W. R. Johnson,
Commissioner of Customs.

COD OIL IMPORT RESTRICTIONS LIFTED

All import controls have been lifted in the case of cod oil (List I, Commerce Import Class No. 0804.000, governing date May 22, 1942), the WPB said on July 5, in reporting Amdt. I of General Imports Order N-63. The amendment removes this item from List I.

Statistical Summaries

JUNE PURCHASES OF FISHERY PRODUCTS BY WFA TOTAL $4,698,000

Large purchases of Vitamin A fish liver oils, dry-salted, pickled, and smoked fish, and canned sardines and squid were made by the WFA during June. A total of $4,698,000 was spent, making payments for the first six months of 1944, $13,831 ,000. Purchases of all agricultural and related products purchased for Lend-Lease, Territorial emergency, Red Cross, and other purposes totaled $120,477,000 in June and $1,052,030,000 for six months,

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FISH
Herring,
Mackerel,
Pilchards,
Salmon,
Shrimp,
Sardines,
Squid,
Tuna and tunen

like fishes, Fish, ground,

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Purchases of Fishery Products by W.F.A.

June 1944
Unit

January 1-June 30, 1944
Quantity F.0, B. Cost

Quantity

F.0.B, Cost Dollars

Dollars Cases 5,331 36, 203 6,380

40,579 9,511 76,092 42,976

200,831 457,883

1,917,187 11,446 139,764

311,454

3,260,386 8,986

102,324 129,438 582,439 445,563

2,043,807 80,000 386,750

80,000

386,750 1,358

27,093 12,000

50,400 235,726 1,221,248 1,366,600

8,029,357 Pounds 4,647,725 386,284 16,530,508

1,255,747 7,764,070 1,243,853 7,764,070

1,243,853 2,097,000 251,700 2,676,258

311,736 14,508,795 1,881,837 26,970;836

2,811,336

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Fish, pickled
Fish, dry-salted
Fish, smoked

Total

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Little change was recorded for U. S. food prices from mid-May to mid-June by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor. Both wholesale and retail indexes for foods showed a slight rise, and remained considerably below the indexes for 1943.

The Bureau's average wholesale price figures for processed fishery items showed only one minor change, while the retail averages for canned salmon indicated a rise in red salmon prices and a small drop for pink salmon. Averages for fresh and frozen and fresh and canned groups decreased, indicating a continued decline in prices paid by consumers for fresh and frozen fish during both the month ending June 13 and the 12 months ending that date,

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A 45-page handbook of information on the salt-water fisheries of the southern coast from Cape Hatteras to the Mexican border, has just been issued by the Office of the Coordinator of Fisheries.

The new bulletin is an account of the fishery resources of the entire southern coast and contains information on approxima tely 25 different kinds of fish, mollusks, and crustaceans that are important products of the Southern States. Interesting facts on the babits of the fishes, their food value, the methods of marketing, and the development of the fisheries, are included in this booklet, which should be useful to anyone associated with the fishing industry.

The bulletin is the third of a series of regional booklets on the fisheries written by Rachel L. Carson, a biologist of the Fish and Wildlife Service. Already published are "Fish and Shellfish of New England" (Conservation Bulletin 33), and "Fishes of the Middle West" (Conservation Bulletin 34).

"Tish and Shellfish of the South Atlantic and Gulf Coasts" is known as Conservation Bulletin 37, and may be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, Washington 25, D. C., for 10 cents, or on request from members of Congress,

Compositor--Jean Zalevsky

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